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Barriers to the Adoption of BOT Contracts System for Infrastructural Development of Technical Universities in Ghana  [PDF]
Harold Adjarko, Hiob Ayerakwah, John Fynn
Journal of Building Construction and Planning Research (JBCPR) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/jbcpr.2018.63007
Abstract: The study was conducted with the aim of exploring the barriers to the adoption of BOT contract systems for infrastructural development of technical universities in Ghana. In an empirical questionnaire survey with professionals and experts in the construction and education sector, the respondents were invited to rate their perception on the barriers to the adoption of the BOT contracts systems. An interview session to satisfy ways of adopting the BOT contracts for infrastructural development in technical universities was conducted with selected professionals. The study revealed that the major barriers to the adoption of the BOT contract system are: delays in approval, corruption, reliability and credit worthiness of entities and expropriation. The study suggested that detailed policy or framework for implementing BOT contracts; proper planning by technical universities; and adequate protection for lenders is required for successful BOT implementation. Therefore there is a need to explore this concept, using adequate policy initiatives, proper measures and support from government to improve on the proper implementation of the BOT contracts in Technical Universities in Ghana.
Exploring the Utilization of Lesser-Known Species for Furniture Production—A Case Study in the Western Region, Ghana  [PDF]
Job Ewudzie, John Gemadzie, Harold Adjarko
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1104916
Abstract:
Increased demand for traditional timber species has led to the depletion of large areas of Ghana’s forest cover. Sustainable forest management requires that measures are put in place to minimize forest depletion through the utili-zation of lesser-known species, reforestation, setting margins for annual al-lowable cut, banning export of round logs, conservation of biological diversity and promotion of efficient wood-based industry. The study aimed at exploring public perception on the use of lesser-known species for making furniture to save our dwindling forest. The research methods adopted were purposive and random sampling. It is purposive because the research was targeted at furniture shops and furniture showrooms and random sampling was used to make the selection. A questionnaire was developed to acquire data for the study from experienced people in the timber industry as well as the general public. Specifically, 450 people were contacted to fill the questionnaire from 15 constituencies out of 29 in the Western Region. Personal interviews were also conducted. The research revealed that most Ghanaians prefer traditional species to the lesser-known ones. Greater part of the population prefers species like Odum, Danta, Dahoma, and Denyan etc. For roofing whiles Cedar, mahogany, Makore, Walnut, and Avodirie are used for furniture. The perception is that when the traditional species are used for either roofing or furniture they last longer. Some challenges with the use of lesser-known species are lack of ready market for products may from lesser known species, and lack of requisite machines to work with some of the lesser-known species etc. The study concluded that there is the need here in Ghana to promote the utilization of lesser known species; since majority of furniture manufacturers have little knowledge about their usage in the industry.
Myth and Epic  [PDF]
Harold Toliver
Advances in Literary Study (ALS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/als.2014.21005
Abstract:

Anthrologists and literary critics tend to read even sacred ancient literature in the manner of Homer’s and Virgil’s epics, that is, as fiction with historical elements. They don’t, however, always follow up with the implications of that. Mesopotamian myths and epics are similar to Greek and Roman ones in that regard. The pertinent questions are who believed what and what effect literal belief in myths hadon given social orders. One answer in the Hebraic tradition is typical of other traditions, namely that calls for reform at home and for campaigns against enemies abroad rely heavily on the presumed historicity of the texts. For the Israelites, that means the unquestioned validity of covenants struck between legendary patriarchs and Yahweh, at least within the Yahweh cult itself. The hybrid forms of Dante, Milton, and others in the Christian European tradition draw on both well-traveled epic conventions and the veracity of biblical traditions, as Milton does in turning a Homeric invocation of the muse into an appeal to the Holy Spirit. Much as Milton, too, is now read as a poet rather than an inspired seer, so probably were earlier authors who claimed direct personal revelations. If that was in fact the case, it would have weakened moral teachings less than cult recruitment andthecall for military campaigns against foreign powers. Whereas legal and ethical matters have muchto recommend them independently of their origin, waging war on religious grounds requires strong convictions.

