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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 872 matches for " Federica Gasparotti "
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Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging Demonstrates That Hypnosis Is Conscious and Voluntary  [PDF]
Edoardo Casiglia, Francesco Finatti, Federica Gasparotti, Maria Rosaria Stabile, Micaela Mitolo, Federica Albertini, Antonio M. Lapenta, Enrico Facco, Valérie Tikhonoff, Annalena Venneri
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2018.97095
Abstract: Hypnosis is a condition of modified consciousness (monoideism) resulting from a mental representation able to produce psychological and physical effects. The general belief is that hypnosis is conscious and voluntary, but the practical demonstration of this hypothesis is far to be demonstrated. Twenty healthy highly hypnotizable volunteers were studied during through functional magnetic resonance imaging during a task. The task was necessary because functional magnetic resonance imaging gives no interesting results in neutral hypnosis. During the hypnotic task, the prefrontal dorso-lateral cortex, genual cortex, dorsal anterior cingulate cortex, and orbital portion of the inferior frontal convolution (i.e. the Broadmann areas 9, 25, 32 and 47) were activated. Such areas are associated to egoic consciousness and voluntary processes. The results show that the hypothesis that hypnosis is conscious and voluntary is correct.
Granone’s Plastic Monoideism Demonstrated by Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI)  [PDF]
Edoardo Casiglia, Francesco Finatti, Valérie Tikhonoff, Maria R. Stabile, Micaela Mitolo, Federica Gasparotti, Federica Albertini, Antonio M. Lapenta, Annalena Venneri
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2019.104030
Abstract: Plastic monoideism is the supposed basis of hypnosis, but has never been experimentally demonstrated. The aim of the paper presented herein is to demonstrate that plastic monoideism exists and can be put in evidence by functional magnetic resonance (fMRI). To this aim, fMRI brain areas activation was examined in 20 highly hypnotizable young participants during a task represented by hypnotic analgesia. Inhibition of pain transmission from periphery to brain cortex was demonstrated during hypnotic analgesia by lack of activation of central somatosensory areas. At the same time, the Brodmann areas 9, 25, 32 and 47 were highly activated. This indicates that during a hypnotic task the iper-activity of certain brain areas inhibits the other ones. This is just, for the neurobiologist, what plastic monoideism is for the clinic hypnotist. The hyper-activated areas represent the physiological basis of the monoideism, which was therefore confirmed by brain imaging.
The Mysterious Hypnotic Analgesia: Experimental Evidences  [PDF]
Edoardo Casiglia, Edoardo Casiglia, Valérie Tikhonoff, Federica Albertini, Antonio M. Lapenta, Federica Gasparotti, Francesco Finatti, Augusto M. Rossi, Gastone Zanette, Margherita Giacomello, Nunzia Giordano, Jacopo Favaro, Enrico Facco
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2018.98112
Abstract: In the last years, the Laboratory of Experimental Hypnosis of the University of Padova and of the Institute Franco Granone of Torino, also in collaboration with the Foundation Hospital San Camillo in Venice, studied the effectiveness and the mechanisms of hypnotic analgesia in non-trigeminal an trigeminal pain. In this paper, the results of our work are summarized, starting from what was already known on the topic and exploring experimentally many different aspects of hypnotic analgesia. All the studies described in the present paper were conducted following scientific protocols and using the methods and means of Galilean science, employing in particular many instruments pertaining to human physiology and belonging to cardiology and neurology. This leads to the demonstration that hypnotic analgesia is an objective, real and measurable phenomenon.
Experimental Approach to the Transmission of Information in Hypnosis  [PDF]
Edoardo Casiglia, Federica Albertini, Valérie Tikhonoff, Federica Gasparotti, Jacopo Favaro, Francesco Finatti, Panagiota Rempelou, Antonio Maria Lapenta, Paolo Spinella
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2018.91001
Abstract: The means by which information can be transmitted in hypnosis are debated. Aim of this pilot study was to induce and maintain hypnosis without the hypnotist and the subject being in the same room. In other words, we wanted to clarify, using measurable outcomes, if the hypnotic message could be conveyed through an electronic device. We studied 6 young healthy highly hypnotizable volunteers. After a session aimed at creating the rapport, each participant underwent an experimental session consisting in the execution of a cold pressor test (CTP) in basal awake condition, during hypnotic focused analgesia in the presence of the hypnotist (HFA-P) and during hypnotic focused analgesia suggested via transceiver (HFA-R). Cardiovascular monitoring was performed throughout the session. Perceived pain intensity and hemodynamic parameters during the CPT (baseline, 1st minute, end of the test) in the three phases of the experimental session were compared with paired t-test. During both HFA-P and HFA-R, perceived pain was nullified. The times of permanence in icy water significantly increased in comparison to non-hypnotic condition by 369.2% in HFA-P and by 394.3% in HFA-R. The systolic blood pressure × heart rate product increased in non-hypnotic conditions (+27.8%, p < 0.01, at the 1st minute; +35.3%, p = 0.01, at the end) but not during HFA-P (-1% and -0.2%, NS) or HFA-R (+7.3% and -1.6%, NS). In conclusion, hypnosis induced and maintained via transceiver was equivalent to that in the presence of the hypnotist. The hypnotic information therefore turned out to be more important than the means chosen to transmit it.
