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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 28103 matches for " Growth Performance "
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Growth Performance and Digestibility in Karadi Lambs Receiving Different Levels of Pomegranate Peels  [PDF]
Sarwar M. Sadq, Dereen O. M. Ramzi, Hozan J. Hamasalim, Karzan A. Ahmed
Open Journal of Animal Sciences (OJAS) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojas.2016.61003
Abstract: The objective of current study was to determine the effect of different ratios of pomegranate peel in diets of Karadi lambs (0%, 1%, 2% or 4% as control, T1, T2 and T3, respectively) on body weight, total body gain, average daily gain, daily feed intake and apparent digestibility of nutrients. Sixteen Karadi male lambs weighing 23.29 ± 0.42 kg and 4.5-5 months old randomly divided into equally four treatment groups and individually penned for the period of 63 days. Results indicated that final body weight was significantly (P < 0.05) higher in lambs fed 1% or 2% pomegranate peel (PP) as compared to lambs fed 4% PP. The best improvements in total feed intake, total gain, average daily gain and feed conversion ratio (FCR) in lambs fed 1% PP. The total dry matter (DM), organic matter (OM), crude protein (CP), ether extract (EE), ash, nitrogen free extract (NFE) and metabolizable energy (ME) intake per (body weight0.75) increased (P < 0.05) significantly in lambs fed 1% pomegranate peel (PP); however, the crude fiber (CF) intake decreased in lambs fed 1% PP as compared to other treatments. While, the dry matter digestibility (DMD), crude protein digestibility (CPD), crude fiber digestibility (CFD) and nitrogen free extract digestibility (NFED) were significantly (P < 0.05) higher in lambs fed 1% PP as compared to T2, T3 and control groups. In addition, EED increased significantly in T3 compared to other treatments. In conclusion, it was indicated that addition of pomegranate peel in diet at the rate of 1% or 2% had significant effect on Karadi lambs performance and digestibility.
Digestion, Intake and Live Weight Changes of Horro Lambs Fed Vetch (Lathyrus sativus) Haulm Basal Diet Supplemented with Sole Wheat Bran, Acacia albida Leaf Meal or Their Mixture
Takele Feyera,Getachew Animut
Pakistan Journal of Nutrition , 2011,
Abstract: Twenty five yearling male Horro lambs with initial body weights (IBW) of 23.142.45 kg (meanSD) were used to determine effect of supplementation of wheat bran (WB), Acacia albida leaf meal (AA) or their mixture on nutrient digestibility, feed intake and growth performance of yearling Horro lambs fed a basal diet of vetch (Lathyrus sativus) haulm (VH). Animals were blocked into 5 based on IBW and were randomly assigned to treatments. Treatments were ad libitum feeding of VH either without supplement (T1) or with daily supplement of 300 g DM of sole WB (T2), sole AA (T5), or mixture of the two at 2:1 (T3) or 1:2 (T4) ratios of WB:AA. The study had 7 days digestibility and 84 days feeding trial. The VH, WB and AA had crude protein (CP) contents of 6.5, 16.0 and 19.5%, respectively. Supplementation did not impact (P > 0.05) dry matter (DM), neutral detergent fiber and acid detergent fiber digestibility but significant increased (P < 0.05) organic matter and CP digestibility. Intake of the basal diet DM was not affected by supplementation. Intake of total DM and nutrients increased by supplementations. Supplementation also increased average daily gain (ADG), and animals on sole VH diet lost weights of 40.95 g daily while gains of 39.52, 52.86, 42.38 and 28.09 g/day were recorded for T2, T3, T4 and T5, respectively. Among the supplemented treatments, T3 showed higher final weight, total gain and ADG (P < 0.05) than T5, but means for other supplemented groups were similar (P > 0.05). Positive and significant (r=0.82, P < 0.05) correlation was observed between ADG and CP digestibility. This relationship might have caused growth performance differences among treatments.
