oalib

OALib Journal期刊

ISSN: 2333-9721

费用:99美元

投稿

匹配条件: “ Farideh Nejat” ,找到相关结果约281条。
列表显示的所有文章,均可免费获取
第1页/共281条
每页显示
Primary Cerebral Hydatid Cyst: Two Cases Report
Farid Radmenesh,Farideh Nejat
Iranian Journal of Pediatrics , 2008,
Abstract: Objective: Cerebral hydatid disease (CHD) is a rare manifestation of echinococcosis but it constitutes a significant fraction of all intracranial mass lesions. In this paper we have reported two children with primary CHD without associated extracranial lesions.Case Presentation: Two cases of isolated cerebral hydatid disease are described. They were 7- and 10-year old children referred with focal neurological deficits and intracranial hypertension. Extensive extracranial investigations were negative. The literature concerning isolated cerebral hydatid disease is reviewed, and possible mechanisms by which the disease can be limited to brain, are discussed.Conclusion: Isolated CHD can occur with different mechanisms. Lack of effective immune system in the brain, the special architecture of brain tissue permitting rapid growth of cyst, patent ductus arteriosus, and patent foramen ovale, have been the proposed factors, but none of them has been proved yet.
Optic chiasmatic-hypothalamic gliomas: Is tissue diagnosis essential?
El Khashab Mostafa,Nejat Farideh
Neurology India , 2011,
Abstract:
Double dermal sinuses: a case study
Mostafa El Khashab, Farideh Nejat, Abolhasan Ertiaei
Journal of Medical Case Reports , 2008, DOI: 10.1186/1752-1947-2-281
Abstract: Here we report a 5-year-old girl who presented with occasional headache. There were two dimples, one on the dorsal aspect of her head and another on her neck.Dermal sinuses are almost always singular and the co-existence of double dermal sinuses has not been reported previously.Dermal sinus tracts are rare congenital lesions located in the midline characterized by a cutaneous pit or dimple. They are defined as developmental anomalies in which the end result can be abnormal communication between the dermis and intracranial structures. They incorporate a tract of cutaneous ectoderm from the dorsal midline skin that extends for a variable distance into the underlying mesenchymal tissue and in many instances penetrates the dura to end within the thecal sac adjacent to, or continuous with the neural tube [1]. Sinuses may be asymptomatic or present clinically with varying degrees of drainage from their cutaneous openings, recurrent bouts of septic or aseptic meningitis, or mass effect on the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) pathways and consequent hydrocephalus [2].These lesions are almost always solitary and co-existence of double dermal sinuses has not been reported previously. We report a girl with asymptomatic double dermal sinuses.This 5-year-old girl presented with occasional headache. She was the first child of nonconsanguineous parents without significant past medical history. On physical examination, the child was totally normal neurologically and generally. There were two dimples on the dorsal aspect of her head and neck. A fine dimple was noted at the midline occipital area above the inion, surrounded by a small smooth hairless area, harboring a few thick black hairs at the ostium without any discharge (Fig. 1a). The other dimple was at the midcervical area with a large mouth and hemangiomatous skin discoloration around the dimple (Fig. 1b). Brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was performed, which was normal without bone defect and intracranial sinus or tract. Cerv
Intramedullary Spinal Cord Abscess: Report of Two Cases
Farideh Nejat,Ghamar Taj Khotaei,Setareh Mamishi
Iranian Journal of Pediatrics , 2007,
Abstract: Background: Intramedullary spinal cord abscess is a treatable cause of paraparesis. It can rapidly lead to complete paralysis below the lesion. Case Presentation: In this article two cases of spinal intramedullary abscess in pediatric age (3 and 4-year-old males) are presented. Incidence, clinical presentation, neurologic investigation and treatment are discussed. Conclusion: Although intramedullary spinal cord abscess is a rare disease, we should have knowledge of its existence because misjudgment and deferring adequate treatment may lead to an unfavorable outcome.
Why Flushing the Valve Cannot Be A Reliable Method to Evaluate the Ventriculoperitoneal Shunt Function?
Farideh Nejat,Mostafa El-Khashab
Iranian Journal of Pediatrics , 2011,
Abstract:
Congenital dermoid cysts of the anterior fontanel
Majed Masood,Nejat Farideh,El Khashab Mostafa
Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery , 2008,
Abstract:
Possible causes of seizure after spine surgery
Habibi Zohreh,Nejat Farideh,El Khashab Mostafa
Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences , 2010,
Abstract: Seizure after laminectomy for spinal procedure is very rare and has not been reported after lipomyelomeningocele surgery beforehand. Here, two cases of seizure following laminectomy for lipomyelomeningocele are reported. The exact etiology of the event is unknown but anesthetic material, pneumocephalus, intracranial hypotension subsequent to cerebrospinal fluid leakage after spinal procedures, spinal-induced seizure and the potential toxic effect of fat molecules could be considered.
Congenital spinal tumor in a patient with encephalocele and hydrocephalus: a case report
Farid Radmanesh, Farideh Nejat, Fatemeh Mahjoub, Mostafa El Khashab
Journal of Medical Case Reports , 2011, DOI: 10.1186/1752-1947-5-9
