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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 3488 matches for " Geruza Tavares;Krawulski "
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Acesso ao ensino superior e o projeto de "ser alguém" para vestibulandos de um cursinho popular
D'Avila, Geruza Tavares;Krawulski, Edite;Veriguine, Nadia Rocha;Soares, Dulce Helena Penna;
Psicologia & Sociedade , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-71822011000200016
Abstract: this study aimed to identify the impact on the students' professional project from their entry into a popular pre-entrance examination course linked to a federal university. considering the qualitative approach that was chosen for the study, the semi-structured interview was the instrument used for data collection. the subjects were seven students from the popular pre-entrance examination course, four women and three men, from 18 to 22 years old. the research findings, based on the technique of content analysis, identified the project subject, as well as the analysis categories "expectations related to the professional future" and "professional goals". the life project, according to the study's data, took the shape of a project of "becoming someone", "becoming part of the world", intimately connected to work and study, especially through access to higher education.
Orienta o profissional em contexto coletivo: uma experiência em pré-vestibular popular Vocational guidance: an experience at a popular preparation course for the university entrance examination
Dulce Helena Penna Soares,Edite Krawulski,Maria Sara de Lima Dias,Geruza T. D'Avila
Psicologia: Ciência e Profiss?o , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/s1414-98932007000400014
Abstract: Este artigo relata uma atividade de orienta o profissional (OP) realizada em um cursinho pré-vestibular popular. Os objetivos foram sensibilizar para o processo de escolha do curso superior, favorecer a express o de sentimentos com rela o ao vestibular e ao próprio cursinho e promover a integra o dos alunos. Fundamentando-se no psicodrama, a metodologia adotada envolveu debates grupais mediados pela produ o de cartazes, a fim de favorecer a livre express o de sentimentos mobilizados pelo vestibular e pela condi o de freqüentadores do referido cursinho. Esses instrumentos permitiram também uma identifica o e melhor integra o entre os jovens, como também uma tomada de consciência de seus processos de escolha pelo curso universitário. Tal prática permitiu auxiliar esses alunos no reconhecimento das necessidades derivadas daquela condi o, fortalecendo-os para o processo de escolha, para o enfrentamento da experiência do vestibular e também para a identifica o e forma o de vínculos com o grupo do qual faziam parte naquele momento. The present article reports a vocational guidance (VG) activity carried out at a popular course for the university entrance examination (pré-vestibular). The objectives were to make the students aware of the choice of an undergraduation course, to potentialize the expression of feelings in relation to `vestibular' and in relation to the course itself and to promote the integration among the students. The methodology used was based on psychodrama, which involved group debates mediated by the production of posts. The methodology aimed at potentializing the free expression of feelings that are hidden due to `vestibular' and due to the behavioral condition of the students who attended the aforementioned course. The instruments used allowed better identification and integration among the students as well as the awareness of the process of choosing a university course. It was also possible to assist the students by the recognition of the needs derived from that behavioral condition making them ready to choose the university course and the `vestibular' process, and also for their integration and identification with the group they belonged to at that moment.
Os velhos-novos desafios do mundo do trabalho
Geruza Fatima Tomé Sabino
Revista Espa?o Acadêmico , 2009,
Abstract: Este artigo tem como objetivo apresentar algumas considera es críticas da ofensiva do capital sobre o operariado, que na indústria ou no campo produzem riqueza. A hipótese é a de que para obter controle objetivo e subjetivo sobre a classe trabalhadora operária e, conseqüentemente, desestruturar as bases que fortalecem sua identidade minando sua auto-organiza o, os representantes do capital elaboram estratégias eficazes como a que Frederick Taylor implementou na chamada “Administra o Científica”. O que possibilita a continuidade desta ofensiva ao trabalho é a nova dinamica mundial de reprodu o e acumula o do capital, pautada em tecnologias notadamente flexíveis, que neste estágio, coincide com um adequado modelo de gest o empresarial igualmente flexível: o toyotismo. Esta forma específica de gest o, que se apresenta como um aprimoramento do taylorismo-fordismo, revela que a organiza o para o trabalho e as rela es engendradas neste ambiente ainda s o entraves para a obten o de lucros extraordinários. Por isto, neste estágio, a ofensiva contra a classe trabalhadora é ainda mais intensa e cruel.
Identidade e trabalho na conteporaneidade: repensando articula??es possíveis
Coutinho, Maria Chalfin;Krawulski, Edite;Soares, Dulce Helena Penna;
Psicologia & Sociedade , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-71822007000400006
Abstract: the changes in contemporary society have been analyzed by several disciplines in the human sciences field, trying to understand its implications to the subjects e their social relations. in this context, theoretical categories have been put in question. here we present some possible theoretical articulations between the concepts of identity and work, considering the contemporary social scenery. identity is discussed from different social theories and the articulation with the concept of identification in psychoanalysis, emphasizing the dimension of its process. work in the contemporary capitalism system accepts configurations as flexibility, temporality, precariousness, informality, producing alterations that are expressed in the workers' ways of being. our reflections about the contemporary productive context make us affirm that, despite the hardships, the building of identity processes in the subjects still has a place. certainly they are transitory and ephemeral positions of subject, but it's not possible to deny the coherence and the continuance in each person's life history.
