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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 63 matches for " Gentian Hoxha "
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Determination of Central Corneal Thickness in Patients with Refractive Anomalies and Emmetropy  [PDF]
Mimoza Ismaili, Gazmend Ka?aniku, Kelmend Spahiu, Gentian Hoxha, Наташа На?ева-?аневска, Весна Димовска-?орданова
Open Journal of Ophthalmology (OJOph) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/ojoph.2019.92005
Abstract: Aim: The purpose of this study was to compare measurements of CCT in emmetropia and patient with refractive anomalies. Methods: We represent a retrospective research which was conducted at the University Clinical Center of Kosovo (UCCK). In this study were included 80 patients, divided into two groups: test and a control group. Mean age was (M = 25.90, DS = 7.16), men (N = 41% or 51.3%) and women (N = 39% or 48%). Results: Results show that there were no differences in the CCT, Hyperopic (M = 545.21 DS = 52.24), Myopic (M = 547.90 DS = 47.93) and Emmetropic (M = 550.75 DS = 41.29). After measuring of the longitudinal axis and analyzing the data by means of Anova test, it appeared to be a significant difference between the analyzed groups, Hyperopic (M = 21.99, DS = 1.27), Myopics (M = 23.21, DS = 1.24), Emmetropic (M = 22.36, DS = 0.81). Results also revealed that there is correlation between the CCT and IOP, where increase CCT decreases IOP and vice versa (r = -0.26, p = 0.01). Conclusion: The results have shown that CCT is thinner in myopic but does not show correlation with hypermetropic and emmetropic. While during the measurement of central corneal thickness and eye tension it is found that there is a negative correlation between them. Keratometry has a negative correlation with CCT. While there was no correlation between CCT and age. Given the role of CCT in interpreting IOP values, it is recommended to perform a systematic CCT measurement in routine clinical practice, which would assist in the diagnosis of ocular hypertension.
Efficacy and Safety of Travoprost and Timolol Fixed Combination Compared to Travoprost in Patients with Primary Open Angle Glaucoma and Ocular Hypertension  [PDF]
Gentian Hoxha, Kelmend Spahiu, Gazmend Ka?aniku, Mimoza Ismaili, F?llanza Ismajli-Hoxha
Open Journal of Ophthalmology (OJOph) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ojoph.2017.73024
Abstract: Purpose: To compare intraocular pressure (IOP)-lowering efficacy and safety of travoprost 0.004% and travoprost 0.004% and beta-blocker 0.5% fixed combination ophthalmic solution in patients with open-angle glaucoma and ocular hypertension. Methods: In this prospective, multicentre clinical trial, 62 patients received travoprost 0.004% (n = 31) or travoprost 0.004% and beta-blocker 0.5% fixed combination (n = 31). Efficacy and safety were compared across treatment groups over 2 years. IOP reduction and adverse events were examined at 3, 6, 12 and 24 months for each group. Results: Mean IOP at the first visit in the travoprost 0.004% group was 26.4 (SD ± 2.1), and travoprost 0.004%/timolol 0.5% group was 26.3 (SD ± 2.1). Mean IOP after 24 months in the travoprost 0.004% group was 20.5 (SD ± 1.5) and travoprost 0.004%/timolol 0.5% group was 18.5 (SD ± 1.5). There were statistically significant differences in IOP in both eyes after third visit (after 1 year) and fourth visit (after 2 years). Conclusion: After 2 year of treatment, travoprost 0.004%/timolol 0.5% produced clinically relevant IOP reductions in patients with open-angle glaucoma or ocular hypertension that were greater than those produced by travoprost 0.004% alone.
The International Court of Justice and applied forms of reparation for international human rights and humanitarian law violations
Gentian Zyberi
Utrecht Law Review , 2011,
Abstract: The International Court of Justice has contributed significantly to developing and interpreting different legal aspects concerning reparations which are due to states or individuals for internationally wrongful acts committed against them. This paper will analyze a number of decisions by this Court that provide for either state or individual reparations for violations of international human rights and humanitarian law. That analysis is structured according to the four types of reparations applied in the relevant decisions, notably restitution, compensation, satisfaction and guarantees of non-repetition. Although these decisions generally provide a limited discussion on the implementation or specific modalities of reparations, the fundamental rules and principles of the applicable types of reparations establish legal obligations vis-à-vis states, or natural and legal persons affected by such violations.
Book Review: Aidan Hehir, Humanitarian Intervention (Palgrave Macmillan, 2009)
Gentian Zyberi
Merkourios : Utrecht Journal of International and European Law , 2011,
Abstract:
Hypercomputation: Towards an extension of the classical notion of Computability?
Gentian Kasa
Computer Science , 2012,
Abstract: The purpose of this thesis is to make an analysis of the concept of Hypercomputation and of some hypermachines. This thesis is separated in three main parts. We start in the first chapter with an analysis of the concept of Classical Computability with the Turing Machine and the Church-Turing thesis as a main reference and afterwards, in the second chapter, we continue with an analysis of hypercomputation and some hypermachines. Attention is given to the possible physical realization of these machines and their usefulness. In the third chapter a superficial introduction to Quantum Computing is made and a brief analysis to a quantum hypercomputational model, Tien D. Kieu's Adiabatic Quantum Computing.
