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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 189685 matches for " G. "
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A Characterization of the Members of a Subfamily of Power Series Distributions  [PDF]
G. Nanjundan
Applied Mathematics (AM) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/am.2011.26099
Abstract: This paper discusses a characterization of the members of a subfamily of power series distributions when their probability generating functions satisfy the functional equation where a, b and c are constants and is the derivative of f.
Double Negative Left-Handed Metamaterials for Miniaturization of Rectangular Microstrip Antenna  [PDF]
G. Singh
Journal of Electromagnetic Analysis and Applications (JEMAA) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/jemaa.2010.26044
Abstract: In this paper, I have explored a significant concept for the miniaturization of microstrip patch antenna configuration by using the double negative (DNG) left-handed Metamaterials, which have dielectric permittivity and magnetic permeability both negative, simultaneously. It is achieved through the concept of phase-compensation by thin slab consist of the double positive (DPS) material, which have dielectric permittivity and magnetic permeability both positive, simultaneously and DNG metamaterials as a substrate of the microstrip patch antenna. By combining the DNG metamaterial slab with the slab made of DPS materials form a cavity resonator whose dispersion relation is independent of the sum of thickness of the slabs filling this cavity but it depends on the ratio of their thicknesses. This cavity constitutes by DPS and DNG material is used as substrate of the microstrip antennas and the DNG material slab is behave as phase compensator.
Dynamic and Configurational Approach to the Glass Transition by Nanoscale Cooperativity  [PDF]
G. Romeo
Open Journal of Biophysics (OJBIPHY) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojbiphy.2012.23012
Abstract: Here we examine the findings obtained for disaccharide/water mixtures near glass transition that involves cooperative relaxation features on kinetic by viscosity and on thermodynamic behaviour by neutron scattering. Then to address cooperative phenomena that mitigate the Debye-Waller behaviour we invoke Adam-Gibbs’ idea of a cooperative rearranging region. Neutron results suggest that the excess mean square displacement behaves as free volume and is closely connected to an elementary step of the structural relaxation. Then viscosity data evidence a breakdown of the Einstein-Debye relation, decoupling attributed to the intermolecular cooperativity.
Confidence Level Estimator of Cosmological Parameters  [PDF]
G. Sironi
Journal of Modern Physics (JMP) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/jmp.2012.329157
Abstract: Cosmological Models frequently suggest the existence of physical, quantities, e.g. dark energy, we cannot yet observe and measure directly. Their values are obtained indirectly setting them equal to values and accuracy of the associated model parameters which best fit model and observation. Apparently results are so accurate that some researchers speak of precision cosmology. The accuracy attributed to these indirect values of the physical quantities however does not include the uncertainty of the model used to get them. We suggest a Confidence Level Estimator to be attached to these indirect measurements and apply it to current cosmological models.
Mitochondrial DNA sequence analysis in Anabantoidei fish  [PDF]
G. Degani
Advances in Biological Chemistry (ABC) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/abc.2013.33039

The decline of ornamental fish populations in their native habitats due to over-fishing has brought about the development of ornamental fish aquaculture, to which fish of the Anabantoidei suborder are important contributors. The genetic variations among species of this suborder were examined by mitochondrial gene sequencing analysis using the cytochrome b and 12S genes. According to the cytochrome b gene, the most similar strains were Trichogaster trichopterus (gold) and Trichogaster trichopterus (blue) (100%). Trichogaster leerii was less similar to them (86.0%), and an even lower similarity was found between the species T. trichopterus and Trichogaster labiosus (85.6%). The least similarity was observed between Betta betta and the genera Colisa (50.2%) and Trichogaster (60.1%). The phylogenetic trees of 12S and cytochrome b were very similar. According to 12S, the similarity between Trichogaster species was high (91.4% - 100%), and between species of this genus and Colisa lalia, it was lower (88.4%). In conclusion, sequence analyses, based on cytochrome

