Abstract:
objective: to describe prevalence of stress urinary incontinence (sui) in women over 20 years of age , who participate in the family health program (fhp) in dourados, mato grosso do sul, brazil and to correlate with the following variables: age, body mass index (bmi), parity, number of pregnancies, hysterectomy, smoking and diabetes mellitus. methods: the study was cross sectional , using a household survey, where 336 women above 20 years of age and who did not have exclusion criteria were interviewed. two forms were used in the interview: to complete demographic data and iciq-sf questionnaire, that evaluates impact on the quality of life (ql). for statistical analysis, the chi-square test, student's t test the corrected coefficient contingency and a forward stepwise logistic regression model were used. results: prevalence of sui in the study was 21.4%. in relation to the risk factors, age (p=0,113), smoking (p = 0,796) and diabetes mellitus (p = 0,221) had no statistically significant association. on the other hand, the bmi (p = 0.007), number of pregnancies (p = 0.018), parity (p = 0,032) and hysterectomy (p = 0.024) presented association, however weak. using logistic regression, only pairing of weight and hysterectomy were able to predict the outcome (sui). the majority of patients (63,9%) had considered impairment in the ql as very serious. conclusion: prevalence of sui observed was similar to that of other studies; bmi, parity, number of pregnancies and hysterectomy were associated with that pathology, which has a serious effect on the ql.

Abstract:
A pesquisa exploratória, aqui resumida, insere-se em um contexto de "crise" socioambiental. Tal "crise" encaminha a necessidade por mudan as transformadoras. Uma proposta de mudan a, somada às já existentes, vem sendo investigada como uma forma alternativa de gest o: a Economia de Comunh o. Dentro desse tema, essa pesquisa se restringe a uma tentativa de análise do Poder nas empresas que adotam essa forma de gest o. Primeiramente, pesquisou-se, junto a empresários representativos, uma vis o comum para caracterizar o objeto. Em seguida, realizou-se um estudo de caso em uma das principais empresas que se enquadram no conceito de Economia de Comunh o. O método de análise de conteúdo foi utilizado para a extra o de ila es sobre o comportamento do fen meno Poder nessas organiza es. Os quadros analíticos produzidos sobre as entrevistas fornecem indícios que demonstram idiossincrasias nas formas de exercício do poder dessa nova proposta de gest o vis-à-vis as disseminadas amplamente no sistema produtivo. Tais evidências indicaram a influência decisiva dos pressupostos sustentadores do Projeto sobre as rela es de poder, tornando possível uma prática organizacional próxima ao que se denomina paradigma radical humanista na teoria organizacional.

Abstract:
Possivelmente, tanto no ambito do estudo, do ensino, da pesquisa, como da simples busca de informa es sobre artes, há interesse de saber sobre periódicos especializados nesse campo. Com o objetivo de identificá-los, foi desenvolvida uma pesquisa, utilizando como fonte de informa o o Catálogo Coletivo Nacional de Publica es Seriadas – CCN. Como resultado da mesma, apresenta-se uma rela o dos periódicos referentes aos idiomas português, espanhol, inglês, francês, italiano, alem o e holandês, que possuem algum fascículo editado no ano 2000 e/ou anos subseqüentes em acervo de alguma das bibliotecas nacionais informantes do sistema. Além dos títulos dos periódicos, e respectivos ISSN, s o fornecidos dados sobre a procedência regional ou nacional dos mesmos, abrangência de assuntos, e ano de edi o do 1o fascículo.

Abstract:
For many years physicists have been engaged on research around the globe in fields such as the unification of gravita- tion and electromagnetism, and an explanation for dark matter and dark energy, etc., but so far to little avail. One is left with the impression that something might be fundamentally wrong with the premises underlying the doctrine of physics applicable today, which is preventing a solution of these problems from being found. As a possible cause, the author proposes that the gravitation of the photons is not so negligible that it can be completely ignored (although this assumption does not accord with the current state of physics). Departing therefore from the accepted doctrine, he assumes that gravitation might possess a hitherto unknown important influence on electromagnetism. This paper then examines the consequences of this assumption on physics. A precise analysis will lead to the insight that the gravitation of a photon is as dynamic as the photon itself, and therefore must be taken into account with all associated physical considerations. The hitherto accepted case of a static gravitation of photons, on the other hand, can be totally neglected, as it does not exist for photons. Of key importance is the statement that the gravitation of photons is produced by gravitational quanta, and thus appears in quantised form. It is therefore necessary to rethink the physics of photons. This leads to a number of other interesting insights, as will be borne out in the further course of this paper. In the event that the assumption of the influence of gravitation on electromagnetism turns out to be correct, then this would represent a major step in unravelling the still largely unknown nature of gravitation and its significance in the natural events of the microcosmos; furtheron it would be an important contribution regarding a “New Physics” and a “New Cosmology”.

