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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 4893 matches for " Global "
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CO2: Different interpretation of the same data  [PDF]
Ladislav Kurc, Jan Kurc
Natural Science (NS) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/ns.2011.36062
Abstract: From the complex topic, fundamental and com-prehensible arguments are selected and pre-sented so that the effect of atmospheric CO2concentration on balance in troposphere can be clearly evaluated. Presentation of relative values as used in the last report of an accredited scien-tific authority, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), leads to considerable overestimation of the real situation. We docu-ment that the outcomes from this report of IPCC are provably false. Using a simple calculation, it is possible to demonstrate that the elevating of CO2 concentration does not cause the global warming in a degree that is expected basing on the report.
Global Climate Change  [PDF]
Olufemi Adedeji, Okocha Reuben, Olufemi Olatoye
Journal of Geoscience and Environment Protection (GEP) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/gep.2014.22016
Abstract: Climate change is one of the major challenges of our time and adds considerable stress to our societies and to the environment. From shifting weather patterns that threaten food production, to rising sea levels that increase the risk of catastrophic flooding, the impacts of climate change are global in scope and unprecedented in scale. Without drastic action today, adapting to these impacts in the future will be more difficult and costly. This overview deals with the concept of Global Climate Change, the associated terms, causes, consequences, solutions and its potential health impact. It shows the need to act urgently if we are to avoid an irreversible build-up of greenhouse gases (GHGs) and global warming at a potentially huge cost to the economy and society worldwide. Therefore, addressing climate change requires an “unprecedented level of cooperation, not only between countries, but also between different levels of Governments, private sector and individuals.
Comparison of CSR Activities between Global Construction Companies and Malaysian Construction Companies  [PDF]
Byung Gyoo Kang, Hussam Uddin Ahmad, Boon Hoe Goh, Myung Kyu Song
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2015.37016

Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) is becoming a new requirement for a successful business in the 21st century. This trend continues to be strengthened throughout the industry and the construction industry cannot be exceptional. Extensive literature reviews on CSR in the construction industry have been conducted to find out the current status. Ten leading construction companies in the global construction market have been selected and their CSR reports have been analysed in five broad areas—“Leadership, visions and values”, “Workforce activities”, “Stakeholder engagement”, “Community activities”, and “Environmental activities”. Five-Malaysian construction companies have been selected, each representing a different range of turnovers to reflect the industry wide perspective. Comparisons have been made between global companies and Malaysian companies, resulting in large gaps between these two groups. Qualitative interviews have been conducted with the executives of the Malaysian companies to identify the causes of the gaps. The interview questions included CSR reporting, funding, Key Performance Indicators (KPI), challenges of CSR implementation, roles of government, CSR initiatives, future CSR activities, etc. CSR commitments of global construction companies have been identified and the current status of CSR of Malaysian companies has been grasped. The comparison shows that Malaysian companies lag behind global companies in almost all aspects of CSR. The obstacles have been found out to be studied in future—financial constraints, management attitudes, roles of government, and the trend of CSR in the industry.

