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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 150863 matches for " H. Maeda "
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Oxygen reduction activity of carbon fibers cathode, and application for current generation from the NAD+ and NADH recycling reaction
H. Maeda,H. Nagamoto
Carbon : Science and Technology , 2012,
Abstract: Carbon fibers treated at 700 oC for 10 min were found to have O2 reduction activity when being used as a cathode. The special type of partition combined with both cationic and anionic exchange membranes was applied between anode cell and cathode cell in order to use a highly acidic solution such as 0.5 M H2SO4 as an electrolyte of the cathode cell for increasing the efficiency of O2 reduction activity. The current generation from NAD+ and NADH recycling system combined with D-gluconolactone production from 500 mg of D-glucose was performed by applying only carbon fibers for both anode and cathode. The total current volume obtained was 81.4 mAh during the reaction for 10 h, and the current efficiency was 93%. One gram of carbon fibers was pressed with Nafion paste on a piece of carbon paper(area : 50 mm×50mm) with heating to prepare the cathode, and this construct was combined with conventional fuel cell. The power density was 3.6 mW/cm2, and the total power volume was calculated to be 90 mW per 1 g of carbon fibers.
IL-1 Receptor Type II Production Is Upregulated by IL-4 and IL-13, and Downregulated by IFN-γ in Mouse Gingival Epithelial Cells  [PDF]
Y. Kamiya, Y. Ishihara, H. Kamei, Y. Ozawa, H. Mizutani, K. Kubo, H. Maeda, T. Noguchi
Modern Research in Inflammation (MRI) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/mri.2014.32005

Background and Objective: Interleukin-1 (IL-1) binds to 2 distinct and separate receptors, types I and II (IL-1RI and IL-1RII, respectively). The binding of IL-1 to IL-1RI induces cellular signaling and biological effects, whereas binding to IL-1RII does not induce cellular signaling and indirectly inhibits IL-1 biological activities such as that of the decoy receptor. Recently, Suzukiet al.reported that soluble IL-1RII (sIL-1RII) was detected in gingival crevicular fluid from a periodontitis patient. However, it remains unclear which cells produce sIL-1RII detected in periodontal tissues. We examined the localization of IL-1RII producing cells in gingival tissues as well as related production control mechanisms. Material and Methods: IL-1RII mRNA expression in gingival epithelial cells (GE1) was performed by real-time PCR analysis, while the amount of sIL-1RII production in supernatant from GE1 cells was examined by dot-blot analysis. Involvement of the phosphorylation of STAT6 in the signaling pathway was determined by western blot analysis. Statistical analysis was performed with Student’st-test. Results: Culturing with IL-4 and IL-13 significantly increased IL-1RII mRNA to levels 10.5-and 8.89-fold, respectively, above that of the control (p< 0.01), while addition of interferon-γ (IFN-γ) significantly suppressed IL-1RII mRNA by 0.22-fold as compared to the control (p< 0.05). Soluble IL-1RII in the supernatant of cultured GE1 cells was increased by IL-4 and IL-13, and decreased by IFN-γ, while western blotting determines the suppression of IL-1RII production by IFN-γ. Without the addition of IL-4 or IL-13 with or without

Automatic & Safe Oxytocin Induction of Labor  [PDF]
Kazuo Maeda
Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology (OJOG) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ojog.2018.89084
Abstract: Aims: To prevent fetal damage by excess oxytocin administration of manually controlled infusion, by automatic and safe increasing infusion setting with monitoring uterine contraction and fetal heart rate. Methods: Starting infusion level was 2 milliU/ml, as oxytocin sensitivity of a pregnant uterus is unknown, to avoid hyper contraction and fetal bradycardia caused by unexpected excess oxytocin sensitivity. The infusion automatically increased with automatic monitoring of uterine contraction curve, then the increasing stopped when contraction reached to normal labor level, where the infusion level maintained, which continued until delivery, if there is no trouble. However, the infusion continued until expiring all fluid in case of insensitive uterus, where the induction was performed in another day. The infusion stopped automatically when contraction was too strong, or fetal heart rate is abnormal. Thus, oxytocin sensitive case is protected from excess contraction and fetal asphyxia. Results: Normal vaginal delivery was achieved in 28/33 cases (85%), which was more than manually controlled infusion. No case was abnormal in successful oxytocin infusion. Conclusion: The automated technique will be applied to oxytocin labor induction.
