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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 16110 matches for " Graciella Dalla;Lima "
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Low sensitivity of three-phase bone scintigraphy for the diagnosis of repetitive strain injury
Amorim, Bárbara Juarez;Etchebehere, Elba Cristina Sá de Camargo;Torre, Graciella Dalla;Lima, Mariana da Cunha Lopes de;Santos, Allan de Oliveira;Ramos, Celso Darío;Gonzalez, Luiz Ricardo;Oliveira, José Inácio;Camargo, Edwaldo Eduardo;
Sao Paulo Medical Journal , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-31802006000300007
Abstract: context and objective: the diagnosis of repetitive strain injury (rsi) is subjective and solely based on clinical signs and physical examination. the aim of this paper was to assess the usefulness of three-phase bone scintigraphy (tpbs) in diagnosing rsi. design and setting: prospective study at the division of nuclear medicine, department of radiology, school of medical sciences, universidade estadual de campinas (unicamp). methods: seventy-three patients (mean age 31.2 years; 47 males) with clinical suspicion of rsi in the upper limbs were studied. a total of 127 joints with suspicion of rsi were studied. the shoulders, elbows and wrists were analyzed semi-quantitatively, using the shafts of the humeri and ulnae as references. the results were compared with a control group of 40 normal individuals. the patients? signs and symptoms were used as the "gold standard" for calculating the probabilities. results: from visual analysis, abnormalities were observed in the flow phase for four joints, in the blood pool phase for 11 joints and in the delayed images for 26 joints. visual analysis of the joints of the control group did not show any abnormalities. semi-quantitative analysis showed that most of the patients? joint ratios were normal. the exceptions were the wrists of patients with left-sided rsi (p = 0.0216). however, the sensitivity (9%) and accuracy (41%) were very low. conclusion: tpbs with semi-quantitative analysis has very low sensitivity and accuracy in the detection of rsi abnormalities in the upper limbs.
Desigualdades sociais na prevalência de doen?as cr?nicas no Brasil, PNAD-2003
Barros,Marilisa Berti de Azevedo; César,Chester Luiz Galv?o; Carandina,Luana; Torre,Graciella Dalla;
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-81232006000400014
Abstract: population-based health surveys are the main tool for obtaining data on the prevalence of chronic diseases, disabilities and use of healthcare services. based on the data of the pnad-2003, this study estimated the prevalence of 12 chronic diseases according to: gender, age, skin color, educational level, macro-region and urban or rural situation of the households. we analyzed the relation between presence of disabilities and use of healthcare services due to the presence of a chronic disease. the prevalence ratios adjusted according to age, gender, macro-region and type of respondent were estimated using poisson's regression. the prevalence of at least one chronic disease increased with age, was higher among women, the indigenous population, individuals with low educational level, individuals affiliated with a health plan, immigrants from other states, residents of urban areas and among the inhabitants of the southern region of the country. the presence of a chronic disease resulted in an increase of disability and demand for healthcare services. the most prevalent conditions were: backbone conditions, hypertension, arthritis, and depression. the survey detected marked social inequality in the pattern of prevalent chronic diseases related to gender, color/race, education, macro-region of residence, and urban and rural households.
Autismo e ensino de habilidades acadêmicas: adi??o e subtra??o
Gomes, Camila Graciella Santos;
Revista Brasileira de Educa??o Especial , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-65382007000300004
Abstract: the teaching of academic skills to individuals with autism has received little attention from research literature, probably because the classical deficits in communication, reciprocal social interaction and behaviors are seen as priorities in scientific investigations. nevertheless, the development of technologies for teaching academic skills to this population is necessary, mainly in the context of brazilian school inclusion. people with autism are being included with greater frequency in regular classes and, consequently, need adequate strategies to learn academic contents for their entrance, permanence and progress in the schools. many studies describe characteristics and difficulties that people with autism have, which can influence the way they learn. these variables need to be considered when planning appropriate teaching strategies for this population. among these variables are the ways in which these individuals respond to environmental stimuli, the way they think and their typical behaviors. this study describes strategies for teaching addition and subtraction to an adolescent with autism. these teaching procedures were elaborated based on the general characteristics of autism, principles derived from applied behavior analysis, and the repertoire of the participant. the results show gradual learning of the taught skills.
Opacifica??o tipo "snowflake" em lente intra-ocular de polimetilmetacrilato (PMMA)
Pereira, Fabiana Dalla Rosa;Lima, Vagner Loduca;Rehder, José Ricardo Carvalho Lima;
Revista Brasileira de Oftalmologia , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-72802011000200011
Abstract: the intraocular lenses have been used in visual rehabilitation after cataract surgery since 1959 with a large success. however, biomaterial changes in the optic zone of these lenses have been described in the last years reducing visual acuity after surgery. this case reveals a significant snowflake opacification of the optic zone of polymethylmethacrylate intraocular lens followed by a discussion about this event and the indication for iol exchange.
