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In 2007-2008, the
world experienced over 1 billion people going hungry. This complex food
security and public health crisis have many levels, actors and stakeholders. There
lacks equity in access food markets, unbalanced consumption of nutrients and
poor state institutions that, all negatively impact food security. Global financial
products and regimes can greatly influence food prices, and if not properly
regulated, this can lead to whole market manipulation and starvation. This
paper discusses the basics of food security in a public health framework and describes
the legal and financial mechanisms that lead to food insecurity.
Objective: To expose the likely impact of genetically modified foods in Collective Feeding. Methods: This was a case study conducted on a steel company (SC) in Rio de Janeiro State. The likely impact recognition began with the preparation of a soy food products’ list. Then, we verified these products’ frequency on the Food and Nutrition Unit (FNU) menu from the SC, outlining the offer profile. We calculated odds ratios and binomial distribution probability for assessing exposure to soy that may be transgenic. Food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) regarding soy products was applied. The convergence of daily products’ relative frequency of this population and the population from a reference study about FFQ validation in Rio de Janeiro was verified. Confrontation took place between the classification of foods by the consumers’ likely exposure to soy and the percentage deviation between observed relative frequency of products’ intake offered on the FNU and on the reference study. Results: A list of 51 products were created and 16 of them integrated the menu, e.g. flour, chicken, sausage, maize, instant pudding, bologna, hot dogs and peanuts. Food usually consumed by FNU users and concomitantly consumed in reference study were cookies, flour, spaghetti, bread, cake, instant pudding, sausage and hot dogs. By the classification and percentage deviations results, cookies, breads and pasta were the “villains” of soy’s susceptibility. Coclusion: It was possible to show the likely impact of genetically modified foods in Collective Feeding, confirming that these consumers were exposed to soybeans that may be transgenic.
We investigate the weight-based food self-sufficiency ratio (WSSR) for Japan over a 50-year period (1961-2011) by applying factorial component analysis technique in order to measure the changes of the WSSR quantitatively. Quantitative data analysis is employed to determine the drivers of those changes. Numerical results show that Japan experienced a drastic decline in its food self-sufficiency ratio (FSSR) during the above period. The factorial component analysis shows that such a decline was caused by the changes in the FSSR of the food groups/items, not in the quantity of the food supply. A number of characteristics of those changes are presented and a list of major food groups that have major impacts on the changes is constructed. The findings in this paper reiterate the alarming food security problem in Japan and provide clear insight into the causes of this problem. The findings in this study pick up where previous studies have left off, aid the food-related policy-making process and identify new ideas for future food research.
In most parts of the developed world, Pigweed, Spider plant,
Lambs amongst others are regarded as weeds. But in Africa and other
developing countries, these plants form part of the daily diets of many rural households.
The oldest inhabitants of South Africa have harvested leaves from wild plants
to supplement the meat from hunted animals. Over 100 different species
of plants are cooked as a potherb/relish with corn meal. These species include
indigenous species as well as indigenized, mostly weedy, species. These species became part of
the African culture and heritage and were collectively known as morogo or imifino. The popularity of specific
species is a function of many factors, including availability, ease of
preparation, taste, consistency and appearance. Some popular genera are Amaranthus, Cleome, Solanum and