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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 408 matches for " Godonou Toussaint Kpadonou "
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Satisfaction of Patients Treated in Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Department in CNHU-HKM of Cotonou  [PDF]
Hountondji Etienne Alagnide, Didier Niama Natta, Germain Houngbedji, Mireille Adido, Jean Olouka, Eric Havyarimana, Godonou Toussaint Kpadonou
Open Journal of Therapy and Rehabilitation (OJTR) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ojtr.2018.61002
Abstract: Satisfaction of patients is an important dimension of the hospital management and the evaluation of the quality of care and services offered to patients. Objective: To estimate the degree of satisfaction of patients admitted in Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Department in the National Hospital and University Center (CNHU-HKM) in Cotonou. Method: Cross-sectional study with descriptive and analytical aim. It was led from June 15th to October 15th 2013, on 158 patients or guides of children or not communicating patients having ambulatory care in the Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation and who agree to participate to the study. The level of global satisfaction of the subjects was estimated with a digital scale from 0 to 10. It was secondarily transformed into a discreet qualitative variable. Result: Rate of participation was 63.2%. Patients had deficiencies of rheumatilogical origine (41.1%), neurological (27.2%), traumatological (24.1%). Their pathologies were evolving since 1 month to 10 years. It was about their first attendance of the Rehabilitation Department of CNHU-HKM in 72.2%. Patients’ degree of satisfaction was good for the deadliness of expectation, reception (80%), cleanliness of the building, respect of patients’ intimacy. Global satisfaction of patients was good in 72%. It was influenced by the deadline of evolution of the pathologies. Discussion-Conclusion: The level of satisfaction of patients admitted in the Rehabilitation Department in CNHU-HKM was acceptable. However, they are parameters that remain to be improved.
Morpho-Physical and Psycho-Social Determinants of Low Back Pain in Midwives Population in Benin  [PDF]
H. Etienne Alagnidé, Natta D. Didier Niama, Herman Azanmasso, M. Germain Houngbedji, E. Eric Dossa, G. Toussaint Kpadonou
Open Journal of Therapy and Rehabilitation (OJTR) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ojtr.2017.54010
Abstract: Background: Low back pain is a real public health problem. Lots of studies have been done about it, but not in midwives group. The latter seem to be exposed to low back pain due to morphological, physical and psycho-social factors. We therefore study the place of these factors in the occurrence of low back pain in midwives. Method: Prospective, cross-sectional and analytical study, it is done with 102 midwives of university hospitals in Benin. They were interviewed and examined. An eventual link with their history of low back pain, for at least 3 months during the last 12 months before the study, was checked to their morphological aspects (spinal curvatures, BMI), physical examinations data (strength and muscular flexibility) and psycho-social factors (relationship with colleagues and either, stress, ...). The effect of these factors was assessed using relative risk (RR) with a 95% confidence interval. Results: Different morpho-physical and psychosocial disturbances were observed in midwives. 81% had a history of low back pain. The latter have a statistically significant relationship with the different factors studied. These were mostly exposure factors, but poor midwife relationship with their hierarchical superiors was a protective factor (RR = 0.69 and p = 0.0106). Discussion-Conclusion: In Benin, health workers and especially midwives are very exposed to low back pain. The latter are often associated with different morphological, physical and psycho-social disturbances. The knowledge of those parameters is interesting to reduce this high prevalence of low back pain in midwives.
Local knowledge and adaptation to climate change in Ouémé valley, Benin
RAB Kpadonou, PY Adégbola, SD Tovignan
African Crop Science Journal , 2012,
Abstract: Climate change is today a major threat to sustainable development, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa, that is anticipated to be most vulnerable because of low adaptive capacity and high dependency on climate sensitive resources such as water resources and ecological systems. This paper highlights the local dimension of adaptation to climate change and the importance of local knowledge in adaptation planning. Generally, adaptation and mitigation are the main known approaches to address climate threats. Indeed, climate change is an international concern, while the benefits of adaptation are local, as opposed to mitigation. Also like climate, climate change adaptation is a dynamic and evolving process which the main determinant is the degree of vulnerability. A case study of farmers’ strategies for adapting to climate vulnerability in the low valley of Ouémé showed that local people have developed a remarkable ability to adapt to climate threats, or in some cases have turned threats into opportunities. From fishing practices to agricultural techniques through agro-fishing practices, people of low valley of Ouémé managed to take advantage of their natural vulnerability through adaptation strategies mainly based on local knowledge. In fact, the trend of these local strategies confirms the dynamic nature of adaptation to climate change mainly determined by the extent of vulnerability caused by continued depletion of the environment. But given that this dynamic can sometimes lead to maladaptation, it is necessary that local people are assisted in their coping strategies, even if a synergy is needed between local institutions and national and international framework for the successful adaptation to climate change.
