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Aspects of Computer-Aided Tomography Scan (Cat) in the Child Intracranial Tumors in Abidjan: Report of 30 Cases  [PDF]
Ange Eric Zouzou, Ange Patrick N’dja, Alexis Kanga, Debato Tina Gnaoulé, Kouamé Justin N’dah, Lolo Diambra, Alexis Konan, Gogoua Casimir Gbazi
Advances in Computed Tomography (ACT) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/act.2016.52003
Abstract: Aim: The aim of this study was to specify the various computed tomography aspects of the intracranial tumors of the child. Equipment and method: It was about a retrospective study carried out in 30 children (15 boys and 15 girls) aged from 3 to 15 years (medium age 8.3 years). All the patients were explored with the computed tomography scan. Sixteen lesions profited from an anatomopathologic analysis for which an anatomoradiologic correlation was obtained. Results: The scanner objectified a cerebral tumor in all the cases. Topography was supratentorial in 19 cases (64%) and 11 cases (36%) were under tentorial. Almost all the tumors were single (96% of the cases) and were well limited (80% of the cases). The tumors were mixed in 50% of the cases with the presence of calcification in 66% of the cases. They were characterized by their large size (3 at 8 cm) in 86% of the cases. The etiologies of the tumors were dominated by glioma in 50% of the cases and as a whole, the radio-histological correlation was good (87.5%). Conclusion: Glial tumors are most frequent in the child. Computer-aided tomography scan represents here the focus of intracranial tumors diagnosis in the child. It must be carried out as a clinical suspicion to improve the diagnosis of these tumors.
Radiological Monitoring of Hip Replacements in Sickle Cell Disease Patients: Report of 31 Cases  [PDF]
Zouzou Ange Eric, Gnaoulé Debato Tina, Kouassi Bonfils, N’dja Ange Patrick, Kanga Alexis, Vanga Marius, Konan Alexis, Gbazi Gogoua Casimir
Open Journal of Orthopedics (OJO) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojo.2016.610039
Abstract: Aim: The objective of the study was to report the progressive complications of hip joint disease in a population of sickle cell. Materials and Methods: A descriptive and retrospective study from 2002 to 2008: A case of 31 sickle cell subjects having presented an advanced osteonecrosis of the femoral head. All the patients benefited from an arthroplasty in adulthood with a radiographic monitoring in immediate post operative before and after one year. The sickle cell subjects were compared to a non sickle cell control group of 37 patients according to the same criteria. The analysis had included considerations of the environment and the position of the prosthetic parts, as well as additional modifications. The types of complications and the moment at which they occur were indexed and analyzed using a statistical test of FISHER with a threshold of significance level p < 0.05. Results: The average age of sickle cell patients was 35 years and non sickle cell disease sufferers, 51, with a male predominance. Indications for surgery were dominated by coxarthroses, 31 cases (100%) in sickle cell disease sufferers and 17 cases (46%) among the control group. All our patients underwent a radiological control in the immediate postoperative. They were fewer between 6 months and 1 year (19%). The immediate complications were dominated by fractures 2 cases in non sickle cell disease sufferers. The complications before one year were marked by a predominance of dislocation, 3 cases in the non sickle cell population against 2 cases in sickle cell population. The loosening were the most observed complications in both populations after a year and more (5 cases in sickle cell disease sufferers and 6 cases in non sickle cell disease sufferers). Conclusion: The evolutionary complications of joint replacements in sickle cell subjects are not more frequent than in non sickle cell subjects.
Plato & Dukor on Philosophy of Sports, Physical Education and African Philosophy: The Role of Virtue and Value in Maintaining Body, Soul and Societal Development  [PDF]
Ani Casimir
Open Journal of Philosophy (OJPP) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojpp.2013.31A038

To the question,“what is sports”, or what is a good sports activity or event, I am sure Plato would know what to say, using references to his philosophical division of man into three parts, namely: the appetite soul; the emotional soul and the reasonable soul. Plato would have said that sports comes from the human person and being, and so, for any particular sports to be accorded the accolade of goodness it must have the correspondence of the three constituent parts of man’s true nature. The concept of the soul in Plato is what exploring just as that of Professor Maduabuchi Dukor’s expositions concerning the African philosophical concepts of soul, mind, spirit and body as they affect philosophy of sports and the discipline of physical education. The article will therefore analyze the link between Plato concept of the good sports, Professor Dukor’s ontological ideas about the African core values as they affect the balance, harmony and health both the mind and body of the human being. The central point here is the analytical framework of enquiry which Plato sustained in his Dialogues when he queries people:“what is this?”. By this he wants people to appreciate the fact that when they are in search of truth, they usually have the impression that they have all when, actually, they have only half-baked understanding of issues. It is important therefore to understand the issues involved in the disciplines of physical education, philosophy of sports, ethics and the ontological frame of African philosophy as profiled under Professor Dukor theistic humanism of African philosophy. Centrally, the dialectical link between Plato and Dukor will expose the ethical dimension to sports development since every thing is not wining and money or drugs should not be the ultimate motivation for sports and physical exercises. The exercise of sports should lead to the dual development and balance of both mind and body; the highest being the competition of the soul with itself and not with others in which laurels, gold or money is won or lost. The man who wins is the one, like in the communal spirit of the African ontology, who has conquered over his selfishness and sacrifices for the good of the community.

