Abstract:
Cyclic voltammetry based on an electrochemical technique is one of the current methods that measure the developments of the electrochemical properties in biomaterial samples under conditions. Biomaterial structure was changed by conductive material while these materials caused a connective network in whole of them and was able to transfer electrons inside of biomaterials. These changes in physical and chemical properties are investigated by analysis tools such as cyclic voltammetry (CV), X-radiation (XRF) and Ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy (UV-Vis). Bacterial cellulose is biodegradable, biosynthesis of A. xylinum which is a three-dimensional nano-network structure with a distinct tunnel and pore structure. In this study, the composite process produced electrically conducting bacterial cellulose pellicles containing well-dispersed and embedded multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) Ionic liquids (ILs), as observed in cyclic voltammetry (CV). For this purpose, we used a special tool, called OriginLab which is an industry-leading scientific graphing and data analysis software. The cyclic voltammetry graph presents the behavior of this composite which consists of a relationship between CNT dispersion, conductivity rate and changes in bacterial cellulose structure. The electrical conductivity of the cellulose/MWCNT composite was found different with respect to CNT dispersion. It was found that the incorporation process was a useful method not only for dispersing MWCNTs-ILs in an ultrafine fibrous network structure, but also for enhancing the electrical conductivity of the polymeric membranes.

Abstract:
It was recently pointed out that Halperin's 113 topological order explains the transport experiments in the quantum Hall liquid at filling factor $\nu=5/2$. The 113 order, however, cannot be easily distinguished from other likely topological orders at $\nu=5/2$ such as the non-Abelian Pfaffian and anti-Pfaffian states and the Abelian Halperin 331 state in Fabry-Perot interferometry. We show that an electronic Mach-Zehnder interferometer provides a clear identification of these candidate $\nu=5/2$ states. Specifically, the $I$-$V$ curve for the tunneling current through the interferometer is more asymmetric in the 113 state than in other $\nu=5/2$ states. Moreover, the Fano factor for the shot noise in the interferometer can reach 13.6 in the 113 state, much greater than the maximum Fano factors of 3.2 in the Pfaffian and anti-Pfaffian states and 2.3 in the 331 state.

Abstract:
Double Chooz is a long baseline neutrino oscillation experiment at Chooz, France. The purpose of this experiment is to measure the non-zero neutrino oscillation parameter theta13, a parameter for changing electron neutrinos into other neutrinos. This experiment uses reactors of the Chooz Nuclear Power Plant as a neutrino source. Double Chooz has published 2 result papers showing the measurement of the mixing angle, and 3rd publication is processing.

Abstract:
After the neutrino mixing angle $\theta_{13}$ has been precisely measured by the reactor antineutrino experiments, one of the most important open questions left in neutrino physics is the neutrino mass hierarchy. Jiangmen Underground Neutrino Observatory (JUNO) is designed to determine the neutrino mass hierarchy (MH) without exploring the matter effect. The JUNO site location is optimized to have the best sensitivity for the mass hierarchy determination. JUNO will employ a 20 kton liquid scintillator detector located in a laboratory 700 meters underground. The excellent energy resolution and PMT coverage will give us an unprecedented opportunity to reach a 3-4 $\sigma$ precision. In this paper, the JUNO detector design and simulation work will be presented. Also, RENO-50, another medium distance reactor antineutrino experiment, will do a similar measurement. With the efforts of these experiments, it is very likely that the neutrino mass hierarchy will be determined in the next 10 years.

Abstract:
Precise measurement of the neutrino mixing angle $\theta_{13}$ is the primary goal of the Double Chooz Experiment (DC), which is located in Chooz, France. The inverse beta decay process provides a unique signature of reactor anti-neutrino interactions, giving prompt signals from positron annihilation and delayed signals from neutron capture by either Gadolinium (Gd) or Hydrogen (H). This paper is dedicated to the latest nH analysis in Double Chooz. Typically, The Gd analysis is primary since fewer background events are involved. However, with accurate estimates of backgrounds and a precise reconstruction of energy, the nH analysis gives a powerful independent measurement of $\theta_{13}$.

Abstract:
In order to improve human-computer interaction (HCI), computers need to recognize and respond properly to their user’s emotional state. This paper introduces emotional pattern recognition method of Least Squares Support Vector Machine (LS_SVM). The experiment introduces wavelet transform to analyze the Surface Electromyography (EMG) signal, and extracts maximum and minimum of the wavelet coefficients in every level. Then we construct the coefficients as eigenvectors and input them into improved Least Squares Support Vector Machines. The result of experiment shows that recognition rate of four emotional signals (joy, anger, sadness and pleasure) are all more than 80%. The results of experiment also show that the wavelet coefficients as the eigenvector can be effective characterization of EMG. The experimental results demonstrate that compared with classical L_M BP neural network and RBF neural network, LS_SVM has a better recognition rate for emotional pattern recognition.

Abstract:
Calculate the tourist scenic area carbon footprint on tourist attractions and explorate its important source and the influence which has the important meaning to seek for the countermeasures. This article described the carbon footprint on tourist attractions proposed its calculation from the tourist and the tourism operator, based on this , its impact on the environmental assessment index system was constructed, and the analytic hierarchy process was used to determine effection weight. The results show that: tourist attractions catering carbon footprint has the greatest influence, and its weigh is 0.532;followed by the transportation carbon footprint,and its is 0.214,tourism activity and the lodging carbon carbon footprint impact on the environment are 0.194 and 0.160 respectively;residents in their daily lives have great impact on the envirohment than the carbon footprint of waste, The article reveals that the tourist's carbon footprint is the main source in the tourist attraction, so the manager should adjust and improve their business way, create a low-carbon area, guide tourists taking part in low-carbon travel.

Abstract:
We present three examples to illustrate that in the continuation of a family of normally hyperbolic $C^1$ manifolds, the normal hyperbolicity may break down as the continuation parameter approaches a critical value even though the corresponding generalized Lyapunov-type numbers remain uniformly bounded below their critical values throughout the process. In the first example, a $C^1$ manifold still exists at the critical parameter value, but it is no longer normally hyperbolic. In the other two examples, at the critical parameter value the family of $C^1$ manifolds converges to a nonsmooth invariant set, for which generalized Lyapunov-type numbers are undefined.

Abstract:
For a system of ODEs defined on an open, convex domain $U$ containing a positively invariant set $\Gamma$, we prove that under appropriate hypotheses, $\Gamma$ is the graph of a $C^r$ function and thus a $C^r$ manifold. Because the hypotheses can be easily verified by inspecting the vector field of the system, this invariant manifold theory can be used to study the existence of invariant manifolds in systems involving a wide range of parameters and the persistence of invariant manifolds whose normal hyperbolicity vanishes when a small parameter goes to zero. We apply this invariant manifold theory to study three examples and in each case obtain results that are not attainable by classical normally hyperbolic invariant manifold theory.

EVT (electric vehicle terminal) has played an important
role in EV (electric vehicle) operation. Based on research status of vehicle
terminal, EVT brought about in the future should have the following functions:
(1) fundamental functions, including real-time monitoring of batteries,
guidance in station, position guidance of charging/battery-swap infrastructures,
communication with OMS (operation and management system), and so on; (2) advanced
functions, including but not limited to multi-media entertainment, subscribing
and payment for charging/battery-swap, identification, and safety control
during driving. Complete design of new-generation EVT in software structure and
hardware architecture is proposed; a new idea of the application of EVT in EV
industry is put forward.