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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 186501 matches for " Glenda Cristina Valim de; "
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O uso das TIC no trabalho de professores universitários de língua inglesa
Melo, Glenda Cristina Valim de;
Revista Brasileira de Linguística Aplicada , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S1984-63982012000100006
Abstract: this article presents representations about the kind of work that university professors hope to achieve when using information & communications technology (ict) in the classroom. the theoretical background is based on socio-discursive interactionism, theories about work as developed in clinical activity and ergonomics and in the characteristics of work proposed by machado (2010). six english language professors that use ict at work participated in the research project. data were collected via internet, through e-mail or moodle. each participant provided a text on their experiences and the use of ict. the results indicate that university professors use the ict in the same way, butsome restrictions to this matter are appointed by public university professors.
Level of physical activity and accidental falls in elderly: a systematic review
Priscila Carneiro Valim-Rogatto,Gustavo Puggina Rogatto,áurea Christina de Paula Corrêa,Ana Cristina Passarella Brêtas
Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano , 2009,
Abstract: The aim of this study was to analyze studies evaluating the association between the level of physical activity and the occurrence of accidental falls in the elderly. A systematic literature review of the LILACS and MEDLINE databases was conducted. As inclusion criteria, complete scientific articles investigating subjects older than 60 years, published in Portuguese, English or Spanish, were selected. Twenty-nine articles were retrieved, five from LILACS (1982 to 2007), two from MEDLINE (1966 to 1996), and 22 from MEDLINE (from 1997 to 2007). Ten (35%) articles were selected based on the inclusion criteria and 19 (65%) were excluded. A cross-sectional design was the most frequent type of study (60%). The studies identified suggest an association between the level of physical activity and factors related to the occurrence of falls such as functional disability, quality of life and independence to perform daily activities. Falls were found to restrict physical activity in some studies. In view of the heterogeneity of the studies in terms of methods and assessments, it was not possible to determine whether a better level of physical activity is able to decrease the incidence of falls in the elderly.
Caracteriza o das prescri es medicamentosas em unidade de terapia intensiva adulto Characterization of drug prescriptions in an adult intensive care unit
Leandro dos Santos Maciel Cardinal,Vanessa Terezinha Gubert de Matos,Glenda Mara Sousa Resende,M?nica Cristina Toffoli-Kadri
Revista Brasileira de Terapia Intensiva , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/s0103-507x2012000200009
Abstract: OBJETIVO: Caracterizar as prescri es medicamentosas em unidade de terapia intensiva adulto em hospital universitário. MéTODOS: Estudo unicêntrico, observacional, descritivo, transversal realizado em unidade de terapia intensiva adulto geral. A popula o foi constituída por todos os pacientes internados na unidade no período de janeiro a mar o de 2011. Foi verificada a presen a dos seguintes itens na prescri o: nome do medicamento (genérico, comercial ou abreviatura), concentra o, forma farmacêutica, posologia, via de administra o, nome e registro do paciente na institui o, clínica e leito de interna o, nome, número do conselho e assinatura do prescritor e data. Quantificou-se a porcentagem de medicamentos prescritos pertencentes à Rela o Nacional de Medicamentos Essenciais, Lista de Medicamentos Essenciais da Organiza o Mundial da Saúde e Guia Farmacoterapêutico do Núcleo Hospital Universitário. Os medicamentos foram classificados com base no sistema Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical níveis 1 e 2. RESULTADOS: Foram analisadas 844 prescri es de 72 pacientes com média de idade de 59,04 ± 21,80, sendo 54,92% do gênero feminino. O número médio de prescri es por paciente foi 11,72 ± 11,68. O total de medicamentos prescritos foi de 12.052. Destes, 9.571(79,41%) foram prescritos pela denomina o genérica. A forma farmacêutica foi a informa o mais ausente na descri o dos medicamentos (8.829/73,26%). A concentra o dos medicamentos foi descrita para 7.231 (60%) dos medicamentos. As