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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 1557 matches for " Farhin Iqbal "
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Anemia in Recent Onset Rheumatoid Arthritis
D.J. Borah, Farhin Iqbal
JK Science : Journal of Medical Education & Research , 2007,
Abstract: This study was undertaken to study the prevalence of anemia in recent onset Rheumatoid arthritis and toobserve any difference of disease activity between anemic and non anemic patients of RheumatoidArthritis(RA). Newly diagnosed recent onset RA (<2 years),DMARD na ve patients were evaluated forpresence of anemia. Anemia was defined as hemoglobin = 11 g/dl in females and = 12 g/dl in males.Anemic patients were further evaluated for the type of anemia & serum ferritin = 50 μg/l is taken as cutoff for defining iron deficiency anemia. Assessment of disease activity using DAS 28,and functionaldisability using modified health assessment questionnaires (MHAQ) was performed in both anemic andnon anemic RA patients. A total of 31 patients were included in the prospective study. Anemia wasobserved in 20 patients (64.5%), out of the 20 patients, 12 patients (60%) were found to be havinganemia of chronic disease(ACD)and 8 patients (40%) were found to be having iron deficiency anemia(IDA). In anemic group, the mean DAS 28 &MHAQ were found to be 6.85+0.64 & 1.41+0.44 respectively& in the non anemic group mean DAS 28 &MHAQ were found to be 4.76+1.29 & 0.7+0.25 respectively.It is concluded that anemia is a common extra articular manifestation of rheumatoid arthritis and anemiaof chronic disease is the commonest type of anemia in rheumatoid arthritis . Anemic patients tend to havesevere disease as reflected by high disease activity score and MHAQ scores.
Incidental Radiographic Discovery of a Screw in a Primary Molar: An Unusual Case Report in a 6 Year Old Child
Farhin Katge,Sajjad Mithiborwala,Thejokrishna Pammi
Case Reports in Dentistry , 2013, DOI: 10.1155/2013/296425
Abstract: Dentists often find foreign bodies in the primary dentition of children who habitually place objects in their mouths. The objects are frequently embedded in exposures that result from carious or traumatic lesions or from endodontic procedures that have been left open for drainage. Such bodies are often detected on routine radiographs and, less frequently, during clinical examination. We report a case of a 6-year-old boy who had inadvertently embedded a screw in his mandibular right first primary molar and had forgotten about it until it became symptomatic. The screw was impacted in the exposed pulp chamber due to a large carious lesion in the affected molar. This case report considers the possible medical and dental consequences of placing foreign bodies in the mouth. 1. Introduction Many children are in the habit of exploring various objects in the oral cavity that can cause hard or soft tissue injuries. This practice may result in inadvertent insertion of foreign bodies within the pulp chamber or root canal [1]. Foreign objects are often discovered in the primary dentition during radiological examination. Radiographic examination assists in the determination of the number, type, composition, and position of the foreign object(s). Till date only two such cases of a screw impacted in a primary molar have been reported [2, 3]. 2. Case Report A 6 year old boy reported to the Department of Pedodontics, Terna Dental College, Navi Mumbai, India, complaining of pain in lower right back region of jaw, since 3–5 days. Intraoral clinical examination revealed deep occlusal caries and intraoral draining sinus in relation to #84. Vestibular tenderness and mobility were absent. An intraoral periapical radiograph of the tooth revealed presence of a linear radiopaque object (metallic screw) ?mm in dimension, which was embedded in the pulp chamber of #84 (Figures 1 and 2). A clinical history revealed that the patient habitually placed metal objects in his mouth; on one occasion, the screw had become lodged in the cavitated tooth. Several attempts by the child to retrieve it had proven futile. The child had not reported this incident to his parents for fear of punishment and had soon forgotten about it. A diagnosis of chronic dentoalveolar abscess with 84 was made. The treatment plan involved removal of foreign body from the pulp chamber of #84 followed by pulpectomy and stainless steel crown cementation. Figure 1: IOPA showing metallic screw in the pulp chamber of #84 with intact pulpal floor. Figure 2: IOPA showing intact furcal area with no evidence of interradicular
. Iqbal
Jurnal Informatika , 2012,
Abstract: Pada umumnya para pengguna CMS Joomla dalam membuat website hanya menggunakan fitur-fitur standar (seperti sistem konten, web links, contact forms) yang ada pada CMS Joomla tanpa melakukan pengembangan dari fitur-fitur tersebut. Hal ini akan menjadi suatu masalah jika fitur yang diinginkan belum terdapat pada CMS Joomla. Saat ini banyak pengembang web yang cenderung menggunakan CMS karena kemudahannya. Hal ini juga memungkinkan pengembangan CMS untuk sistem informasi berbasis online, namun belum ada pengembang CMS yang menyediakan komponen atau fitur sistem informasi berbasis online. Sehingga tujuan penelitian ini adalah pengembangan CMS yang difokuskan dalam hal penambahan fitur berupa component dan module sistem informasi online.
RETRACTED: Wavelet Packet Frames on a Half Line Using the Walsh-Fourier Transform  [PDF]
J. Iqbal
American Journal of Computational Mathematics (AJCM) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ajcm.2013.31011
Abstract: Short Retraction Notice

