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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 234 matches for " GC.; "
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28(9) 目录
gc
生物工程学报 , 2012,
Abstract:
28(9) 封面
gc
生物工程学报 , 2012,
Abstract:
28(9)封面
gc
生物工程学报 , 2012,
Abstract:
28(9)目录
gc
生物工程学报 , 2012,
Abstract:
Study on Empathy among Undergraduate Students of the Medical Profession in Nepal  [PDF]
Krishna Bahadur GC, Sudarshan Paudel
Journal of Biosciences and Medicines (JBM) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/jbm.2017.511007
Abstract: Background: The incumbent of medical professional is expected to be socially responsible and emotionally empathetic along with good communication propensity to fasten the doctor-patient relationship. Whilst doctor’s proficiency to recognize a patient’s perspectives, and convey such an understanding back to the patient; in our case, the empathy and compassion level of promising medical professional is unknown in Nepal. Thus, this study aimed to analyze the compassion and empathy score of final year’s undergraduate students of four medical colleges in Nepal. Methods: Self-reported empathy measures were obtained using the Jefferson Scale of Physician-Student version. Results: The degree of empathy for the participants was 97.28 (SD = 14.44) with a median score of 96.00 and a range of 44 (min) to 133 (max). There was a significant difference on scores of the Jefferson scale of physician empathy between NMC Nepalgunj and BPKIHS (p = 0.00) and between NMC Nepalgunj and Manipal Pokhara (p = 0.00), as well as between UCMS and Manipal Pokhara (p = 0.044). These results were significant at the 95% confidence interval. Conclusions: The mean empathy score for the Nepali students is lower than medical students from developed countries but almost similar to medical students from other Asian medical students. The female Nepali medical students scored slightly higher than their male counterparts. Thus colleges have to develop academic programs to improve empathy and compassion among medical students through providing adequate time to consult with patient and faculties.
Microbiological quality of poultry meat: a review
Mead, GC;
Revista Brasileira de Ciência Avícola , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-635X2004000300001
Abstract: poultry meat can be contaminated with a variety of microorganisms, including those capable of spoiling the product during chill storage, and certain foodborne pathogens. human illness may follow from handling of raw meat, undercooking or mishandling of the cooked product. while salmonella and campylobacter spp. remain the organisms of greatest global concern in this respect, others present include the more recently reported arcobacter and helicobacter spp. and, occasionally, verotoxigenic escherichia coli. also considered here is the growing problem of antimicrobial resistance among poultry-associated pathogens. because of the need for a systematic and universally applicable approach to food safety control, the hazard analysis critical control point (haccp) concept is increasingly being introduced into the poultry industry, and quantitative risk assessment (qra) is being applied to microbial hazards. among a number of completed and on-going studies on qra are those undertaken by fao/who on salmonella and campylobacter in broilers. in the case of campylobacter, however, any qra must assume at present that all strains have the same pathogenic potential for humans and comparable survival capabilities, even though this is unlikely to be the case. implementation of the haccp system in poultry processing plants addresses zoonotic agents that are not detectable by conventional meat inspection procedures and can help to control contamination of carcasses with spoilage organisms. the system brings obvious benefits in optimising plant hygiene, ensuring compliance with legislation and providing evidence of 'due diligence' on the part of the processor. it is now being applied globally in two different situations: in one, such as that occurring in the usa, carcass contamination is clearly reduced as carcasses pass through the process and are finally chilled in super-chlorinated water. there is also the option to use a chemical-rinse treatment for further reduction of microbial c
Effective Information Provision as a Panacea for The Resolution Of Conflict In Autonomous Communities: A Case Study Of Amiyi Akah Community
GC Umunnakwe
Information Manager (The) , 2009,
Abstract: The paper studied the Amiyi Akah Community, a village in Umuaka Autonomous Community in Njaba Local Government area of Imo State, Nigeria. The paper adopted a survey method and used questionnaire complemented with unstructured interviews and observation to elicit the desired responses. In all, the target population was 10% of the entire population. Since it runs in thousands only 1480 were used. Data collected were analyzed using tables and graphic representations. In conclusion, it was observed that autonomous community creation is a welcome venture if the government would strictly stipulate guideline be used in Ezeship election of which has been the major source of conflict. Communities should work towards establishing rural libraries and information centres to help in keeping the populace educated and informed on the on-goings in the society.