Neiva Braun,Ronaldo Lima de Lima,Franchesco Dalla Flora,Maicon éder Lang
Ciência Animal Brasileira , 2008,
Abstract: Peixes s o freqüentemente expostos a episódios de hipóxia ambiental e fisiológica, e usualmente produzem níveis elevados de espécies reativas de oxigênio. Juvenis de jundiá (Rhamdia quelen) foram expostos a diferentes níveis de oxigênio dissolvido (hipóxia severa: 1,96 ± 0,08, hipóxia moderada: 3,10 ± 0,10 e normóxia: 6,15 ± 0,03 mg.L-1) por trinta dias, para verificar se tais condi es poderiam induzir algum estresse oxidativo no fígado e músculo dessa espécie. Os níveis de peroxida o lipídica e a atividade da superóxido dismutase no fígado e músculo foram mais altos em peixes expostos à hipóxia severa e moderada que nos expostos à normóxia. Trata-se de resultados que sugerem que baixos níveis de oxigênio dissolvido na água levam à peroxida o lipídica, mas ao mesmo tempo há um aumento da atividade da superóxido dismutase, mantendo o equilíbrio oxidativo. PALAVRAS-CHAVES: Enzimas anti-oxidantes, hypoxia, normóxia, radicais livres. Fish are usually exposed to episodes of environmental and physiological hypoxia, and are likely to produce elevated levels of reactive oxygen species. Therefore, silver catfish (Rhamdia quelen) juveniles were exposed to different dissolved oxygen levels (severe hypoxia: 1.96 ± 0.08, moderate hypoxia: 3.10 ± 0.10 and normoxia: 6.15 ± 0.03 mg.L-1) for 30 days to verify if these conditions may induce any oxidative stress in the liver and muscle of this species. The levels of lipid peroxidation and superoxide dismutase activity in liver and muscle were higher in fish exposed to severe and moderate hypoxia than in those exposed to normoxia. This result suggests that low dissolved oxygen levels in the water lead to lipid peroxidation, but at the same time there is an increase of superoxide dismutase activity, maintaining the oxidative equilibrium. KEY WORDS: Anti-oxidant enzymes, free radicals, hypoxia, normoxia.
The Recognition of the Asymmetry: Sticky Costs and Cognitive Biases  [PDF]
Nicola Dalla Via
Open Journal of Accounting (OJAcct) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ojacct.2018.72011
This paper investigates whether individuals are accurate in recognizing and predicting cost stickiness under different presentation formats. In particular, I conduct an experiment manipulating the degree of cost asymmetry (nonsticky, semisticky, sticky), which is the cost behavior when revenues increase or decrease, and the presentation of financial information (monetary amounts vs. percentages). Contrary to the expectation, participants are more likely to recognize and predict accurately sticky costs rather than nonsticky costs (i.e. cost symmetry). They mentally apply a sticky model also to predict changes of nonsticky costs. Moreover, the presentation of variations expressed as percentages allows more accurate forecasts. Further, a significant interaction effect between the two manipulations is found. The cognitive ability and the cognitive style of the participants are measured in order to disentangle possible confounding effects. The findings of this study suggest that the mental models of the individuals and their cognitive biases influence cost forecasts and adjustments decisions.
