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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 280368 matches for " Fern?o Dias de; "
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Lentas mudan?as: o voto e a política tradicional
Avelar, Lúcia;Lima, Ferno Dias de;
Lua Nova: Revista de Cultura e Política , 2000, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-64452000000100011
Abstract: taking as reference the studies which put together political geography, development, and political power, the main areas of influence of the political parties in brazil are examined, with emphasis on the degree of development of the regions and localities from where the political parties obtain their chief electoral force. the study throws light both on the emergency of new political forces and on the persistence of traditional forms of doing politics.
Contribui??o dos arranjos domiciliares para o suprimento de demandas assistenciais dos idosos com comprometimento funcional em S?o Paulo, Brasil
Duarte,Yeda Aparecida de Oliveira; Lebr?o,Maria Lúcia; Lima,Ferno Dias de;
Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S1020-49892005000500009
Abstract: objectives: to describe the functional performance, need for assistance, and living arrangements of elderly persons in the city of s?o paulo, brazil, as part of a project called health, well-being, and aging in latin america and the caribbean (the "sabe project"). methods: in 2000, 2 143 individuals 60 years of age or older were interviewed, using the standardized sabe questionnaire. the sample was obtained in two stages, using census sectors with replacement and probability proportional to population. to have the desired number of respondents 75 or older, additional homes close to the selected census sectors were found, with weighting of the final results. the functional performance of the elderly persons was measured in terms of their ability to perform basic activities of daily living (walking across a room, eating, lying down on a bed and getting up from it, using the bathroom, dressing and undressing, and bathing) and to carry out instrumental activities of daily living (buying and preparing food, performing light and heavy household chores, using the telephone, taking medications, and handling money). functional impairment was defined as the need for assistance in performing at least one of the basic or instrumental activities. there were 66 types of living arrangements (household composition) identified and grouped into seven categories, according to with whom an elderly person lived and whether the other residents of the household were relatives or not. results: of the individuals interviewed, 19.2% presented a functional impairment in basic activities and 26.5% in instrumental activities. the impairments were more common among women and among persons 75 or older. the proportion of elderly persons with an impairment who received help with basic activities ranged from 25.6% (lying down on the bed and getting up) to 70.5% (eating). with instrumental activities, the proportion receiving assistance ranged from 79.7% (light domestic chores) to 97.8% (buying food
The relationships between selected anthropometric and socio-economic data in schoolchildren from different social strata in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Gross,Rainer; Lima,Ferno Dias de; Freitas,Cristina Jesus de; Gross,Ursula;
Revista de Saúde Pública , 1990, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-89101990000100004
Abstract: the nutritional status according to anthropometric data was assessed in 756 schoolchildren from 5 low-income state schools and in one private school in the same part of rio de janeiro, brazil. the prevalence of stunting and wasting (cut-off point: <90% ht/age and <80% wt/ht) ranged in the public schools from 6.2 to 15.2% and 3.3 to 24.0%, respectively, whereas the figures for the private school were 2.3 and 3.5%, respectively. much more obesity was found in the private school (18.0%) than in the state schools (0.8 - 6.2%). nutritional problems seem to develop more severely in accordance with the increasing age of the children. therefore it appears advisable to assess schoolchildren within the context of a nutritional surveillance system.
Nursing diagnoses in trauma victims with fatal outcomes in the emergency scenario
Sallum, Ana Maria Calil;Santos, Jair Lício Ferreira dos;Lima, Ferno Dias de;
Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-11692012000100002
Abstract: the objective of this study was to identify and analyze the nursing diagnoses that constitute risk factors for death in trauma victims in the first 6 hours post-event. this is a cross-sectional, descriptive and exploratory study using quantitative analysis. a total of 406 patients were evaluated over six months of data collection in a tertiary hospital in the municipality of s?o paulo, according to an instrument created for this purpose. of the total, 44 (10.7%) suffered death. multivariate analysis indicated the nursing diagnoses ineffective respiratory pattern, impaired spontaneous ventilation, risk of bleeding and risk of ineffective gastrointestinal tissue perfusion as risk factors for death and ineffective airway clearance, impaired comfort, and acute pain as protective factors, data that can direct health teams for different interventionist actions faced with the complexity of the trauma.