In order to explore the nature of photons, no doubts can be allowed to
exist concerning the “physics of photons”. While static gravitation plays no
role in the physics of photons, this paper will show that the previously
unknown nonbaryonic dynamic gravitation of photons determines not only the
external physical behaviour of photons but also, in particular, the hitherto
unknown physical events occurring within the photons themselves. For this
reason, the paper places particular emphasis on dynamic gravitation as a new
hitherto unknown physical quantity. Moreover the new type of gravitation
postulated here also provides a plausible explanation of the mysterious
nonbaryonic dark matter. As no generally accepted scientific explanation of the
creation and essence of dark matter exists to date, it is to be anticipated
that the nonbaryonic dynamic gravitation of photons is of general interest to
physicists as well as cosmologists and may serve to initiate a general debate
among them. Furthermore, this paper will also show that there exists a close
mutual relationship between electrodynamics <> dynamic gravitation
<> static gravitation <> electrostatics <> electrodynamics
(refer to paragraph 4). Due to the fact that the insights into the relationship
between photons and their dynamic gravitation have not been described by any
other author to date, there exists only a few references that I can cite in
support of my paper.

The
cosmic ray energy spectrum is calculated assuming that cosmic rays are
generated by astrophysical objects provided by magnetospheres with a dipole
magnetic field. With simple geometric considerations, the energy spectrum E^{-2.5} is obtained, independently on the particle
species.

Although the gravitational constant (G)
does not explicitly occur in the Maxwell Wave Equations, this paper will show
that G is indeed implicitly contained
in them. The logical consequence hereby is that electromagnetic radiation is
associated with dynamic gravitation and not—as assumed in Einstein’s Special Theory of
Relativity—with
“static” gravitation, dynamic gravitation being at the time unknown. According
to the Maxwell Wave Equations, gravitation experiences the same dynamic (speed
of light c) as electromagnetic
radiation and must therefore also be of a quantum nature. There must exist an
equal number of gravitational quanta as there are photons. Since photons do not
possess a baryonic rest mass but only a relativistic mass, this mass must be
nonbaryonic in nature—precisely as their dynamic gravitation.

Abstract:
The actual world model, the “Standard Model of Cosmology” (SMC), which
dates back to the 1950s, no longer corresponds to the latest state of knowledge
on the cosmos. By way of example, the assumption made in the SMC that the
expansion of the cosmos is continually being reduced due to the effect of the
gravitation exerted on all the matter in the universe is now contradicted by
recent measurements. The reason for the expansion of cosmic space in accordance
with Hubble’s Law is not physically explained by the SMC but merely stated as a
fact. Another example is provided by the “dark phenomena”, which make up by far
the greatest part of the energy of the cosmos, and exert a dominant influence
on its behaviour. In spite of intensive research over the decades to provide
answers to these as well as other open issues in cosmology, no satisfactory and
plausible answers have hitherto been found. It is indeed time to propose an
alternative cosmological world model to the SMC in the light of the latest
insights on the universe.

Abstract:
From a holistic perspective of a physical space of any given size1, it is invariably necessary to consider its energy content, since no physical means exists of making a physical space completely devoid of energy. Such a space would therefore only be a fictive “geometric space”—that can be intellectually conceived and treated according to the rules of the appropriate geometry—although not existing in reality in the cosmos. Cosmic space always contains energy in one form or another, limited by the space under consideration. Therefore, each space possesses an energy density—no matter how low, which never becomes zero. Because of the mass-energy equivalence relationship , cosmic space also possesses a mass equivalent and is therefore “materialistic” in nature. If this is considered in association with Einstein’s space-time, what is obtained instead is an “energy-time”, i.e. an energy effect, which is based on Planck’s action quantum h. Under this condition, a close relationship would appear to exist between the General Theory of Relativity and Quantum Physics. Furthermore, it will be shown that the physical conditions of space are such that a natural quantisation of space and time exists, thus obviating the need for any artificial or arbitrary quantisation.

Abstract:
Showing the origin of the mass in an additional coupling between field quantum oscillators, we formulate a hypothesis of a geometrical structure of the oscillators of “fields-particles”. In this way, we define the possible structure of quarks and hadrons (as the proton). This hypothesis is reasonable if one admits field oscillators composed by sub-oscillators at semi-quantum (IQuO) and in which a degree of internal freedom is definable. Using the IQuO model, we find the origin of the sign of electric charge in to particles and, in quarks, the isospin, the strangeness and colour charge. Finally, we formulate the structure of the gluons and the variation modality of the colour charge in quarks.