informa es sobre o prescritor e paciente estiveram presentes em mais de 96% das prescri es. Os medicamentos prescritos foram classificados em 13 grupos terapêuticos e 55 subgrupos. Entre os subgrupos mais prescritos, destacaram-se os antibacterianos de uso sistêmico. CONCLUS O: A maioria das informa es analisadas esteve presente nas prescri es. Porém, dados sobre concentra o e forma farmacêutica dos fármacos faltaram em grande parte das prescri es. A caracteriza o das mesmas nas diferentes unidades hospitalares é imprescindível para a elabora o de estratégias que visem minimizar os problemas relacionados ao uso de medicamentos. OBJECTIVE:To characterize drug prescriptions in a university hospital adult intensive care unit. METHODS: Single-center, observational, descriptive, cross-sectional study conducted at an adult general intensive care unit. The study population included all of the unit's inpatients from January to March 2011. The following characteristics for all prescriptions recorded during this period were examined: drug name (generic, brand name or abbreviati
A Nano-modified superhydrophobic membrane
ávila, Antonio Ferreira;Oliveira, Aline Marques de;Lacerda, Glenda Ribeiro de Barros Silveira;Munhoz, Viviane Cristina;Santos, Mayara Cele Gon?alves;Santos, Patricia Figueiredo;Triplett, Matt;
Materials Research , 2013, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-14392013005000028
Abstract: this paper focuses on the synthesis of super-hydrophobic membranes. the polymer used in this research is polystyrene (ps), which has low surface energy but not low enough to be characterized as a superhydrophobic material. as hydrophobicity is based on low energy surface and surface roughness, the electrospinning technique was selected as the manufacturing technique. n, n' dimethylformamide (dmf) was employed as the ps solvent. two groups of ps/dmf solutions were investigated i.e. 20/80 and 35/65. to increase even more the hydrophobicity, nanoparticles of silica, graphene, cadmium, and zinc were dispersed into the ps/dmf solutions. in contrast to results previous published in literature, the ps/dmf weight ratio of 20/80 led to water contact angles (wca) of 148o, which is higher than the contact angle for the 35/65 ratio, i.e. 143o. this fact seems to be due to the presence of non-evaporated solvent into the ps surface as the 35/65 solution was more viscous. the wca for membranes with 0.5 wt. (%) of graphene reached 152o, 149o-153o for membranes with nanosilica addition, 151o with 5.0 wt. (%) cds, and 153o, 163o and 168o with the addition of 5 wt. (%), 10 wt. (%) and 15 wt. (%) of zns, respectively.
Treating seizures in renal and hepatic failure
Lacerda, Glenda Corrêa Borges de;
Journal of Epilepsy and Clinical Neurophysiology , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S1676-26492008000600008
Abstract: introduction: renal and hepatic diseases cause seizures and patients with epilepsy may suffer from such diseases which change antiepileptic drugs (aeds) metabolism. objectives: to revise how seizures may be caused by metabolic disturbances due to renal or hepatic diseases, by their treatment or by comorbidities and how aeds choice might be influenced by these conditions. results: seizures arise in renal failure due to toxins accumulation and to complications like sepsis, hemorrhage, malignant hypertension, ph and hydroelectrolytic disturbances. hemodialysis leads to acute dysequilibrium syndrome and to dementia. peritoneal dialysis may cause hyperosmolar non-ketotic coma. post-renal transplant immunosupression is neurotoxic and cause posterior leukoencephalopathy, cerebral lymphoma and infections. some antibiotics decrease convulsive thresholds, risking status epilepticus. most commonly used aeds in uremia are benzodiazepines, ethosuximide, phenytoin and phenobarbital. when treating epilepsy in renal failure, the choice of aed remains linked to seizure type, but doses should be adjusted especially in the case of hydrosoluble, low-molecular-weight, low-protein-bound, low apparent distribution volume aeds. hepatic failure leads to encephalopathy and seizures treated by ammonium levels and intestinal bacterial activity reductions, reversal of cerebral edema and intracranial hypertension. phenytoin and benzodiazepines are usually ineffective. seizures caused by post-hepatic immunosupression can be treated by phenytoin or levetiracetam. seizures in wilson's disease may result from d-penicillamine dependent piridoxine deficiency. porphyria seizures may be treated with gabapentin, oxcarbazepine and levetiracetam. hepatic disease changes aeds pharmacokinetics and needs doses readjustments. little liver-metabolized aeds as gabapentin, oxcarbazepine and levetiracetam are theoretically more adequate. conclusions: efficient seizures treatment in renal and hepatic diseases requi