The paper does not meet the standards of \"American Journal of Computational Mathematics\".

This article has been retracted to straighten the academic record. In making this decision the Editorial Board follows COPE's Retraction Guidelines. The aim is to promote the circulation of scientific research by offering an ideal research publication platform with due consideration of internationally accepted standards on publication ethics. The Editorial Board would like to extend its sincere apologies for any inconvenience this retraction may have caused.

Editor guiding this retraction: Prof. Hari M. Srivastava (EiC of AJCM)

The full retraction notice in PDF is preceding the original paper, which is marked \"RETRACTED\".

Transthyretin—A Key Gene Involved in Regulating Learning and Memory in Brain, and Providing Neuroprotection in Alzheimer Disease via Neuronal Synthesis of Transthyretin Protein  [PDF]
Javed Iqbal
Journal of Behavioral and Brain Science (JBBS) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/jbbs.2018.82005
Abstract: Transthyretin (TTR), a carrier protein present in the liver and choroid plexus of the brain, has been shown to be responsible for binding thyroid hormone thyroxin (T4) and retinol in plasma and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). TTR aids in sequestering of beta-amyloid peptides Aβ deposition, and protects the brain from trauma, ischemic stroke and Alzheimer disease (AD). Accordingly, hippocampal gene expression of TTR plays a significant role in learning and memory as well as in simulation of spatial memory tasks. TTR via interacting with transcription factor CREB regulates this process and decreased expression leads to memory deficits. By different signaling pathways, like MAPK, AKT, and ERK via Src, TTR provides tropical support through megalin receptor by promoting neurite outgrowth and protecting the neurons from traumatic brain injury. TTR is also responsible for the transient rise in intracellular Ca2+ via NMDA receptor, playing a dominant role under excitotoxic conditions. In this review, we tried to shed light on how TTR is involved in maintaining normal cognitive processes, its role in learning and memory, under memory deficit conditions; by which mechanisms it promotes neurite outgrowth; and how it protects the brain from Alzheimer disease (AD).
Fracture Toughness and Fatigue Crack Growth Study of Friction Stir Welded Plates
Siti Nur Farhin Mokhtar,Azmi Abdul Wahab,Saravanan Karuppanan
Journal of Applied Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: Friction stir welding has been demonstrated as a viable replacement to conventional fusion welding in various engineering applications. In most cases, the suitable welding parameters were selected based primarily on the tensile tests performed on welded test joints. In this project, a study on Fracture Toughness (FT) and Fatigue Crack Growth (FCG) of friction stir welded A6061 plates of 10 mm thickness will be performed. The tests were conducted according to ASTM Standard Test Methods E399-08 and E647-08. The objectives of the project are to perform Fracture Toughness and Fatigue Crack Growth tests on the plates, determining the plane strain fracture toughness KIC and the rate of fatigue crack growth of the A6061 welded plates and comparing those properties with non-welded A6061 plates. Friction stir welding was conducted using CNC milling machine. The sample plates were fabricated into Compact Tension (CT) specimen configuration using EDM machine. To meet the requirement of sharp notch, precracking was conducted for about 30,000 cycles using a cyclic frequency range of 0.3-4.0 Hz with precracked crack lengths of around 25.2 mm. FT tests were conducted using 0.01 mm sec-1 stroke rate. FCG tests were conducted using the same cyclic rate range with fatigue precracking, with a stress ratio of 0.1. The results indicated that the friction stir welded plates exhibited lower fracture toughness and higher crack propagation rate than non-welded plates.
Does Male International Migration Effects the Families Left behind Evidence from Gujrat Pakistan  [PDF]
Shahid Iqbal, Faiza Iqbal, Riaz Ahmed Mozmi
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2014.26058