Abstract: We report the case of an Iranian girl with a history of encephalocele surgery, who, at the age of four years, developed an intramedullary spinal teratoma, and discuss the pathogenesis of this association.To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of an association between encephalocele and spinal teratoma.Encephalocele refers to a group of rare congenital anomalies of the central nervous system (CNS), where brain tissue protrudes from a defect in the skull [1]. Its prevalence has been estimated to be 0.8 to four in every 10,000 live births [2].Teratomas are tumors derived from all three germ layers [3]. In children, teratomas are more commonly found in the sacrococcygeal region than in the spinal cord [4], which occurs in one of 38,500 viable births. Intramedullary spinal teratomas are rare tumors [5]. In 41.7% of teratomas, a concomitant anomaly of the vertebral canal is found, most commonly a diastematomyelia, [4]. However to the best of our knowledge, there is nor repot of an association with encephalocele in the English literature.We report a case of encephalocele and lumbar intramedullary teratoma and discuss the possible etiology.A four-year old Iranian girl was referred to the neurosurgical department with severe back pain and motor regression. She was the second child of nonconsanguineous parents, and was delivered by elective Cesarean section due to being repeat. She had a history of occipital encephalocele, which was treated surgically during the neonatal period and she later received a shunt to treat progressive hydrocephalus. She could sit at nine month of age and stand at two years, but was unable to walk. Six months before her referral, she had developed back pain, which was particularly severe at night, and after three months, she was unable to stand.On physical examination, our patient was found to be generally normal, with good mental performance, and normal results from a neurological examination of the arms. She had a head circumferenc
Acquired craniomeningocele in an infant with craniosynostosis: a case report
Mostafa El Khashab, Farideh Nejat, Shahrooz Yazdani, Nima Baradaran
Journal of Medical Case Reports , 2010, DOI: 10.1186/1752-1947-4-104
Abstract: We report the case of a 3-month-old Caucasian boy with multiple suture craniosynostosis and with acquired craniomeningocele presenting as a bulging mass in the lateral occipital area.To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of a patient with multiple suture craniosynostosis and acquired craniomeningocele.The incidence of non-syndromic craniosynostosis is approximately 0.4 to 1 in 10,000 live births. A single suture is most commonly implicated. Syndromic craniosynostosis, with a more generalized pattern, is much less common [1]. The majority of patients with craniosynostosis have various skull alterations, which are severe in syndromic type and are mainly considered to have arisen from compensatory growth of the skull after stenosis of some sutures and high intracranial pressure. Skull deformities and beaten copper pattern are common findings in craniosynostosis. Lückensch?del (lacunar skull) is rarely observed, occuring in approximately 10% of patients with craniosynostosis [2,3]. To the best of our knowledge, cranial meningocele has not been reported with craniosynostosis before. We describe a patient with craniosynostosis with acquired craniomeningocele and hypothesize probable causes for this abnormal presentation.A 3-month-old Caucasian boy was referred to our hospital due to abnormal shape of his head and a bulging mass in the left occipital area. The mass had been found one month before referral with a gradual increase in size, and fluctuation in size during crying and sleeping. The lesion was 1.5 × 2 cm in maximum diameter (Figure 1), very tense, non-tender, and pulsatile. His head circumference was on the 25th percentile for his age class. There was apparent hypertelorism with exophthalmia and age-appropriate developmental milestones. Askull X-ray (Figure 2) and a brain computed tomography (CT) scan showed fusion of coronal, lambdoid and basal sutures with a diffuse beaten copper appearance (Figure 3). Hydrocephalus was not found in the CT scan
The prenatal ultrasonographic detection of myelomeningocele in patients referred to Children's Hospital Medical Center: a cross sectional study
Syed Kazmi, Farideh Nejat, Parvin Tajik, Hadi Roozbeh
Reproductive Health , 2006, DOI: 10.1186/1742-4755-3-6
Abstract: We included 140 children born with MMC and who were referred for management, surgery and treatment of complications associated with it. The ultrasound reports were examined. Data on sex, age, location of MMC, time of prenatal ultrasound and the trimester in which the diagnosis was made along with the results of the diagnosis (MMC, hydrocephalus, or both), were collected.Among the studied patients, 136 (97.1%) cases had prenatal ultrasound, amongst those, 58 (42.6%) sonographic evaluations were diagnostic for hydrocephalus and/or MMC. The prenatal ultrasound was positive for MMC in 16 (11.8%), hydrocephalus in 25 (18.4%) and both MMC and hydrocephalus in 17 (12.5%) cases. Among all cases with prenatal diagnosis of MMC, 3.4% were detected in the first, 31% in the second and 65.5% in the third trimester. Thoracic/thoracolumbar lesions were found prenatally in 40% of cases, which is significantly higher than the detection rate of other locations including cervical/cervicothoracic and lumbar/lumbosacral/sacral regions diagnosed only in 0% and 21% of cases respectively.There is a large difference between the detection rate of our population (24.3%) compared to others (68%). Pregnant women should have an ultrasound at 20–22 week for detection of congenital anomalies including MMC.Myelomeningocele is a major congenital anomaly caused by a defective closure of the neural tube between the 18–25th days of gestation, resulting in the protrusion of the cord and the meninges through the defective bony encasement of the spinal column [1]. It is a prevalent and crippling defect of the central nervous system (CNS) for which no definitive cure is available. Patients born with MMC have lifelong disabilities including motory, sensory, orthopedic and urologic problems. In spite of being a common birth defect with significant lifelong complications, little progress has been made in the postnatal surgical management of the defects or its associated complications.During the past decades ne
第1页/共281条
每页显示


Home
Copyright © 2008-2017 Open Access Library. All rights reserved.