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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 1702 matches for " Franklin Manu Amoah "
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Microcredit Schemes: A Tool for Promoting Rural Savings Capacity among Poor Farm Families: A Case Study in the Eastern Region of Ghana  [PDF]
Mercy Asamoah, Franklin Manu Amoah
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2015.31003
Abstract: Savings mobilization is crucial for any viable economic and investment activity. In rural agricul-ture, the ability to save or to mobilize capital in cash at bank or stock of wealth is a major prerequisite as the collateral for accessing bank loans. The ability to save among rural poor households is however, difficult due to their low income levels and inability to make personal savings commitment. According to Yunus (2000) [1], failure of traditional financial institutions to extend credit to the poor is the single most important reason for the perpetuation of poverty. Nevertheless, since the early 1980s, microfinance scheme has been identified as a useful tool that can effectively mobilise savings among poor households. Yunus (2003) [2] indicated that micro-credit schemes have developed unique characteristics in terms of unconventional approaches, organizational and lending procedures that have resulted in high rates of repayments, savings mobilization and the ability to nurture a culture of commitment and self-reliance of poor people. The objective of this study was to assess the role microfinance plays in savings mobilization among farm households, analyse the extent of savings mobilized by participants and evaluate the conditions for membership of such schemes. A total of 212 respondents in organised cocoa farmer Associations since 2010 in the Eastern region were interviewed using formal questionnaires. The results indicated that the microfinance model had helped the respondents, mainly small-scale cocoa farmers, to mobilize substantial savings in a convenient and tailor made way. The majority who did not have any savings culture before joining the schemes were surprised about their savings potential through the group concept. Also, the schemes allayed the fear of the participants to take credit from financial institutions with high (over 95%) repayment culture using peer support, group guarantee and social capital generated through the formation of associations. They also had easy access to farm inputs such as fertilizer to maintain their cocoa farms because of their savings mobilization. It is concluded that microfinance model is a potential tool that promotes savings culture which gives access to credit for small-scale cocoa farmers to purchase farm inputs to increase productivity and enhance their livelihood.
Weaning and Field Survival Responses of Propagules to Propagating Structures and Seedling Types in Sheanut Production in Tropical Africa  [PDF]
Julius Yeboah, Ben Kwaku Branoh Banful, Frank Manu Amoah, Bonaventure Kissinger Maalekuu, Peter Yaw Boateng
American Journal of Plant Sciences (AJPS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2014.515239
Abstract:

The Shea is an economic tree found in West and Central Africa with huge industrial uses in the confectionery, pharmaceutical and cosmetic sectors worldwide. Its rapid multiplication has been hampered by its slow growth and long gestation period. Successes in cutting propagation have been achieved (between 60% - 80%), however weaning of the rooted cuttings for establishment has been a major challenge. Two factorial experiments were carried out in a study in 2012. The objective of this study was to determine the effects of propagating structures and seedling types on the weaning and subsequent field establishment of propagules of Shea tree for plantation establishment. A randomized complete block design with three replications was used. Survival of the rooted cuttings in the mist propagator was very high (93.3%) and comparable to that of the seedlings (100%). The rooted cuttings in mist propagator produced the highest number of leaves, 11 times greater than the least number of leaves produced by seedlings in the lath house. Comparing the seedling types, the rooted cuttings produced significantly greater number of leaves, 4.8 times than the normal seedlings. Rooted cuttings in the mist propagator produced the biggest stem girth significantly greater than the seedlings kept in all the structures. The rooted cuttings in the mist propagator produced 4.4 times bigger stem girths than the seedlings in the lath house which had the smallest stem girth. The rooted cuttings in the mist propagator produced the tallest plants, 1.4 times and 1.9 times significantly taller than the seedlings in the propagating pit and lath house, respectively, which produced the shortest plants. There was a significant relationship between field survival of propagules and the month of establishment expressed as Y (percent survival) = -2844 + 0.070 × (month); P < 0.001; R2 = 0.68; n = 90. Rooted cuttings transplanted in a hole depth of 52.0 cm produced the biggest stem girth, 5.6 times bigger than the stem girth of the seedlings transplanted into any of the three hole depths. Rooted cuttings transplanted into a hole depth of 52.0