Interculturalidade e o papel da escola na atualidade: reflex?es a partir do filme Entre os muros da escola
Flaviana Gasparotti, Nunes;
Pro-Posi??es , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-73072011000300009
Abstract: we take into consideration the importance that issues such as cultural diversity and identity have risen for the reflection on the role of the school today. hence, in this text, we try to develop some ideas regarding this topic based on the elements brought by laurent cantet in the film "the class". the option to discuss this question through elements/situations from a cinematographic piece of work is justified by the fact that we understand the relevance of the cinema as a language in expressing views, meanings and reflections on questions posed to society. therefore, we try to discuss the way cantet uses the microcosm of the classroom and of the school, highlighting their "walls" as a metaphor, so as to think about the society itself. we point out, as a result of the issues approached by cantet, the relevance of the intercultural education proposals in order to rethink the role of the school today.
Effectiveness and Efficiency of Educational Measures: Evaluation Practices, Indicators and Rhetoric  [PDF]
Federica Cornali
Sociology Mind (SM) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/sm.2012.23034
Abstract: In recent years, evaluating the performance of educational organizations has sparked increasing interest and debate. Many expectations ride on the smooth operation of school systems. It is widely believed that countries’ social and economic well-being will depend to an ever greater extent on the quality of their citizens’ education: the emergence of the so-called “knowledge society”, the transformation of information and the media, and increasing specialization on the part of organizations all call for high skill profiles and levels of knowledge. Today’s education systems are required to be both effective and efficient, or in other words, to reach the goals set for them while making the best use of available resources. This paper, by presenting and discussing a case study, will analyze several dimensions of schools’ effectiveness and efficiency, highlighting the importance of selecting evaluation procedures that can provide representations that reflect the actual situation to the greatest possible extent.
Reward and adversity processing circuits, their competition and interactions with dopamine and serotonin signaling
Karin Vadovi?ová,Roberto Gasparotti
Quantitative Biology , 2013, DOI: 10.14293/S2199-1006.1.SOR-LIFE.AEKZPZ.v1
Abstract: We propose that dACC, AI and caudolateral OFC(clOFC) project to lateral habenula (LHb) and D2 loop of ventral striatum (VS), forming a functional adversity processing circuit, directed towards inhibitory avoidance and self-control. This circuit learns what is bad or harmful to us and predicts risks, to stop us from going/moving for bad or suboptimal choices that decrease our well-being and survival chances. Proposed dACC role is to generate a WARNING signal when things are going (or might end) bad or wrong to prevent negative consequences: pain, harm, loss or failure. The AI signals about bad low aversive qualities, which make us sick or cause discomfort. These cortical inputs activate directly and indirectly (via D2 loop of VS) the LHb, which inhibits dopamine and serotonin release (and is reciprocally inhibited by VTA, DRN) to avoid choosing and doing things leading to harm or loss, but also to make us feel worse, down when overstimulated. We propose that dopamine attenuates the output of the adversity processing circuit, thus decreasing inhibitory avoidance and self-control, while serotonin attenuates dACC, AI, clOFC, D1 loop of VS, LHb, amygdala and pain pathway. Thus, by reciprocal inhibition, by causing dopamine and serotonin suppression - and by being suppressed by them, the adversity processing circuit competes with reward processing circuit for control of choice behaviour and affective states. We propose stimulating effect of dopamine and calming inhibitory effect of serotonin on the active avoidance circuit involving amygdala, linked to threat processing, anger, fear, self-defense and violences. We describe causes and roles of dopamine and serotonin signaling, and mental dysfunctions. We add new idea on vACC role in signaling that we are doing well and in inducing serotonin, when we gain/reach safety, comfort, valuable resources, social/biological rewards, affection or goals.
Elecciones tecnológicas en la alfarería. Un abordaje preliminar de la cerámica de Corral Alto, Antofagasta de la Sierra (Catamarca)
Gasparotti,Leticia I.; Escola,Patricia S.;
La zaranda de ideas , 2012,
Abstract: in this paper a preliminary analysis of a ceramic assemblage from the surface collection of the site corral alto (antofagasta de la sierra, catamarca) is presented. the study is developed from a technological perspective that try to evaluate the own choices that made each potter in the manufacturing process. it also attempts to access to the intentions or purposes that guided the production of the assemblage. in this sense, from the development of ceramic group discussed a number of variables related to the technological component of the pots. the results achieved are new information for the regional late period (ca. 1000 a 1430 d.c.) from the intermediate sectors of the basin of antofagasta de la sierra.
New MR sequences in daily practice: susceptibility weighted imaging. A pictorial essay
Roberto Gasparotti,Lorenzo Pinelli,Roberto Liserre
Insights into Imaging , 2011, DOI: 10.1007/s13244-011-0086-3
Abstract: SWI is useful in differentiating and characterising diverse brain disorders.
UMIS: A Service for User Model Interoperability  [PDF]
Federica Cena, Roberto Furnari
Advances in Internet of Things (AIT) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ait.2012.24012
Abstract: In this paper we describe UMIS, a service architecture that enables user adaptive applications to exchange User Model data on the Web. UMIS provides a set of facilities that allow applications to interoperate with minimum changes in their internal logics and knowledge representation. The goal is to support the process of interoperability in three ways: providing an efficient centralized discovery service; offering a service for simple interaction for the exchange of UM value in a p2p way; and offering a negotiation mechanism to be used in case of communication hurdles (i.e. semantic ambiguities and missing response). We developed a proof-of-concept prototype of UMIS and we tested it with an existing user-adaptive application. According to our test results, our approach improves the communication with respect to standard solutions for interoperability regarding the quality of exchange, with a negligible impact on the communication costs and traffic generation.
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