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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 27872 matches for " Fernando Vio "
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PRESENTACIóN LIBRO DR. MARDONES
Fernando Vio
Revista Chilena de Nutricíon , 2009,
Abstract:
PREVENCIóN DE LA OBESIDAD EN CHILE
Vio D,Fernando;
Revista chilena de nutrición , 2005, DOI: 10.4067/S0717-75182005000200001
Abstract: the epidemiologic and nutritional changes that have occurred in chile in the last decades are described, in particular related to diet and sedentarism, with the consequence of an explosive increase in obesity, similar to united states levels. to cope with this situation it is necessary a state policy in health promotion through vida chile. in the case of diet and nutrition it is recommended to follow the who and fao guidelines related to diet, nutrition and the prevention of chronic diseases
Promoción de salud y actividad física en Chile: política prioritaria
Salinas,Judith; Vio,Fernando;
Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública , 2003, DOI: 10.1590/S1020-49892003000900015
Abstract: this piece describes and analyzes the situation with respect to physical activity in chile and the policies and strategies that have been developed in order to combat sedentary lifestyles. the level of sedentary lifestyles in the chilean population is very high, with 91% performing less than 30 minutes of physical activity three times per week. this predicament has worsened as a result of increased urbanization and economic growth over the past decade, with a resulting increase in the number of cars and televisions, along with a rise in the number of hours that workers are on the job each day. in order to deal with this situation a policy to develop physical activity was implemented as a part of the country's general health promotion policy. this policy is overseen by the chile life council (consejo vida chile), which is made up of 28 chilean institutions. the policy encompasses various strategies, such as preparing guides to active living for the chilean population, conducting educational activities and human resources training for kindergartens and other schools, establishing regulatory measures, performing research, carrying out media campaigns, reclaiming public spaces for recreation, and creating incentives for physical activity in the workplace. these strategies have been well received by the general population, academicians, professionals, and technicians. this makes it possible to foresee achieving in the medium and long term the objectives that have been set: more active lives and a better state of health for the chilean population.
PREVENCIóN DE LA OBESIDAD EN CHILE THE PREVENTION OF OBESITY IN CHILE
Fernando Vio D
Revista Chilena de Nutricíon , 2005,
Abstract: Se describen los cambios epidemiológicos y nutricionales que ha tenido Chile en las últimas décadas, especialmente relacionados con la dieta y sedentarismo, lo que ha llevado a un aumento explosivo de la obesidad a niveles semejantes a los Estados Unidos. Frente a esta situación, se plantea la necesidad de desarrollar una Política de Estado en Promoción de Salud a través de VIDA CHILE, y en el caso específico de la alimentación y nutrición, seguir los lineamientos que ha dado la OMS y la FAO frente al tema Dieta, Nutrición y la Prevención de las Enfermedades Crónicas no Transmisibles The epidemiologic and nutritional changes that have occurred in Chile in the last decades are described, in particular related to diet and sedentarism, with the consequence of an explosive increase in obesity, similar to United States levels. To cope with this situation it is necessary a State Policy in Health Promotion through VIDA CHILE. In the case of diet and nutrition it is recommended to follow the WHO and FAO guidelines related to Diet, Nutrition and the Prevention of Chronic Diseases
Promoción de salud y actividad física en Chile: política prioritaria
Salinas Judith,Vio Fernando
Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública , 2003,
Abstract: This piece describes and analyzes the situation with respect to physical activity in Chile and the policies and strategies that have been developed in order to combat sedentary lifestyles. The level of sedentary lifestyles in the Chilean population is very high, with 91% performing less than 30 minutes of physical activity three times per week. This predicament has worsened as a result of increased urbanization and economic growth over the past decade, with a resulting increase in the number of cars and televisions, along with a rise in the number of hours that workers are on the job each day. In order to deal with this situation a policy to develop physical activity was implemented as a part of the country's general health promotion policy. This policy is overseen by the CHILE LIFE Council (Consejo VIDA CHILE), which is made up of 28 Chilean institutions. The policy encompasses various strategies, such as preparing guides to active living for the Chilean population, conducting educational activities and human resources training for kindergartens and other schools, establishing regulatory measures, performing research, carrying out media campaigns, reclaiming public spaces for recreation, and creating incentives for physical activity in the workplace. These strategies have been well received by the general population, academicians, professionals, and technicians. This makes it possible to foresee achieving in the medium and long term the objectives that have been set: more active lives and a better state of health for the Chilean population.