Progress toward Public Access to Science
Harold Varmus
PLOS Biology , 2012, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pbio.0060101
Abstract:
Annual acknowledgement of manuscript reviewers
Simon Harold
BMC Plant Biology , 2013, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2229-13-17
Abstract: Ibrokhim AbdurakhmonovUzbekistanWafa AchouakFranceParvaiz AhmadIndiaOussama AhrazemSpainTariq AkhtarUSAEduard AkhunovUSAMerete AlbrechtsenDenmarkFrancisco AlfoceaSpainNadim AlkharoufUSAYagut AllahverdiyevaFinlandRandy AllenUSAManeesha AluruUSASara AmancioPortugalToyoaki AnaiJapanKarel J AngelisCzech RepublicHeidi AppelUSAFelipe AqueaUSAGen-ichiro ArimuraJapanPatrick ArmengaudFranceRicardo ArocaSpainRajeev AroraUSAJose T. Ascencio-IbanezUSAMaria AsinsSpainMichael AxtellUSABrian AyreUSADriouich AzeddineFranceEleni BachlavaUSACharles BaconUSASpela BaeblerSloveniaYuling BaiNetherlandsDonovan BaileyUSASureshkumar BalasubramanianAustraliaRaffaella BalestriniItalyPeter Balint-KurtiUSAFrantisek BaluskaGermanyAntoni BanasPolandZsofia BanfalviHungarySimon BarakIsraelAbdelali BarakatUSAYounas BarozaiPakistanPhilippe BarreFranceRamamurthy BaskarIndiaRoberto BassiItalyJacqueline BatleyAustraliaLuigi BavarescoItalyManuel BecanaSpainJorg BeckerPortugalPiotr BednarekPolandEric BeersUSAMohammed BendahmaneFrancePhilip BenfeyUSAMoussa BenhamedFranceAlan BennettUSAMalcolm John BennettUKJeffrey BennetzenUSAAlison BerryUSADavid BertioliBrazilMagdalena BezanillaUSACraita E BitaNetherlandsPetra BleekerNetherlandsBurt BluhmUSAJoerg BohlmannCanadaMelvin BoltonUSAGustavo BonaventureGermanyDonna BondUKClaudio BonghiItalyGuusje BonnemaNetherlandsWendy BossUSAAlessandro BottonItalyAndrew BowlingUSALewis BowmanUSAPeter BozhkovSwedenFederica BrandizziUSAAnja BranscheidDenmarkAlan BrashUSAJames BreenSwitzerlandAdina BreimanIsraelOliver BrendelFranceAdrian BrennanSpainKaren BrowningUSATeerapong BuaboochaThailandEtienne BucherSwitzerlandMarcel BucherGermanyLorenz BülowGermanyDaniel BushUSAVictor BusovUSAMelinka ButenkoNorwayXinjiang CaiUSAPat CalieUSAAnn CallahanUSAJudy CallisUSAHector CandelaSpainThierry CandresseFranceDaniela CapiatiArgentinaEmilio A. Carbonell GuevaraSpainAnders CarlssonSwedenBernard CarrollAustraliaCarla CarusoItalyJosep CasacubertaSpainAlmudena CastilloSpainMariana CastroBrazilL
Q&A: Harold McGee, the curious cook
Harold McGee
Flavour , 2013, DOI: 10.1186/2044-7248-2-13
Abstract: Harold McGee’s book, On Food And Cooking, published in 1984, revolutionised the role of science in the kitchen. He is a prolific food writer with three books, five years of columns for the New York Times and a Nature paper to his name. He is an advisor to many of the world’s best restaurants and talks to Flavour about the science of cooking.Well it started out as a subject to pursue because I was out of work. It’s kind of a long and indirect story; I started out studying astronomy and did that for several years, before I decided that what I was really interested in were the ideas that science elicits when one thinks about what we know about the universe. I wasn’t so much interested in calculating gravitational forces as I was in the thoughts and feelings that I had about it. So I switched to philosophy and literature, did a graduate degree and taught for several years, but I couldn’t get a regular long-term teaching job and got tired of applying for a new job every year. I’d been teaching writing, I’d studied science, so I decided to try writing about science and make a living that way. Not that many people were writing about the science of everyday life, and so I thought that would be a good place to start. I hit upon the idea of writing about food and cooking and was immediately convinced that it was the right thing to do, simply because if I wrote about the weather, for example, you’d know more about the weather but there would be nothing you could do about it. You’d still have to get your umbrella on a rainy day. With cooking, if you learn something about how the process works, it can actually make a difference to the way you do things in your own life - you can change the way you cook, or use your understanding to cook the same dishes better. There were just many more possibilities for active engagement of readers in the subject, and the more I looked into it, the more I learned and the more fascinated I became. I very quickly became hooked, and never got aroun
Annual acknowledgement of manuscript reviewers
Simon Harold
BMC Structural Biology , 2013, DOI: 10.1186/1472-6807-13-1
