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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 14003 matches for " Gurbhinder Singh "
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Role of Post Heat Treatment of Plasma Sprayed Pure and Al2O3-TiO2 Reinforced Hydroxyapatite Coating on the Microstructure and Mechanical Properties  [PDF]
Gurbhinder Singh, Surendra Singh, Satya Prakash
Journal of Minerals and Materials Characterization and Engineering (JMMCE) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/jmmce.2010.912076
Abstract: Pure and 10 wt% 80Al2O3-20TiO2 reinforced hydroxyapatite coatings were successfully deposited on Ti6Al4V substrate by plasma spray technique for bio medical applications. Post coating heat treatment was carried out to study the effect of heat treatment on improvement in micro structure and mechanical properties of coatings. Coating was characterized by SEM/EDAX and XRD analysis. Positive impact of post coating heat treatment was observed in microstructure, surface roughness and micro hardness of both coatings.
Post Heat Treatment of Plasma Sprayed Pure and Alumina-Titania Reinforced Hydroxyapatite Coating on SS 304 Steel  [PDF]
Gurbhinder Singh, Surendra Singh, Satya Prakash
Journal of Minerals and Materials Characterization and Engineering (JMMCE) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/jmmce.2011.102012
Abstract: It has been reported by previous research work that in plasma spray process hydroxyapatite decomposes into some amorphous phases due to rapid cooling of the coated substrate during the coating process, which causes instability of coated implant. Post coating heat treatment has been expected to minimize these phases and also enhance the long term reliability of hydroxyapatite coatings on metal substrates. In this paper post coating heat treatment is carried out at different temperatures suggested by the literature to study its effect on the microstructural and mechanical properties of coating. Coated substrates were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and SEM/EDAX analysis.
Characterization and Corrosion Behavior of Plasma Sprayed Pure and Reinforced HA Coatings in Simulated Body Fluid  [PDF]
Gurbhinder Singh, Surendra Singh, Satya Prakash
Journal of Minerals and Materials Characterization and Engineering (JMMCE) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/jmmce.2011.109060
Abstract: To evaluate the corrosion behavior in simulated body fluid pure and 10wt% 80Al2O3-20TiO2 reinforced HA coatings were successfully deposited by atmospheric plasma spray technique on SS-304L substrate alloy. To eliminate non favorable phases on the as sprayed coatings the coatings were heat treated at 700°C and 800°C for post coating heat treatment technique. Both pure and reinforced as sprayed and post coating heat treated coatings were characterized by XRD and SEM/EDAX analysis for surface characterization and further evaluated by electrochemical test for corrosion behavior in simulated body fluids.
Synthesis and Characterization of Hydroxyapatite Powder by Sol-Gel Method for Biomedical Application  [PDF]
Khelendra Agrawal, Gurbhinder Singh, Devendra Puri, Satya Prakash
Journal of Minerals and Materials Characterization and Engineering (JMMCE) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/jmmce.2011.108057
Abstract: Hydroxyapatite (HA) is effectively used as a bioimplant material because it closely resembles bone apatite and exhibits good biocompatibility. This paper describe synthesis technique of HA powder by sol-gel method. The product was sintered twice at two different temperatures 400°C to 750°C to improve its crystallinity. The final powder sintered at two temperatures was characterized by X-ray analysis, Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FT-IR) to reveal its phase content, morphology and types of bond present within it. Thermal analysis (TG–DTA) was carried out to investigate the thermal stability of the powder.
Synthesis of Hydroxyapatite Bio-Ceramic Powder by Hydrothermal Method  [PDF]
P. Hui, S.L. Meena, Gurbhinder Singh, R.D. Agarawal, Satya Prakash
Journal of Minerals and Materials Characterization and Engineering (JMMCE) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/jmmce.2010.98049
Abstract: Hydroxyapatite bio-ceramic powder was synthesized using waste eggshells as calcium source by a straight forward thermal method. The process is carried out at high temperature. Different calcium phosphate phases were obtained just by changing the thermal treatment. HAp is the only apatite present in the reaction products, along with minute fractions of other calcium compounds. The final product was characterized by X-ray diffraction, Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FT-IR). Thermal analysis (TG–DTA) was carried out to investigate the thermal stability of HAp.
Analysis of Vortex Motion in Porous Media  [PDF]
Beant Singh, Chanpreet Singh
Journal of Electronics Cooling and Thermal Control (JECTC) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/jectc.2012.22003
Abstract: In vortex motion fluid moves in curve path and the stream lines are curved. When the fluid flows between curved stream line, the centrifugal forces are setup which is counter balanced by pressure forces acting in the radial direction. The vortex motion has two types of curved motion. The first type called free vortex type, the fluid moves due to its own natural effect but energy is not added to fluid when moving in curved path. The second type called forced vortex, in which energy is added to fluid. A two dimensional steady laminar free convective flow of viscous incompressible flow in porous media voids is considered. In this paper the motion of fluid is studied while moving in the porous media. It is studied that the motion of the fluid in the porous media is vortex motion at the low Reynolds’s number, where the motion is laminar motion and the fluid obeys the laws of vortex motion.