The Concept of Feminist Justice in African Philosophy: A Critical Exposition of Dukor’s Propositions on African Cultural Values  [PDF]
Ani Casimir
Open Journal of Philosophy (OJPP) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojpp.2013.31A030

Having taken note of, and critically analyzed, Professor Maduabuchi Dukor’s epochal work entitled“Theistic Humanism of African philosophy-the great debate on substance and method of philosophy”(2010), I am much encouraged and rationally convinced that he has succeeded in building the core critical and essential foundational pillars of what can safely pass for professional African philosophy, though much remains to be done by way of further research from other scholars. Based upon that conviction and the great prospects that the African philosophy project breakthrough holds for every African philosopher in the global village, I am also motivated to take a closer look at, and carry out a critical exposition of the concept of justice in the context of African cultural values, using the propositions of what he calls the canons of cultural values that are native to African philosophy. These cultural values define African identity and delineateAfrica’s contributions to the advancement of the global ideas of justice, axiology, gender and globalization. The essence and methodology of this article, therefore, will lift the relevant thematic thrusts and arguments made by the erudite Professor of African philosophy to“properly locate African philosophy in the context of globalism, cosmopolitanism, science and what it could contribute to emerging global culture”(Dukor,2010:p.ix). The central point of this critical exposition is that his theistic inspired cultural humanism has enhanced the global understanding of not only justice but feminist rights and the urgent needs for African philosophy to make its contributions towards the emancipation of and empowerment of women both in the continent and globally. The feminist search for justice, according to Dukor, is“the current global pool where the African is needed urgently to intervene”, since“feminism and women liberation has truncated the equilibrium and balance of relations between man and woman. African contribution to this class struggle between man and woman is a neutral one that absorbs the man and woman to their respective natural places in the nature’s womb”. Women’s search for global justice and the struggle to have their human rights recognized as a part of mankind’s gender balancing process would be philosophically enriched by Professor Dukor’s cultural value propositions and canons of justice.

Kahler’s Disease with a Rare Clinical form and Review of Literature  [PDF]
R. D. Gogoua, D. G. Gogoua, M. Kaba
Open Journal of Orthopedics (OJO) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ojo.2018.82005
Abstract: Kahler’s disease or “multiple myeloma” is a cancerous disease of the bone marrow. It may appear straightaway in its multiple myeloma form or in the form of solitary bone plasmacytoma or extra bone plasmacytoma. In the extra bone form, its orbital location as the first symptom is exceptional. Our case concerned a 49-year-old female patient without significant medical history who was followed for 6 months for a voluminous left exophthalmos. This ocular symptomatology was accompanied six months after by acute bone pains in the spine and pelvis then by a pathological fracture of the left trochanter. Histological assessment during the treatment showed the diagnosis of Kahler’s disease. The serum calcium was 106 mmol/l, a blood level of chloride to 96 mmol/l, of potassium to 5.36 mmol/l, of sodium to 136 mmol/l. The 24-hour proteinuria was 0.30 g/l and indicated renal impairment. The patient had anemia with a hemoglobin level to 8.8 g/l. Tumor markers were normal; in particular the CA was 13.148, ACE-2 to 1.013 ng/ml and CA19-9 to 5.029 IU/ml. The patient was transferred to a specialized unit but died before the start of treatment. Thus any isolated exophthalmos or accompanied by bone signs must systematically suggest Kahler’s disease and make undertake investigations in this direction. It is on this condition that an early management of the disease can improve the prognosis of the disease and prolong the patient’s life.
The Philosophical Exposition of the Mind of the Social Worker: Issues and Questions on the African Environment  [PDF]
Ani Casimir, Ejiofor Samuel
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2013.16012

The philosophical penetration of the social work practice in Africa comes full cycle when a critical exposition of the contending issues and questions is carried out. Social challenges and problems in Africa make human suffering in the continent to be one of the highest in the world. An attempt to know the mind of the social worker in Africa reflects the issues of social work that dominate the African society. The mind of the social worker is perturbed by the problems of human suffering, poverty, societal stratification and conflicts, increasing gap between the rich and the poor, old-age problems, educational destitution, street begging, youth drug abuse, increasing religious terrorism and psychological instability of the elites. Posing these critical questions will reveal a lot about the mind and the psychological dispositions of the social worker in the African environment. The article seeks to reveal and expose these new questions as the platform for the search for the new psycho-sociophilosophical and integrative methodology that will solve the social problems of Africa in the 21st century.