Use of camera-traps in natural trails and shelters for the mammalian survey in the Atlantic Forest
Melo, Geruza L.;Sponchiado, Jonas;Cáceres, Nilton C.;
Iheringia. Série Zoologia , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S0073-47212012000100012
Abstract: in order to evaluate the efficiency of different mammalian survey methods, we compared traditional sampling techniques (use of camera-traps on roads and artificial trails, track censuses, and direct field visualization) with an alternative sampling design (camera-traps positioned in natural areas such as natural trails and shelters). we conducted the study in a deciduous atlantic-forest park in southern brazil, and additionally compared our results with a previous intensive study carried out in the same area. our considerably smaller sampling effort (example: 336 trap.day for our camera-traps versus 2,154 trap.day for the earlier study) registered the presence of 85% of the local known species, with camera-traps being 68% efficient. moreover, shelter camera-traps revealed a different species composition regarding most of other sampling methods. this sampling strategy involving natural forest sites was therefore able to effectively optimize the chances of evaluating species composition in a shorter period, especially with respect to lower-density and cryptic species, as well as to detect species that avoid open, disturbed sites such as roads and man-made forest trails.
First record of the invasive alien species Axis axis (Erxleben, 1777) (Artiodactyla: Cervidae) in Brazil
Sponchiado, Jonas;Melo, Geruza Leal;Cáceres, Nilton Carlos;
Biota Neotropica , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1676-06032011000300032
Abstract: the exotic alien species axis axis was introduced in the americas at the beginning of last century and since then has established itself, expanding its distribution. this is the first record of this species in brazil. in the extreme south of the country, an individual of a. axis was recorded with a camera trap in the espinilho state park. the area is close to the border of uruguay and argentina, countries where the species is established and from where this individual presumably originated. the pampas biome is strongly disturbed by human activity in brazil and since many native mammal species such as the pampas deer ozotoceros bezoarticus are threatened regionally. it is alarming that exotic populations can potentially rapidly expand their ranges in the region, as a. axis deer has done in uruguay and argentina. possible consequences for this invasion are discussed.
Trocas gasosas intrapulmonares sob respira??o em ar ambiente em pacientes hipercapneicos
Ribeiro-Silva, Alfredo;Silva, Geruza Alves da;
Revista da Associa??o Médica Brasileira , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-42302004000100031
Abstract: introduction: the alveolar-capillary oxygen difference, p(a-a)o2 , is important in the study of gas exchange disorders, however does not give us reliable results when applied to hypercapneic patients. on the other hand the venous admixture calculation, seems to be able to diagnose alveolar-capillary gas exchange difficulty of any kind. objective: checking the reliability of the alveolar-capillary oxygen difference to diagnose the alveolar-capillary disorder in face of alveolar hypoventilation, by using the venous admixture calculation as standard. methods: 83 blood gas analysis from patients with hypercapnia were submitted to venous admixture and p(a-a)o2 determination with the measured paco2 and a fixed paco2 of 40 mmhg. the results where compared by correlation test. results: the mean partial pressure of arterial oxygen and carbon dioxide were respectively, 50.8±10,4 and 51.7±6,4 mmhg; the mean value of p(a-a)o2, amended p(a-a)o2 and venous admixture were respectively 26.6±10.2 mmhg; 40.4±10.8 mmhg and 37±15.2 %. the correlation coefficient between the venous admixture versus p(a-a)o2 was 0.61 p<0.00001 and the venous admixture versus ''amended'' p(a-a)o2 was 0.89 p<0.00001. conclusion: the use of the oxygen alveolar-capillary gradient in chronically hypercapneic patient does not reach the diagnosis of alveolar-capillary gas exchange disorder which usually comes together with alveolar hypoventilation.
A estimula o russa no fortalecimento da musculatura abdominal Russian stimulation in strengthening abdominal muscle
Evelyne Patrícia Fernandes Lima,Geruza Baima de Oliveira Rodrigues
ABCD. Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva (S?o Paulo) , 2012,
Abstract: INTRODU O - A flacidez muscular surge com maior frequência nas mulheres, o que causa fator ruim para a estética corporal. OBJETIVO - Analisar os resultados da corrente russa no fortalecimento da musculatura abdominal. MéTODOS - Revis o bibliográfica com base nas publica es acessíveis pelas seguintes bases de dados: Medline/Pubmed, Scielo, Lilacs com cruzamento dos descritores corrente russa, flacidez, abd men. O uso da eletroestimula o age tanto sobre as fibras brancas, que respondem pela velocidade, como também sobre as fibras vermelhas dado à sua sustenta o, e ainda sobre as fibras intermediárias. CONCLUS O - Os dados publicados mostram a satisfa o e êxito do tratamento, enfatizando que a corrente russa favorece o aumento da hipertrofia e for a muscular. INTRODUCTION - Muscle weakness appears most often in women, the factor that causes bad esthetics. OBJECTIVE - To analyze the results of the Russian current strengthening the abdominal muscles. METHODS - Literature review based on publications available in the following databases: Medline / Pubmed, Scielo, Lilacs with crossing headings Russian current, sagging, abdomen. The use of electrical stimulation acts both on the white fibers, which account for the speed, but also on the red fibers given their support, and on intermediate fibers. CONCLUSION - The data published show the satisfaction and success of treatment, emphasizing that the Russian current promotes increase of muscle strength and hypertrophy.
