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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 117405 matches for " Giovanni Abrah?o Salum "
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Transtorno do panico
Salum, Giovanni Abraho;Blaya, Carolina;Manfro, Gisele Gus;
Revista de Psiquiatria do Rio Grande do Sul , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-81082009000200002
Abstract: objective: to review panic disorder (pd) considering its clinical, epidemiological, diagnostic, and etiologic aspects, as well as the advances in its treatment, since pd is a nosologic entity characterized by important psychiatric and functional impairment. methods: a review of the literature was carried out using the main databases available (medline, psychinfo and scielo) and up-to-date textbooks. results: due to the prevalence of physical symptoms in this disorder, patients usually have to seek clinical care for several times before the diagnosis is established. as a result of these aspects and because of its chronicity, pd is associated with high economic costs. pd treatment may include psychotherapy and/or use of psychotropic drugs. in this review, we present several different therapeutic approaches, as well as the levels of evidence of each recommendation. due to pd chronicity and morbidity, researches have been focused on the study of strategies to prevent pd since childhood. conclusions: pd is a chronic disorder with low long-term remission rates. therefore, we suggest that new studies should be designed concerning the early treatment of anxiety disorders or even the prevention of this disorder in children at risk.
Youth Quality of Life Instrument-Research version (YQOL-R): propriedades psicométricas em uma amostra comunitária
Salum, Giovanni Abraho;Patrick, Donald L.;Isolan, Luciano Rassier;Manfro, Gisele Gus;Fleck, Marcelo P. de Almeida;
Jornal de Pediatria , 2012, DOI: 10.2223/JPED.2193
Abstract: objective: to test some psychometric properties of the brazilian-portuguese version of the youth quality of life instrument-research (yqol-r) in a community sample of brazilian adolescents. methods: this is a cross-sectional community study conducted in six schools of the catchment area of a family health unit. from an original population of 2,754 students from 10 to 17 years old, we randomly selected 419 to answer the brazilian-portuguese version of the yqol-r. we tested reliability, known group differences (using anxiety symptoms and bullying involvement), and factor structure. results: the yqol-r showed a good internal consistency and had an adequate and expected known group differences with both bullying and anxiety. the factor structure of the conceptual model was partially supported by our analysis. conclusions: the brazilian-portuguese version of the yqol-r showed sufficiently good psychometric properties. further studies are needed in order to better investigate alternative configurations of the factor structure.
Can psychopharmacological treatment change personality traits in patients with panic disorder?
Kipper, Letícia;Wachleski, Cláudia;Salum, Giovanni Abraho;Heldt, Elizeth;Blaya, Carolina;Manfro, Gisele Gus;
Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-44462009000400005
Abstract: objective: the aim of this study was to evaluate the effects that a particular psychopharmacological treatment has on personality patterns in patients with panic disorder. method: forty-seven patients with panic disorder and 40 controls were included in the study. the mini international neuropsychiatric interview and minnesota multiphasic personality inventory were used to assess diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, fourth edition, diagnoses and personality traits, respectively. patients were treated with sertraline for 16 weeks. results: there was a significant decrease in the score on 8 of the 10 minnesota multiphasic personality inventory scales. in addition, neurotic triad and psychasthenia personality scores were higher among panic disorder patients, even during the posttreatment asymptomatic phase, than among controls. conclusion: in the asymptomatic phase of the disease, panic disorder patients present a particular neurotic/anxious personality pattern. this pattern, although altered in the presence of acute symptoms, could be a focus of research.
Gender differences in the associations between childhood trauma and parental bonding in panic disorder
Seganfredo, Ana Carolina Gaspar;Torres, Mariana;Salum, Giovanni Abraho;Blaya, Carolina;Acosta, Jandira;Eizirik, Cláudio;Manfro, Gisele Gus;
Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-44462009005000005
Abstract: objective: the aim of this study is to evaluate the association between childhood trauma and the quality of parental bonding in panic disorder compared to non-clinical controls. method: 123 patients and 123 paired controls were evaluated with the mini international neuropsychiatric interview, the childhood trauma questionnaire and the parental bonding instrument. results: the parental bonding instrument and the childhood trauma questionnaire were highly correlated. panic disorder patients presented higher rates of emotional abuse (or = 2.54, p = 0.001), mother overprotection (or = 1.98, p = 0.024) and father overprotection (or = 1.84, p = 0.041) as compared to controls. among men with panic disorder, only mother overprotection remained independently associated with panic disorder (or = 3.28, p = 0.032). on the other hand, higher father overprotection (or = 2.2, p = 0.017) and less father warmth (or = 0.48, p = 0.039) were independently associated with panic disorder among female patients. conclusion: higher rates of different types of trauma, especially emotional abuse, are described in panic disorder patients as compared to controls. the differences regarding gender and parental bonding could be explained in the light of the psychodynamic theory.
