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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 384 matches for " Greece "
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Reassessing the Function of Grooves in Mycenaean Tombs
Constantina Katsari,Pavlina Grigoriadou
Papers from the Institute of Archaeology , 2001, DOI: 10.5334/pia.163
Abstract: Among the Chamber and Tholos Tombs that were built in Greece during the Late Helladic period are some that show a particular feature: a pair of grooves that are carved on the floor of the stomion (a short corridor that leads inside the tomb), leading from the dromos (a long road that leads towards the tomb itself) into the chamber. Archaeologists have suggested a number of explanations regarding their function; however, none of these seems entirely plausible. In this article, we offer a different kind of hypothesis mostly based on architectural evidence. We will suggest that, rather than being related to ritual practices, the grooves were mainly used to facilitate the construction of the graves.
A systemic crisis in Greece
Takis Fotopoulos
International Journal of Inclusive Democracy , 2009,
Abstract: The cold blooded murder of a 15 year old student ―part of a long sequence of murders and police brutalities that characterized the entire post-civil war period in Greece, including the post-junta period― acted as a catalyst for a social explosion and, at the same time, made abundantly clear the continuous worsening of the multidimensional crisis to which we have referred many times in the past.
Psychometric properties of the Greek version of the Test Anxiety Inventory  [PDF]
Georgia Papantoniou, Despina Moraitou, Dimitra Filippidou
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2011.23038
Abstract: The present study examined the psychometric properties of the Greek version of Spielberger (1980) self-report measure of test anxiety, the Test Anxiety Inventory (TAI). The total sample consisted of 231 undergraduate stu-dents (124 male, 107 female). The results verified the well established two-factor structure for the TAI. The two factors represented the Worry (TAI-W) and Emotionality (TAI-E) subscales, respectively. Furthermore, on the bases of the confirmatory factor analyses, using either the set of 20 items or the set of 16 items, we found con-vincing support for the existing relationship between the two subscales of the Test Anxiety Inventory. The in-ternal consistency of the twenty-item TAI-T scale and for the eight-item Worry and Emotionality subscales ranged from Cronbach’s α = .81 to .94. The G-TAI and its subscales showed differential statistically significant relationships with a self-report measure of cognitive interference.
The Philosophical Foundations of Psychiatry in the Ancient Greece  [PDF]
José E. Mu?oz-Negro, Juan F. Mula-Ponce, Josefa M. López-Pérez, José Pablo Martínez-Barbero, Jorge A. Cervilla
Open Journal of Philosophy (OJPP) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ojpp.2018.83020
Abstract: The object of study of Psychiatry is hybrid, that is, it is both natural and social. It combines the methods of natural Sciences and those of social Sciences. Currently, Psychiatry is the branch of Medicine where epistemological and hermeneutical conflicts are more than evident; it is the medical discipline where this debate is most intense and problematic. However, the conceptual foundations of all these debates and conflicts are already preconfigured within the framework of the Greek philosophy of the Classical period. Without knowing these conceptual foundations it is impossible to adequately clarify all these conflicting aspects. During the period of Classical Greece it was the time when the conceptual foundations and rationale of the tekné iatriké (of which Psychiatry was and is a part) were established as well as the theoretical principles of epistemological issues such as the validity of categories, the controversy between diagnostic categories and psychopathological dimensions, the approach towards both subjectivity and phenomenology, the inquiry for Psychopathology, the concept of mental health, the possibilities and limits of the scientific method in Psychiatry, the role of Psychotherapy and, naturally, some key ethical issues in mental health, such as the existence of the stigma on psychiatric disorders and all of the problems raised by the coercitive practices. To answer all of these questions, a review of the literature on this topic has been made in this paper, as well as a discussion and analysis of the key points of the epistemological and ethical debate.
The deadly fires in Greece: a “tragedy” or the inevitable outcome of the criminal elites’ activities?
Takis Fotopoulos
International Journal of Inclusive Democracy , 2007,
Abstract: The present ecological, economic and particularly human catastrophe in Greece was neither unpredictable, nor will be unrepeatable unless some radical measures are taken and soon.
A Study of Otters in Lake Mikri Prespa, Greece
Delaki E.-E.,Kotzageorgis G.,Ioannidou V.,Stamopoulos A.
