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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 10998 matches for " Food Consumption Patterns "
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Patrón de consumo de alimentos en ni?os de una comunidad urbana al norte de Valencia, Venezuela
del Rea,Sara Irene; Fajardo,Zuleida; Solano,Liseti; Páez,María Concepción; Sánchez,Armando;
Archivos Latinoamericanos de Nutrición , 2005,
Abstract: results from a nutritional assessment are presented to establish the usual food consumption pattern of 438 children between 4-14 years of age, from a low income urban community in valencia, venezuela. food intake data were collected through multiple 24 hours recalls and converted to individual food item weight in grams. amounts of energy, macronutrients, iron, calcium, vitamin a, and vitamin c were estimated to compare them to national references. the food pattern was established according to intake frequency per food item and per food groups. arepa was the most commonly consumed food item, and a main source of kilocalories, protein, carbohydrates, iron, and vitamin a. unlike coffee, fruits were not among the most commonly consumed foods. black beans were the main source of protein. cookies and sodas were among the major sources of energy. energy and nutrient intake were adequate, except for calcium (67% in preschoolers y 43% in school-aged children). preschoolers′ diet showed a better adequacy for all nutrients (p<0,005), except for iron which was significantly higher in school-aged children. since children below 15 years old are still forming food behaviors and habits, they are an ideal group to develop nutritional education strategies to modify harmful patterns such as high intake of sodas, and low intakes of calcium rich foods.
Differences in Food Consumption and Meal Patterns in Texas School Children by Grade
Adriana Pérez, MS, PhD,Deanna M. Hoelscher, PhD, RD, LD, CNS,Henry Shelton Brown III, PhD,Steven H. Kelder, PhD
Preventing Chronic Disease , 2007,
Abstract: IntroductionHaving information about dietary patterns at different ages and stages in children’s physical development is important in developing nutritional interventions. The purpose of this study was to examine differences in food choices between 4th-, 8th-, and 11th-grade students. The results provide information that can be used to tailor behavioral-based nutritional programs for children.MethodsWe determined food consumption patterns using validated data from the School Physical Activity and Nutrition survey; the survey is used as part of a surveillance program of public school students conducted by the University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston in partnership with the Texas Department of State Health Services. The sample included a total of 15,173 children in grades 4 (6235), 8 (5362), and 11 (3576). Multistage probability sampling weights were used. Odds ratios were computed controlling for sex, body mass index, and race and ethnicity, and cross-sectional patterns were determined using multivariate logistic regression.ResultsChildren in grades 8 and 11 were more likely to consume hamburger and other meats, cheese, breads, buns, and rolls, and sweet rolls compared with 4th-grade students. In contrast, 4th-grade students were more likely to consume peanuts or peanut butter, yogurt, cereal, fruit, and milk compared with 8th- and 11th-grade students. Eighth- and eleventh-grade students were more likely to consume snacks than 4th-grade students.ConclusionUsing cross-sectional data to assess differences in dietary intake and meal patterns by grade can provide readily accessible information to develop a needs assessment or intervention materials for children and adolescents. Different intervention development approaches are necessary among children in different grades.
Patrones y hábitos alimentarios: reflejo de lo que comen los jóvenes ucevistas
Pérez Correa,Nataly G; Moya de Sifontes,Mary Zulay; Bauce,Gerardo; Cueva,Edgar; Pe?a,Rubén; Flores,Zhandra; García A,Pedro;
Revista de la Facultad de Medicina , 2009,
Abstract: this investigation was made to determine the nourished patterns and habits of 152 students of the universidad central de venezuela, 99 women and 53 men, with an average age of 20.28 ± 3.09 years old. a questionnaire of food consumption frequency was applied to determine food preferences, with registry information of two days, including a of weekend day. results indicated that these young people, without distinction of gender, included in their feeding products of each food group. results reported: preference in consumption of snack food (hamburgers, small pieces, cupcakes and pizzas); water consumption superior to two daily glasses; low ingestion of coffee in men; greater consumption of alcoholic drinks among men. the consumption of fruits in general is through juice and mainly in women. whole foods have acceptance in these young people, especially in women. it was demonstrated preference by fried food preparations, more frequently in women.
Orphanage Children in Ghana: Are Their Dietary Needs Met?