Terapia cognitivo-comportamental com interven??o familiar para crian?as e adolescentes com transtorno obsessivo-compulsivo: uma revis?o sistemática
Gomes, Juliana Braga;Matte, Breno Córdova;Vivan, Analise;Viana, Ana Cristina Wesner;Bortoncello, Cristiane Fl?res;Salum, Giovanni Abraho;Zottis, Graziela Aline Hartmann;
Revista de Psiquiatria do Rio Grande do Sul , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-81082011000200010
Abstract: obsessive-compulsive disorder (ocd) is a severe mental disorder with serious consequences to family dynamics. therefore, parental involvement seems to be a key factor for the successful treatment of this psychiatric disorder. the aim of this study was to evaluate the level of evidence available to allow recommendation of cognitive behavioral therapy (cbt) with family intervention for the treatment of children and adolescents with ocd. the systematic search was performed on medline/pubmed, followed by analysis of abstracts and full-length articles by two independent evaluators. subsequently, an analysis of the evidence available was conducted using the grading of recommendations assessment, development and evaluation (grade) system. the effect size of the intervention was calculated using cohen’s d. we found 77 articles on pubmed, plus 12 articles via cross-reference search. of these, seven articles were included in this review, according to the following criteria: intervention study, involving only children and/or adolescents, and a having a structured or clinical diagnosis of ocd. the children’s yale-brown obsessive compulsive scale (cy-bocs) was used for outcome evaluation in all articles, thus enabling assessment of the effect size of non-controlled interventions (d = 1.43), resulting in a mean difference of 13.11 points (95%ci 11.84-14.39; p < 0.001). conversely, a high heterogeneity was detected among the studies (i2 = 67%). family-based cbt seems to have an important effect on the reduction of ocd symptoms in children and adolescents. however, the small number of studies available do not allow us to establish an evidence level higher than c for this recommendation. new randomized clinical trials are needed to confirm this recommendation.
Psychometrics Properties of Early Trauma Inventory Self Report – Short Form (ETISR-SR) for the Brazilian Context
Flávia L. Osório, Giovanni Abraho Salum, Mariana Fortunata Donadon, Larissa Forni-dos-Santos, Sonia Regina Loureiro, José Alexandre S. Crippa
PLOS ONE , 2013, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0076337
Abstract: This study aims to translate and validate Early Trauma Inventory Self Report -Short Form (ETISR-SF) to Brazilian Portuguese. 253 adult subjects answered the ETISR-SF, Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), Fagerstr?m Test for Nicotine Dependence (FTND), Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) and Fast Alcohol Screening Test (FAST). The instrument showed good internal consistency (0.83). Correlations with the PHQ-9 and BAI were moderate (r=0.26-0.47) and showed the expected associations with psychiatric constructs. No associations were found for FTND and FAST. Confirmatory Factor Analysis revealed that a correlated four-factor model as well as a second order model subsuming four lower order components presented the best model fit. Test-retest reliability was also excellent (ICC=0.78-0.90). ETISR-SF is suitable for assessing traumatic experiences in a Brazilian community sample. Given the importance of trauma as a public health problem, tools such as ETISR-SF may help clinicians/ researchers to better evaluate and measure such events and further advance clinical care of trauma victims.
Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ) in Brazilian Samples of Different Age Groups: Findings from Confirmatory Factor Analysis
Rodrigo Grassi-Oliveira, Hugo Cogo-Moreira, Giovanni Abraho Salum, Elisa Brietzke, Thiago Wendt Viola, Gisele Gus Manfro, Christian Haag Kristensen, Adriane Xavier Arteche
PLOS ONE , 2014, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0087118
Abstract: The Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ) is internationally accepted as a key tool for the assessment of childhood abuse and neglect experiences. However, there are relative few psychometric studies available and some authors have proposed two different factor solutions. We examined the dimensional structure and internal consistency of the Brazilian version of the CTQ. A total of 1,925 participants from eight different clinical and non-clinical samples including adolescents, adults and elders were considered in this study. First, we performed Confirmatory Factor Analysis to investigate the goodness of fit of the two proposed competitive factor structure models for the CTQ. We also investigated the internal consistency of all factors. Second, multi-group analyses were used to investigate measurement invariance and population heterogeneity across age groups and sex. Our findings revealed that the alternative factor structure as opposed to the original factor structure was the most appropriate model within adolescents and adults Brazilian samples. We provide further evidence for the validity and reliability of the CTQ within the Brazilian samples and report that the alternative model showed an improvement in fit indexes and may be a better alternative over the original model.