The Clausewitzian and Heuristic Evolution of the ANC' s Armed Struggle: A Dependent Pillar of the South African Revolution
GC Khwela
Scientia Militaria: South African Journal of Military Studies , 2000,
Abstract: The paper tries to address the armed struggle as one of the pillars of the South African revolution, especially its adoption, together with the underground component, after all other avenues had been restricted. The argument emphasises the centrality of the political struggle, particularly the other two pillars of the revolution: mass mobilisation and international isolation of the racist government. The armed struggle and the underground are regarded as extension pillars necessitated by objective conditions, which demanded the ANC to reveal its existence through other means, since it was banned as a legal political force internally. This argument is stressed by looking at the nature of the adoption of the armed struggle, its heuristic evolution, from armed propaganda until the late 1970s, and particularly the 1980s, when there was more focus on revolutionary people's war, its protracted nature, the role and structure of the people's army, and the armed seizure of political power through insurrection. Thereafter the paper discusses the debate that emerged with the realisation that there were possibilities of a negotiated settlement, the subsequent contest between absolute and relative victories, and the preparation of the cadres for integration into the new SANDF. The paper concludes with the need to revisit the Integration Process, especially the need to re-orient the uniformed members' political attitudes towards a common cause. "No people can accept slavery for ever. We have reached a stage where we have taken a decision to liberate ourselves, and no force on earth can stop us from attaining that objective."
A ten-year histopathological study of generalised lymphadenopathy in India
GC Kamat
South African Family Practice , 2011,
Abstract: Background: Lymphadenopathy is a rather common clinical finding in a primary healthcare setting, and may be due to inflammatory lesions and tumours. Correlation between clinical findings and laboratory data is essential in arriving at a diagnosis. This study was undertaken to study the histopathology of generalised lymphadenopathy in India, as well as the demographics of the study population. Method: This study was conducted for a period of 10 years (August 1997-July 2007), of which eight years were retrospective, from August 1997-July 2005, and two years were prospective, from August 2005-July 2007. The source of data for this study was patients seeking medical attention, who, on clinical examination, were found to have generalised lymphadenopathy. A representative node was excised for histopathology. Tissues were routinely processed, stained with haematoxylin and eosin, and examined by means of light microscopy. Results: Of the 244 lymph node biopsies analysed in this study, 75 cases (30.73%) were reactive lymphadenitis, 142 cases (58.19%) showed granulomatous lymphadenitis, one case (0.40%) was Hodgkin’s lymphoma, eight cases (3.27%) were non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma, and 18 cases (7.37%) were metastatic malignancy. Conclusion: In this study, the most common cause of generalised lymphadenopathy was granulomatous lymphadenitis, followed by reactive lymphadenitis. Among the neoplastic lesions, metastatic malignancy accounted for most cases.
HYPERTENSIVE DIABETIC PATIENTS IN MELAKA WERE NOT MANAGED ACCORDING TO GUIDELINES
Chan GC
Malaysian Family Physician , 2007,
Abstract: Hypertension is an extremely common co-morbid condition in diabetes, affecting about 20-60% of patients with diabetes. Control of hypertension is dramatically effective in reducing cardiovascular events and mortality. The availability of clinical practice guidelines (CPG) raises an important question: are these guidelines being followed by the primary care doctors? This is a matter of great interest and importance and addressed in this cross sectional study involving 517 type 2 diabetes at primary healthcare level in Melaka Tengah district. About 62% of them were female with mean age of 59 and mean duration of diabetes of 7.1 years.Two-thirds of these diabetic patients had hypertension (26% of them had microalbuminuria). Only 11 of them (3.1%) achieved target blood pressure of less than 130/80 mmHg. For those who had not achieved target goal, about 39.5% of them were not on any antihypertensive drugs; 38.6% were on monotherapy and only 21.8% were on two or more antihypertensive drugs. Only 18.3% of them were prescribed with angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEI) and 0.3% with angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs). Among those hypertensive diabetics with microalbuminuria, only 14.1% of them were prescribed with ACE inhibitors.This study showed that a significant proportion of diabetic patients were associated with hypertension but they were not managed optimally according to the guidelines. This could be due to the primary care doctors did not follow the guidelines strictly in managing diabetes. The poor adherence may be due to lack of awareness about guidelines. In addition, some doctors perhaps aware of CPG but do not implement acquired knowledge into their everyday practice. Therefore, remedial measures should be taken such as promotion and adoption of practice guidelines in primary care doctors’ everyday practice as well as improvement of comprehensive programme on hypertension management.
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