Avalia o da arginina dietética sobre a resposta imunológica de frangos de corte imunizados contra a Doen a de Gumboro = Assessment of arginine diet on the immune response of broilers immunized against Gumboro disease
Jovanir Inês Müller Fernandes,Daniela Dalla Rosa,Mayra Vissotto Ribeiro,Edna Tereza de Lima
Acta Scientiarum : Animal Sciences , 2011,
Abstract: O estudo foi realizado com o objetivo de avaliar o efeito da suplementa o de Arginina (Arg) sobre a resposta imune humoral e o desenvolvimento dos órg os linfoides de frangos de corte imunizados contra a Doen a de Gumboro. Foram utilizados 640 pintos de corte, distribuídos aleatoriamente em um delineamento inteiramente casualizado com quatro tratamentos (1. Controle, 2. Imuniza o, 3. Imuniza o + suplementa o de L-Arg e 4. Suplementa o de L-Arg.) e oito repeti es de 20 aves cada. As aves dos tratamentos 3 e 4foram imunizadas no 16o dia, contra a Doen a de Gumboro (cepa intermediária plus). Amostras de soro das aves com 14, 21, 28 e 35 dias de idade foram analisadas por ELISA para detec o de título de anticorpos contra a Doen a de Gumboro e nestas mesmas idades foi determinado o peso dos órg os linfoides e a altura de pregas primárias do tecido linfoide da bolsa cloacal. N o houve diferen a significativa (p > 0,05) entre os tratamentos. A suplementa o de Arg n o contribuiu com a resposta imune dos frangos de corte imunizados contra a Doen a de Gumboro. A falta de resposta à imuniza o pode seratribuída à baixa virulência da cepa vacinal utilizada e à presen a de vírus de campo. The study was conducted to evaluate the effect of supplemental Arginine (Arg) on the humoral immune response and development oflymphoid organs of broiler chickens vaccinated against Gumboro disease. Six hundred and forty broilers were reared in a complete randomized design with four treatments (1. Control, 2. Immunization, 3. Immunization and supplementation of L-Arg, and 4. Supplemental L-Arg.) and eight replications of 20 birds each. Birds in treatments 3 and 4 were vaccinated at 16 days against Gumboro disease (intermediate plus strain). Serum samples from birds at 14, 21, 28 and 35 days old were analyzed by ELISA for detection of antibody titers against Gumboro disease, and at these same ages, lymphoid organ weight was determined and the height of the primary folds of lymphoid tissue in the cloacal bursa was measured. There was no significant difference (p > 0.05) among treatments. Arg supplementation did not improve the immune response of broilers immunized against Gumboro Disease. The lack of response to immunization may be attributed to the low virulence of the vaccine strain used and the presence of environmental virus.
Díaz,Graciella; de la Vega,R;
Revista de Salud Animal , 2007,
Abstract: an important subject of parasite biology is the influence of host on biological parameters. the work was carried out with two groups of engorged anocentor nitens ticks, one of them fed on bovines ( 93 ticks) and the other on equines (99 ticks). the ticks were weighed in an analytical balance. each group was divided in eight subgroups (10 to 12 ticks per subgroup) and incubated at two temperatures, 26 °c and 32°c and four relative humidities, 100, 80, 75.5 and 70 %. in each subgroup, laying efficiency (total egg mass weight/female weight, in percentage) and pre-eclosion period (from the beginning of incubation to the eclosion of the first larvae) were studied. the layer efficiency of the two main groups was compared by a three factor variance analysis, being the factors temperature, relative humidity and host species. a similar test was carried out to compare pre-eclosion. duncan test was employed for multiple mean comparisons in both variables. the host species had an influence on the weight of engorgement and on the laying efficiency. pre-eclosion was not afected by the host.
Performance Evaluation of Technology Park Implementation Phase through Multicriteria Methodology for Constructivist Decision Aid (MCDA-C)  [PDF]
Maria Zenilda da Silva, Adenir Steimback, Ademar Dutra, Graciella Martignago, Vinicius Dezem
Modern Economy (ME) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/me.2016.714148
Abstract: This research aims to build a model for performance evaluation of the implementation phase of a technology park, through the multicriteria methodology for constructivist decision aid (MCDA-C). This is a survey based on the constructivist paradigm, in a form of case study, of an exploratory nature, with qualitative and quantitative approach. For data collection, interview techniques, direct observation and review documents were used. As results the model enabled: i) identify four Areas of Concern, sixteen Fundamental Points of ViewFPVs and seventy-one descriptors (performance indicators) that integrate the evaluation model; ii) demonstrate the performance profile of the current situation (statusquo) of the Technology Park implementation process, which resulted in 62 points; iii) explain a structured process for the identification of strengths and opportunities for performance improvement. Thus, the research generated knowledge regarding the Technology Park implementation process and the evaluation model is a tool to support the management in decision-making activities.
Esquizofrenia: quarenta anos da hipótese dopaminérgica sob a ótica da Química Medicinal
Menegatti, Ricardo;Fraga, Carlos Alberto Manssour;Barreiro, Eliezer J.;Lima, Vera Lucia Eifler;Rates, Stela Maris Kuze;Dalla Costa, Teresa;
Química Nova , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-40422004000300015
Abstract: schizophrenia is a devastating psychiatric illness that affects 1-2% of the world population and continues as a challenge to neuroscience. in this work, we describe an account about the historical evolution of the dopaminergic hypothesis of schizophrenia discussing, from the medicinal chemistry point of view all different classes of antipsychotic drugs, emphasizing the rational design, structure activity relationships (sar) and physico-chemical properties related with its molecular mechanism of action.
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