A. Sadik
Pakistan Journal of Nutrition , 2010,
Abstract: Nourishing the body is a basic human right. The literature argued that children are born with the potential to develop both physically and emotionally. However, socioeconomic and environmental factors affect the health and nutrition of many children in developing countries. Little research has been done on the dietary needs of children living in orphanages in Ghana. The main objective of the study was to determine the nutritional status, food consumption patterns and dietary intake of the orphanage children. A non-experimental, descriptive action research with a multi-methodological approach was used. This study was conducted in an orphanage in Tamale. Forty children, 22 boys and 18 girls, aged 2-18 years and 23 orphanage workers formed the sample. Methods included on site observation, completion of a standard demographic questionnaire, a validated quantitative food frequency questionnaire and anthropometric measurements. The nutritional status indicated that, 10% and 15% of the children were severely stunted and wasted respectively (<-2) Z score. The dietary intake data showed energy intakes for the children aged 1-3 years as 963 kcal, 7-10 years as 1627.4 kcal and 11-14 years as 1547.53 kcal and 15-18 years as 1540.6 kcal. Protein intake for the same age groups was 33, 52.1, 50.6 and 49.3 g respectively, with fat 27 g, 33.9 g, 31.9 g, 31.9 g and carbohydrate 150 g, 284.3 g, 269.1 g and 296.1 g respectively. The top five most frequently consumed foods were coffee (232 ml) and tea (232 ml), maize meal (109 g), bread (77 g), white rice (55 g). Protein was limited with anchovies (“Keta schoolboys”) and beans as the only source. Orphanage children are vulnerable and disadvantaged members of the community, especially if measures to provide adequate dietary intakes in terms of macro-and micronutrient are not in place. The findings indicated low intake of both macro-and micronutrients with the exception of protein. Nutritional status indicated that, 10% and 15% of the children were severely stunted and wasted respectively (<-2) Z score. The results of this study formed the basis for a nutrition education and training programme that was implemented in the orphanage.
Food Consumption Patterns among Pre-School Children 3 - 5 Years Old in Mateka, Western Kenya  [PDF]
Amos Kipkemoi Ronoh, Gertrude Mercy Were, Florence Wakhu-Wamunga, John Brian Wamunga
Food and Nutrition Sciences (FNS) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/fns.2017.88057
Abstract: Hunger and malnutrition are burdens that are pronounced in developing countries where they manifest themselves in the forms of protein energy malnutrition. Malnutrition compromises the child’s immune system leading to direct mortality and increased vulnerability to infectious diseases stunting and poor brain development. This study sought to analyze the food consumption patterns of children 3 - 5 years old attending Mateka Primary school, Bungoma County. This study adopted a cross sectional survey. One hundred and twenty five (125) children selected from three ECD classes in the school formed the sample size. Purposive and simple random sampling techniques were used to select the study area and the children respectively. Structured questionnaires were administered to the caregivers of the children. Information on demographics, socio-economic status, and food consumption patterns were gathered. Food consumption patterns were assessed using a HDDS and a quantitative food frequency questionnaire. Socio-demographic data was analyzed using (SPSS) Version 21 (2007) and dietary data was analyzed using Nutri-Survey for Windows (2007). Results revealed that most of the households were of low socio-economic characteristics. The most consumed foods were cereals, roots and tubers. Majority (55.2%) of the children had low dietary diversity, 29.1% had medium dietary diversity and 15.7% had greater dietary diversity. The children were deficient in energy, protein, Vitamin A, Iron and Zinc. It can be concluded that the diets fed to the children are inadequate to meet their nutrient intakes for physiological development and growth. Further research should be done to document the prevalence of micronutrient malnutrition among the children.