IUCN Otter Specialist Group Bulletin , 1988,
Abstract: The food taken by otters in this lake varies seasonally in accord with abundance, being mainly fish, but with significant amounts of reptiles, amphibians, birds and fruit being eaten in summer. Areas used for holts and lying up are described. Otter numbers have declined over the last twenty years, probably due to water pollution and increased human disturbance.
Double Disaster: Mental Health Of Survivors of Wildfires and Earthquake in a Part of Greece  [PDF]
Vicky Papanikolaou, Dimitrios Adamis, Robert C. Mellon, Gerasimos Prodromitis, John Kyriopoulos
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2011.22021
Abstract: This paper investigates stress related psychological morbidity in individuals who experienced two disasters 11 months apart (wildfire and earthquake) in a rural area of Greece. A sample of 150 participants has been assessed after the wildfires and after the earthquake using the Symptom Checklist 90-Revised. Survivors had elevated levels of psychopathology in all subscales of the SCL-90–R after the earthquake. Significant risk factors for further development of psychopathology were damages to property and complete loss of property from both disasters. Double disasters can cause considerable psychological symptoms in victims and there are reasons for policy makers to create services in order to help and improve the mental health of those affected but also to help them rebuild their property.
Anger and hostility in the aftermath of a wildfire disaster in Greece  [PDF]
Dimitrios Adamis, Vicky Papanikolaou
Open Journal of Psychiatry (OJPsych) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/ojpsych.2011.12010
Abstract: Previous studies reported that anger and hostility are often presented in the victims of a disaster. This study investigates the symptoms of anger and hostility after a wildfire disaster in a rural area of Greece. Cross sectional case control study of adult population (18-65 years old). Face to face interview. Data collected were demographic, Symptom Checklist 90-Revised for assessment of hostility, type and number of losses, trust in institutions personal and social attitudes. It was found that more of the victims of the wildfires reported symptoms of hostility compared to controls but this difference was disappeared when we adjust for other variables. Risk factors for development of hostility among the victims were mistrust in military forces and media, high levels of anxiety and distress, younger age and having higher education. It was concluded that anger and hostility after a disaster perhaps are not only related to disaster but other factors concerning demographic and personal characteristics may play an important role.
The Link between Output Growth and Real Uncertainty in Greece: A Tool to Speed up Economic Recovery?  [PDF]
Ekaterini Tsouma
Theoretical Economics Letters (TEL) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/tel.2014.41015
Abstract:


Under the circumstances of the most recent and still undergoing severe economic recession in Greece, the question arises on the role of uncertainty as regards the country’s growth prospects. In order to assess the potential impact of real uncertainty on economic growth, this paper investigates the bidirectional link between output growth and real uncertainty for the case of Greece. We use quarterly GDP data covering the time period from 1975 to mid-2013, and so include the most recent period of still undergoing recession. We apply an extended GARCH-M model to be able to directly and simultaneously examine both directions of dependence between output growth and real uncertainty. We find that a negative and significant relation exists in both ways, hence providing a tool for policies in order to speed up economic recovery.


Prevalence of Mild Cognitive Impairment in Individuals Aged over 65 in a Rural Area in North Greece  [PDF]
Magda Tsolaki, Tania Kakoudaki, Anthoula Tsolaki, Eleni Verykouki, Vassiliki Pattakou
Advances in Alzheimer's Disease (AAD) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/aad.2014.31002
Abstract: There are no data available on the prevalence of Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) in Greece, and the existing information about dementia shows important variations depending on the geographical setting as well as the methodology employed. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of MCI in individuals aged over 65 in a rural area in the north part of Greece. From 1428 residents, 678 were finally examined, with a mean age of 73.35 years. Assessments, including neuropsychological testing, neurological examination and medical history, were used to assign a diagnosis of normal cognition, mild cognitive impairment (MCI), with or without depression, depression or dementia according to suitable criteria. A questionnaire was also used to obtain social and demographic data. The 26.3% were classified as Mild Cognitive Impaired without depression, the 8.8% as Mild Cognitive Impaired due to depression, 5.9% had sole depression, the 2.4% were diagnosed with dementia and 56.6% had normal mental status. The observed prevalence for MCI with and without depression implies a total of 35.1% of all people aged over 65 with MCI in the study area. Mild cognitive impairment is more prevalent in Greece than dementia, and its subtypes vary in prevalence.
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