A constitui??o de processos dialógicos em um grupo de jovens com deficiência mental
Freitas, Ana Paula de;Castro, Glenda Saccomano;
Revista Brasileira de Educa??o Especial , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-65382006000100005
Abstract: the aim of this study was to analyze dialogical interactions in a speech therapy group, consisting of four young people with mental deficiency. the methodology used was the socio-historical qualitative approach. the group was seen weekly by a speech therapist from september to december, 2002, at a speech therapy clinic/school situated in rural area of the state of s?o paulo. the methodology applied involved video recording of the speech therapy sessions held with the group. after recording the sessions, the tapes were transcribed into regular orthography and the selected data, considered as the analysis unit, highlighting the dialogical dynamics established in the speech therapeutic group. the results revealed that the young people with mental deficiency have little effective participation in the dialogical situations. therefore, the therapist has to intervene by providing the group with significant activities to promote the occurrence of language. to this end, this participation is characterized by various strategies used by the speech therapist, such as encouraging the subjects to ask each other questions, modeling possible questions, suggesting they should make comments about the topic under discussion, and others. in this study the production of oral narrative was one of the main symbolic activities that allowed for the occurrence of dialogue. based on the analysis, it was possible to conclude that the speech therapy group is an appropriate environment for promoting dialogical processes. and here the essential role of the speech therapist stands out, as he/she needs to pay attention to the exchanges in order to guide the young peoples' dialogues by adopting various diversified strategies.
Treating seizures in renal and hepatic failure Tratamento de crises epilépticas na insuficiência renal e na insuficiência hepática
Glenda Corrêa Borges de Lacerda
Journal of Epilepsy and Clinical Neurophysiology , 2008,
Abstract: INTRODUCTION: Renal and hepatic diseases cause seizures and patients with epilepsy may suffer from such diseases which change antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) metabolism. OBJECTIVES: To revise how seizures may be caused by metabolic disturbances due to renal or hepatic diseases, by their treatment or by comorbidities and how AEDs choice might be influenced by these conditions. RESULTS: Seizures arise in renal failure due to toxins accumulation and to complications like sepsis, hemorrhage, malignant hypertension, pH and hydroelectrolytic disturbances. Hemodialysis leads to acute dysequilibrium syndrome and to dementia. Peritoneal dialysis may cause hyperosmolar non-ketotic coma. Post-renal transplant immunosupression is neurotoxic and cause posterior leukoencephalopathy, cerebral lymphoma and infections. Some antibiotics decrease convulsive thresholds, risking status epilepticus. Most commonly used AEDs in uremia are benzodiazepines, ethosuximide, phenytoin and phenobarbital. When treating epilepsy in renal failure, the choice of AED remains linked to seizure type, but doses should be adjusted especially in the case of hydrosoluble, low-molecular-weight, low-protein-bound, low apparent distribution volume AEDs. Hepatic failure leads to encephalopathy and seizures treated by ammonium levels and intestinal bacterial activity reductions, reversal of cerebral edema and intracranial hypertension. Phenytoin and benzodiazepines are usually ineffective. Seizures caused by post-hepatic immunosupression can be treated by phenytoin or levetiracetam. Seizures in Wilson's disease may result from D-penicillamine dependent piridoxine deficiency. Porphyria seizures may be treated with gabapentin, oxcarbazepine and levetiracetam. Hepatic disease changes AEDs pharmacokinetics and needs doses readjustments. Little liver-metabolized AEDs as gabapentin, oxcarbazepine and levetiracetam are theoretically more adequate. CONCLUSIONS: Efficient seizures treatment in renal and hepatic diseases requires adequate diagnosis of these disturbances and their comorbidities besides good knowledge on AEDs metabolism, their pharmacokinetic changes in such diseases, careful use of concomitant medications and AEDs serum levels monitoring. INTRODU O: Doen as renais e hepáticas causam crises epilépticas e pacientes com epilepsia podem sofrer doen as renais e hepáticas modificadoras do metabolismo das drogas antiepilépticas (DAEs). OBJETIVOS: Rever como crises epilépticas podem ser causadas pelas altera es metabólicas próprias às doen as renais e hepáticas, pelo tratamento das mesmas e de suas comorb