Nutrition Knowledge, Diet Quality and Nutritional Status of People Living with HIV (PLHIV) in Ghana
Food and Public Health , 2012, DOI: 10.5923/j.fph.20120206.06
Abstract: The study aimed at investigating the influence of nutrition knowledge and dietary practices on the nutritional status of people living with HIV (PLHIV). In a cross-sectional survey, one hundred and ten adults, comprising 60 females and 50 males infected with HIV were purposively selected and studied using a combination of methods. The study was conducted at the Koforidua Central Hospital in Ghana. The instruments used for data collection included a standardized questionnaire close and open-ended questions, a Food Frequency Questionnaire and a 24-hour-recall dietary assessment method. Weights and heights measurements were used to derive BMIs to assess the nutritional status of the respondents. The Statistical Package for Social Sciences (version 11) and ESHA-FPRO software (version 6.2) were used to analyze the data. The results showed that most of the respondents (91%) had fair to adequate knowledge of nutrition. Ninety-five percent (95%) of the respondents ate three or more times a day and most (85%) of them were not on any special diet. The diet quality of most (91.8%) respondents was rated fair to poor, with 50% having poor diets. The diets of the respondents were generally low in calories and folate. Two-thirds of the respondents had normal BMIs. A negative correlation, although not statistically significant, existed between nutrition knowledge and diet quality. There was also a positive correlation between nutrition knowledge and nutritional status. A significant negative correlation was observed between the quality of diets of respondents and their nutritional status. Based on the findings, it was concluded that nutrition knowledge did not influence the quality of respondents’ diets to a large extent but diet quality determined nutritional status.
Patrones y hábitos alimentarios: reflejo de lo que comen los jóvenes ucevistas
Nataly G Pérez Correa,Mary Zulay Moya de Sifontes,Gerardo Bauce,Edgar Cueva
Revista de la Facultad de Medicina , 2009,
Abstract: Esta investigación se realizó para determinar los patrones y hábitos alimentarios, de 152 estudiantes de la Universidad Central de Venezuela, 99 mujeres y 53 hombres, con una edad promedio de 20,28 ± 3,09 a os. Se aplicó un cuestionario de frecuencia del consumo de alimentos para determinar las preferencias alimentarias, con registro de información de dos días, incluyendo un día de fin de semana. Los resultados indican que estos jóvenes, sin distingo de género, incluyen en su alimentación productos de cada grupo de alimentos. Reportaron: preferencia por el consumo de comida rápida (hamburguesas, cachitos, pastelitos y pizza); consumo de agua superior a dos vasos diarios; baja ingesta de café en los hombres; mayor consumo de bebidas alcohólicas entre los hombres; el consumo de frutas en general es a través de jugos y mayoritariamente en las mujeres. Los alimentos integrales tienen aceptación en estos jóvenes, especialmente en las mujeres. Se evidenció preferencia por preparaciones de alimentos fritos, más frecuente en las mujeres. This investigation was made to determine the nourished patterns and habits of 152 students of the Universidad Central de Venezuela, 99 women and 53 men, with an average age of 20.28 ± 3.09 years old. A questionnaire of food consumption frequency was applied to determine food preferences, with registry information of two days, including a of weekend day. Results indicated that these young people, without distinction of gender, included in their feeding products of each food group. Results reported: preference in consumption of snack food (hamburgers, small pieces, cupcakes and pizzas); water consumption superior to two daily glasses; low ingestion of coffee in men; greater consumption of alcoholic drinks among men. The consumption of fruits in general is through juice and mainly in women. Whole foods have acceptance in these young people, especially in women. It was demonstrated preference by fried food preparations, more frequently in women.
Estudo do consumo alimentar: em busca de uma abordagem multidisciplinar
Oliveira,Silvana P. de; Thébaud-Mony,Annie;
Revista de Saúde Pública , 1997, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-89101997000200015
Abstract: changes in eating habits have been observed in many countries in recent decades revealing the complexity of consumption models and their determining factors. thus it is that the adoption of a multidisciplinary and comparative approach by which the various aspects of eating habits (economic, social, cultural and nutritional) may be assessed so as to permit the elucidation of the mechanisms responsible for these changes and their consequences in different socio-economic contexts, becomes even more necessary. the contributions of the various areas of knowledge to the study of the nutritional situation are here analysed and the approach to this theme in countries of the north and the south is discussed, as is, specifically, the situation in brazil. finally, the analysis of the consumption of food-stuffs on the basis of the notion of "food systems", within a historical perspective, is proposed. the various social agents (producers, distributors, consumers, state), their systems of logic, their strategies and the relationships which they establish among themselves over time are taken into account in such a way as to make possible an understanding of the process by which eating habits are constructed and developed.
