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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 87 matches for " Guiana "
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Parenthood and the Wayana People  [PDF]
Maurizio Alì, Rodica Ailincai
Sociology Mind (SM) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/sm.2016.63013
Abstract: This paper presents the first results obtained from an exploratory study which is conducted within the Amerindian Wayana communities who inhabit the Amazon sector of the High Maroni area, in French Guiana. Based on an ecological and interactionist approach and employing comprehensive methods to analyze observed facts (to bypass the nostalgic attitude fostering the paradigmatic anthropological dichotomy “tradition vs; modernity”), this study describes educational family practices among Wayana and analyses parents’ expectations visà-vis their children in the framework of the postcolonial dynamic, with the aim to understand the influence of the national public policies to diffuse certain domestic praxis. The ethnographic corpus is gathered during a long fieldwork and it is accompanied by seventeen semi-open interviews. The interpretative approach attempts to link the observed behaviours observed to contextual and cultural variables. Following the analysis of the data, the authors propose 1) a diagram of the structure of Wayana family kinship Microsystems (with a description and a diagram of the Wayana matrilineality scheme); 2) a description of roles and educational functions within their communities and, finally, 3) an overview of parental expectations interpreted taking into account the influences of contemporary inter-systemic interactions (and above all the dynamics generated by the recent introduction of compulsory schooling into the area).
Phylogenetic diagnosis and expanded description of the genus Mazarunia Kullander, 1990 (Teleostei: Cichlidae) from the upper Mazaruni River, Guyana, with description of two new species
López-Fernández, Hernán;Taphorn, Donald C.;Liverpool, Elford A.;
Neotropical Ichthyology , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S1679-62252012000300001
Abstract: we expand the description of the genus mazarunia kullander, 1990, explore morphological diagnostic characters for the genus and for its sister-group relationship with guianacara kullander & nijssen, 1989 in a phylogenetic context, expand the description of m. mazarunii and describe two new species. mazarunia can be diagnosed by the combination of numerous anatomical traits, including the unique loss of infraorbital 6, the configuration of the first epibranchial in two of the species, a well-developed posteroventral lateral expansion of the palatine that is largely contiguous with the ectopterygoid, the absence of a suture between the hyomandibular and the metapterygoid, the absence of an interarcual cartilage, fourth ceratobranchial with 2 or 3 tooth plates, a caudally scaled interoperculum, equal-sized scales in the ventral and lateral chest regions, a simple, disjunct pattern of lateral line squamation, and smooth preopercle, supracleithrum and extrascapula. species of mazarunia can be further distinguished from species of their sister-genus guianacara by their distinct color patterns. mazarunia charadrica, new species, can be distinguished from other species of mazarunia, among other characters, by approximately equal uncinate process and anterior arm and reduced anteroventral expansion of epibranchial 1 (vs. uncinate process narrower and complete anteroventral expansion in the other two species), a dorso-ventrally flattened maxillary process of the palatine (vs. cylindrical in the other two species), cycloid (vs. ctenoid) scales in the opercular, postorbital, lateral chest and anal-genital regions, the absence of a mid-lateral spot, and a diffuse dark area covering the dorsal portion of the head giving the impression of a "black cap". mazarunia charadrica has a unique juvenile pattern of seven vertical dark bars partially preserved in adults. bars 3-6 in antero-caudal direction are most visible in juveniles and medium-sized specimens but become fainter and almos
A preda??o, a reciprocidade e o caso das Guianas
Rivière, Peter;
Mana , 2001, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-93132001000100003
Abstract: this paper is based on descola's argument that there is an homology between the way in which people treat nature and the way in which they treat each other. he contrasts the jivaroan peoples with the tukanoans; the former organizing the relationship in terms of predation, the latter reciprocity. a third contrast in the form of the guiana region is introduced and it is hypothesized that a degree of self-containment, an isolation from nature, will be found there. in fact it is, but it also possible to identify, depending on data and context, predatory and reciprocal relationships with nature or the outside. it is suggested that this is likely to be generally the case.
The triatominae species of French Guiana (Heteroptera: Reduviidae)
Bérenger, Jean-Michel;Pluot-Sigwalt, Dominique;Pagès, Frédéric;Blanchet, Denis;Aznar, Christine;
Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0074-02762009000800007
Abstract: an annotated list of the triatomine species present in french guiana is given. it is based on field collections carried out between 1993-2008, museum collections and a literature review. fourteen species, representing four tribes and six genera, are now known in this country and are illustrated (habitus). three species are recorded from french guiana for the first time: cavernicola pilosa, microtriatoma trinidadensis and rhodnius paraensis. the two most common and widely distributed species are panstrongylus geniculatus and rhodnius pictipes. the presence of two species (panstrongylus megistus and triatoma maculata) could be fortuitous and requires confirmation. also, the presence of rhodnius prolixus is doubtful; while it was previously recorded in french guiana, it was probably mistaken for r. robustus. a key for french guiana's triatomine species is provided.