Broadband method for precise microwave spectroscopy of superconducting thin films near the critical temperature
H. Kitano,T. Ohashi,A. Maeda
Physics , 2008, DOI: 10.1063/1.2954957
Abstract: We present a high-resolution microwave spectrometer to measure the frequency-dependent complex conductivity of a superconducting thin film near the critical temperature. The instrument is based on a broadband measurement of the complex reflection coefficient, $S_{\rm 11}$, of a coaxial transmission line, which is terminated to a thin film sample with the electrodes in a Corbino disk shape. In the vicinity of the critical temperature, the standard calibration technique using three known standards fails to extract the strong frequency dependence of the complex conductivity induced by the superconducting fluctuations. This is because a small unexpected difference between the phase parts of $S_{\rm 11}$ for a short and load standards gives rise to a large error in the detailed frequency dependence of the complex conductivity near the superconducting transition. We demonstrate that a new calibration procedure using the normal-state conductivity of a sample as a load standard resolves this difficulty. The high quality performance of this spectrometer, which covers the frequency range between 0.1 GHz and 10 GHz, the temperature range down to 10 K, and the magnetic field range up to 1 T, is illustrated by the experimental results on several thin films of both conventional and high temperature superconductors.
Chandra Observations of Diffuse X-Rays from the Sagittarius B2 Cloud
H. Murakami,K. Koyama,Y. Maeda
Physics , 2001, DOI: 10.1086/322282
Abstract: We present the first Chandra results of the giant molecular cloud Sagittarius B2 (Sgr B2), located about 100 pc away from the Galactic center. Diffuse X-rays are clearly separated from one-and-a-half dozen resolved point sources. The X-ray spectrum exhibits pronounced iron K-shell transition lines at 6.40 keV (K alpha) and 7.06 keV (K beta), deep iron K-edge at 7.11 keV and large photo-electric absorption at low energy. The absorption-corrected X-ray luminosity is \sim 1 times 10^{35} erg s^{-1}, two orders of magnitude larger than the integrated luminosity of all the resolved point sources. The diffuse X-rays come mainly from the south-west half of the cloud with a concave-shape pointing to the Galactic center direction. These results strongly support the ASCA model that Sgr B2 is irradiated by an X-ray source at the Galactic center side.
Complex microwave conductivity of Na-DNA powders
H. Kitano,K. Ota,A. Maeda
Physics , 2006, DOI: 10.1143/JPSJ.75.094704
Abstract: We report the complex microwave conductivity, $\sigma=\sigma_1-i\sigma_2$, of Na-DNA powders, which was measured from 80 K to 300 K by using a microwave cavity perturbation technique. We found that the magnitude of $\sigma_1$ near room temperature was much larger than the contribution of the surrounding water molecules, and that the decrease of $\sigma_1$ with decreasing temperature was sufficiently stronger than that of the conduction of counterions. These results clearly suggest that the electrical conduction of Na-DNA is intrinsically semiconductive.
Sedimentation rates in Kagoshima Bay, Southwestern Japan, using the 210Pb method
Kofuji H.,Inoue M.,Yokota K.,Maeda H.
EPJ Web of Conferences , 2012, DOI: 10.1051/epjconf/20122404004
Abstract: To understand the pattern of sedimentation rates as fundamental physical parameter of coastal environment, the 210Pb dating method was applied to core samples collected from Kagoshima Bay, Southwestern Japan. The sedimentation rate varied at each location within the bay (0.08–0.30 g·cm 2·y 1), and the rate at the bay-head area was less than that at the centre of the bay. The inventory of ex210Pb has a lower value in the bay-head area. The low ex210Pb inventory at Stn.5' is considered to be due to physical, and chemical conditions in the bay-head area.