Estimation of Parameter in a New Truncated Distribution  [PDF]
G. Nanjundan
Open Journal of Statistics (OJS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojs.2013.34025
Abstract: This paper discusses the estimation of the parameter in a truncated form of a discrete distribution which is analogous to Burr distribution. The maximum likelihood and the moment estimators of the parameter are obtained. Their asymptotic properties are also established.
The Kieswerk of Pointe Saint-Mathieu and the Atlantic Wall  [PDF]
G. Tomezzoli
Advances in Anthropology (AA) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/aa.2015.54017
Abstract: In this article a construction of the Atlantic Wall discovered on 02/01/2006 near the Pointe Saint Mathieu (Finistère, France) is identified and its purpose is clarified. It witnessed the presence, during the World War II, at Pointe Saint-Mathieu, of a Kieswerk or pebble factory in which the pebbles and/or crushed pebbles of the Ero Vili were stored and distributed. The Kieswerk was very likely to have participated in the construction of the Atlantic Wall fortifications of the Pointe Saint-Mathieu.
On the Gravitational Bending of Light
—Was Sir Arthur Stanley Eddington Right?

G. G. Nyambuya, W. Simango
International Journal of Astronomy and Astrophysics (IJAA) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ijaa.2014.41022

The paramount British-Led (May 29, 1919) Solar Eclipse Result of Eddington et al. has been tremendous if not an arcane effect in persuading scientists, philosophers and the general public, to accept Einstein’s esoteric General Theory of Relativity (GTR) thereby “deserting” Newtonian gravitation altogether, especially in physical domains of extreme gravitation where Einstein’s GTR is thought or believed to reign supreme. The all-crucial factor “2” predicted by Einstein’s GTR has been “verified” by subsequent measurements, more so by the most impressive and precision modern technology of VLBA measurements using cosmological radio waves to within 99.998% accuracy. From within the most well accepted provinces, confines and domains of Newtonian gravitational theory, herein, we demonstrate that the gravitational to inertial mass ratio of photons in Newtonian gravitational theory where the identities of the inertial and gravitational mass are preserved, the resulting theory is very much compatible with all measurements made of the gravitational bending of light. Actually, this approach posits that these measurements of the gravitational bending of light not only confirm the gravitational bending of electromagnetic waves, but that, on a much more subtler level; rather clandestinely, these measurements are in actual

Heating of the Electrons and the Rectified Current at the Contacts That Are in an Alternating Electromagnetic Field  [PDF]
G. Gulyamov, M. G. Dadamirzaev
World Journal of Condensed Matter Physics (WJCMP) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/wjcmp.2015.51007
Abstract: The paper deals with the heating of electrons and current rectification in contact, which is located in an alternating electromagnetic field. It was found that the electrical component of the microwave (UHF) waves inside the p-n-junction was curved. This leads to the perpendicular component of the electric field of the microwave wave. This component modulates the height of the potential barrier with the frequency of the microwave. In the p-n-junction, straightening microwave current occurs. It is shown that the rectifying contact in the microwave electromagnetic field is always an electromotive force. This is due to carrier heating and straightening microwave current. It is shown that electron heating and straightening of the microwave power will lead to higher ideality factor of the diode.
Advancing the Backtrack Optimization Technique to Obtain Forecasts of Potential Crisis Periods  [PDF]
E. G. Lisgara, G. I. Karolidis, G. S. Androulakis
Applied Mathematics (AM) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/am.2012.330214
Abstract: Financial crisis is an unfortunate reality that overshadows any financial system regardless its profitability and the level it functions. The appearance of crises across financial markets, especially during the 1990s that the internationalized markets adopted a rather approachable character, imposed severe costs in financial and social systems. With this paper is proposed the generation of a future interval of time that is vulnerable to enclose the burst of a financial crisis. A time series consisted of approximations of the local Lipschitz constant is examined and in the proposed forecasting approach this constant holds the crisis indicator role. Further the application of two different optimization techniques over the Lipschitz-made time series results to the generation of a future period of time; this interval is likely to envelop the burst of a forthcoming crisis. The usage of a future interval of time empowers the predicting ability of the methodology by providing warning signs priory to the actual crisis burst. To this direction, the obtained results offer strong evidence that the method may be characterized as an Early Warning System (EWS) for financial crisis prediction.
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