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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 984 matches for " Giulia Apicella "
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Anesthesia Management in Case of Carotid Anatomic Variant during Carotid Endarterectomy under General Anesthesia  [PDF]
David Faraoni, Benjamin Mine, Giulia Apicella, Alexandre Joosten
Open Journal of Anesthesiology (OJAnes) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojanes.2012.22005
Abstract: Carotid endarterectomy is an established treatment in the prevention of transient ischemic attack or stroke. Cerebral embolism, thrombosis or hypo-perfusion will lead to a major risk of perioperative thrombotic events. In this case, we report an interesting anesthesia approach for aortic arch anatomic variant management and monitoring.
Microwave Heating of Liquid Foods  [PDF]
Vittorio Romano, Rino Apicella
Engineering (ENG) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/eng.2015.76026
Abstract: A mathematical model has been formulated to describe the heat transfer in liquid foods flowing in circular ducts, subjected to microwave irradiations. Three types of liquids with different rheological behavior are considered: skim milk (Newtonian), apple sauce and tomato sauce as non-New-tonian fluids. Each one can flow with different velocities but always in laminar way. The temperature profiles have been obtained solving the transient momentum and heat equations by numerical resolution using the Finite Element Method. The generation term due to the microwave heating has been evaluated according to Lambert’s law. Dielectric properties are considered to be temperature dependent.
Comparison between Lambert and Maxwell Approaches in the Modelling of Microwave Heating of Liquid Foods  [PDF]
Rino Apicella, Vittorio Romano
Engineering (ENG) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/eng.2019.111001
Abstract: Microwave heating of liquid foods in laminar flow through a circular tube has been modeled. In particular, skim milk as a Newtonian fluid and apple sauce and tomato sauce as non-Newtonian fluids have been considered. The temperature profiles have been obtained solving the motion and energy equations in transient regime and Maxwell’s equations in the frequency domain. Numerical resolution of Finite Element Method has been implemented in Comsol Multiphysics. The generation term due to the microwave heating has been evaluated according both to Lambert’s law and Poynting theorem. Finally, a comparison between the two methods has been made in order to check to what extent the results obtained with the simpler Lambert’s law approximation are comparable with those deriving from the exact solution of Maxwell equations. Dielectric properties are considered to be temperature dependent.
Somatic Overgrowth Predisposes to Seizures in Autism Spectrum Disorders
Giulia Valvo, Sara Baldini, Francesca Brachini, Fabio Apicella, Angela Cosenza, Anna Rita Ferrari, Renzo Guerrini, Filippo Muratori, Maria Francesca Romano, Filippo M. Santorelli, Raffaella Tancredi, Federico Sicca
PLOS ONE , 2013, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0075015
Abstract: Background Comorbidity of Autism Spectrum Disorders with seizures or abnormal EEG (Autism-Epilepsy Phenotype) suggests shared pathomechanisms, and might be a starting point to identify distinct populations within the clinical complexity of the autistic spectrum. In this study, we tried to assess whether distinct subgroups, having distinctive clinical hallmarks, emerge from this comorbid condition. Methods Two-hundred and six individuals with idiopathic Autism Spectrum Disorders were subgrouped into three experimental classes depending on the presence of seizures and EEG abnormalities. Neurobehavioral, electroclinical and auxological parameters were investigated to identify differences among groups and features which increase the risk of seizures. Our statistical analyses used ANOVA, post-hoc multiple comparisons, and the Chi-squared test to analyze continuous and categorical variables. A correspondence analysis was also used to decompose significant Chi-squared and reduce variables dimensions. Results The high percentage of children with seizures (28.2% of our whole cohort) and EEG abnormalities (64.1%) confirmed that the prevalence of epilepsy in Autism Spectrum Disorders exceeds that of the general population. Seizures were associated with severe intellectual disability, and not with autism severity. Interestingly, tall stature (without macrocephaly) was significantly associated with EEG abnormalities or later onset seizures. However, isolated macrocephaly was equally distributed among groups or associated with early onset seizures when accompanied by tall stature. Conclusions Tall stature seems to be a phenotypic “biomarker” of susceptibility to EEG abnormalities or late epilepsy in Autism Spectrum Disorders and, when concurring with macrocephaly, predisposes to early onset seizures. Growth pattern might act as an endophenotypic marker in Autism-Epilepsy comorbidity, delineating distinct pathophysiological subtypes and addressing personalized diagnostic work-up and therapeutic approaches.
A Semantic Model for Socially Aware Objects  [PDF]
Giulia Biamino
Advances in Internet of Things (AIT) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ait.2012.23006
Abstract: The Internet of Things (IoT) assumes that things interact and exchange information thus defining the future of pervasive computing environments. The integration between people and interconnected objects realizes a new physical and social space and opens new frontiers in context awareness and objects adaptation. In this paper we investigate the possibility of creating socially aware objects able to interact not only among themselves but also with human beings sharing the same environment. The main contribution of this work is to provide a knowledge model for social context-awareness and reasoning using an ontology-based context modeling, a user model and exploiting of social networks. This model is part of a larger framework called So Smart that aims at empowering networks of interconnected objects with social context awareness in order to improve their social interaction with people.
The Dialogue and the Relationship with Parents and Friends: A Research on Italian Adolescents’ Representations  [PDF]
Giulia Savarese
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2016.74066