Exploiter les ressources du CECR - Un défi pour changer les pratiques des classes de langues dans le système scolaire albanais
Dhurata Hoxha
Synergies Europe , 2011,
Abstract: Depuis son introduction dans le système éducatif albanais, le CECR a renové l’enseignement/apprentissage des langues. Le débat sur son apport dans la pratique quotidienne des enseignants de langues reste toujours ouvert, mais force est de constater que les enseignants sont engagés dans un processus évolutif et ont vraiment à c ur d’appliquer l’essentiel des principes du CECR en les adaptant à la réalité de la classe pour que les élèves ma trisent mieux la pratique de la langue enseignée. Des évolutions visibles sont évidentes dans la mise en uvre de l’approche actionnelle dans les pratiques d’enseignement où le recours à la pédagogie du projet a donné des résultats satisfaisants tant pour les enseignants que pour les élèves. Il faut notamment signaler le travail par groupe de compétences aidant à mieux gérer la classe et à améliorer le comportement des élèves, de nouvelles pratiques d’évaluation et une orientation des élèves vers un apprentissage autonome.
Causality between Prices and Wages: VECM Analysis for EU-12
Adriatik HOXHA
Theoretical and Applied Economics , 2010,
Abstract: The literature on causality as well as the empirical evidence clearly shows that there are two opposing groups of economists, who support different hypotheses with respect to the flow of causality in the price-wage causal relationship. The first group argues that causality runs from wages to price, whereas the second argue that effect flows from prices to wages. Nonetheless, there is at least some consensus that researchers conclusions may be contingent on the type of data employed, applied econometric model, or even that the relationship may vary through economic cycles. This paper empirically examines the pricewage causal relationship in EMU, by using OLS and VECM analysis, and also it provides robust evidence in support of a bilateral causal relationship between prices and wages, both in long-run as well as in the short-run. Prior to designing and estimating the econometric model we have performed stationarity tests for the employed price, wage and productivity variables. Additionally, we have also specified the model taking into account the lag order as well as the rank of co-integration for the co-integrated variables. Furthermore, we have also applied respective restrictions on the parameters of the estimated VECM and finally model robustness checks indicate that results are statistically robust. Although far from closing the issue of causality between prices and variables, this paper at least provides some fresh evidence for the case of EMU.
Inapplicability of advance directives in a paternalistic setting: the case of a post-communist health system
Gentian Vyshka, Jera Kruja
BMC Medical Ethics , 2011, DOI: 10.1186/1472-6939-12-12
Abstract: The question of 'medically futile' interventions and pointless life-prolonging treatment has been discussed by several authors. Dutch physicians call such interventions 'medisch zinloos' (senseless), and the Netherlands, as one of the first states to legislate on end-of-life situations, actually regulates such issues through appropriate laws. In contrast, leaving an 'advance directive' is not a viable option for Albanian ailing individuals of advanced age. Verbal requests are provided during periods of mental competence, but unfortunately such instructions are rarely taken seriously, and none of them has ever been upheld in a legal or other official forum.End-of-life decisions, treatment refusal and do-not-resuscitate policies are hazardous options in Albania, from the legal point of view. Complying with them involves significant risk on the part of the physician. Culturally, the application of such instructions is influenced from a mixture of religious beliefs, death coping-behaviors and an immense confusion concerning the role of proxies as decision-makers. Nevertheless, Albanian tradition is familiar with the notion of 'amanet', a sort of living will that mainly deals the property and inheritance issues. Such living wills, verbally transmitted, may in certain cases include advance directives regarding end-of-life decisions of the patient including refusal or termination of futile medical treatments. Since these living wills are never formally and legally validated, their application is impossible and treatment refusal remains still non practicable. Tricks to avoid institutional treatment under desperate conditions are used, aiming to provide legal coverage for medical teams and relatives that in extreme situations comply with the advice of withholding senseless treatment.Until a few decades ago the application of a paternalistic philosophy in the state-run medical health system was normal practice in Albania. Decisions by the medical staff were rarely, if ever, d
Death rituals in Albania: an anthropological review
VYSHKA GENTIAN,?IPI BARDHYL
Antrocom : Online Journal of Anthropology , 2010,
Abstract: The structure of death rituals differs consistently amongregions of Albania. The death ritual contains very strongpatriarchal features in the Northern part of the country; insouthern regions (next to the seashore) and in Albaniancommunities living elsewhere in the Mediterranean basin, thefeatures are more animistic; the females playing an importantrole in grief proclamation, suggesting a more matriarchalorientedritual organization. The wailing of men in the northernAlbania, the so-called gjama, is an organized ritual of cryingfor the dead person, and till recently it has been accompaniedwith self-punishing behaviors such as face scratching etc. Thewailing of women is acceptable and codified as well in thenorthern areas (the so-called wailing of milk). A differentsituation, probably related to the social organization and to thegender role of females, is apparent in southern Albania. Thedeath rituals hereby are mainly accompanied from the socalled“kuja”, (wailing through words) more impressive andloquacious than the northern masculine “gjama”. Similaritieswith Greek and Hellenic rituals (“Thrênos” and “Go s”) aresuggested; probably embedding multiple cross-acting andinter-related influences.
Carpal tunnel syndrome: Diagnosis and surgical treatment  [PDF]
Faton Morina, Cen Bytyqi, Aziz Mustafa, Gentian Morina
Health (Health) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/health.2012.44035
Abstract: Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is a compressive idiopathic neuropathy, most commonly affecting the median nerve in the upper extremity. CTS have high prevalence, with up to 70% of cases in women aged between 45 and 60 years. Typical manifestations of CTS are numbness of the index and middle fingers, which also become painful and cause the patient to awaken from sleep. In the period from January 2008 to October 2011 at the Orthopedics Clinic of the University of Kosovo, surgery for decompression of the median nerve was performed for 32 patients with CTS. The patients had an average age of 49.1 years. After surgery, 81.25% of the patients experienced complete improvement, whereas partial improvements were noted in 18.75% of the patients. This treatment is easy and feasible, has high efficiency, can be performed under local anaesthesia, and confers improvements in terms of return to daily activities, with low risk of complications or relapse.
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