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Impact of Nutritional Counselling on Nutritional Status of Postmenopausal Women  [PDF]
Gurpreet Kaur, Paramjit Chawla
Food and Nutrition Sciences (FNS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/fns.2015.64044
Abstract: The aim of the study was to assess the impact of nutrition counselling on food intake and anthropometric measurements in postmenopausal women. Sixty postmenopausal women were selected from two villages of Sangrur district and were divided into two groups—Group I (Control) and Group II (Experimental) containing 30 subjects each. Subjects of Group II were imparted nutrition counselling (NC) regarding benefits of Aloe vera and its use in diet in individual and group contacts once in a week, for a period of three months. Aloe vera plants were also distributed to be used in their diets. Dietary intake of subjects for 3 consecutive days by 24 hr recall method was recorded before and after nutrition counselling. The average daily nutrient intake of diets was calculated by using Diet Cal. Anthropometric parameters were calculated before and after counselling. Dietary survey revealed that intake of cereals, fats/oil and sugar/jaggery decreased significantly (p ≤ 0.05) whereas intake of green leafy vegetable, other vegetables and fruits increase significantly (p ≤ 0.01) after counselling. A significant decrease in energy, carbohydrate, fat and significant increase intake in iron, calcium, potassium, Vitamin C and β-carotene content was observed. A significant reduction was observed for weight, body mass index (BMI), mid upper arm circumference (MUAC), triceps skinfold thickness (TSFT) and waist hip ratio (WHR) by 4.9%, 3.98%, 2.9% and 2.17% respectively, while random blood sugar (RBS), systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) decreased by 25.21%, 13.74% and 8.03% after counselling. After nutrition counselling subjects adopted good nutritional practices and use of Aloe vera leaves in diets which improved their health status of postmenopausal women.
Body Composition, Dietary Intake and Physical Activity Level of Sedentary Adult Indian Women  [PDF]
Gurpreet Kaur, Kiran Bains, Harpreet Kaur
Food and Nutrition Sciences (FNS) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/fns.2012.311206
Abstract: Age related changes in body composition are associated with long term dietary intake profiles. Age related increase in body fat is primarily attributed to decline in physical activity and basal metabolic rate as well as dietary intake. The study was designed to assess the body composition, dietary intake and physical activity level of sedentary adult women of different age groups. A cross-sectional study was conducted on 152 sedentary adult women comprised of students and faculty from Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana. The relationship of body composition with dietary factors and physical activity level of women in four age groups i.e. 21 - 30, 31 - 40, 41 - 50 and 51 - 60 years was determined. A gradual increase (p ≤ 0.05) in anthropometric and body composition parameters such as weight, waist circumference, hip circumference, body mass index, fat mass and visceral fat rating was observed with the advancement of age. The lean body mass was decreased significantly (p ≤ 0.05) as the age progressed, the values for four age groups being 74.9, 68.9, 62.8 and 60.9%, respectively. Contrary to this fat mass increased with age, the corresponding values for four age groups being 15.7, 21.4, 26.6 and 29.2 kg, respectively. The percent adequacy of protein by four age groups was 69.6, 78.2, 80.0 and 66.3, respectively when compared to RDA while fat intake was much higher i.e. 245.5, 271.8, 288.4 and 250.8%, respectively. The energy intake was inadequate among all age groups, however, a significant (p ≤ 0.05) differ- ence was observed in daily energy consumption between the age groups. The mean physical activity level (PAL) of the subjects ranged between 1.49 - 1.60. The physical activity level values showed that majority of the subjects (87% - 94%) were having sedentary life style. Age is a crucial factor associated with body composition. A high fat mass and low lean body mass of the subjects was observed. Their diets were low in protein but high in fat. Majority of the subjects from different age groups had sedentary life style. A diet with higher protein and lesser fat combined with exercise can help in sustaining optimum body composition.
An Enhancement of Classical Unsharp Mask filter for Contrast and Edge Preservation
Gurpreet Kaur
International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology , 2013,
Abstract: Various images are low quality, difficult to detect and extract information. Therefore, enhancement of contrast and Sharpness of an image is required in many applications. Unsharp masking is a good tool for sharpness enhancement: it is an anti-blurring filter. By using Unsharp masking algorithm for sharpness enhancement, the resultant image suffering with two problems, first one is halo appears around the image and second one is rescaling process is needed for the resultant image. The aim of this paper is to enhance the contrast and sharpness of an image simultaneously and to solve the problems. Medical images are one of the fundamental images, because they are used in more sensitive field. In order to improve the visual quality of medical images, the proposed algorithm working on the medical images for their improved diagnostic with enhanced classical Unsharp mask filter which will not only preserve the edge but also the contrast is maintain i.e. suitable for body part. Experimental results, which comparable to recent published results, shows that proposed algorithm is significantly improve the sharpness and contrast of an image. This makes the proposed algorithm practically useful.