In Vitro Evaluation of Sida pilosa Retz (Malvaceae) Aqueous Extract and Derived Fractions on Schistosoma mansoni  [PDF]
Hermine Boukeng Jatsa, Cintia Aparecida de Jesus Pereira, Ana Bárbara Dias Pereira, Deborah Aparecida Negr?o-Corrêa, Ferno Castro Braga, Glauber Meireles Maciel, Rachel Oliviera Castilho, Pierre Kamtchouing, Mauro Martins Teixeira
Pharmacology & Pharmacy (PP) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/pp.2015.68039
Abstract: Sida pilosa Retz. (Malvaceae) is a medicinal plant used in Africa for the treatment of dysmenorrhea, lower abdominal pains and intestinal helminthiasis. S. pilosa aqueous extract and derived fractions were investigated for their bioactivity against Schistosoma mansoni. The aqueous extract from S. pilosa aerial parts (1.25 - 40 mg/mL) and derived fractions (n-hexane, DCM, EtOAc and n-BuOH: 0.25 - 8 mg/mL) were tested on adult S. mansoni maintained in a GMEN culture medium. Praziquantel was used as the reference drug. After 24 h of incubation, worms were monitored for their viability and egg output. The antioxidant activity of S. pilosa was evaluated by the ability to scavenge the 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl free radicals. The chemical composition of the n-BuOH fraction was investigated by HPLC-MS analysis. S. pilosa aqueous extract and fractions significantly increased worm mortality in a concentration-dependent manner. The n-BuOH fraction was the most active with a LC50 of 1.25 mg/mL. Significant reduction of motor activity (25% to 100%) was recorded for surviving worms incubated in different concentrations of the extract and fractions. Incubation of S. mansoni in different concentrations of S. pilosa extract and fractions led to significant reduction of egg laying (52% to 100%). The aqueous extract and derived fractions exhibited antioxidant activity in a concentration-dependent manner. The highest antioxidant activity was found with the EtOAc fraction, followed by the DCM and n-BuOH fractions. HPLC-MS analysis of the n-butanol fraction revealed the presence of two indoloquinoline alkaloids. This study disclosed the schistosomicidal activity of the n-butanol fraction from S. pilosa aqueous extract. This activity is probably related to the indoloquinoline alkaloids identified in the fraction.
As determina??es biológica e social da doen?a: um estudo de anemia ferropriva
Martins,Ignez Salas; Alvarenga,Augusta Thereza de; Siqueira,Arnaldo Augusto Franco de; Szarfarc,Sophia Cornbluth; Lima,Ferno Dias de;
Revista de Saúde Pública , 1987, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-89101987000200003
Abstract: an attempt was made to distinguish the various levels of determination of deficiency anemia, as a public health phenomenon, on the basis of the biological and social relationships which define this health-disease process. by correlating the analysis of the specific processes of a sample population of pregnant women to the general processes characteristic of life in greater s?o paulo (brazil), to which city the sample population belong, it was possible to observe how the conditions which lead to the occurrence of iron-deficiency anemia are linked to the social and economic conditions characteristic of the particular class contexts to which individuals are related, be it by qualitative and quantitative dietary deficiences, or by the poor conditions of environmental health, these factors typical of the areas inhabited by the lower social strata. in view of the singular biological processes involved and in order to bring into focus another hierarchical level of these determinations, the analysis of these deficiencies was applied to the concept of organic vulnerability, a concept taken as the concatenator of the distinguishing characteristics of specific biological groups in view of the differential risks of falling ill and dying through particular "causes" or processes leading to death, risks which are linked to the very conditions under which the social classes live. by characterizing the ultimate determining causes of iron-deficiency anemia on the basis of the low level of consumption of what the authors have decided to call "basic necessities", the analysis sought to identify characteristic elements of living standards in the city of s?o paulo, capable of providing data of the establishment of possible "critical levels of consumption", that is to say, of a particular living standard below which individuals, in this case pregnant women, separated into specific social groups, would be ascribed to particular situations, simultaneously of an organic and social nature, "d