Rooting Response of Air-Layered Shea (Vitellaria paradoxa) Trees to Media and Hormonal Application under Two Different Climatic Conditions  [PDF]
Julius Yeboah, Ben Kwaku Branoh Banful, Peter Yaw Boateng, Frank Manu Amoah, Bonaventure Kissinger Maalekuu, Samuel Tetteh Lowor
American Journal of Plant Sciences (AJPS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2014.59134
Abstract:

Shea tree (Vitellaria paradoxa Gaertn. Family; Sapotaceae) indigenous to the Sudano-sahelian zone of Africa has great economic and ecological potential and attributes. Commercial cultivation of the tree is however, hampered by the poor rooting success of its planting material with adverse consequences on field establishment and total fruit yield. A 3 × 2 factorial experiment arranged in a randomized complete block design was carried out in 2012 at Bole in the Interior Savanna agro-ecological zone. The objective was to assess the rooting success of Shea shoots by the air-layering technique using two media types (palm fibre and Sphagnum moss) and three IBA hormone concentrations (0, 5000 and 10,000 ppm) under contrasting climatic (wet and dry) conditions. Layered shoots which were sprayed with 10,000 ppm IBA and wrapped with Sphagnum moss gave significantly (P < 0.05) higher rooting success in terms of more roots per cutting (73.3%) and longer roots per cutting (9.0 cm) than palm fibre at both 5000 ppm (30.0%; 3.7 cm) and 10,000 ppm (46.7%;7.9 cm) concentrations. Higher rooting success was significantly achieved in the wet season than in the dry season. Sphagnum moss treated with 10,000 ppm IBA facilitated the translocation of higher levels of sugar and total free phenol (TFP) to the base of the layered shoots which resulted in significantly (P < 0.05) higher number of roots and better roots protection from fungal infection than the other treatments. Rooting of layered shoots was affected to a greater extent by low temperatures (Rooting = 836 – 34.2 Temp (low); R2 = 82%, p < 0.001) than by high temperatures (Rooting = 5250 – 175.0 Temp (high); R2 = 64.5%, p < 0.009). Rooting of layered shoots was also significantly and negatively affected by the spread of the canopy of the selected tree such that closed canopy trees resulted in higher and better

Genotypic Effect of Rootstock and Scion on Grafting Success and Growth of Kola (Cola nitida) Seedlings  [PDF]
Abu Mustapha Dadzie, Abraham Akpertey, Julius Yeboah, Stephen Yaw Opoku, Atta Ofori, Samuel Lowor, Richard Ackyeampong, Patricia Adu- Yeboah, Mercy Asamoah, Frank Manu Amoah
American Journal of Plant Sciences (AJPS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2014.526405
Abstract: Kola (Cola nitida) is an important economic cash crop for many West and Central African countries. It has several medicinal uses in the pharmaceutical industries and also plays a major role in traditional marriages among Islamic communities across West and Central Africa. The crop is extensively cultivated in Nigeria and Ghana. However, it exhibit signs of total and partial sterility as well as self incompatibility when propagated from seeds in most cases. Therefore, grafting is seen as a method of choice in addressing the problem stated above. Though grafting accounts for some degree of success, there is the need to assess genotypic and physiological factors that account for high or low grafting success. Genetic and physiological factors (such as rootstock age) affecting grafting success and growth in kola (C. nitida) were investigated in two separate experiments. In experiment I720 kola seedlings were raised from unselected kola nuts and sown at two monthly intervals. Four groups of seedlings (180/group) i.e. 6, 8, 10 and 12 months old were thus produced. Three different scions (A1, A12 and JB1) measuring (5-10 cm) were grafted onto the four age groups of rootstocks, namely, 6, 8, 10 and 12 months. Experiment II consisted of 540 seedlings raised from three main crosses (JX1/9 × JX1/11 * B1/142 × B1/151, JX1/9 × JX1/11 * B2/177 × B2/156 and JX1/9 × JX1/11 * GX1/46 × GX1/53). Grafting was done after six months using the same set of scions as described in experiment I. Experimental design used was 3 × 4 and 3 × 3 factorial designs in completely randomised design with three replicates for experiment I and II respectively. The fixed effects were the different genotype and age of rootstock at grafting whilst the response variable was the percentage of successful grafting two months as well as growth at six monthly intervals. Results from the study showed that grafting onto 6 months old stocks gave the highest percentage success and growth of grafts followed by 8, 10 and 12 months old rootstock in that order in both trial years. The study revealed also a significant rootstock and scion interaction (P < 0.05). We conclude that successful grafting in kola depends on rootstock genotype such as JX1/9 × JX1/11 * GX1/46 × GX1/53 and has been proven suitable for use in future kola propagation studies. Nonetheless, suitable rootstock with high grafting success does not translate into vigorous scion growth.