Diclofenac Salts, VIII. Effect of the Counterions on the Permeation through Porcine Membrane from Aqueous Saturated Solutions
Adamo Fini,Glenda Bassini,Annamaria Monastero,Cristina Cavallari
Pharmaceutics , 2012, DOI: 10.3390/pharmaceutics4030413
Abstract: The following bases: monoethylamine (EtA), diethylamine (DEtA), triethylamine (TEtA), monoethanolamine (MEA), diethanolamine (DEA), triethanolamine (TEA), pyrrolidine (Py), piperidine (Pp), morpholine (M), piperazine (Pz) and their N-2-hydroxyethyl (HE) analogs were employed to prepare 14 diclofenac salts. The salts were re-crystallized from water in order to obtain forms that are stable in the presence of water. Vertical Franz-type cells with a diffusional surface area of 9.62 cm 2 were used to study the permeation of these diclofenac salts from their saturated solutions through an internal pig ear membrane. The receptor compartments of the cells contained 100 mL of phosphate buffer (pH 7.4); a saturated solution (5 mL) of each salt was placed in the donor compartment, thermostated at 37 °C. Aliquots were withdrawn at predetermined time intervals over 8 h and then immediately analyzed by HPLC. Fluxes were determined by plotting the permeated amount, normalized for the membrane surface area versus time. Permeation coefficients were obtained dividing the flux values J by the concentration of the releasing phase—that is, water solubility of each salt. Experimental results show that fluxes could be measured when diclofenac salts with aliphatic amines are released from a saturated aqueous solution. Different chemical species (acid, anion, ion pairs) contribute to permeation of the anti-inflammatory agent even though ion-pairs could be hypothesized to operate to a greater extent. Permeation coefficients were found higher when the counterion contains a ring; while hydroxy groups alone do not appear to play an important role, the ring could sustain permeation, disrupting the organized domains of the membrane.
Formigas como vetores mecanicos de microorganismos no Hospital Escola da Universidade Federal do Triangulo Mineiro
Costa, Sílvia Baldan da;Pelli, Afonso;Carvalho, Glenda Pereira de;Oliveira, Adriana Gon?alves;Silva, Paulo Roberto da;Teixeira, Maxelle Martins;Martins, Elisabeth;Terra, Ana Paula Sarreta;Resende, Elisabete Montovani;Oliveira, Cristina da Cunha Hueb Barata de;Morais, César Augusto de;
Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S0037-86822006000600003
Abstract: the pathogens associated with ants at the teaching hospital of the federal university of the triangulo mineiro, in uberaba, mg, were studied. three species of ants were identified: tapinoma melanocephalum, pheidole sp and paratrechina longicornis. the principal microorganisms found were staphylococcus sp, gram-positive bacilli, pseudomonas sp and micrococcus sp. the results from the collections were analyzed according to the number of colonies and the different microorganisms isolated, using student's t test. the statistical analysis showed that there was a significant difference only with regard to staphylococcus sp. (p =0.005). it is possible that ants and pathogenic agents have mutualistic associations, and that analysis of such relationships may lead to new pest control strategies, with an emphasis not only on the insects but also especially on which agent is associated with these insect species.
Efeito da extrus?o termoplástica no teor de lisina disponível da farinha desengordurada de gr?o-de-bico (Cicer arietinum, L.)
Fernandes de Aguiar Valim,Maria Filomena Claret; Batistuti,José Paschoal;
Archivos Latinoamericanos de Nutrición , 2000,
Abstract: effect of thermoplastic extrusion on lysine availability of chickpea (cicer arietinum, l.) flour. the aim of this research was to evaluate lysine availability of chickpea (cicer arietinum, l.) flour submitted to therrnoplastic extrusion at three feed moisture levels (13%,18% and 27%). it was verified that extrusion treatments reduced available lysine by 58% and 55% at 13% and 18% feed moisture levels. the major lysine loss, 71 %, was verified at 27% feed moisture level.
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