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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 307950 matches for " George J Fuchs "
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The provision of pharmaceutical advice improves patient vaccination status
Fuchs J
Pharmacy Practice (Granada) , 2006,
Abstract: Aim: To increase vaccination rates in the wealthy industrial nation of Germany. For a variety of reasons there is a substantial deficit in the number of individuals who receive vaccinations in comparison with other industrialized countries.Methods: In Autumn 2003, a regional vaccination consultation was initiated over a five-week period. Individuals involved in the study provided general information, including their age, health status, and vaccination records, and received an extensive consultation in a pharmacy in Jena, Germany. Participants were provided with a written overview of their vaccination status. After approximately five weeks, the vaccination status of each individual was recorded.Results: 312 of 2500 patients received intensive vaccination education based on their accompanying vaccination documentation. Older individuals, who are known for having the largest vaccination gap in Germany, represented the highest percentage of people who used this service. The five most commonly required vaccinations had increased significantly, five weeks after the consultation. These vaccination rate increases included diphtheria, which rose from 55.8 to 71.2%, tetanus, which rose from 73.1 to 86.5%, influenza, which rose from 46.5 to 74.7%, pneumococcal, which rose from 32.4 to 62.8%, and tick-borne encephalitis, which rose from 31.9 to 42.4% (all p=0.008).Conclusions: Well structured vaccination consultations help to raise vaccination rates. Thus, pharmacies should consider offering and implementing this preventive measure so as to lower the rates of preventable disease and to save costs.
The amount of liquid patients use to take tablets or capsules
Fuchs J
Pharmacy Practice (Granada) , 2009,
Abstract: The correct use of pharmaceutical drugs supports therapy success and reduces the number of adverse side effects. One relevant aspect of use concerns the amount of liquid consumed when taking compact and shaped medicines. Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the volume of liquid used by patients when administering their medication.Methods: Every patient who bought tablets or capsules from the study leader in a pharmacy in Jena (Germany), and wanted to take their medicine immediately, received a glass containing 150ml of water. The volume of water consumed by the patients was measured after they took their medication. Results: 21 out of the 136 participants (15.4%) used only up to 60ml of liquid to take their tablets or capsules. Significant influences of demographic aspects, such as age or gender, on the volume of used liquid were not found. However, an increase in tablet or capsule size led to a significant increase in the volume of swallowed liquid.Conclusion: Patients need to be better informed about drinking a sufficient amount of liquid when taking tablets or capsules orally. Therefore, it is important that every package insert of compact and shaped medicines contains this information. In addition, medical and pharmaceutical experts should also provide this advice to their patients.
THE SINGULARITY STRUCTURE OF THE YANG-MILLS CONFIGURATION SPACE
J. Fuchs
Physics , 1995,
Abstract: The geometric description of Yang-Mills theories and their configuration space M is reviewed. The presence of singularities in M is explained and some of their properties are described. The singularity structure is analyzed in detail for structure group SU(2).
Fusion rules in conformal field theory
J. Fuchs
Physics , 1993, DOI: 10.1002/prop.2190420102
Abstract: Several aspects of fusion rings and fusion rule algebras, and of their manifestations in twodimensional (conformal) field theory, are described: diagonalization and the connection with modular invariance; the presentation in terms of quotients of polynomial rings; fusion graphs; various strategies that allow for a partial classification; and the role of the fusion rules in the conformal bootstrap programme.
Lectures on conformal field theory and Kac-Moody algebras
J. Fuchs
Physics , 1997, DOI: 10.1007/BFb0105277
Abstract: This is an introduction to the basic ideas and to a few further selected topics in conformal quantum field theory and in the theory of Kac-Moody algebras.
Universal simple current vertex operators
J. Fuchs
Physics , 1997, DOI: 10.1006/aphy.1998.9999
Abstract: We construct a vertex operator realization for the simple current primary fields of WZW theories which are based on simply laced affine Lie algebras g. This is achieved by employing an embedding of the integrable highest weight modules of g into the Fock space for a bosonic string compactified on the weight lattice of g. Our vertex operators are universal in the sense that a single expression for the vertex operator holds simultaneously for all positive integral values of the level of g.