The goal was to understand what representations Italian adolescents have about the dialogue and the relationship with their parents and with the peer group, as well as to evaluate any differences. We interviewed 400 Italian adolescents, 200 males and 200 females, aged between 14 and 19 years. The instruments used were an ad hoc questionnaire and a free story. The results show significant differences in the communicative/relational support by parents and by the peer group, especially in relation to the confidences of their personal problems, the choice autonomy and the behaviors that encourage independence.

Everolimus Associated with Activated Vitamin D for Post-Transplant Increase Epstein-Barr-Virus Load Treatment. Two Case Reports  [PDF]
Luciano Moscarelli, Giulia Antognoli
International Journal of Clinical Medicine (IJCM) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ijcm.2012.37119

Post-transplant lymphoproliferative disease (PTLD) is an uncommon but life-threatening complication of solid-organ and blood stem-cell transplants. It is caused by an uncontrolled expansion of B lymphocytes infected with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). It responds poorly to therapy, including reduction of immunosuppression, interferon, antivirals or chemotherapy. Therefore the optimal strategy for management is currently focused on prevention. Some centers have already introduced chemoprophylaxis and/or preemptive strategies using EBV viral load as a surveillance. Some experimental studies suggest that mTOR inhibitors inhibits growth of human EBV-transformed B lymphocytes and vitamin D had an immune response to EBV. We report two cases of an increased of blood BKV viral load after renal transplantation that were successfully treated with everolimus in association with calcitriol. This report suggests that everolimus associated with calcitriol could be an effective and safe treatment for the prevention of PTLD in transplant recipients.

Heterogeneity of Pestivirus Species in Asia  [PDF]
Massimo Giangaspero, Shu-Qin Zhang, Claudio Apicella
Advances in Microbiology (AiM) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/aim.2019.93019
Abstract: Pestivirus are responsible for cosmopolitan diseases affecting cattle, pigs and other ruminants, presenting a wide range of clinical manifestations, with relevant impact on zootechnic production. Understanding genomic characteristic and virus taxonomy is fundamental in order to sustain control and prophylactic programs. Given the recent various studies reporting a relatively high number of new strains, in particular from Asian countries, in the present study, six hundred-fifty-one genomic sequences have been considered applying the palindromic nucleotide substitutions method for genotyping. Based on the secondary structure analysis of the 5’ untranslated region of RNA, sequence characteristics among Asian genomic clusters within the different Pestivirus species suggested geographic segregation and occurrence of micro-evolutive steps in the genus evolutionary history. This aspect was particularly evident in atypical sequences originated from China or Turkey, indicating risk of diffusion by animals and products trade or contamination of biological products as bovine calf serum, with potential diagnostic and control difficulties.
Mindfulness for Disabled University Students—A Sporting-Motor Activity and Meditative Workshop Aimed at Reducing Stress and Increasing Coping Resources  [PDF]
Giulia Savarese, Maria Teresa Ingino
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2018.914164
Abstract: The data collected from disabled university students who participated in a mindfulness workshop in Italy are presented. The workshop activities are also described. These were aimed at reducing stress and improving coping skills, the sense of self and social relationships. This is the first experience of a mindfulness course with university students with varying types of disability. The initial results were positive in creating the following within the participants: a less emotional interpretation of the world; a greater acceptance of their own difficulties; reduced stress; and, at the same time, implementation of various coping methods and improved self-esteem and social interaction.
O grotesco como estratégia de afirma??o da produ??o pictórica feminina
Crippa, Giulia;
Revista Estudos Feministas , 2003, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-026X2003000100007
Abstract: a proposal of gender interpretation of female artistic production during the so called modernism, based on common elements in tarsila do amaral's, frida kalho's, tamara de lempicka's and georgia o'keeffe's art works, without denying their individual dimension, built upon the esthetic definition of grotesque. grotesque, in its gender and historical expression, seems to represent a face of the common language used by women, trying to meet a strategy in order to be recognized by critics and markets. though, at one side, visual and decorative tradition set the "idealized feminine", on the other side grotesque, as a way of breaking reality as rational and coherent, historically related to anti-classic movement, offers an opening to a sexuated and non-conformist expression to female artists.
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