Epidemiological, Clinical, Biological, Therapeutic Features and Outcome of Congenital Malaria at the Borgou Regional University Teaching Hospital (CHUD-B) in Benin in 2015  [PDF]
Godonou Gratien Sagbo, Alphonse Noudamadjo, Joseph Agossou, Julien Didier Adedemy, Awade Achille Obossou, Djewessi Saturnin Lokossou
Open Journal of Pediatrics (OJPed) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ojped.2017.74030
Abstract: Background: The prevalence of congenital malaria is getting more and more significant in Sub-Saharan Africa where is a malaria-endemic area. This study aimed to identify the clinical and therapeutic features as well as the outcome of congenital malaria in CHUD-B in 2015. Method: It was a cohort and descriptive study with analytical purpose, carried out in the Mother and Child Department which includes the Gynecology & Obstetrics and Pediatric Unit of CHUD-B. The study target population consisted of all the infants born in the CHUD-B as well as their mothers. The main variable was the presence of congenital malaria. The independent variables were those related to clinical, therapeutic features and outcome. Results: In the study, among the 300 newborns registered, 57 carried congenital malaria i.e. a prevalence of 19%. 171 (57.0%) of them were males versus 129 (43.0%) females. Among the 281 mothers involved, 48 presented with malaria in pregnancy i.e. a prevalence of 17.0%. At the end of this research work, the factors associated with congenital malaria were fever in the 3rd quarter and malaria in pregnancy in the mother. Conclusion: Nearly one out of five infants born in the CHUD-B was carrier of congenital malaria and approximately one out six mothers presented with malaria detection during pregnancy. A method based on Polymerase Chain Reaction
Crisis, rentismo e intervencionismo neoliberal en la banca en México
Florence Toussaint
Argumentos (México, D.F.) , 2012,
México ante la sociedad de la información y el conocimiento. Estudio de las redes. Clasificaciones
Florence Toussaint
Revista mexicana de ciencias políticas y sociales , 2002,
Abstract: Este artículo es un estudio aproximativo a la forma en que las redes virtuales se han desarrollado en el país. La primera parte incluye un acercamiento desde el punto de vista estadístico a las grandes cifras que indican la manera en la cual se ha dado el crecimiento, tanto por sectores, como en relación con la telefonía y el parque de computadoras. En virtud de que la investigación más amplia de la que se deriva este artículo tiene como propósito explicar a partir de la teoría de la economía política de la comunicación el desarrollo de Internet, aquí se llevan a cabo clasificaciones para poder distinguir la parte empresarial de otros elementos que conforman y constituyen materia de la red.
La política cultural y las televisoras públicas en México, Venezuela y Brasil
Florence Toussaint
Estudios sobre las Culturas Contemporaneas , 2011,
Abstract: El presente artículo se propone exponer, de manera resumida, dos aspectos de la televisión pública en México, Venezuela y Brasil: 1. La historia del surgimiento de los canales, aquí también llamados instituciones mediáticas, entreverada con las decisiones políticas de los Estados y gobiernos, junto con la existencia actual de las instituciones televisivas surgidas de dichas políticas y que las expresan. 2. Los gobiernos y las leyes emanadas de la historia y la política. El objetivo central es mostrar la estrecha vinculación entre política y mantenimiento de instituciones, así como se alar las contradicciones o coincidencias entre las leyes y la realidad.
Statistical mechanics of interacting fiber bundles
Renaud Toussaint
Physics , 2006,
Abstract: We consider quasistatic fiber bundle models with interactions. Classical load sharing rules are considered, i.e. local, global or decaying as a power-law of distance. All fibers are identically elastic, initially intact, and break at a random threshold picked from a quenched disorder (q.d.) distribution. We are interested in the probability distribution of configurations of broken fibers at a given elongation, averaged over all possible realizations of the underlying q.d.. This distribution is accessed by mapping the threshold set space onto the configurational space, each path corresponding to the evolution of a bundle corresponding to a realized q.d.. Using a perturbative approach allows to obtain this distribution to leading order in the interactions. This maps this system onto classical statistical mechanics models, i.e. percolation, standard or generalized Ising models depending on the range of the interactions chosen in the load sharing rule. This relates such q.d. based systems to standard classical mechanics, which allows to derive observables of the system, as e.g. correlation lengths. The thermodynamic parameters formally equivalent to temperature and chemical potential, are functions of the externally imposed deformation, depending on the load sharing rule and the choice of the q.d. distribution.
Scaling functions for O(4) in three dimensions
Doug Toussaint
Physics , 1996, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.55.362
Abstract: Monte Carlo simulation using a cluster algorithm is used to compute the scaling part of the free energy for a three dimensional O(4) spin model. The results are relevant for analysis of lattice studies of high temperature QCD.
The structure of evolutionary exploration: On crossover, buildings blocks and Estimation-Of-Distribution Algorithms
Marc Toussaint
Physics , 2002,
Abstract: The notion of building blocks can be related to the structure of the offspring probability distribution: loci of which variability is strongly correlated constitute a building block. We call this correlated exploration. With this background we analyze the structure of the offspring probability distribution, or exploration distribution, for a GA with mutation only, a crossover GA, and an Estimation-Of-Distribution Algorithm (EDA). The results allow a precise characterization of the structure of the crossover exploration distribution. Essentially, the crossover operator destroys mutual information between loci by transforming it into entropy; it does the inverse of correlated exploration. In contrast, the objective of EDAs is to model the mutual information between loci in the fitness distribution and thereby they induce correlated exploration.
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