Abstract: Emil AlexovUSAToshio AndoJapanMariko AriyoshiJapanShannon AuHong KongPradipta BandyopadhyayIndiaGail BartlettUKBranimri Berto?aCroatiaParbati BiswasIndiaTitus BoggonUSAAndrew BordnerUSAThomas BoudierFranceMartin BoulangerCanadaIgor BronsteinUKOliviero CarugoAustriaArthur CederbaumUSAMarie ChabbertFranceMonica ChagoyenSpainChinpan ChenTaiwanS Chakra ChennubhotlaUSAAlexandre de BrevernFranceGilbert DeleageFranceDoreen DobritzschSwedenRoberto DominguezUSAFrancois-Yves DupradeauFrancePasqualina D’ursiItalyThomas EdwardsUSALindsay EltisCanadaEric EngstromUSAAngelo FacchianoItalyMario FaresIrelandNatalie Fedorova AbramsUSAJuan Fernandez-RecioSpainDaniel FerraroUSAJames FerryUSAAndras FiserUSAFederico FogolariItalyBrian FoxUSAShuya FukaiJapanFederico GagoSpainZoltán GáspáriHungaryBrian GeisbrechtUSAFabian GlaserIsraelFernando Gonzalez NiloChileBruce GoodeUSAAlexander GrishaevUSAMarkus GrütterSwitzerlandDominik HeiderGermanyBosco HoAustraliaHazel HoldenUSAShinya HondaJapanKwang Yeon HwangSouth KoreaAtsushi IshikawaJapanWolfgang JahnkeSwitzerlandDavid JeruzalmiUSAAlkan KabakciogluTurkeyOlga KalininaGermanyRichard KammererSwitzerlandNatarajan KannanUSAAdrian Keatinge-ClayUSAJames Ketudat CairnsThailandDaisuke KohdaJapanJoern KrauszeGermanySusan KruegerUSAEduardo LarribaSpainAparna LaskarIndiaRoman LaskowskiUKShuxing LiUSADennis LivesayUSAMichael LobritzUSARay LuoUSANatesan ManickamIndiaDebora MarksUSAKenji MizuguchiJapanKenji MizuguchiUKAlexey MurzinUKRichard Edward MyersUKBhushan NagarCanadaRafael NajmanovichCanadaYoji NakamuraJapanKimberly NelsonUSALuis NinoColombiaKen NishikawaJapanTeresa OlczakPolandNatalia OsnaUSAMotonori OtaJapanAnna PanchenkoUSAFlorencio PazosSpainAlex PerrymanUSAEskild PetersenDenmarkMichael PikaartUSAIgor PolikarpovBrazilShalom RackovskyUSAAaron RashotteUSACharles RobertFranceErnesto RomanArgentinaVicente RubioSpainGunter SchneiderSwedenJana SelentSpainTrevor SewellSouth AfricaGary ShawCanadaX ShenChinaArmando SolisUSAPatricia SotoUSAThomas Steinbrec
The boy who refused an IV: a case report of subcutaneous clodronate for bone pain in a child with Ewing Sarcoma
Harold Siden
Journal of Medical Case Reports , 2007, DOI: 10.1186/1752-1947-1-7
Abstract: A 9 year old boy with disseminated Ewing Sarcoma presented with extremity pain not responsive to a combination of opiates, gabapentin and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Clodronate, a bisphosphonate, was added to the regimen to treat bone pain. It was given subcutaneously every 4 weeks with a good response and no side effects.This case report describes the use of a bisphosphonate, clodronate, given subcutaneously to a child with Ewing sarcoma with effective relief of bone pain. It describes how the care team encountered the challenges inherent in translating adult therapy into a pediatric regimen. Furthermore the report details how a regimen was developed to address this child's concerns regarding medication administration. Further effort needs to be made at finding solutions to address the lack of good evidence for pediatric palliative therapies.This report describes the use of subcutaneous clodronate to treat malignancy-related bone pain in a child. Pain is a significant problem in children with cancer, and treating it poses several challenges. One challenge for clinicians treating difficult pain in children is the lack of an evidence base and the frequent off-label use of medications. Treatment approaches and dose estimates are borrowed from adult medicine. A second challenge is to bridge to the child's developmental stage when devising an acceptable treatment. Developmentally appropriate behaviors and attitudes on the part of the child may be viewed by clinicians as difficult "issues". These may include taste preferences for medications, reluctance to swallow pills or refusal to have IV lines. Children may oppose particular treatment approaches even when "it is for their own good". This case report uses a simple example – the use of a previously unreported medication by a novel route – to illustrate the significant obstacles faced by clinicians providing pediatric palliative care, and to illustrate the processes often followed when devising treatment appr
Designing for gold plating
Harold Silman
Gold Bulletin , 1976, DOI: 10.1007/BF03216604
Abstract: Good design plays an important part in ensuring that gold-plated products or components are produced efficiently and that they perform satisfactorily in service. The various design parameters that influence the electrodeposition of gold and the quality of the plated finish are discussed in detail and examples are given of the principal difficulties encountered by electroplaters and of how they can be eliminated, or at least appreciably reduced, by attention to design.
Integrating Positional and Slotted Knowledge on the Semantic Web
Harold Boley
Journal of Emerging Technologies in Web Intelligence , 2010, DOI: 10.4304/jetwi.2.4.343-353
Abstract: POSL is a Semantic Web language for knowledge interchange, reconciling Horn logic’s positional and F-logic’s slotted formulas for representing facts and rules on the Web, optionally referring to RDFS or OWL classes for order-sorted typing. The POSL semantics directly enhances Herbrand models for n-ary relations by accommodating slotted clause instantiation and ground equality, further restricted through signatures and types. Webizing uses IRIs in the IETF form of N3 for individuals, relations, slots, and types. Webized atoms further permit the representation of F-logic objects and RDF descriptions as anchored slotted facts enhanced by rules. All POSL notions are exemplified using an e-Business use case in logistics. The online translator from POSL to OO RuleML and POSL engine OO jDREW have enabled Semantic Web applications in business information integration, touristic planning, and distributed expert/symposium/wellness profile querying.
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