Chromohysteroscopy—A new technique for endometrial biopsy in Abnormal Uterine Bleeding (AUB)  [PDF]
Nisha Singh, Bharti Singh
Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology (OJOG) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojog.2013.35A1003
Abstract:

Objective: To evaluate the role of chromohysteroscopy in improving diagnostic accuracy of endometrial biopsy in cases of AUB. Design: Cross sectional interventional study. Materials and Methods: This study was conducted on 60 women with AUB in Dept. of Obst. & Gyne at King George Medical University, Lucknow over a period of one year. All cases underwent diagnostic hysteroscopy followed by chromohysteroscopy using 2% methylene blue dye. Hysteroscopic guided biopsy was taken from stained and unstained areas followed by an endometrial aspiration biopsy from whole uterine cavity. The histopathology results of three samples were compared and analyzed in relation with staining pattern and type of AUB. Data analysis was done on SPSS version 15 of windows 2007. Results: Out of 60 cases, 11cases were found to have non hormonal pathology after chromohysterosopic biopsy. Eight (72.72%) cases were diagnosed by stained endometrial tissue, one (9.09%) by unstained tissue and three (27.27%) by endometrial aspiration. The diagnostic ability of stained tissue biopsy was significantly higher (p = 0.006) than unstained biopsy and endometrial aspiration. Conclusion: Chromohysteroscopy is a simple and effective technique for diagnosing endometrial pathology in cases of AUB.

Evaluation of EO-1 Hyperion Data for Crop Studies in Part of Indo-Gangatic Plains: A Case Study of Meerut District  [PDF]
Davinder Singh, Rajender Singh
Advances in Remote Sensing (ARS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ars.2015.44021
Abstract: Due to the high number of bands in the hyperspectral image, the selection of optimum bands for crop classification is a prerequisite. The Hyperion sensor has 242 spectral bands out of which 143 useable bands were selected. The bands reflected wavelength from 400 to 1000 nm to the VNIR spectrometer and transmitted the band from 900 to 2500 nm to the SWIR spectrometer. Spectral Angle Mapping Classification (SAMC) approach and a multi-scale object oriented method are applied for crop studies. The result obtained from the accuracy assessment by comparing Ground Control Points (GCP) with the help of image spectra shows 78% of overall accuracy. This shows that these data are highly useful in studying the crop diversification.
How Indian CPI and Industrial Production Respond to Global Oil Price Shocks? Regime-Dependent Impulse Responses  [PDF]
Amanjot Singh, Rajdeep Singh
Theoretical Economics Letters (TEL) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/tel.2017.75102
Abstract: For emerging markets like India, where around 80 percent of the crude requirements are met through imports, it is an imperative task to comprehend impact of global crude oil price shocks on Indian macroeconomic variables. The present study attempts to understand these asymmetric dynamic interactions between global crude oil price shocks and Indian macroeconomic variables by employing Markov switching-Vector Autoregressive (MS-VAR) regime-dependent impulse responses in level forms. The findings hold an important place in the wake of inflation targeting regime adopted by the monetary policy authorities. The findings highlight the existence of two regimes, namely lower and higher oil price variance regimes. The response of industrial production and consumer prices is different towards oil price shocks in different regimes. In the lower oil variance regime, there is negative (positive) relationship observed between crude oil shocks and industrial production (consumer prices). On the other hand, there is a positive equilibrium shift in the industrial production in the higher oil variance regime with cost pushing inflationary pressures in the long run. The findings bear strong implication for the policy makers in their attempt to combat effects of crude oil shocks. As per the findings, the emerging market policy makers should display a cautious approach during higher oil price volatile phases in order to support industrial production and consumer demand.
Erratum to “How Indian CPI and Industrial Production Respond to Global Oil Price Shocks? Regime-Dependent Impulse Responses” [Theoretical Economics Letters 7 (2017) 1511-1531]  [PDF]
Amanjot Singh, Rajdeep Singh
Theoretical Economics Letters (TEL) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/tel.2017.77148
Abstract: The original online version of this article (Singh, A. and Singh, R. (2017) How Indian CPI and Industrial Production Respond to Global Oil Price Shocks? Regime-Dependent Impulse Responses. Theoretical Economics Letters, 7, 1511-1531. https://doi.org/10.4236/tel.2017.75102) was published without referring the source of Figure 1.
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