Digital Watermarking and Other Data Hiding Techniques
Gurpreet Kaur,,Kamaljeet Kaur
International Journal of Innovative Technology and Exploring Engineering , 2013,
Abstract: Digital watermarking is not a new name in the tech-nology world but there are different techniques in data hiding which are similar to watermarking. In this paper we compare digital watermarking with other techniques of data hiding. Ste-ganography, Fingerprinting, cryptography and Digital signature techniques are compared with watermarking. We need water-marking for digital data security .It provides ownership assertion, authentication and integrity verification, usage control and con-tent labelling.
A Critical Appraisal of Solubility Enhancement Techniques of Polyphenols
Harkiran Kaur,Gurpreet Kaur
Journal of Pharmaceutics , 2014, DOI: 10.1155/2014/180845
Abstract: Polyphenols constitute a family of natural substances distributed widely in plant kingdom. These are produced as secondary metabolites by plants and so far 8000 representatives of this family have been identified. Recently, there is an increased interest in the polyphenols because of the evidence of their role in prevention of degenerative diseases such as neurodegenerative diseases, cancer, and cardiovascular diseases. Although a large number of drugs are available in the market for treatment of these diseases, however, the emphasis these days is on the exploitation of natural principles derived from plants. Most polyphenols show low in vivo bioavailability thus limiting their application for oral drug delivery. This low bioavailability could be associated with low aqueous solubility, first pass effect, metabolism in GIT, or irreversible binding to cellular DNA and proteins. Therefore, there is a need to devise strategies to improve oral bioavailability of polyphenols. Various approaches like nanosizing, self-microemulsifying drug delivery systems (SMEDDS), microencapsulation, complexation, and solid dispersion can be used to increase the bioavailability. This paper will highlight the various methods that have been employed till date for the solubility enhancement of various polyphenols so that a suitable drug delivery system can be formulated. 1. Introduction Naturally occurring active moieties have been used in therapy since ages. Currently 80% of the world’s population uses plant derived principles either directly or indirectly [1]. Certain examples of plant derived products employed as therapeutic agents are tannins, alkaloids, polyphenols, polysaccharides, essential oils, various extracts, and exudates. Lately, much research has been envisaged on polyphenols due to two main reasons. Firstly, these possess high spectrum of biological activities including antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, and antiviral and secondly, they are present in abundance in diet [2]. Polyphenols are found in many components of the human food including peanuts, dark chocolate, green and black tea, and turmeric. Extensive research in the past years and collected data shed light on certain physiological properties of plant polyphenols. These can slow the progression of certain cancers, neurodegenerative diseases, and diabetes and can reduce the risks of cardiovascular disease, thus highlighting the importance of the use of plant polyphenols as potential chemopreventive and anticancer agents in humans [3]. Many medicinal plants constitute polyphenols as active
Simulation and Comparative Analysis of SS-LMS & RLS Algorithms for Electronic Dispersion Compensation  [PDF]
Gurpreet Kaur, Gurmeet Kaur
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1100676

In this paper electronic feed forward equalization is performed to mitigate the link chromatic dispersion. The equalizer coefficients are computed by a decision-directed process based on the sign-sign least mean square and the recursive least square algorithm. Therefore, this paper evaluates the performance of these algorithms in chromatic dispersion compensation at bit rate of 10 Gb/s. This paper compares these two adaptation algorithms for receiver based on analogue electronic dispersion equalizers by simulation and experiment. This paper concluded that recursive least-square algorithm is computationally more complex than sign-sign least mean square algorithm since matrix inversion is required, but achieves faster convergence.

Lipoid proteinosis
Kaur Vineet,Singh Gurpreet
Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology , 1992,
Abstract: A case of Lipoid Proteinosis possibly due to a mutant autosomal dominant gene is reported which has additional features of mental subnormality.
Linear scleroderma in a family
Kaur Vineet,Singh Gurpreet
Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology , 1993,
Abstract: A rare occurrence of localized scleroderma in a mother and daughter is reported. This is perhaps the first reported family in Indian literature.
Porokeratosis palmaris et plantaris disseminata
Kaur Vineet,Singh Gurpreet
Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology , 1993,
Abstract: A 30-year-old woman had porokeratosis palmaris et plantaris disseminata with unusual features. These included the sex of the patient, absence of family history of similar disease, onset of lesions on the shins and a significant furrow. There was also associated diabetes mellitus. It is suggested that porokeratosis palmaris et plantaris disseminata falls in the middle of the spectrum of porokeratoses.
Hereditary camptodactyly masquerading leprosy
Singh Gurpreet,Kaur Vineet
Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology , 1993,
Abstract: A case of hereditary camptodactyly with fixed flexion deformity is reported. The case had been misdiagnosed and treated as leprosy in the field.
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