Abstract: Migration has been a courageous expression of the individual’s will to overcome adversity and to live a better life. Today, globalization, together with advances in communications and transportation, has greatly increased the number of people who have the desire and the capacity to move to other places. The evidence shows that due to flow of remittances the economic status of the families but on the other hand it also has a profound impact on families left behind. They have to face many problems. In this study, an effort has been made to understand the possible impact of migration on families left behind. This study was carried out in District Gujrat of Punjab Pakistan. Purposed sampling technique has been used to select the sample. The findings of the study suggest that male migration has a profound impact on families left behind especially on their spouse and children.
Second-Order Duality for Continuous Programming Containing Support Functions  [PDF]
Iqbal Husain, Mashoob Masoodi
Applied Mathematics (AM) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/am.2010.16071
Abstract: A second-order dual problem is formulated for a class of continuous programming problem in which both objective and constrained functions contain support functions, hence it is nondifferentiable. Under second-order invexity and second-order pseudoinvexity, weak, strong and converse duality theorems are established for this pair of dual problems. Special cases are deduced and a pair of dual continuous problems with natural boundary values is constructed. A close relationship between duality results of our problems and those of the corresponding (static) nonlinear programming problem with support functions is briefly outlined.
Pharmacological Adjuvants to Limit Erythropoietin Stimulating Agents Exposure  [PDF]
Iqbal Masood, Geoffrey Teehan
Open Journal of Nephrology (OJNeph) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojneph.2012.24015
Abstract: Anemia in chronic kidney disease (CKD) is common, causing morbidity and mortality, and is primarily due to reduced erythropoietin (EPO) release and, to a lesser degree, shortened red cell survival. Erythropoietin Stimulating Agents like epoetin Alfa and darbepoetin alpha are used commonly to treat this form of anemia. Recent evidence suggests increased morbidity and mortality associated with higher hemoglobin in the setting of these agents use. Whether these complications are due to higher dose of erythropoietin or its resistance (i.e. inflammation), or achieving a higher hemoglobin remains unclear. Tightening restrictions on these agents has led to increase interest in the use of non-ESA adjuvants to improve erythropoiesis. This review will highlight the most promising of these agents.
Auxin Producing Pseudomonas Strains: Biological Candidates to Modulate the Growth of Triticum aestivum Beneficially  [PDF]
Atia Iqbal, Shahida Hasnain
American Journal of Plant Sciences (AJPS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2013.49206

The screening of plant growth promoting rhizobacteria is a crucial step for their utilization as beneficial input in improving the crop productivity. This study was carried out to screen and evaluate the auxin producing rhizospheric isolated Pseudomonas strains for their potential to improve growth of Triticum aestivum (wheat) plant under laboratory and natural conditions. Three strains PNS-4, PNS-6 and PNS-15 were evaluated for auxin production by Salkowski’s method and further confirmed by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The PNS-4, PNS-6 and PNS-15 strains were identified by I6S rRNA gene sequencing that showed maximum resemblance with Pseudomonas mendocina (99%), Pseudomonas alcaliphila (99%) and Pseudomonas sp. (99%) respectively. Selected strains were found to produce auxin with and without the amendment of exogenously applied L-tryptophan, a major precursor for auxin biosynthesis and an important constituent of plant root exudates. Efficacy of these strains on wheat plant growth was checked under laboratory and field conditions. All Pseudomonas species were found to improve the % seed germination and growth parameters (shoot length, root length, fresh weight and dry weight) of the wheat seedlings significantly (P = 0.05) as compared to the un-inoculated seedlings under laboratory condition. The biochemical parameters (total soluble protein content and endogenous auxin content) of the bacterial inoculated wheat seedling were also increased signifi

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