Obesity promotes 7,12-dimethylbenz(a)anthracene-induced mammary tumor development in female zucker rats
Reza Hakkak, Andy W Holley, Stewart L MacLeod, Pippa M Simpson, George J Fuchs, Chan Jo, Thomas Kieber-Emmons, Soheila Korourian
Breast Cancer Research , 2005, DOI: 10.1186/bcr1263
Abstract: Fifty-day-old female obese (n = 25) and lean (n = 28) Zucker rats were orally gavaged with 65 mg/kg DMBA. Rats were weighed and palpated twice weekly for detection of mammary tumors. Rats were killed 139 days after DMBA treatment.The first mammary tumor was detected in the obese group at 49 days after DMBA treatment, as compared with 86 days in the lean group (P < 0.001). The median tumor-free time was significantly lower in the obese group (P < 0.001). Using the days after DMBA treatment at which 25% of the rats had developed mammary tumors as the marker of tumor latency, the obese group had a significantly shorter latency period (66 days) than did the lean group (118 days). At the end of the study, obese rats had developed a significantly (P < 0.001) greater mammary tumor incidence (68% versus 32%) compared with the lean group. The tumor histology of the mammary tumors revealed that obesity was associated with a significant (P < 0.05) increase in the number of rats with at least one invasive ductal and lobular carcinoma compared with lean rats.Our results indicate that obesity increases the susceptibility of female Zucker rats to DMBA-induced mammary tumors, further supporting the hypothesis that obesity and some of its mediators play a significant role in carcinogenesis.Obesity has been identified as an epidemic in the USA for more than two decades, yet the proportion of overweight and obese adults in the population continues to grow. The most recent data from the 1999–2000 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) [1] showed that almost 65% of adults in the USA are overweight, defined as having a body mass index (BMI) greater than 25 kg/m2. This is a significant increase from the 56% for adults reported as overweight in NHANES III, which was conducted between 1988 and 1994. The prevalence of obesity, defined as a BMI of 30 kg/m2 or greater, also increased dramatically from 23% to 31% during the same period. It is estimated that the prevalence of
The Quantum Symmetry of Rational Field Theories
Jürgen Fuchs
Physics , 1993, DOI: 10.1007/BF01102203
Abstract: The quantum symmetry of a rational quantum field theory is a finite- dimensional multi-matrix algebra. Its representation category, which determines the fusion rules and braid group representations of superselection sectors, is a braided monoidal C^*-category. Various properties of such algebraic structures are described, and some ideas concerning the classification programme are outlined. (Invited talk given at the III. International Conference on Mathematical Physics, String Theory and Quantum Gravity, Alushta, Ukraine, June 1993. To appear in Teor.Mat.Fiz.)
Nonergodicity transitions in colloidal suspensions with attractive interactions
J. Bergenholtz,M. Fuchs
Physics , 1999, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevE.59.5706
Abstract: The colloidal gel and glass transitions are investigated using the idealized mode coupling theory (MCT) for model systems characterized by short-range attractive interactions. Results are presented for the adhesive hard sphere and hard core attractive Yukawa systems. According to MCT, the former system shows a critical glass transition concentration that increases significantly with introduction of a weak attraction. For the latter attractive Yukawa system, MCT predicts low temperature nonergodic states that extend to the critical and subcritical region. Several features of the MCT nonergodicity transition in this system agree qualitatively with experimental observations on the colloidal gel transition, suggesting that the gel transition is caused by a low temperature extension of the glass transition. The range of the attraction is shown to govern the way the glass transition line traverses the phase diagram relative to the critical point, analogous to findings for the fluid-solid freezing transition.
Level-Rank Duality of WZW Theories and Isomorphisms of N=2 Coset Models
J. Fuchs,C. Schweigert
Physics , 1993, DOI: 10.1006/aphy.1994.1075
Abstract: Mappings between certain infinite series of N=2 superconformal coset models are constructed. They make use of level-rank dualities for B, C and D type theories. While the WZW level-rank dualities do not constitute isomorphisms of the theories, they lead to level-rank dualities of N=2 coset models that preserve the cft properties in such a manner that the coset models related by duality are expected to be isomorphic as conformal field theories. The construction also gives some further insight in the nature of the resolution of field identification fixed points of coset theories.
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