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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 1663 matches for " Gizelle Gilbert "
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Morphological Knowledge and Decoding Skills of Deaf Readers  [PDF]
M. Diane Clark, Gizelle Gilbert, Melissa L. Anderson
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2011.22018
Abstract: Many studies have reported the necessity of phonological awareness to become a skilled reader, citing barriers to phonological information as the cause for reading difficulties experienced by deaf individuals. In contrast, other research suggests that phonological awareness is not necessary for reading acquisition, citing the importance of higher levels of syntactic and semantic knowledge. To determine if deaf students with higher language skills have better word decoding strategies, students responded to a morphological test, where monomorphemic words and multimorphemic words were matched to their definitions. Two studies are reported, one focusing on English placement levels and a second with formal measures of both ASL and English language proficiency. Results in-dicated that performance on the morphological decoding test was related to language proficiency scores, but not to phonological awareness scores.
Perceptions of Diversity: Global versus Local Perceptions  [PDF]
Gizelle L. Gilbert, Candace Myers, M. Diane Clark, Shelley Williams, Angela McCaskill
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2013.411126

The current study investigated climate and diversity issues and how they contributed to students’ attitudes and experiences at a private university for the deaf. A 40-item survey was administered to assess the global perspectives regarding diversity. This scale was reduced to a 16-item scale with four subscales using exploratory factor analysis, labeled Multicultural: Diversity is Enriching, Abstract Liberalism, Cultural Racism, and Color-Blind Racism. In addition, focus groups were conducted to investigate the local perspectives of diversity of those who hold minority status within the overall cultural milieu.

Deaf Individuals’ Bilingual Abilities: American Sign Language Proficiency, Reading Skills, and Family Characteristics  [PDF]
Brittany L. Freel, M. Diane Clark, Melissa L. Anderson, Gizelle L. Gilbert, Millicent M. Musyoka, Peter C. Hauser
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2011.21003
Abstract: The current study investigated the bilingual abilities of 55 Deaf individuals, examining both American Sign Language (ASL) competency and English reading skills. Results revealed a positive relationship between ASL competency and English skills, with highly competent signers scoring higher on a measure of reading comprehension. Additionally, family characteristics (e.g., parental education level, family hearing status) were entered into the analysis to ascertain their effect on Deaf individuals’ bilingual abilities. The findings support the theory that competency in ASL may serve as a bridge to the acquisition of English print. Moreover, the findings provide support for the critical period hypothesis for first language acquisition and its later impact on other cognitive and academic skills.
Valoriza??o de beleza e inteligência por adolescentes de diferentes classes sociais
Gomes, Gizelle Regina;Caramaschi, Sandro;
Psicologia em Estudo , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-73722007000200010
Abstract: the study sample comprised 180 adolescents aged 15 to 17 years, being 90 males and 90 females, attending high school and with different socioeconomic backgrounds. genders and socioeconomic backgrounds were compared as to the values of beauty and intelligence assigned by adolescents to themselves. in a hypothetical and mutually exclusive manner, these characteristics were assessed to check which were the most valued for themselves and possible partners. the results demonstrated that boys with high socioeconomic background assigned higher intelligence scores for themselves. adolescents of both genders from low socioeconomic background would like to have a higher level of intelligence instead of beauty, whereas adolescents from high socioeconomic background prefer a balance between beauty and intelligence. the girls assigned more value to intelligence in their partners than the boys, which assigned more value to beauty in their partners.
Modeling Time in Medical Education Research: The Potential of New Flexible Parametric Methods of Survival Analysis  [PDF]
Gilbert Reibnegger
Creative Education (CE) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2012.326139
Abstract: Time – the duration of a certain process or the timing of a specified event – plays a central role in many situations in medical research. Waiting time analysis (“survival analysis”) is a field of statistics providing the tools for solving the unique problems of such studies. In particular, waiting time analysis correctly handles the typical positively skewed distributions of waiting times as well as censored observations on study subjects for whom the target event does not occur before data collection ends. For decades, non-parametric Kaplan-Meier analysis and semiparametric Cox regression despite some inherent limitations have dominated waiting time analysis in medical contexts, while parametric models, although in principle offering important theoretical advantages, were scarcely applied in practice because of lacking flexibility. Recently, however, new flexible parametric methods (Royston-Parmar models) became available offering exciting new research potential. Surprisingly, although medical education research deals with a range of typical problems suited for waiting time analysis, the methods were rarely used in the past. By re-analyzing data from a previous investigation on study dropout of medical students, this is the first study demonstrating the usefulness and practical applications of waiting time analysis with special emphasis on Royston-Parmar models in a medical education research environment.
