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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 946 matches for " Hannah Cholemkery "
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Online Social Skills Group Training for Adolescents and Young Adults with 22q11.2 Deletion Syndrome (22q11.2DS)  [PDF]
Bronwyn Glaser, Stephan Eliez, Hannah Cholemkery, Christine M. Freitag, Maude Schneider
Journal of Behavioral and Brain Science (JBBS) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/jbbs.2018.83008
Abstract: Somatic, cognitive and psychiatric obstacles contribute to social impairment in 22q11.2DS and prevent adequate responses during interactions. We adapted the autism-specific SOSTA-FRA program for use during online group sessions with geographically-isolated 22q11DS adolescents or adults. The 12 weekly sessions targeted communication, emotional awareness, and reciprocity. Twenty-two participants were evaluated on behaviour, social responsiveness, and cognition pre- and post-intervention. Parents completed a questionnaire to ascertain whether the intervention met their needs. Parents were satisfied with the format and curriculum contents and reported improved emotional awareness, well-being, and reciprocity post-intervention. Pre-post results suggest large effects on social awareness and small to medium effects on social motivation. Results indicate that online social skills training is feasible and effective for individuals with 22q11.2DS.
The group-based social skills training SOSTA-FRA in children and adolescents with high functioning autism spectrum disorder - study protocol of the randomised, multi-centre controlled SOSTA - net trial
Freitag Christine M,Cholemkery Hannah,Elsuni Leyla,Kroeger Anne K
Trials , 2013, DOI: 10.1186/1745-6215-14-6
Abstract: Background Group-based social skills training (SST) has repeatedly been recommended as treatment of choice in high-functioning autism spectrum disorder (HFASD). To date, no sufficiently powered randomised controlled trial has been performed to establish efficacy and safety of SST in children and adolescents with HFASD. In this randomised, multi-centre, controlled trial with 220 children and adolescents with HFASD it is hypothesized, that add-on group-based SST using the 12 weeks manualised SOSTA–FRA program will result in improved social responsiveness (measured by the parent rated social responsiveness scale, SRS) compared to treatment as usual (TAU). It is further expected, that parent and self reported anxiety and depressive symptoms will decline and pro-social behaviour will increase in the treatment group. A neurophysiological study in the Frankfurt HFASD subgroup will be performed pre- and post treatment to assess changes in neural function induced by SST versus TAU. Methods/design The SOSTA – net trial is designed as a prospective, randomised, multi-centre, controlled trial with two parallel groups. The primary outcome is change in SRS score directly after the intervention and at 3 months follow-up. Several secondary outcome measures are also obtained. The target sample consists of 220 individuals with ASD, included at the six study centres. Discussion This study is currently one of the largest trials on SST in children and adolescents with HFASD worldwide. Compared to recent randomised controlled studies, our study shows several advantages with regard to in- and exclusion criteria, study methods, and the therapeutic approach chosen, which can be easily implemented in non-university-based clinical settings. Trial registration ISRCTN94863788 – SOSTA – net: Group-based social skills training in children and adolescents with high functioning autism spectrum disorder.
Theoretical Investigations of Ti-Based Binary Shape Memory Alloys  [PDF]
Rita John, Hannah Ruben
Materials Sciences and Applications (MSA) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/msa.2011.210184
Abstract: The electronic structure and ground state properties of TiX (X = Fe, Ni, Pd, Pt and Cu) type Shape Memory alloys have been calculated using the self consistent Tight- Binding Linear Muffin Tin Orbital (TB-LMTO) method. The systematic total energy studies made on TiX alloys in both B2 and (B19/B19’) structures successfully explain the structural stability of these compounds. The equilibrium lattice parameters, bulk moduli (Bo), cohesive energy (Ecoh) and heat of formation (ΔH) are calculated for these systems and compared with the available experimental and other theoretical results. The bonding nature of these TiX alloys is analyzed via the density of states (DOS) histogram.
