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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 170537 matches for " Hélio Arthur Reis;Freitas "
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Sexualidade e organiza??es: estudo sobre lésbicas no ambiente de trabalho
Irigaray, Hélio Arthur Reis;Freitas, Maria Ester de;
Organiza??es & Sociedade , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1984-92302011000400004
Abstract: discrimination against gays in the workplaces has been object of many studies; nevertheless, there is a gap regarding their female counterparts. this research, based upon the postmodern ontology, was designed to evaluate how lesbians perceive themselves in the corporate world. the fieldwork was carried out from july 2005 to july 2008 in public and private corporations in rio de janeiro and s?o paulo. we interviewed 18 homosexual women of different ages, races, physical traits and social classes. their reports were submitted to discourse analysis and they revealed that a) lesbians, as well as gays, perceive themselves as being discriminated against at the workplace b) sexual orientation cannot be dealt with as a solid category, hence other social, physical and psychological dimensions may stress or attenuate discrimination, and c) lesbians discriminate each other on the basis of other attributes.
Sexualidade e Organiza es: estudo sobre lésbicas no ambiente de trabalho [Sexuality and Organizations: a study of lesbians at the workplace]
Hélio Arthur Reis Irigaray,Maria Ester de Freitas
Organiza??es & Sociedade , 2011,
Abstract: A discrimina o dos homossexuais masculinos no ambiente de trabalho já foi objeto de diversos estudos; no entanto, persiste a lacuna no que tange aos seus pares femininos. Neste sentido, esta pesquisa, iluminada pela premissa da Pós-Modernidade Crítica de que existem múltiplas identidades simultaneas e sobrepostas, foi elaborada com o objetivo de averiguar como as lésbicas se percebem no mundo corporativo. Para tanto, foi realizada uma pesquisa de campo entre julho de 2005 e julho de 2008, em empresas públicas e privadas, de diversos setores, localizadas nas regi es metropolitanas do Rio de Janeiro e S o Paulo. Foram entrevistadas 18 mulheres homossexuais, de idades, etnias, aspectos físicos e classes sociais diferentes. Seus relatos, bem como os registros de campo, foram transcritos e submetidos à análise do discurso. O campo revelou que: a) as lésbicas, assim como os gays, se percebem submetidas a práticas discriminatórias no ambiente de trabalho, as quais, n o raramente, se escondem sob a máscara do humor e da informalidade; b) a orienta o sexual n o pode ser tratada como uma categoria sólida, uma vez que outras dimens es físicas e psicográfi cas, como estética, etnia, classe social acentuam ou atenuam a discrimina o; e, finalmente, c) as lésbicas se discriminam entre si em fun o de outros atributos. ---- Sexuality and Organizations: a study of lesbians at the workplace ---- Abstract ---- Discrimination against gays in the workplaces has been object of many studies; nevertheless, there is a gap regarding their female counterparts. This research, based upon the postmodern ontology, was designed to evaluate how lesbians perceive themselves in the corporate world. The fi eldwork was carried out from July 2005 to July 2008 in public and private corporations in Rio de Janeiro and S o Paulo. We interviewed 18 homosexual women of different ages, races, physical traits and social classes. Their reports were submitted to discourse analysis and they revealed that a) lesbians, as well as gays, perceive themselves as being discriminated against at the workplace b) sexual orientation cannot be dealt with as a solid category, hence other social, physical and psychological dimensions may stress or attenuate discrimination, and c) lesbians discriminate each other on the basis of other attributes.
O tempo como dimens?o de pesquisa sobre uma política de diversidade e rela??es de trabalho
Irigaray, Hélio Arthur Reis;Vergara, Sylvia Constant;
Cadernos EBAPE.BR , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1679-39512011000400009
Abstract: this study aims at grasping the process of absorption of the handicapped by companies from multiple perspectives (internal and external publics), and how these perceptions have changed over the years. thus, we conducted a survey on an airline which has allocated these people in positions of direct contact with the public. the moment, we noted that the company met the expectations of its customers and employees. the non-disabled employees saw on their diversity policy possibility of benefits for the organization (improving its public image) and for themselves (transfer of work to handicapped). the lasted accepted this situation because it enabled their integration into the group. in 2011, we returned to the field and interviewed representatives of these categories (passengers, employees - handicapped and non - and hr managers and marketing) in order to assess the impact of the dimension "time". the interviews were transcribed and subjected to discourse analysis, which funded out us the following theoretical frameworks: ethics, subjective time as a variable and management of workforce diversity in organizations. the field revealed the naturalization of the presence of the handicapped, some their passengers differentiate the company for its how the employees perceived as something relevant. the company, on a turn, insists on seeking social visibility through media and the spectacle of disability. complained that they here not given the chance of a career since they encounter the same "glass ceiling" denounced by other minorities.
Políticas de diversidade nas organiza??es: uma quest?o de discurso?