Reflective Collaborative Practices: What Is the Teachers’ Thinking? A Ghana Case  [PDF]
Amoah Samuel Asare
Creative Education (CE) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2012.34069
Abstract: With advances in using the teachers’ classroom as the foreground for teacher improvement, reflective and collaborative activities provide teachers with a positive attitude towards questioning their teaching in a variety of professional development contexts. This study therefore explores how teachers within one school develop their thinking about their practices, if given an opportunity to engage in a planned series of critical dialogues relating to their own classroom teachings. Using a case study approach, four mathematics teachers purposely and through theoretical sampling techniques were selected in a school in Ghana for the study. The field research included interviews and reflective dialogue. Key issues identified include the opportunities to systematically and rigorously diagnose their practices leading to the development of different reflective scales when reflecting. The process was found to be a tool for supporting teachers to critically think which is underpinned by social, political and cultural issues as a process to analyze competing claims and viewpoints. Recommendations for policy and potential areas for further research were also made.
Disclosing Parental Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Status to Children in Ghana: Reasons for and against Disclosure and Effects of Decision  [PDF]
Raphael Avornyo, John Amoah
Advances in Applied Sociology (AASoci) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/aasoci.2014.49025
Abstract: There is limited data regarding HIV disclosure in Ghana. This study sought to examine parental disclosure of HIV status to children, ascertain reasons for disclosure and nondisclosure and also the effects of parents’ decision. 26 parents living with HIV and 21 children were selected in Accra and Cape Coast purposively and conveniently and interviewed. Out of a total of 26 parents living with HIV, the majority numbering 18, made up of two males and 16 females had not disclosed their status. Reasons for nondisclosure included: fear of stigmatization and discrimination; children being too young; not wanting the children to get worried; and children thinking their parents would die. The majority of those, who had done the disclosure, were young. One effect was that most children became sad, after the status of their parents had been disclosed to them. They, however, readjusted and provided support to their parents. Another effect was that the children became knowledgeable or more knowledgeable about HIV and AIDS. In a country, where HIV is seen as a shameful disease, Persons Living with HIV (PLHIV) experience massive stigmatization and discrimination. Intensification of the fight against stigmatization and discrimination and equipping of PLHIV with skills necessary for disclosure are critical.
The Mysterious Pyramid on Elephantine Island: Possible Origin of the Pyramid Code  [PDF]
Manu Seyfzadeh
Archaeological Discovery (AD) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ad.2017.54012
Abstract: After the step pyramids of the Third Dynasty and before the true pyramids of the Fourth Dynasty, seven mysterious minor step pyramids were built by King Sneferu1 and a predecessor. None of them were tombs. Clues as to why they were built emerged from analyzing their orientation to objects in the sky worshiped by the ancient Egyptians and hinted at a renewed preoccupation with measuring time and the flow of the Nile. The first of the seven was built on the Island of Elephantine, Egypt. Its orientation suggests that an aspect of the star Sirius was being enshrined. This paper proposes that this aspect pertained to the different timings of its annual invisibility period observable from either the capital at Memphis in Lower Egypt or from Upper Egypt at Elephantine. I argue that these periods, measured in days, were converted to dimensions in cubits, and consequently these numbers and the resulting geometric relationships between them became important. The evidence presented shows that this original design principle of expressing astronomic periods as dimensions was then expanded to encode the relationship between the period of invisibility of Sirius and the sidereal orbital period of the Moon within the exterior of several of the most prominent pyramids of Egypt including the Great Pyramid. The geometry of this relationship and even the method of the expansion itself can be understood from a religious context plausibly prevailing during the peak of the Pyramid Age.