Ramifications Associated with Child Abuse  [PDF]
Hannah Mills, Elizabeth McCarroll
Advances in Applied Sociology (AASoci) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/aasoci.2012.24036
Abstract: The incidence of child abuse has become quite prevalent and may be referred to as a global phenomenon (Pala, Unalacak, & Unluoglu, 2011). In terms of a global phenomenon, it may be significant to assess negative ramifications that are in existence for children’s overall social, emotional, and cognitive maturation (DeOliveira, Bailey, Moran, & Pederson, 2004). Specifically, preschool children who are abused within their home environments are less likely to detect variations in emotional expressions as compared to preschoolers who have not been abused (Pollak, Cicchetti, Hornung, & Reed, 2000). In regards to the domain of cognitive development, children who are reared in abusive home environments are likely to display overactive behaviors and exhibit less concentration (Schatz, Smith, Borkowski, Whitman, & Keogh, 2008). In relation, children reared in abusive environments are less likely to perform at high levels in regards to their math and reading abilities (Crozer & Barth, 2005). Thus, the act of child abuse may also be better well understood by assessing parenting styles and how they play a role with affecting the type of behaviors they elicit towards their children (Baumrind, 1994). For instance, specific traits or factors related to individuals’ parenting abilities, such as stress, depression, domestic violence, incarceration, and psychological difficulties may be more likely to abuse their children as opposed to parents who do not obtain these traits or factors (Nair, Schular, Black, Kettinger, & Harrington, 2003). Implications in regards to the prevalence of child abuse may be quite significant, especially considering psychological ramifications that may surface due to the act of children’s exposure to abuse (Johnson et al., 2002). For instance, children may be more likely to suppress, or internalize their emotions due to the exposure to child abuse and they may be more likely to externalize, or exhibit certain behaviors in an outward fashion towards others due to the immersion within environments comprised of child abuse (Schatz, Smith, Borkowski, Whitman, & Keogh, 2008). Furthermore, professionals who obtain the knowledge about child abuse may better serve families and children who have experienced abuse within their lives.
Characteristics of Obstetric Fistula in Kaduna Metropolis  [PDF]
Sunday Jenner Lengmang, Hannah Degge
Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology (OJOG) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ojog.2017.77074
Abstract: Introduction: Obstetric fistula is prevalent in sub-Saharan Africa. In Nigeria, it is more prevalent in the North compared to the South; and mainly rural. Urbanization has had significant impact on global health. Rapid urbanization is predicted to intensify in developing countries where fistula is endemic, but the pattern of presentation of obstetric fistula in urban areas is yet to be described. Objective: The objective of the study was to find out if obstetric fistula exists in Kaduna metropolis, and if it does, to explore the pattern of presentation. Methodology: Women living with obstetric fistula were mobilized from Kaduna metropolis for free screening and repair. They were screened using direct dye and three swab tests. Consenting patients with confirmed obstetric fistula were included in the study. Their socio-demographic and clinical data were captured using Microsoft Access and analyzed with Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 17. Results: All twenty three consenting women confirmed to have obstetric fistula lived within Kaduna city and had phone contacts. A depreciating proportion of primiparous women presented with obstetric fistula in Kaduna metropolis as multiparous women were in majority. The women also appeared to have higher height and weight measures and majority of them had access to fistula repair. They married early and were mostly uneducated and illiterate. Conclusion: Obstetric fistula afflicts women living in Kaduna metropolis. Women living with fistula in Kaduna metropolis appear to present different socio-demographic features, suggesting an emerging trend related to urbanization.
