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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 911 matches for " Hamada Eid Seif "
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The Effect of Deep Friction Massage versus Stretching of Wrist Extensor Muscles in the Treatment of Patients with Tennis Elbow  [PDF]
Sahar Mahmoud Hassan, Ashraf Ramadan Hafez, Hamada Eid Seif, Shaji John Kachanathu
Open Journal of Therapy and Rehabilitation (OJTR) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojtr.2016.41004
Abstract: Overuse injuries of the elbow and forearm are very common in athletes. This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of muscle stretching and deep friction massage with using wrist joint support during management of tennis elbow. This study included forty patients with tennis elbow divided into two equal groups: the first group with a mean age 38.1 ± 0.294 followed a physical therapy program in form of deep friction massage on the proximal attachment of wrist extensor muscles, the second group with a mean age 37.6 ± 0.253, submitted to stretching exercises of wrist extensors. Both of groups submitted to ultrasonic therapy with wrist splint during treatment period, three sessions per week for six weeks. Outcome measures were universal goniometer, visual analogue scale, and squeezing sphygmomanometer. The results showed that there was a significant improvement in ROM of wrist flexion and wrist extension, and handgrip in second group and it was more than in the first group while no significant difference in pain. This study showed that stretching exercise is more beneficial in the management of patients with tennis elbow.
Study the Effect of Gamma Radiation on the Optical Energy Gap of Poly(Vinyl Alcohol) Based Ferrotitanium Alloy Film: Its Possible Use in Radiation Dosimetry  [PDF]
Sayeda Eid, Seif Ebraheem, Nehad M. Abdel-Kader
Open Journal of Polymer Chemistry (OJPChem) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojpchem.2014.42003

Ferrotitanium alloy polymer films, prepared by a simple technique of casting aqueous solutions of poly(vinyl alcohol) PVA containing ferrotitanium alloy on a horizontal glass plate, are useful as routine high-dose dosimeters. These flexible plastic film dosimeters have pale yellow color, are bleached when exposed to gamma rays. The chemical composition of alloy was determined by EDX, and structure of alloy was determined by XRD. The response of these dosimeters depends on the concentration of alloy. The energy band gap Eg was calculated and the effect of gamma radiation on its value was determined. The optical absorption spectra showed that the absorption mechanism is an indirect allowed transition which found that energy band gap Eg decreases after irradiation. The response of these films has negligible humidity effects on the range of relative humidity from 0 to 100%. And also, it exhibits good preand post-irradiation stability in dark and light.

The Effect of Stretching Hamstring, Gastrocnemius, Iliopsoas and Back Muscles on Pain and Functional Activities in Patients with Chronic Low Back Pain: A Randomized Clinical Trial  [PDF]
Hamada E. Seif, Aqeel Alenazi, Sahar Mahmoud Hassan, Shaji John Kachanathu, Ashraf R. Hafez
Open Journal of Therapy and Rehabilitation (OJTR) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojtr.2015.34019
Abstract: A back pain lasting more than 12 weeks has been defined as a chronic low back pain (LBP) [1]. More than half of people suffer from LBP [1]. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of gastrocnemius muscle stretching in the treatment of chronic low back pain. Methods: Forty patients with chronic low back pain, ages ranging from 25 to 40 years, were recruited and divided randomly into two groups. The control group followed a physical therapy program that included stretching exercises for back, hamstring and iliopsoas muscles. Strengthening exercises for abdominal muscle and postural instructions for activities of daily living were also performed. The experimental group followed the same control-group exercises with the addition of stretching exercises for gastrocnemius muscles. The interventions for both groups consisted of three sessions per week for six weeks, each session lasting for an hour. The outcome measures were visual analog scale (VAS) for pain severity, modified fingertip to floor (FTF) for range of motion (ROM) of trunk flexion, Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), and loading X-ray to detect lumbosacral angle. Results: There was no significant difference between groups at baseline characteristics. At final follow up, the two groups were significantly different in all outcome measures in terms of pain (p < 0.01), modified FTF (p < 0.01), disability questionnaire (p < 0.01), and lumbosacral angle (p < 0.01). Conclusion: Gastrocnemius manual stretching exercise is more beneficial in reducing pain and improving functions for patients with chronic low back pain when adding to stretching exercises for hamstring, iliopsoas, and back muscles, and strengthening exercise for abdominal muscles.
ESR Dosimetric Study on Gamma Induced Radicals in DL-Ornithine Hydrochloride  [PDF]
Sayeda Eid
Open Journal of Polymer Chemistry (OJPChem) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojpchem.2013.31005

DL-ornithine hydrochloride rods (3 ×10 mm) were studied to be a radiation sensitive material for EPR dosimetry. The rods have specified EPR signal developed under irradiation and its intensity increases with the increase in absorbed dose. The intensity also affected by the concentration of DL-ornithine in the rods. The prepared rods can be used in the dose range from 0.5 - 50 kGy. The obtained number of free radicals per 100 eV (G value) was found to be 0.3551 ± 0.0333. The hyperfine (hf) coupling constant is 2.325 mT at g-factor 2.033. The rods have the advantage of negligible humidity effects during irradiation. The pre and post- irradiation stability was found to be satisfactory.