Functional performance of the elderly in instrumental activities of daily living: an analysis in the municipality of S?o Paulo, Brazil
Santos, Jair Licio Ferreira;Lebr?o, Maria Lucia;Duarte, Yeda Aparecida Oliveira;Lima, Ferno Dias de;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2008000400019
Abstract: the changes that occur during aging are accompanied by limitations in functional performance that impair elderly people's social participation and consequently harm their quality of life. in the sabe study (s?o paulo, brazil), the results indicated relationships between life expectancy without disabilities and demographic and social variables. this article sought to evaluate these and other variables together as explanatory factors for the presence or absence of difficulties in instrumental activities of daily living (iadl), directly related to the possibility of more efficient community participation. five of the eight questions relating to iadl that were applied to the sample of 2,143 elderly individuals in the municipality of s?o paulo in 2000 were considered. odds ratios were calculated using logistic regression. all the socio-demographic variables analyzed (age, income, ethnicity, schooling, and gender) were significant, with the exception of "sufficient money". all the variables in the "health" group (one or two or more diseases reported, and depression) were also significant. the two other variables that entered the model were physical activity and alcohol consumption.
Avalia??o antropométrica da eficácia da suplementa??o alimentar dos Centros de Educa??o e Alimenta??o do Pré-Escolar
Benício,Maria Helena D'Aquino; Monteiro,Carlos Augusto; Pontieri,Maria José; Gandra,Yaro Ribeiro; Lima,Ferno Dias de;
Revista de Saúde Pública , 1981, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-89101981000700007
Abstract: alimentary supplementation efficiency was assessed by follow-up of two groups of preschool age children of similar socio-economic status both attending and not attending ceape programs. the results showed that in the interior of the state of s. paulo, brazil, the program, notwithstanding low calorie supplementation and far-from-ideal operating conditions, produced nutritional effects detectable by means of the usual anthropometric indices.
Estado nutricional dos pré-escolares ingressantes nos Centros de Educa??o e Alimenta??o do Pré-escolar
Benício,Maria Helena D'Aquino; Monteiro,Carlos Augusto; Pontieri,Maria José; Gandra,Yaro Ribeiro; Lima,Ferno Dias de;
Revista de Saúde Pública , 1981, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-89101981000700006
Abstract: the nutritional status of ceape entrees is described by means of anthropometric measurements. prevalence of pem encountered was 46.8% for moderate degrees and 5.8% for severe ones. this situation is intermediate between two other economically handicaped populations described in the state of s. paulo, brazil.
índice de Qualidade da Dieta: avalia??o da adapta??o e aplicabilidade
Fisberg, Regina Mara;Slater, Betzabeth;Barros, Rodrigo Ribeiro;Lima, Ferno Dias de;Cesar, Chester Luiz Galv?o;Carandina, Luana;Barros, Marilisa Berti de Azevedo;Goldbaum, Moisés;
Revista de Nutri??o , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S1415-52732004000300003
Abstract: objective: this study was to adapt and to applied the u.s.a.'s healthy eating index to evaluate the diet quality of individuals (n=50) residing in botucatu, s?o paulo, brazil. methods: the food intake was measured by the 24-hour dietary recall method, and evaluated by an adapted healthy eating index. the index was obtained by a score of the distribution of the ten components of the considered healthy diet. results: the mean healthy eating index was 51,5; it was found that 12 percent of individuals had "good" diets; 74 percent, had diets that "needed improvement"; and 14 percent, had "poor" diets. there were a negative and significant correlation (p<0,05) between the healthy eating index and the total dietary fat, fatty acids, cholesterol and sodium. the mean retinol and fiber intakes, presented a positive and significant correlation with the healthy eating index. conclusion: the results showed that the use of healthy eating index in a target population is feasible.
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