índices produtivos e rendimento de carca?a de frangos de corte alimentados com dietas contendo níveis de extrato etanólico de própolis ou promotores de crescimento convencionais
Franco, Silvana da Silva;Rosa, Alexandre Pires;Lengler, Silvio;Uttpatel, Rodrigo;Zanella, Irineo;Gressler, Carolina;Souza, Harvey Machado de;
Ciência Rural , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-84782007000600041
Abstract: the purpose of this experiment was to evaluate the addition of different levels of propolis ethanolic extract (eep) or conventional growth promoters in the broiler chickens diets. broiler chickens males (924), ross, from 1 to 42 days of age were evaluated. the broilers were randomly divided in six treatments of seven replicates each. all birds were provided ad libitum access to feed and water. a uniform basal diet was mixed and aliquots were used to prepare the test diets. the birds were fed a corn-soybean meal diet with identical nutrient levels that contained different growth promoters (t1 - negative control, without promoter; t2 - 0.1% of epp; t3 - 0.2% eep; t4 - 0.3% eep; t5 - 0.3% bacitracin methylene disalicylate (bmd) and t6 - diet containing 0.005% olaquindox and clorotetraciclin). feed consumption was affected significantly (p<0.05) in the growth phase, where birds submitted to t6 diet had lowest feed consumption. at 35 and 42 days, birds that received the diet without growth promoter or containing 0.1% eep, obtained higher body weights (p <0.05) than those that received the diet with olaquindox and clorotetraciclin, but similar to the other treatments. it was observed that in diets without promoter and containing 0.1% eep, the earnings medium diary was superior to the one that it contained olaquindox and clorotetraciclin (p<0.05). the feed conversion and mortality were not affected by treatments (p>0.05). with relationship to the carcass characteristics, the yield and breast weight were only affected, where the diet containing olaquindox and clorotetraciclin was inferior to the diets without promoter, containing 0.1% eep or bmd. according to the performance results, it can be concluded that the broilers fed with 0.3% propolis etanolic extract had similar performance with negative control.
Pronutrientes en la Alimentación de Lechones Destetos
Chiquieri,Julien; Soares,Rita Nobre; Michelle Sant,Anna L; Hurtado - Nery,Víctor L;
ORINOQUIA , 2010,
Abstract: in order to study the pro-nutrients effects of probiotic, prebiotic and antibiotic on the performance and height of intestinal villi of weaned pigs at the age of 21 days. an assay completely randomized block design experiment was carried out during 42 days to compare four treatments: reference (control) - reference ration (without pronutrient); antibiotic - reference ration + 0.01 % of antibiotic (tylosin); - reference + probiotic (bacillus subtillis) and reference + prebiotic (mananoligosaccharides). in the experiment sixty four weaned pigs with the initial weight of 7.85 + 1.10 kg were allotted in 16 pens, each one with four pigs on the initial period (1-21 days) and three on the final period (22-42 days) and four replications per treatment. at 42th day of experimental period, one animal of each pen was slaughtered to collect the content of the small intestine for evaluation of the intestinal villiheight. no had differences (p>0.05) between treatments. the daily weight gain of initial period were 0.221, 0.233, 0.252 y 0.234 kg for control diet, antibiotics, probiotic and prebiotics diets. the daily weight gain at the final period were 0.452, 0.408, 0.447 y 0.404 kg respectively. had difference of the intestinal vilosity height (p<0.05) the diets with probiotic (329.00 m) and prebiótic (245.50 m). in conclusion, the animals fed ration with probiotic had higher intestinal villi than the prebiotic. the animals fed ration content antibiotic, probiotic and prebiotic did not had better performance and intestinal villi than the control group.
Growth and reproductive performance by different feed types in fresh water angelfish (Pterophyllum scalare Schultze, 1823)
Milad Kasiri,Amin Farahi,Mohammad Sudagar
Veterinary Research Forum , 2012,
Abstract: It is well established that reproduction is sensitive to the state of energy reserves, and that there is a balance between energy homeostasis and fertility. In this view, this study examined the effects of different diets on growth and reproductive performance of fresh water angelfish. Twenty four pairs of angelfish (weighing 3.58 ± 0.24 g) were fed with four types of diets including live earth worm (LEW), dried Tubifex (DT), dried Gammarus (DG) and prepared granulated feed (PGF), twice a day for 90 days. Reproductive parameters were measured between days 60 and 90. The significant increase in the gonadosomatic index (GSI), fecundity and hatchability brought about by the LEW were demonstrated by the higher number of spawned eggs and hatched larvae. The best growth observed significantly in PGF, and length of larvae was enhanced in this group, consequently. The numbers of dead and deformed fry were lower in the fish fed with PGF and LEW, but there was no significant difference among experimental groups. This study showed that breeders benefit from inclusion of prepared granulated feed and living earth worm during their growth and reproductive stages, and simultaneous using of them for achieving better results is suggested.