Changes of Food Expenditure and Food Consumption of People Living in Ba Vi District, Hanoi, Vietnam from 1999 to 2013  [PDF]
Huong Le Thi, Phuong Le Hong, Thanh Nguyen Hoang, Giang Nguyen Thu, Xuan Le Thi Thanh, Chuc Nguyen Thi Kim, Nga Thi Thu Vu
Health (Health) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/health.2015.712184
Abstract: Background: During the nutrition transition period which began in the early 1990s in Vietnam, dietary intake had been changed significantly because of changes in lifestyle and living standard. Objectives: This paper aims to describe the trend for food expenditure and the frequency of meat consumption in households in Ba Vi district, Hanoi, Vietnam from 1999 to 2013. Methods: This is a longitudinal study conducted in Ba Vi district, Hanoi. Semi-annual, face-to face interviews were conducted by well-trained interviewers with 11,922 households to collect data of the household’s income, spending for food and meat consumption. Chi-square test for trend was performed to evaluate the changes of food expenditure over the years. P-value under 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: There were ten times increase in household’s mean income and five times increase in mean food expenditure from 1999 to 2013. The percentage of household food expenditure per total family expenditure was really high (55% in 2013). The percentage of rice expenditure per total food expenditure decreased dramatically from 59.9% in 1999 to 33.1% in 2013 while spending for other animal-based, high-protein food was an upward trend, particularly meat (10.7% in 1999 to 24.2% in 2013). The percentage of rice expenditure in well-off households was lower than poor households (55% vs. 61.8% in 1999 and 31.4% vs. 36.5% in 2013). However, the percentage of spending for meat in well-off households were much higher than that of poor households (>10%). Conclusion: Our finding indicated that mean income and food expenditure, particularly meat intake, of households had increased dramatically from 1999 to 2013. The increase of meat intake requires reallocation and direction of Vietnam public health funding and strategy.
Management of Helicoverpa armigera (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) by Nutritional Indices and Botanical Extracts of Millettia ferruginea and Azadirachta indica  [PDF]
Tarekegn Fite, Tadele Tefera, Mulugeta Negeri, Tebekew Damte, Waktole Sori
Advances in Entomology (AE) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ae.2018.64019
Abstract: The development of hosts that are resistant and evaluation of botanical extracts to H. armigera Hübner (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) is crucial for sustainable management, yet very limited in Ethiopia. Therefore, this study was done to identify alternative methods to insecticide control through host consumption study and botanical extracts. The performance of third-fifth larval stages of H. armigera on three host plant varieties including chickpea, tomato and faba bean and botanical extracts against the third larval instars and oviposition deterrence was studied under laboratory condition (22°C ± 2°C, 55% ± 5% RH, 12:12 L: D photoperiod). Significant differences were found in the efficiency of conversion of ingested food (ECI%) (F = 80.06; df = 6, 2; p < 0.05) and efficiency of conversion of digested food (ECD%) (F = 175.91; df = 6, 2; p < 0.05) values of H. armigera reared on the three host plant varieties of the whole larval instars. The minimum relative consumption rate (RCR) (11.271 ± 0.328) and maximum approximate digestibility (AD) (177.9 ± 1.928) values of the whole larval instars were on Dagaga and Koshari, respectively. The values of relative growth rate (RGR), ECI% and ECD% of the whole larval instars were highest on chickpea varieties and lowest on tomato Koshari. Among chickpea varieties, Habru was relatively resistant to larval instars of H. armigera. Botanical extracts at 50% neem oil (NO), 5% birbira seed extract (BSE) and 5% neem seed extract (NSE) (18.4%) resulted superior in larval mortality however, statistically not different. At both 5% and 2.5% concentration level of botanical extracts the minimum larval mortality was recorded from neem leaf extract (NLE). Maximum numbers of eggs were laid on control treatments and the minimum eggs were on 5% BSE. The deterrent effect of 50% neem oil was stronger (ODI = 17.66%) than that of 5% BSE (ODI = 14%) which is statistically similar value with 5% NSE (ODI = 13%). In conclusion, the result indicated that use of Habru chickpea variety with 50% NO was very effective in controlling both the larvae and deterring the adults of H. armigera from egg lying. These measures could be important in the wider managements of H. armigera by integrating host resistance and botanical extracts.
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