The Canadian Policy on the Protection of Foreign Investment and the Canada-China Bilateral Investment Treaty  [PDF]
Gilbert Gagné
Beijing Law Review (BLR) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/blr.2019.103021
Abstract: For a trading nation such as Canada, access to foreign markets has long been a key concern. In 2012, the Canadian government concluded a bilateral investment treaty (BIT) with China, so as to better protect Canada’s investments in this big expanding market. China’s communist regime, coupled with the importance of the country, has seemingly caused the Canada-China BIT to differ from the Canadian BIT model, both in terms of substantive provisions and the investor-state dispute settlement mechanism. Drawing on a legal-political analytical approach, the article: 1) looks at some key provisions on investment protection in the Canada-China BIT and 2) discusses the ways in which this BIT marks a departure in Canadian foreign investment policy. It also considers disagreements among legal scholars and commentators as to the implications of these differences, particularly with respect to the non-reciprocal character of the BIT to China’s advantage.
Ab initio investigation of the kinetics and mechanism of the neutral hydrolysis of formamide in aqueous solution
Almerindo, Gizelle I.;Pliego Jr., Josefredo R.;
Journal of the Brazilian Chemical Society , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-50532007000400005
Abstract: the neutral hydrolysis of formamide in aqueous solution involving up to four explicit solvent molecules was theoretically investigated using high level ab initio methods and including the bulk solvent effect through the polarizable continuum model (pcm). we have analyzed cyclic transition states structures involving bifunctional catalysis and a general base catalysis structure. both a stepwise mechanism with tetrahedral intermediate formation and a concerted mechanism were investigated. our calculations at ccsd(t)/6-311+g(2df,2p)//mp2/6-31g(d) level predict an observable activation free energy barrier of 48.7 kcal mol-1, corresponding to a stepwise water catalyzed mechanism with two water molecules into the transition state. liquid phase geometry optimization was also performed, but the effect on the activation free energy is modest. tests with density functional theory were carried out. the b3lyp/6-31g(d) calculation underestimates the barrier by 13 kcal mol-1, whereas the b3lyp/6-311+g(2df,2p) method predicts an accurate barrier. the present study raises important questions about the reliability of the experimental activation free energy of 31.0 kcal mol-1 and suggests that the neutral hydrolysis of formamide does not take place at all.
Gizelle Cristina Galan Lima,Larissa Comarella Comarella
Revista Uniandrade , 2012,
Abstract: A Dermatite Seborréica (DS) é uma inflama o cr nica dascamadas superiores da pele, podendo ser encontrada tanto em adultos quanto em lactantes, frequentemente associada ao aumento de sebo pela pele e a a o de fungos do gênero Malassezia. Por se tratar de uma inflama o cr nica, torna-se necessário a utiliza o de medicamentos para o controle da DS. Porém, quando na forma de cosméticos, estes devem ser suaves e pouco irritantes à pele afetada, com características multifuncionais e agradáveis ao consumidor que o utiliza, proporcionando uma higieniza ocompleta, agregada a qualidades cosmecêuticas adequadas à pele sensibilizada pela doen a. Este estudo prop s a elabora o de uma formula o de xampu-sabonete com fun es de limpeza capilar e medicamentosa, associadas ao tratamento da DS nas regi es facial e do colo, que s o frequentemente afetadas pela doen a. Para tal, foi realizada uma revis o sobre ativos antifúngicos,queratolíticos e fitoterápicos descritos em literatura como eficientes no tratamento da DS, assim como, dos principais componentes de uma formula o base de xampu-sabonete. A partir dos dados bibliográficos obtidos, foram propostas três formula es de xampu-sabonete: um veículo base com características hipoalergênicas, uma formula o fitoterápica e uma formula o contendo ciclopiroxolamina associado a ácido salicílico. Para mais informa es sobre o comportamento das formula es, foram realizados estudos de estabilidade durante um mês e, após os ensaios de controle de qualidade físico-químicos, observou-se estabilidade das formula es à temperatura ambiente, porém com varia es em características organolépticas e pH, quando armazenadas na estufa e geladeira.
An interactive 3D viewer of molecules compatible with the suite of ANTHEPROT programs  [PDF]
Gilbert Deléage
Journal of Biophysical Chemistry (JBPC) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/jbpc.2012.31004
Abstract: In this paper, I will describe a completely new 3D module which can be called from within the well known ANTHEPROT program devoted to protein sequences analysis. This module allows fully interactive handling of high-quality 3D structures with various modes of representation (CA sticks, wireframe, ball and sticks, spacefill mod-els as well as surface, ribbons, Ramachandran plots). Alternatively, ANTHEPROT 3D can be used as an external program fully independant from the global package. It is available from the download page of the web site (http://antheprot-pbil.ibcp.fr/). More than 2800 downloads last year were recorded since the program was delivered.
Mathematical Platonism and the Nature of Infinity  [PDF]
Gilbert B. C?té
Open Journal of Philosophy (OJPP) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojpp.2013.33056
Abstract: An analysis of the counter-intuitive properties of infinity as understood differently in mathematics, classical physics and quantum physics allows the consideration of various paradoxes under a new light (e.g. Zeno’s dichotomy, Torricelli’s trumpet, and the weirdness of quantum physics). It provides strong support for the reality of abstractness and mathematical Platonism, and a plausible reason why there is something rather than nothing in the concrete universe. The conclusions are far reaching for science and philosophy.
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