Ion and neutral temperature distributions in the E-region observed by the EISCAT Troms and Svalbard radars
S. Maeda,S. Nozawa,M. Sugino,H. Fujiwara
Annales Geophysicae (ANGEO) , 2003,
Abstract: Simultaneous Common Program Two experiments by the EISCAT UHF radar at Troms and the EISCAT Svalbard radar at Longyearbyen from 00:00 to 15:00 UT on 22 September 1998 and 9 March 1999 have been utilized to investigate distributions of the ion and neutral temperatures in the E-region between 105 and 115 km. During the experiments, soft particle precipitations in the dayside cusp were observed over the Svalbard radar site by the Defense Meteorological Satellite Program (DMSP) F11 satellite. It is found that the dayside electric field in the regions of the low-latitude boundary of the polar cap and the cusp was greater and more variable than that in the auroral region. The ion temperature, parallel to the geomagnetic field at Longyearbyen, was higher than that at Troms during the daytime from 06:00 to 12:00 UT. The steady-state ion energy equation has been applied to derive neutral temperature under the assumption of no significant heat transport and viscous heating. The estimated neutral temperature at Longyearbyen was also higher than that at Troms . The ion and neutral energy budget was discussed in terms of the ion frictional heating and the Joule heating. The results indicate two possibilities: either the neutral temperature was high in the low latitude boundary of the polar cap and the cusp, or the heat transport by the polar cap neutral winds toward the dayside sector was significant. Key words. Ionosphere (auroral ionosphere; ionosphere–atmosphere interactions; polar ionosphere)
Critical charge dynamics of superconducting LSCO thin films probed by complex microwave spectroscopy: Anomalous changes of the universality class by hole doping
T. Ohashi,H. Kitano,I. Tsukada,A. Maeda
Physics , 2007,
Abstract: We study the critical charge dynamics of the superconducting to the normal-state transition for LSCO thin films with a wide range of the Sr concentration, by measuring the frequency-dependent excess parts of the complex microwave conductivity, which is induced by the superconducting fluctuations. We present a dynamic scaling analysis of the complex fluctuation conductivity, which includes the information on the universality class and the dimensionality of the critical charge dynamics as a function of the Sr concentration, the film thickness and the magnetic field. In our previous study (H. Kitano et al., Phys. Rev. B 73, 092504 (2006).), the 2D-XY critical dynamics for underdoped LSCO and the 3D-XY critical dynamics for optimally doped LSCO were reported. In this study, we observed a novel two-dimensional unknown critical charge dynamics for overdoped thin films from x=0.17 to 0.20, which is clearly distinguished from the 2D-XY critical dynamics. Through the systematic measurements by changing the film thickness or by applying small magnetic field, it was confirmed that this unusual behavior, which is referred as 2D-"U" below, was not induced by the finite size effect but was intrinsic to the overdoped LSCO. Thus, it was found that the critical behavior in the phase diagram of LSCO is classified into the following three types; (i) 2D-XY for underdoped region, (ii) 3D-XY for optimally doped region, and (iii) 2D-"U" for overdoped region. In other words, the dimensionality in the critical charge dynamics is changed twice with hole doping. We discuss possible origins of such anomalous dimensional crossovers with hole doping, including an interpretation based on the possible existence of a hidden quantum critical point near the optimally doped region.
Hypernova Nucleosynthesis and Galactic Chemical Evolution
K. Nomoto,K. Maeda,H. Umeda,T. Nakamura
Physics , 2001, DOI: 10.1007/978-94-015-9723-4_36
Abstract: We study nucleosynthesis in 'hypernovae', i.e., supernovae with very large explosion energies ($ \gsim 10^{52} $ ergs) for both spherical and aspherical explosions. The hypernova yields compared to those of ordinary core-collapse supernovae show the following characteristics: 1) Complete Si-burning takes place in more extended region, so that the mass ratio between the complete and incomplete Si burning regions is generally larger in hypernovae than normal supernovae. As a result, higher energy explosions tend to produce larger [(Zn, Co)/Fe], small [(Mn, Cr)/Fe], and larger [Fe/O], which could explain the trend observed in very metal-poor stars. 2) Si-burning takes place in lower density regions, so that the effects of $\alpha$-rich freezeout is enhanced. Thus $^{44}$Ca, $^{48}$Ti, and $^{64}$Zn are produced more abundantly than in normal supernovae. The large [(Ti, Zn)/Fe] ratios observed in very metal poor stars strongly suggest a significant contribution of hypernovae. 3) Oxygen burning also takes place in more extended regions for the larger explosion energy. Then a larger amount of Si, S, Ar, and Ca ("Si") are synthesized, which makes the "Si"/O ratio larger. The abundance pattern of the starburst galaxy M82 may be attributed to hypernova explosions. Asphericity in the explosions strengthens the nucleosynthesis properties of hypernovae except for "Si"/O. We thus suggest that hypernovae make important contribution to the early Galactic (and cosmic) chemical evolution.
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