Novos Cerambycidae (Coleoptera) da cole??o Odette Morvan, Kaw, Guiana Francesa. IV
Galileo, Maria Helena M.;Martins, Ubirajara R.;
Papéis Avulsos de Zoologia (S?o Paulo) , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0031-10492009001200001
Abstract: new species described and figured from french guiana: eburodacrys amabilis sp. nov. (eburiini), stizocera kawensis sp. nov. (elaphidionini), estola cerdai sp. nov. (desmiphorini).
Redescription and resolution of some Neotropical species of jumping spiders described by Caporiacco and description of a new species (Araneae: Salticidae)
Ruiz, Gustavo R. S.;Brescovit, Antonio D.;
Revista Brasileira de Zoologia , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-81752008000300013
Abstract: type specimens of some of caporiacco's neotropical species are revised. the taxonomy of his species from french guiana, whose type specimens are lost, is considered. the types of corythalia hadzji caporiacco, 1947, corythalia luctuosa caporiacco 1954, hypaeus barromachadoi caporiacco, 1947 and naubolus melloleitaoi caporiacco, 1947 are redescribed.the following new synonymies are established: freya guianensis caporiacco,1947 = chira spinipes (taczanowski, 1871) syn. nov.; hypaeus bivittatus caporiacco, 1947 = hypaeus barromachadoi caporiacco, 1947 syn. nov. new combinations are:agelista petrusewiczi caporiacco,1947 = noegus petrusewiczi (caporiacco,1947) comb. nov. .;albionella chickeringi caporiacco, 1954 = mago chickeringi (caporiacco,1954) comb. nov.;asaracus pauciaculeis caporiacco,1947 = mago pauciaculeis (caporiacco, 1947) comb. nov.; cerionesta leucomystax caporiacco, 1947 = sassacus leucomystax (caporiacco, 1947) comb. nov.; lapsias guianensis caporiacco, 1947 = cobanus guianensis (caporiacco, 1947) comb. nov.; phiale modestissima caporiacco, 1947 = asaracus modestissimus (caporiacco, 1947) comb. nov. the species noegus lodovicoi sp. nov. is also described, based on an ex-syntype of agelista petrusewiczi. the following nominal species are considered species inquirendae: albionella guianensis caporiacco, 1954, alcmena trifasciata caporiacco, 1954, amycus effeminatus caporiacco, 1954, capidava variegata caporiacco, 1954, corythalia variegata caporiacco, 1954, dendryphantes coccineocinctus caporiacco, 1954, dendryphantes gertschi caporiacco, 1947, dendryphantes spinosissimus caporiacco, 1954, ilargus modestus caporiacco, 1947, lapsias melanopygus caporiacco, 1947 = frigga melanopygus (caporiacco, 1947) comb. nov., lurio splendidissimus caporiacco, 1954, nagaina modesta caporiacco, 1954, amycus patellaris (caporiacco, 1954), phidippus triangulifer caporiacco, 1954 and tutelina iridea caporiacco, 1954.
Maroons in Suriname and Guyane: how many and where
Richard Price
New West Indian Guide , 2002,
Abstract: [First paragraph] While conducting research with Sally Price for a book (R. & S. Price 2002) about Maroons in Guyane (French Guiana) - all of whom have recent or ancestral roots in Suriname - 1 have come to realize that the Maroon population figures routinely used in the scholarly and popular literature are considerably out of date, for both Suriname and Guyane, as well as for the Maroon diaspora in the Netherlands.1 This brief essay is intended to provide new estimates, some of which have startling implications.
Other Black Atlantic borders: escape routes, 'mocambos', and fears of sedition in Brazil and French Guiana (eighteenth to nineteenth centuries)
Flávio Gomes
New West Indian Guide , 2003,
Abstract: Analyzes cultural exchanges and the formation of identities, specifically looking at Maroon societies established on the borders of colonial Brazil and French Guiana. Author identifies forms of micropolitical agency among slaves and escaped (former) slaves in this area in light of Portuguese and French colonial policies in the 18th and 19th c. First, he reconstructs the history of slavery in French Guiana and bordering Brazil, and especially of slave escapes across colonial borders, resulting in Maroon communities, and how the colonial authorities dealt with these escapes. He points out that the created Maroon societies affected and altered the world of those who were still enslaved, as well as of the entire surrounding society. Further he discusses transnational connections, particularly the impact of the Haitian Revolution on slaves, and of other ideas regarding freedom.
Divided loyalties: local politics and the play of states among the Aluku
Kenneth M. Bilby
Nieuwe West-Indische Gids , 1989,
Abstract: Aluku village of Kotika in Suriname serves as an example how political alignments sometimes influence the definition of ethnic identities and interethnic relations. The Alukus in French Guiana and their Surinamese Maroon neighbours the Ndjuka and Paramaka show evidence of increasingly growing apart, even though these tribes possess similar cultures. Political separation thus heightens cultural differences.
Behaviour of Sotalia guianensis (van Bénéden, 1864) (Cetacea, Delphinidae) and ethnoecological knowledge of artisanal fishermen from Canavieiras, Bahia, Brazil
Martha Eloy Bandeira Costa, Yvonnick Le Pendu, Eraldo Medeiros Costa Neto
Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine , 2012, DOI: 10.1186/1746-4269-8-18
Abstract:
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