Essential Design of the Great Pyramid Encoded in Hemiunu’s Mastaba at Giza  [PDF]
Manu Seyfzadeh
Archaeological Discovery (AD) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ad.2018.62008
Abstract: The architect of the “Great Pyramid”1 at Giza is believed to have been Khufu’s half-nephew Hemiunu. While it is possible that Hemiunu conceived its design because he was both vizier and head of this king’s works, there is no direct proof of it to date. Absent the unlikely discovery of unequivocal written evidence, whether he was involved may never be known with certainty. Here, I present evidence that Hemiunu himself was the likely brain behind the essential features of the Great Pyramid. The side length, height, the small indent into the core masonry on all four side centers, and even the factors five and eight which relate this pyramid with its smaller version at Meydum and which had significant theological meaning at the time are all embedded in the two original side lengths of Hemiunu’s rectangular mastaba G4000 in the west cemetery. Furthermore, it appears that even the expanded sides of his mastaba enshrined key interior features of the Great Pyramid like the dimensions of the King Chamber and the shaft leading from it to the outside towards its presumed target in the northern night sky, the circumpolar star region centered around alpha-Draco Thuban. Unmistakable numerical clues embedded in the dimensions of Hemiunu’s mastaba suggest that all this was done with intent, which thus lends compelling support to the notion that Hemiunu was the architect of the Great Pyramid attributed to Khufu.
Hemiunu Used Numerically Tagged Surface Ratios to Mark Ceilings inside the Great Pyramid Hinting at Designed Spaces Still Hidden Within  [PDF]
Manu Seyfzadeh
Archaeological Discovery (AD) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ad.2018.64016
Abstract: In 1883, W. M. Flinders Petrie noticed that the vertical thickness and height of certain stone courses of the Great Pyramid2 of Khufu/Cheops at Giza, Egypt markedly increase compared to those immediately lower periodically and conspicuously interrupting a general trend of progressive course thinning towards the summit. Having calculated the surface area of each course, Petrie further noted that the courses immediately below such discrete stone thickness peaks tended to mark integer multiples of 1/25th of the surface area at ground level. Here I show that the probable architect of the Great Pyramid, Khufu’s vizier Hemiunu, conceptualized its vertical construction design using surface areas based on the same numerical principles used to design his own mastaba in Giza’s western cemetery and conspicuously used this numerical theme to mark the location of known spaces inside the Great Pyramid. The theme is not only consistent with some spaces proposed still awaiting proof but also suggests there are some still undiscovered.
The World On Her Shoulders: The Rights of the Girl-Child in the Context of Culture & Identity
JEWEL AMOAH
Essex Human Rights Review , 2007,
Abstract: Somewhere in the balance between protecting human rights and promoting culture hangs thegirl-child, on the margins of equality. In order to move the girl-child from the margin to thecentre of equality, any analysis must give full consideration to her intersecting identities, as well asthe cultural context in which she lives. The method of analysis proposed herein is the GRACEmodel, and is premised on the fact that Gender, Race, Age and Culture intersect to inform thegirl-child’s particular Experience of the world. The way in which the girl-child experiences theworld is traditionally negative, as it is characterized by disadvantage, marginalization anddiscrimination of the girl-child, vis-à-vis other members of her society. The GRACE analysis issuggested as a means to demarginalize the girl-child, and empower her through fullyacknowledging her intersecting identity.This article argues that there is a cultural context to rights, and that the specific rightsthat the girl-child lacks may vary from culture to culture. Despite this variation in rights, the linkbetween culture and lack is one that identifies the girl-child in all cultures. By way of example,reference is made to the cultural practices of Trokosi (sexual slavery) in Ghana, and femaleinfanticide. Through these practices the girl-child is marginalized, because of the intersection ofher gender, age, race and culture. Since it is the intersection of these characteristics that hasdisadvantaged the girl-child, the solution must also lie in a thorough analysis of theintersectionality. The Convention on the Rights of the Child and the African Charter on theRights and Welfare of the Child are presented as international human rights instruments whichprescribe the human rights of children. However, without a consideration of the intersectingidentity of the girl-child, and a corresponding intersectionality analysis to rights promotion andprotection, these instruments fall short of the needs of the girl-child. If the girl-child’s right tosubstantive equality is to be fully realized, then consideration must be given to her intersectingidentity and the cultural context in which she lives. Anything less aggravates the burden ofinequality borne on the shoulders of the girl-child. The GRACE analysis however, empowers thegirl-child to stand tall, liberated by the acknowledgment of her intersecting identity, rather thanstooped under the weight of inequality and disadvantage that results from a failure to considerher intersecting identity.
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