“Third World” Girls: Gender, Childhood and Colonialism  [PDF]
Marília Pinto de Carvalho, Adriano Souza Senkevics
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2017.56011
Abstract: This paper discusses to what extent a view of “third world women” as traditional and oppressed still holds with regard to girls from “developing countries”. For that, we recall the criticisms put forward inside feminist studies and make use of the debates about how childhood has been perceived in gender studies, and then approach the issue of girls from the global South. Next, we try to apprehend how girls from the global South have been represented in the recent academic production in this field and, finally, we present some of the results from our fieldworks in Brazil to exemplify how this standardized outlook hinders the understanding of the complexity of the lives of girls situated within their contexts.
Global Law Firms in Real-World Contexts: Practical Limitations and Ethical Implications  [PDF]
Eve Darian-Smith
Beijing Law Review (BLR) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/blr.2015.61010
Abstract: This article argues that despite the rise in the numbers of global law firms in recent years, the future of these firms should not be assumed given escalating levels of economic (and legal) uncertainty. These uncertainties are the result, in part, of growing global and regional conflicts, terrorism, environmental degradation, pandemics, forced migrations, trade embargoes and so on which are in turn linked to global inequalities and disparities of wealth between and within the global south and global north. It is argued that global law firms, as the “lubricators of global capitalism”, should pay attention to the localized real-world impacts of finance, development and trade that their legal work enables. This is important not only to ensure the future security and revenues of global law firms, but more importantly to ensure democratic aspirations and the stability of democratic institutions around the world.
Cauchy Problem of the Singularly Perturbed Sixth Order Boussinesq Type Equation  [PDF]
Hong Li, Changming Song, Li Chen
Journal of Applied Mathematics and Physics (JAMP) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/jamp.2017.59137
In this paper, the existence and uniqueness of the global generalized solution and the global classical solution for the Cauchy problem of the singularly perturbed sixth order Boussinesq type equation are proved.
A Roadmap for Reconfiguring Industrial Enterprises as a Consequence of Global Economic Crisis (GEC)  [PDF]
Ibrahim H. Garbie
Journal of Service Science and Management (JSSM) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/jssm.2010.34048
Abstract: Due to the existing depression, industrial enterprises in most of the world require to be reconfigured and/or reorganized especially the manufacturing firms (companies). As a consequence of the global economic crisis (GEC), great political and economical maybe changed and some companies will go out from business and others will be merged with other firms. Also, a big effecting will be represented in unemployment. The industrial enterprises will start to deal intensively for better utilization of resources (e.g., equipments, machines, etc.) and human resources. There are a lot of issues needed to be addressed to cope with this recession. The most important issue is then the opportunity to learn new skills and techniques. The other issues which this paper illustrated representing in complexity level of industrial enterprises, designing hybrid or innovative manufacturing systems, applied manufacturing strategies and philosophies, product development, management for change, and good accounting system. In this paper, a conceptual framework as a roadmap for discussing these issues of reconfiguring industrial enterprises will be explained and discussed. The analysis shows that reconfiguring industrial enterprises is not easy task and a multi-dimensional problem.
Modified Piyavskii’s Global One-Dimensional Optimization of a Differentiable Function  [PDF]
Rachid Ellaia, Mohamed Zeriab Es-Sadek, Hasnaa Kasbioui
Applied Mathematics (AM) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/am.2012.330187
Abstract: Piyavskii’s algorithm maximizes a univariate function satisfying a Lipschitz condition. We propose a modified Piyavskii’s sequential algorithm which maximizes a univariate differentiable function f by iteratively constructing an upper bounding piece-wise concave function Φ of f and evaluating f at a point where Φ reaches its maximum. We compare the numbers of iterations needed by the modified Piyavskii’s algorithm (nC) to obtain a bounding piece-wise concave function Φ whose maximum is within ε of the globally optimal value foptwith that required by the reference sequential algorithm (nref). The main result is that nC≤ 2nref + 1 and this bound is sharp. We also show that the number of iterations needed by modified Piyavskii’s algorithm to obtain a globally ε-optimal value together with a corresponding point (nB) satisfies nBnref + 1 Lower and upper bounds for nref are obtained as functions of f(x) , ε, M1 and M0 where M0 is a constant defined by M0 = supx∈[a,b] - f’’(x) and M1M0 is an evaluation of M0.
Global Existence, Uniqueness of Weak Solutions and Determining Functionals for Nonlinear Wave Equations  [PDF]
ülkü Dinlemez
Advances in Pure Mathematics (APM) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/apm.2013.35064

We consider the initial-boundary value problem for a nonlinear wave equation with strong structural damping and nonlinear source terms in IR. We prove the global existence and uniqueness of weak solutions of the problem and then we will study the determining modes on the phase space \"\" by using energy methods and the concept of the completeness defect.

Gravito-Electric Power Generation  [PDF]
Roger Ellman
Journal of Applied Mathematics and Physics (JAMP) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jamp.2014.25013
Abstract: It is now possible to deflect gravitational action away from an object so that the object is partially levitated. That effect makes it possible to extract energy from the gravitational field, which makes the generation of gravito-electric power technologically feasible. Such plants would be similar to hydro-electric plants and would have their advantages of not needing fuel and not polluting the environment. However, gravito-electric plants could be much smaller than hydro-electric plants; their location would not be restricted to suitable water elevations, and the plants and their produced energy would be much less expensive. Gravito-electric power can be placed into operation now. It can replace all existing nuclear and fossil fuel plants, and would essentially solve the problem of global warming to the extent it is caused by fossil fuel use. The physics development is comprehensively presented. That is followed by the engineering design.
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