The Mutuality of Challenges Facing Human Rights and Human Security: A New Framework of Analysis  [PDF]
Emmanuel Ome, Ani Casimir
Open Journal of Political Science (OJPS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojps.2015.52007
Abstract: The interrelationship between Human Rights and “related fields” such as Human Security, Development, Democracy and Good Governance was emphasised at the United Nations Millennium Summit, which resulted in a declaration that affirmed global commitments to the protection of the vulnerable, the alleviation of poverty, and the rectification of corrupt structures and processes— particularly in those countries in which there is a lack of “rule of law” and good governance. The world’s leaders resolved to spare no effort to promote democracy and strengthen the rule of law, as well as respect for all internationally recognized human rights and fundamental freedoms, including the right to Human Security. This paper intends to analytically discuss Human Rights and Human Security with a focus on the interrelationship between human rights and concepts such as the right to development, conflict prevention, peace-making and peace-building, poverty reduction and good govcernance.
Ethicalization of Social Work and Socialization of Ethics―An African Challenge  [PDF]
Ani Casimir, Ejiofor Samuel
Open Journal of Political Science (OJPS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojps.2015.52005
Abstract: Ethics in social work will be the extension of the philosophical work in the welfare discipline known as social work. The transformation of social work as a profession flows from the pleadings of social philosophy for a deeper humanitariannization and valuation of social work. It is the marriage of the wise ones with the kind ones. Philosophy being seen as a disciple that creates professionally wise ones while social work is seen as the discipline that creates human welfare workers that help to alleviate the personal and societal problems of man. Ethical education will lead to ethicalization of social work and the socialization of ethics. More people in social work will work in accordance with the values of ethical propriety while ethics will be socialized and popular. This article takes note of the fact that ethics education in social philosophy and social work practice has dramatically evolved over decades in response to cultural and technological changes affecting social work practice in Africa. This ethicalization will lead to the transformation of a profession in a continent filled poverty and social challenges in the 21st century. This is the conjunction of ethicalization and socialization as a social philosophy for achieving a paradigm change in Africa for social workers and practical philosophers of change.
Social Work and the Challenge of Entrepreneurship in Africa  [PDF]
Ani Casimir, Ejiofor Samuel
Open Journal of Political Science (OJPS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojps.2015.52017
Abstract: One of the most difficult and challenging areas of research in social work practice is to create a philosophy of integration whereby some presumed assumptions are questioned and new areas of collaboration designed for best practices. It is the function of philosophy to question such assumptions and design newer areas of research for the practice in Africa. In this article, we have deigned to question the collaborative work of social work and entrepreneurship. This is what one might describe as the duty of the social innovator, social problem solver in business practices of the commonly defined deliverables from the social entrepreneur. In the social business innovator or entrepreneur, we have the best skills of the entrepreneurship, social philosophy, social work and social interested innovator. Many would have questioned the conjunction between the aggressive business entrepreneur who is profit oriented and the charity oriented non-governmental organizer who cares and works for others happiness. If both are for business and are investors, what kind of investment and profit is the social entrepreneur committed to in his business as different from the profit orientation of the business mogul. In Africa, such questioning and questions lead to a paradigm change in the popular understanding of the emerging area of the social entrepreneurship and the challenge of solving social problems of poverty and crisis in Africa. This article seeks to contribute to such social problem solving by enhancing the public awareness and education on the developmental possibilities of social entrepreneurship in Africa.
A Towering Critique of the Ambience of Social Welfare, Social Work and the Social Development Paradigm—An African Analysis  [PDF]
Ani Casimir, Ejiofor Samuel
Open Journal of Political Science (OJPS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojps.2015.54025
Abstract: What should be the African social worker in the modern world. The African social worker has discovered that most clinical and other modern social work practices are Euro-centric. And only reflect only European values. He knows that African communal social work practices existed in an ethnocentric environment that encourages an African-centred world view. How this African centred world view wouyld help him to define a new social work values with a paradigmatic shift to his roles as a profession is a challenge to both social philosophy and its social work concentrates. Therefore this article raises serious concerns about the ethnocentric nature of existing paradigms within the social sciences that form the basis for social work theory and practice with implications for modern social work in Africa. In addition, it highlights the theoretical deficits within existing social work models that do not reflect the worldviews of diverse cultural communities in modern world. Can existing social work models continue to express ethnocentric value systems as the universal way to explain human behaviour in the light of growing demands for pluralism not only between groups but also between epistemologies and worldviews? The authors of the article, writing from the perspective of the new African social science, argues for an alternative paradigm that is grounded in the cultural and historical reality of the African communal experience.
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