Saraiva, Luiz Alex Silva;Irigaray, Hélio Arthur dos Reis;
Revista de Administra??o de Empresas , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-75902009000300008
Abstract: the objective in this article was to analyze to what extent organizations are able to effectively implement diversity stimulating policies in the organizational environment. a case of a multinational company has been studied, which adopted, in the 1990's, a worldwide diversity and inclusion stimulating policy. based on a qualitative methodology, official documents were analyzed and employees representing minorities and non-minorities were interviewed, and that material was later handled by means of discourse analysis. results show contradictions between the company speeches and the employees understanding on the policies it adopts. that is possibly due to ingrained prejudicial processes from the employees themselves, to a certain permissiveness at the managerial level, and to diversity and inclusion stimulating policies focusing more on the market than on society requirements.
Expatriados no Brasil: Diferentes Nacionalidades, Diferentes Percep es
Hélio Arthur Reis Irigaray,,Sylvia Constant Vergara
GEST?O.Org : Revista Eletr?nica de Gest?o Organizacional , 2010,
Abstract: The object of this study was to determine how the perception of the expatriates who live in Brazil differ according to their nationalities. Based upon the critical postmodern paradigm, a qualitative research was carried out in a North American telecommunication company office, in S o Paulo. We interviewed three expatriates executives: a Dutch, a North American, and a Colombian. All of them had the same background and psychographic traits. The Dutch and the North American perceive Brazilians as nice and hospitable; whereas, the Columbian perceive them as arrogant and proud. We suggest that these perceptions differs due to the fact that Brazilians indeed admire the “firstworld” culture and reject anyone that may remind them of their real image, which does not harmonize with the European and North American standards of beauty, efficiency and behavior.
POLíTICAS DE DIVERSIDADE NAS ORGANIZA ES: UMA QUEST O DE DISCURSO?
Luiz Alex Silva Saraiva,Hélio Arthur dos Reis Irigaray
Revista de Administra??o de Empresas , 2009,
Abstract: The objective in this article was to analyze to what extent organizations are able to effectively implement diversity stimulating policies in the organizational environment. A case of a multinational company has been studied, which adopted, in the 1990’s, a worldwide diversity and inclusion stimulating policy. Based on a qualitative methodology, official documents were analyzed and employees representing minorities and non-minorities were interviewed, and that material was later handled by means of discourse analysis. Results show contradictions between the company speeches and the employees understanding on the policies it adopts. That is possibly due to ingrained prejudicial processes from the employees themselves, to a certain permissiveness at the managerial level, and to diversity and inclusion stimulating policies focusing more on the market than on society requirements.
Humor e discrimina??o por orienta??o sexual no ambiente organizacional
Irigaray, Hélio Arthur Reis;Saraiva, Luiz Alex Silva;Carrieri, Alexandre de Pádua;
Revista de Administra??o Contemporanea , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1415-65552010000500008
Abstract: to deal with multiple social manifestations in the organizational world, humor is an important form of communicating something, although not in an explicit way, smoothing critics and aggressions under the pretext of getting a laugh. in this paper we discuss humor as a form of manifesting discrimination of sexual orientation in the work place. based on specialized literature about social, denotative and connotative functions of humor, and the insertion of female and male homosexuals in a professional atmosphere, we conducted a qualitative study with heterosexual and homosexual workers in companies located in the metropolitan regions of the cities of rio de janeiro and s?o paulo from 2005 through 2008 to obtain their life stories. the interviews were recorded and fully transcribed. they were then subjected to a french discourse analysis technique. the main results suggest that heterosexual humor about gays is explicit, and it seems to be socially legitimated because gays are funny. we also found surprising evidence that gays make jokes about themselves, confirming social stigma through laughs. the main conclusions discuss the need to put humor in a political context, as a form of communication in organizations, because one of its social functions is to aid the social processes of controlling and social discrimination.
Humor e Discrimina o por Orienta o Sexual no Ambiente Organizacional
Hélio Arthur Reis Irigaray,Luiz Alex Silva Saraiva,Alexandre de Pádua Carrieri
Revista de Administra??o Contemporanea , 2010,
Abstract: To deal with multiple social manifestations in the organizational world, humor is an important form of communicating something, although not in an explicit way, smoothing critics and aggressions under the pretext of getting a laugh. In this paper we discuss humor as a form of manifesting discrimination of sexual orientation in the work place. Based on specialized literature about social, denotative and connotative functions of humor, and the insertion of female and male homosexuals in a professional atmosphere, we conducted a qualitative study with heterosexual and homosexual workers in companies located in the metropolitan regions of the cities of Rio de Janeiro and S o Paulo from 2005 through 2008 to obtain their life stories. The interviews were recorded and fully transcribed. They were then subjected to a French discourse analysis technique. The main results suggest that heterosexual humor about gays is explicit, and it seems to be socially legitimated because gays are funny. We also found surprising evidence that gays make jokes about themselves, confirming social stigma through laughs. The main conclusions discuss the need to put humor in a political context, as a form of communication in organizations, because one of its social functions is to aid the social processes of controlling and social discrimination.