Prevention of Children Obesity: A Nutrition Education Intervention Model on Dietary Habits in Basic Schools in Chile  [PDF]
Fernando Vio, Gabriela Fretes, Edith Montenegro, Carmen Gloria González, Judith Salinas
Food and Nutrition Sciences (FNS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/fns.2015.613128
Abstract: The objective of this study is to describe the process and results of a three-year project designed to create a nutrition education intervention model that promotes healthy dietary habits among teachers, students and their families. The methodology consisted in surveys, focus groups and Delphi method to assess teachers’, students’ and parents’ dietary habits, followed by an intervention for parents, and a participative nutritional education intervention with information and communication technologies applied to teachers, with the purpose to transfer nutritional knowledge and habits to school children and their families. Qualitative results were measured in all the phases of the project with positive results, and quantitative results demonstrated significant changes in food knowledge and healthy dietary habits in parents, teachers and students, compared with the control groups, without changes in students’ nutritional status during the short period of the intervention. With the results, an integral school nutrition education model in healthy eating was developed with children, parents, teachers and support for school management. This model should be applied in the educational sector to address the problem of unhealthy diet and childhood obesity that affects Chile and the world.
Evaluation of a Nutrition Intervention through a School-Based Food Garden to Improve Dietary Consumption, Habits and Practices in Children from the Third to Fifth Grade in Chile  [PDF]
Diego Vinueza, Lydia Lera, Judith Salinas, Carmen Gloria González, Lorena Barrios, Fernando Vio
Food and Nutrition Sciences (FNS) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/fns.2016.710088
Abstract: Objective: Use a school-based food garden as an instrument to improve healthy dietary consumption, habits, and practices among children from the third to fifth grade in public schools in Chile. Design: Quasi-experimental, six-month intervention with an evaluation of dietary consumption, habits, and practices and use of the school-based food garden among the 3rd to 5th grade students. Setting: Two municipal schools in a low-middle income district in Santiago de Chile; one with a school garden intervention and a control school without a garden. Subjects: 155 third to fifth grade children, 63 in the intervention school and 92 in the control school (average age 10 years old, 58% boys). Results: In the intervened school, there was a significant improvement in the children’s dietary habits, such as peeling and slicing fruit (p < 0.05), making sandwiches (p < 0.05), and increased motivation to cook (p < 0.05). Fruit purchases at the school rose from 4% to 37% (p < 0.05) by the end of the intervention. Interest in growing vegetables or fruits at home increased from 48% to 70% (p < 0.05). The school children at the intervention school significantly increased their knowledge about 16 of 21 garden crops (p < 0.05), expanding the spectrum of the vegetables they can consume. There were no significant changes in the control school. Conclusions: The school-based food garden was effective in achieving change in dietary habits and practices among the third to fifth grade children. The project should be carried out for a longer period of time, so that the changes will be reflected in the students’ food consumption and nutritional status.
Ultramorphology and histology of the larval salivary gland of Pachycondyla villosa (Fabricius) (Hymenoptera: Formicidae, Ponerinae)
Zara, Fernando J.;Caetano, Flávio H.;
Neotropical Entomology , 2003, DOI: 10.1590/S1519-566X2003000100008
Abstract: the salivary gland possesses a single anterior duct with a columnar epithelium, two lateral ducts with simple cubical epithelium, which becomes columnar in the proximal portion, and two thin-walled reservoirs, from which two secretory regions arise. the dorsal and ventral branches of the secretory regions are connected via transverse commissures and ends in a loop. the secretory region is uniform and consists on a simple cubical epithelium. this paper also presents a review on the morphology of the salivary glands in insects, mainly in hymenoptera-aculeata.
Obesity trends and determinant factors in Latin America
Kain, Juliana;Vio, Fernando;Albala, Cecilia;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2003, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2003000700009
Abstract: obesity rates have increased markedly in latin america, especially during the last 10-15 years, becoming a public health problem in most countries. prevalence of obesity among preschool children remains low, while among schoolchildren it has increased considerably. prevalence is high in the adult population, especially among women with less schooling. in developed populations, obesity occurs more frequently among the poor; the opposite occurs in less developed societies, where in households undergoing nutritional transition, underweight can coexist with obesity. the most important determinant factors involved in the increasing obesity prevalence are fetal and infant nutritional conditions (stunting), education and socioeconomic conditions, dietary changes (especially increased total energy intake), and physical inactivity. because chronic diseases are the main causes of death in the region and obesity is one of the main risk factors for these diseases, policies to improve economic and educational levels with the implementation of health promotion and prevention should be a priority in every country.
Passos para implanta??o de sistemas de previs?o de demanda: técnicas e estudo de caso
Pellegrini, Fernando R.;Fogliatto, Flávio S.;
Produ??o , 2001, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-65132001000100004
Abstract: in this paper we propose a sequence of steps for setting up and maintaining a forecasting system for predicting future demand of products or services. our main objective is to propose a methodology that allows forecasting techniques to be used as a supporting tool in managerial decision making. our procedure is implemented in six main steps, covering issues such as product classification and the analysis of some software available to proceed with the model calculation. we also review the main time series analysis and their application. in short, such models allow the analyst to project into future periods patterns and trends that were recognizable from the analysis of past demand data. a case study from the food industry illustrates the forecasting techniques reviewed and the steps of the method we propose.
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