Trocas gasosas intrapulmonares sob respira o em ar ambiente em pacientes hipercapneicos
Ribeiro-Silva Alfredo,Silva Geruza Alves da
Revista da Associa??o Médica Brasileira , 2004,
Abstract: A diferen a alvéolo-arterial de oxigênio ou P(A-a)O2 é importante no estudo de disfun es nas trocas gasosas alvéolo-capilares, entretanto n o fornece resultados confiáveis em pacientes hipercapneicos, ao contrário do cálculo da mistura venosa que, embora pouco prático, é potencialmente capaz de diagnosticar a existência de distúrbio de trocas alvélo-capilares de qualquer natureza. OBJETIVO: Conferir o grau de confiabilidade da diferen a alvéolo-arterial de oxigênio para avaliar distúrbio das trocas alvéolo-capilares na presen a de hipoventila o alveolar, utilizando o cálculo da mistura venosa como padr o. MéTODOS: Oitenta e três gasometrias de pacientes hipercapneicos foram submetidas ao cálculo da mistura venosa e da diferen a P(A-a)O2 obtida com a PaCO2 medida e com a PaCO2 fixada em 40 mmHg. Os resultados foram comparados por teste de correla o simples. RESULTADOS: A press o parcial de oxigênio e de gás carb nico arterial média foi de 50,8±10,4 e 51,7±6,4 mmHg, respectivamente. As médias da P(A-a)O2, da P(A-a)O2 ''corrigida'' e da mistura venosa foram respectivamente 26,6±10,2 mmHg; 40,4±10,8 mmHg e 37±15,2 %. O coeficiente de correla o entre a mistura venosa e a P(A-a)O2 foi de 0,61 (p<0,00001) e mistura venosa e P(A-a)O2 ''corrigida'' foi de 0,89 (p<0,00001). CONCLUS O: A utiliza o do cálculo da diferen a alvéolo-arterial de oxigênio em pacientes cronicamente hipercapneicos tem alcance clínico limitado, porque ele deixa de expressar o diagnóstico de distúrbio das trocas alvéolo-capilares que freqüentemente está associado à hipoventila o alveolar.
Influences of Solar Cycles on Earthquakes  [PDF]
Marilia Tavares, Anibal Azevedo
Natural Science (NS) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/ns.2011.36060
Abstract: This paper inspects possible influence of solar cycles on earthquakes through of statistical analyses. We also discussed the mechanism that would drive the occurrence of increasing of earthquakes during solar maxima. The study was based on worldwide earthquakes events during approximately four hundred years (1600-2010).The increase of earthquakes events followed the Maxima of Solar cycle, and also depends on the tectonic plate location. From 1600 until 1645 events increased during the Maxima in some of the tectonic plates as Pacific, Arabian and South America. The earthquakes analyzed during two grand solar minima, the Maunder (1645-1720) and the Dalton (1790-1820) showed a decrease in the number of earth-quakes and the solar activity. It was observed during these minima a significant number of events at specific geological features. After the last minima (Dalton) the earthquakes pattern increased with solar maxima. The calculations showed that events increasing during solar maxima most in the Pacific, South America or Arabian until 1900. Since there were few records during these three centuries we needed addi-tional analysis on modern data. We took the last four solar cycles events (1950-2010) and made similar calculations. The results agreed with the former calculations. It might be that the mecha-nism for the Sun-Earth connection relies on the solar wind speed. In both records (1600-1900) and (1950-2010) the results showed a significant increase in earthquakes events in some of the tectonic plates linked to solar maxima. The So-lar wind energy striking the Earth’s magneto-sphere affects the entire environment because the pressure on the region increases and the magnetosphere shrinks sometimes four Earth’s radii. This sudden compression causes earth-quakes in specific plates. During the times of solar minima the pressure from the solar wind on the earth decreases, then the magnetosphere expands and earthquakes happen in a different pattern according to the geological feature on earth’s surface less frequently. Solar driven events include coronal mass ejections (CME) and coronal holes, which are at a maximum during the descending phase of solar activity. The tectonic are important because there is he-terogeneity in the crust and the tectonic stress depends on each region. The geo-effectiveness of solar wind from a coronal hole only depends on the position of the hole relative to the Earth and for the CMEs an additional factor is their velocity. The influence of these solar events could be detected from electromagnetic varia-tions on the ground prior
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