The organizational structure of work found in a cooperative of women: la organización del trabajo de una cooperativa popular "Tú me ense as a hacer encaje, yo te ense o a trabajar" "Tu me ensina a fazer renda, eu te ensino a trabalhar": a organiza o do trabalho de uma cooperativa popular
Sandra Regina da Rocha-Pinto,Hélio Arthur Reis Irigaray,Rafael Caldas Ferreira da Silva
Rege : Revista de Gest?o , 2011,
Abstract: The volume of work done in small workshops by women of the Rocinha, a shantytown in Rio de Janeiro, has grown in the last twenty-five years to the point of becoming a cooperative, COOPA-ROCA. Therefore this study sought to identify issues relevant to structuring of their work as well as performance of COOPA-ROCA. It was disclosed that the intermediation of the cooperative with important partners was centralized in one person, individual cooperative attitude is not recognized, craftswomen have not internalized the meaning of ownership and remain ignorant about financial performance. They avoid strategy-oriented meetings, however social activities are important. After understanding relations between the main activities in the cooperative value chain, this study also presented a basic outline for a management system El trabajo realizado en peque os talleres por algunas mujeres de la Rocinha - chabola establecida en Río de Janeiro - creció a lo largo de veinticinco a os y se organizó en torno de una cooperativa llamada COOPA-ROCA. Con ese pa o de fondo, el objetivo principal de este estudio fue responder a la siguiente cuestión: cuáles son las dimensiones importantes tanto en la estructuración del trabajo como en el desempe o de la COOPA-ROCA? El estudio de caso reveló que existe centralización en la intermediación de los negocios de la cooperativa con los principales socios; que el espíritu cooperativista no se encuentra consagrado; que las artesanas no incorporan el sentido de propiedad y desconocen el desempe o financiero de la cooperativa; que no se interesan por reuniones de carácter estratégico, pero valoran las actividades de carácter social. El estudio también delineó las bases para un sistema de gestión, al descubrir los principales eslabones entre las categorías de actividad en la cadena de valor de la cooperativa O trabalho realizado em pequenas oficinas por algumas mulheres da Rocinha - favela localizada no Rio de Janeiro - cresceu ao longo de vinte e cinco anos e se organizou em torno de uma cooperativa chamada COOPA-ROCA. Com esse pano de fundo, o objetivo principal deste estudo foi responder à seguinte quest o: quais s o as dimens es relevantes tanto na estrutura o do trabalho quanto no desempenho da COOPA-ROCA? O estudo de caso revelou que existe centraliza o na media o dos negócios da cooperativa com os principais parceiros; que o espírito cooperativista n o se encontra consagrado; que as artes s n o internalizaram o sentido de propriedade e desconhecem o desempenho financeiro da cooperativa; que n o se interessam por reuni es de caráte
Fatores de risco para infec??es de sítio cirúrgico em pacientes operadas por cancer de mama
Barbosa, Hermes de Freitas;Reis, Francisco José Candido dos;Carrara, Hélio Humberto Angotti;Andrade, Jurandyr Moreira de;
Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-72032004000300009
Abstract: purpose: to identify the risk factors associated with the occurrence of surgical site infection (ssi) in surgeries for the treatment of breast cancer. methods: the study was conducted on 140 women submitted to treatment of invasive breast cancer during the period from january 2001 to december 2002. ssi was defined as infection occurring up to 30 days after surgery and was related to the operation, according to the standard criteria adopted by the centers for disease control and prevention (cdc), usa. ssi were considered to be superficial when they involved only the skin and subcutaneous tissue and deep when they involved deep tissues at the site of incision, such as fascia and muscles. the risk factors related to patient were age, hormonal status, staging, body mass index (bmi) and hemoglobin, and the factors related to surgery were type of operation, time of hospitalization, duration of surgery, and formation of seroma and hematoma. data concerning numerical nonparametric variables were analyzed by the mann-whitney test and quantitative variables were analyzed by the fisher exact test. results: of the 140 patients studied, 29 (20.7%) presented ssi, which were superficial in 19 (13.6%) and deep in 10 (71%); 111 patients did not present ssi and represented the control group. the risk factors associated with the patient and the disease were locally advanced stage (odds ratio = 27; 95% ci: 1.1-6.5) and obesity, represented by a mean bmi of 32.2 kg/m2 in the patients with ssi and a mean bmi of 27.2 kg/m2 in the control group (p<0.0001). the factors related to treatment of the disease were the use of neoadjuvant chemotherapy (odds ratio = 2.7 (95% ci: 1.1-6.5), the duration of surgery, whose median value was 165 minutes for the patients who developed the infection and 137 minutes for the control group (p=0.02), and the number of days of use of the postoperative drain, whose median value was 6 days for the patients with ssi and 5 days for the control group (p=0.048). conc
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