Differential Effects of Dietary Lipids on Growth Performance, Digestibility, Fatty Acid Composition and Histology of African Catfish (Heterobranchus longifilis) Fingerlings  [PDF]
Theophilus Olayiwola Babalola, David Friday Apata, James Sunday Omotosho, Musibau Ayinde Adebayo
Food and Nutrition Sciences (FNS) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/fns.2011.21002
Abstract: The present study was performed to investigate the influence of fish oil (FO), two terrestrial animal fats (lard (PL) and poultry oil (CF)) and three vegetable oils (palm kernel (PKO), sheabutter (SBO) and sunflower (SFO)) as the dietary lipid sources on the growth performance, nutrient digestibility, fatty acid (FA) composition and histology of Hetero-branchus longifilis. Six isonitrogenous and isoenergetic diets containing 6% of added fat from the lipid sources were formulated and used. Each diet was fed to triplicate groups of 20 fish. The lipid source influenced (P < 0.05) weight gain, specific growth rate, feed conversion ratio, hepatosomatic index and nutrient digestibility. Liver morphology of H. longifilis fed CF showed intense steatosis with hepatocytes containing numerous lipid vacuoles. However, fish fed PKO and SFO showed regular-shaped hepatocytes with few lipid vacuoles in the cytoplasm. Fillet FA profile of fish fed PKO, SBO, PL and CF diets had significantly higher (P < 0.05) concentrations of SFA and MUFA, but lower PUFA com-pared to fish fed FO and SFO diets. Fillet of fish fed the FO diet had higher (P < 0.05) concentrations of EPA and DHA compared with fish fed the other diets. The results of this study shows that alternative lipids sources could be used in H. longifilis diets however, inclusion of PKO or SBO in the diet of H. longifilis produced fillets with low concentrations of long chain n-3 PUFA.
Assessment of Seedling Establishment and Growth Performance of Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) De Wit., Senna siamea (Lam.) and Eucalyptus grandis W. Hill ex Maid. in Amended and Untreated Pyrite and Copper Tailings  [PDF]
Jamilu Edirisa Ssenku, Mohammad Ntale, Ingvar Backéus, Hannington Oryem-Origa
Journal of Biosciences and Medicines (JBM) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jbm.2014.21005
Abstract:

Growth and survival performance of Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) De Wit., Senna siamea Lam. and Eucalyptus grandis W. Hill ex Maid. in amended and untreated pyrite and copper tailings were evaluated under field conditions. The physico-chemical characteristics of the pyrite soil and tailings were determined. Growth in height, basal diameter and later dbh, relative growth rate due to height (RGRh) and basal diameter (RGRd) and survival were determined every after six months. A split block experimental design was used and the data collected were analyzed using a statistical package R, with an additional package lme4. Tailings and pyrite soils had extremely low pH, poor nutritional status, low organic matter content and elevated concentrations of available heavy metals as compared to the unpolluted soils and treated pyrite soil and copper tailings. Growth performance was extremely poor on the untreated pyrite soil and copper tailings for all the species but significantly enhanced by the application of compost and limestone. Treatment had a significant effect on all parameters at all sites. Eucalyptus grandis displayed a higher potential of phytomass accumulation than Leucaena leucocephala and Senna siamea. Even though Leucaena leucocephala grew fastest reaching reproductive maturity in 7 months after planting, relative growth rates of the three species were not significantly different at all sites. The three species can be used for phytostabilisation of the tailings at Kilembe tailings dam sites (KTDS) after treatment while at Low polluted pyrite trail site (LPPTS) and Highly polluted pyrite trail sites (HPPTS) Senna siamea is more suitable as Eucalyptus grandis and Leucaena leucocephala are susceptible to attacks by Syncerus caffer (Buffalos) and Kobus kob thomasi (Uganda Kob).