The multidimensional evaluation and treatment of anxiety in children and adolescents: rationale, design, methods and preliminary findings
Salum, Giovanni Abraho;Isolan, Luciano Rassier;Bosa, Vera Lúcia;Tocchetto, Andrea Goya;Teche, Stefania Pigatto;Schuch, Ilaine;Costa, Jandira Rahmeier;Costa, Marianna de Abreu;Jarros, Rafaela Behs;Mansur, Maria Augusta;Knijnik, Daniela;Silva, Estácio Amaro;Kieling, Christian;Oliveira, Maria Helena;Medeiros, Elza;Bortoluzzi, Andressa;Toazza, Rudineia;Blaya, Carolina;Leistner-Segal, Sandra;Salles, Jerusa Fumagalli de;Silveira, Patrícia Pelufo;Goldani, Marcelo Zubaran;Heldt, Elizeth;Manfro, Gisele Gus;
Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-44462011000200015
Abstract: objective: this study aims to describe the design, methods and sample characteristics of the multidimensional evaluation and treatment of anxiety in children and adolescents - the protaia project. method: students between 10 and 17 years old from all six schools belonging to the catchment area of the primary care unit of hospital de clínicas de porto alegre were included in the project. it comprises five phases: (1) a community screening phase; (2) a psychiatric diagnostic phase; (3) a multidimensional assessment phase evaluating environmental, neuropsychological, nutritional, and biological factors; (4) a treatment phase, and (5) a translational phase. results: a total of 2,457 subjects from the community were screened for anxiety disorders. from those who attended the diagnostic interview, we identified 138 individuals with at least one anxiety disorder (apart from specific phobia) and 102 individuals without any anxiety disorder. among the anxiety cases, generalized anxiety disorder (n = 95; 68.8%), social anxiety disorder (n = 57; 41.3%) and separation anxiety disorder (n = 49; 35.5%) were the most frequent disorders. conclusion: the protaia project is a promising research project that can contribute to the knowledge of the relationship between anxiety disorders and anxiety-related phenotypes with several genetic and environmental risk factors.
Melhoramento do feijoeiro
Abraho, Ibrahim O.;
Bragantia , 1960, DOI: 10.1590/S0006-87051960000100010
Abstract: in spite of the fact that dry beans (phaseolus vulgaris) are one of the main sources of protein in the state of s?o paulo, brazil, they are considered a secondary crop and grown only in small patches or intercropped with coffee, sugar cane, or corn. the development of high yielding strains resistant to the most prevailing diseases, has been considered of prime importance, in order to increase the annual harvest, which is of the order of 150,000 metric tons, grown in an area of approximately 360,000 ha. a project was initiated in 1930 in the genetics department of the instituto agron?mico, campinos, in order to find out which of the numerous cultivated commercial varieties were most suitable. several strains were developed from these varieties, resistant to the physiological races of the rust occurring in campinas, which have been tested in several ecological regions, in order to evaluate their yielding performance. from these varietal and strain trials, undertaken in the period 1948-1956, it was concluded that the beans belonging to the "mulatinho" and "chumbinho" types were the most promising ones. these and the new strains here developed or imported from other bean research centers, were object of a new series of eight trials, which is being discussed in this present paper. these strains were assembled in eight groups according mainly to their growth habits and seed characteristics. the seed weight wos compared with the whole plant weight at the harvesting time, for the eight groups of varieties. the obtained indexes showed to be variable according to the groups of varieties and so can be useful in their identification. they also indicate the yielding capacity of the analysed groups. an analysis of these groups of varieties indicated that the highest yields were observed among the varieties of the "prêto" group, with black seed coat and rosinha, with light rose seed color. the i-43-c variety received from venezuela also showed to be of value far our ecological con
Financiamento e gasto público da educa??o básica no Brasil e compara??es com alguns países da OCDE e América Latina
Abraho, Jorge;
Educa??o & Sociedade , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-73302005000300007
Abstract: this paper looks into public funding and expenditures directed to basic education in brazil and some countries of the organization for economic co-operation development (ocde) and latin america, so as to build a comparative situation of expenditures. it thus presents the current funding structure of the brazilian educational system and its main problems as well as data of public expenditures on education between 1995- 002. moreover, these data and indicators of public funding and expenditures on education in brazil are contrasted with those of some ocde and latin american countries.
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