Engaging the Community: An Interview with Uche Amazigo
Hannah Brown
PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases , 2008, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0000268
Abstract:
Arctic Sentinels
Hannah Hoag
PLOS Biology , 2012, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pbio.0060259
Abstract:
The exome factor
Hannah Stower
Genome Biology , 2011, DOI: 10.1186/gb-2011-12-9-407
Abstract: The decision to launch a special issue of Genome Biology coincided with my first American Society of Human Genetics meeting in Washington, DC [1]; exciting work using exome capture sequencing had been presented on melanoma, somatic mutations in induced pluripotent stem cells and numerous single gene disorders. The technique strongly enriches a sequencing sample for exons by using DNA capture probes targeted only to the portion of the genome constituting the exome. In addition, at this time I met and discussed exome sequencing with one of the leaders in the field, Jay Shendure, and we are delighted that he agreed to be the Guest Editor for this issue. There was no doubt for me that exome sequencing was flourishing, and so it is in this September issue that we present articles with that special 'exome factor'.Choosing to publish a special issue on a field that is, relatively speaking, in its infancy necessitates many discussions about how best to make use of the technology and analyze the data, and these discussions have led us to present some guidelines and new approaches to exome capture sequencing. In a 'bake-off' between different exome capture techniques, Janna Saarela and colleagues [2] perform a systematic comparison of the two solution-based capture kits commercially available from Agilent and Roche-Nimblegen. The results show that researchers should be confident with the data garnered by either approach, and we hope that the clarity of this study will make it a useful reference, particularly to those just starting out. To provide further coverage and discussion of best methodological practice, we commissioned Shamil Sunyaev and colleagues [3] to review the computational and statistical approaches necessary for prioritization of variants from exome sequencing data. With typically 15,000 to 20,000 variants discovered per exome, whittling these variants down to those that are likely to be causing disease is a significant challenge. An abundance of tools has been
Youth in conflict in the Horn of Africa: A comparative analysis of mungiki in Kenya and Al-shabaab in Somalia
Hannah Muthoni
Journal of Language, Technology & Entrepreneurship in Africa , 2011,
Abstract: Youth constitute the largest percentage of the total world population and are considered core to the development of society. However, even with the large numbers, researches on youth in Africa tend to be skewed on employment and labour distribution, education and human development. Outside these formalized sectors, youth are studied as the most controversial group based on their behavior and seemingly misplaced roles. The place of youth in conflict in Africa is thus unexplored as available research focuses more on child soldiers in relation to recruitment, effects of conflicts, disarmament and reintegration. Beyond this, youth in conflict are studied in relation to violence and delinquency particularly in the United States of America and Europe and hardly in Africa. This is despite the growing involvement of youths in conflict as militias, rebels, vigilante groups as well as victims. This article explores the place of youths in conflict of post-colonial Africa where their role has increasingly grown. As a comparative analysis, it uses the case study of Al-shabaab in Somalia and Mungiki in Kenya
Die umstrittene Konstruktion von Vertrauen und Misstrauen in der westdeutschen Volksz hlungsboykottbewegung 1983
M. Hannah
Social Geography (SG) & Discussions (SGD) , 2008, DOI: 10.5194/sg-3-11-2008
Abstract: Dieser Artikel befasst sich mit der umstrittenen Konstruktion vom Begriff Vertrauen im Laufe der Volksz hlungsboykottbewegung in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland im Jahr 1983. Ausgangspunkt sind die Ausführungen von Giddens (1990, 1991), da dessen Auslegung vom Begriff Vertrauen ( trust ) besonders wichtige Dimensionen von der damaligen Auseinandersetzung über die Volksz hlung aufhellt. Es wird aber bald klar, dass die Giddens'sche Definition von Vertrauen bereichert werden muss, um zus tzliche Dimensionen von Vertrauen besser berücksichtigen zu k nnen, die 1983 von Belang waren. Diese Bereicherung wird in zwei Stufen aufgebaut: 1) eine Interpretation vom damaligen Boykottsdiskurs, die die Wichtigkeit von zus tzlichen pers nlichen Dimensionen von System-Vertrauen hervorhebt; und 2) ein Exkurs über Foucault, dessen Analyse von Biopolitik , so meine ich, eine noch sensiblere Version vom Begriff Vertrauen erm glicht. Mit dieser Einbeziehung Foucaults hoffe ich, nicht nur die Geschichte vom Volksz hlungsboykott überzeugender zu analysieren, sondern auch die Basis einer theoretischen Artikulation anzudeuten, welche die Ebene von Interaktionen (Giddens) mit der von Machtrationalit ten (Foucault) verknüpft.
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