Response of African Catfish, Clarias gariepinus (Burchell 1822), Fingerlings Fed Diets Containing Differently Timed Wet-Heat-Treated Sesame (Sesamum indicum) Seedmeal  [PDF]
W. A. Jimoh, O. A. Fagbenro, E. O. Adeparusi
Agricultural Sciences (AS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/as.2014.512126
Abstract: The response of catfish fed differently timed wet-heat-treated sesame seedmeal was evaluated in the diet of Clarias gariepinus using growth performance, nutrient utilisation and apparent digesti-bility coefficient as indices. Three batches of sesame seed, which were cooked for 10, 20 and 30 minutes, dried, milled, and mechanically defatted using locally made screw press. Each of these differently processed seedmeals was included in the diet of African catfish at varying replacement levels, 15, 30 and 45% with soybean meal. There was good growth performance and nutrient uti-lization by Clarias gariepinus fed with differently timed wet-heat-treated sesame seed that was not significantly different (p > 0.05) from fish fed control diet. More so, the apparent digestibility coef-ficient for organic matter, protein, energy, lipid, fibre, carbohydrate in Clarias gariepinus fed with differently timed wet-heat-treated sesame seedmeal based diets in this study were comparable with the results obtained for fish fed control diets.
Effects of Site Burning on Multiple Leader Formation and Growth Performance of Selected Acacia Genotypes  [PDF]
Ahmed Mohamed Adam Eldoma, Sures M. Kumar, Nor Aini Ab Shukor
American Journal of Plant Sciences (AJPS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2015.65083
Abstract: Loss of apical dominance, resulting in seedlings with more than one leader, generally referred to as multiple leaders (ML), has been a major problem in forest tree plantation in the tropics. A study to examine the effects of site preparation by burning on growth performance and multiple leaders (ML) formation, and its variation in eight-genotypes of Acacia mangium and Acacia auriculiformis was conducted. The design used for this field trial is a randomized complete block design with four replications at two sites (burnt and unburned) and eight genotypes (four from each species), and the effects were monitored for 24 months. There were significant differences at P < 0.05 between sites and genotypes for the number of ML trees/plot, basal diameter and survival. Differences among the genotypes, in terms of height, were also significant, but not between sites. The site × genotype interaction was significant only for ML trees per plot. Generally, the number and the size of ML trees per plot in the burnt site were higher and bigger than those in the unburned site. The number of ML trees per plot formed increased exponentially with time, reaching a peak in about four months after their first occurrence and then leveled off to an almost steady state thereafter at both sites. The average number of multiples (leaders) per tree ranged from 2 to 5 at the burnt site whilst at the unburned site, all the ML trees were of two leaders. A. mangium provenances were more responsive to burning than A. auriculiformis, whereas at the unburned site, the variation between them was not significant. Based on the above variation, it can be concluded that burning causes ML formation and can affect the growth of these selected Acacia genotypes.
Influence of Carvacrol on the Growth Performance, Hematological, Non-Specific Immune and Serum Biochemistry Parameters in Rainbow Trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)  [PDF]
Ebru Yilmaz, Sebahattin Ergün, Sevdan ilmaz
Food and Nutrition Sciences (FNS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/fns.2015.65054
Abstract: The present study investigated the effects of phytoadditive carvacrol on growth performance, feed utilization, hematological, non-specific immune and serum biochemical parameters in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). In trial, 240 rainbow trout which had average weight of 10.79 ± 0.57 was used. Fish were divided into four groups before being fed for 60 days with 0, 1 (C1), 3 (C3) or 5 (C5) g/kg of carvacrol. There were no particular differences in the growth performance, feed utilization, whole body composition, hematological parameters between the experimental group and the control group. However, as compared to control group, a significant increase of serum lysozyme activity was seen in groups receiving feed containing C3 and C5 groups after 30 days. The myeloperoxidase activity in groups (C1 and C3) was significantly higher on the 30th day of sampling. Myeloperoxidase activity of C5 treated group was significantly higher on the 60th day in comparison with the control group. Serum glucose levels significantly decreased on 60th day for C1, C3 and C5 treated groups. The serum total protein, globulin and triglyceride levels of C3 treated groups was significantly higher on the 60th day in comparison with the control and other carvacrol treated groups. The level of serum cholesterol in C5 treated groups was significantly lower on the 30th day in comparison with the control and other carvacrol treated groups. The results of the present study indicated that dietary supplementation of 3 g/kg of carvacrol in commercial diets could improve some non-specific and biochemical status in rainbow trout.
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