Investigation of Glacial Effects and the Permanent Snow Lines on the Southern Slopes of the Hamadan Alvand Kuh  [PDF]
Abdullah Seif, Ali Bazvand
Journal of Geoscience and Environment Protection (GEP) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/gep.2018.66010
Abstract: One of the issues that geomorphology researchers have focused on is to trace the geomorphic effects and the snow lines in the Quaternary glaciers in Iran. This research has been carried out in the valleys of the southern slopes of Alvand Kuh Mountains, namely the Serkan and Mobarakabad valleys. The equilibrium line altitude between current and ancient glaciers is one of the parameters that is used as a variation indicator of climate. There are several ways to rebuild this parameter (Ancient ELA). Equilibrium Line altitude requires the accurate knowledge of glacial geomorphic landforms and evidence. According to Kuhle, Hofer and Luis methods, providing and estimating the ancient and permanent snow lines were carried out in this research during field operations within several intervals and the glacial geomorphic evidences were identified such as circuses, sidebar moraines and terminal moraines. The six glacier subwatersheds were developed in a study area based on Kuhle, Hofer and Luis methods in which only two valleys of Serkan 3 and Mubarak Abad 3 had a high degree of accuracy in their ELA drop rate and old snow lines. It should be noted that the current snowlines of the current study area are 4400 m and 1400 m (based on the Schweitzer map). The results of the estimated snow lines for each of the six valleys are shown in Table 4. At the present study, the main of the Mobarak Abad valley area was divided to six glacial valleys which are called Serkan 1, 2, 3 and Mobarak Abad 1, 2, 3 and then several layers were provided, including cirque layers, moraine layers, primary and secondary crest layers, high crest layers, 10-meter DEM layer, highlight, different contour line layers and valleys profiles and finally, the ultimate map of glacial geomorphology of Serkan and Mobarak Abad valleys was prepared.
Phenomenological and Semi-microscopic Analysis for the Elastic Scattering of Protons from 12C Nuclei at Different Energies  [PDF]
Sh. Hamada, N. Amangeldi
Journal of Modern Physics (JMP) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jmp.2013.45B013

Analysis of the elastic scattering of protons from 12C nuclei had been performed within the framework of both the optical model and single folding model at different proton energies; 17, 30.3, 40, 49.48 and 61.4 MeV. We have obtained the global potential parameters which could fairly reproduce the experimental data for p+12C elastic scattering at the aforementioned energies. The radial and energy dependence of the real and imaginary parts of the potential were calculated. Good agreement between experimental data and theoretical predictions in the whole angular range was obtained using both phenomenological approach (Optical Model), and semi-microscopic approach (Single Folding). In single folding calculations, the real part of the potential was calculated from a more fundamental basis by the folding method in which the NN interaction VNN(r), is folded into the density of the target nuclei and supplemented with a phenomenological imaginary potential. The obtained normalization factor Nr is in the range of 0.75 - 0.9.

Review Article: Multicarrier Communication for Underwater Acoustic Channel  [PDF]
Hamada Esmaiel, Danchi Jiang
Int'l J. of Communications, Network and System Sciences (IJCNS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ijcns.2013.68039

In past decades, there has been a growing interest in the discussion and study of using underwater acoustic channel as the physical layer for communication systems, ranging from point-to-point communications to underwater multicarrier modulation networks. A series of review papers were already available to provide a history of the development of the field until the end of the last decade. In this paper, we attempt to provide an overview of the key developments, both theoretical and applied, in the particular topics regarding multicarrier communication for underwater acoustic communication such as the channel and Doppler shift estimation, video and image transmission throw multicarrier techniques, etc. This paper also includes acoustic propagation properties in seawater and underwater acoustic channel representation.

Refractive Features and Diffraction Scattering Patterns Observed in the Elastic Scattering of 12C from 12C at Various Energies  [PDF]
Sh. Hamada, N. Burtebayev
Journal of Modern Physics (JMP) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jmp.2013.46114

We have measured the angular distributions for 12C ion beam elastically scattered from 12C target of thickness 17.4 μg/cm2 at energies 15, 18 and 21 MeV which is close to the Coulomb barrier energy for 12C + 12C nuclear system. The elastic scattering of 12C beam on 12C was analysed also at different energies (139.5, 158.8, 180, 240, 288.6, 300, 360 and 420 MeV) from literature in order to obtain the global optical potential parameters, which could fairly reproduce the experimental data. The experimental results were analysed within the framework of both the optical model and the double folding potential obtained with different density-dependent NN interactions which give the corresponding values of the nuclear incompressibility K in the Hartree-Fock calculation of nuclear matter. The agreement between the experimental results and the theoretical predictions in the whole angular range is fairly good.

Solution of Nonlinear Advection-Diffusion Equations via Linear Fractional Map Type Nonlinear QCA  [PDF]
Shinji Hamada, Hideo Sekino
Journal of Quantum Information Science (JQIS) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/jqis.2016.64017
Abstract: Linear fractional map type (LFMT) nonlinear QCA (NLQCA), one of the simplest reversible NLQCA is studied analytically as well as numerically. Linear advection equation or Time Dependent Schrödinger Equation (TDSE) is obtained from the continuum limit of linear QCA. Similarly it is found that some nonlinear advection-diffusion equations including inviscid Burgers equation and porous-medium equation are obtained from LFMT NLQCA.
The Approximation of Bosonic System by Fermion in Quantum Cellular Automaton  [PDF]
Shinji Hamada, Hideo Sekino
Journal of Quantum Information Science (JQIS) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/jqis.2017.71002
Abstract: In one-dimensional multiparticle Quantum Cellular Automaton (QCA), the approximation of the bosonic system by fermion (boson-fermion correspondence) can be derived in a rather simple and intriguing way, where the principle to impose zero-derivative boundary conditions of one-particle QCA is also analogously used in particle-exchange boundary conditions. As a clear cut demonstration of this approximation, we calculate the ground state of few-particle systems in a box using imaginary time evolution simulation in 2nd quantization form as well as in 1st quantization form. Moreover in this 2nd quantized form of QCA calculation, we use Time Evolving Block Decimation (TEBD) algorithm. We present this demonstration to emphasize that the TEBD is most natu-rally regarded as an approximation method to the 2nd quantized form of QCA.
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