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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 667 matches for " Farah Elounais "
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Escherichia coli Resistance to Ciprofloxacin in Acute Uncomplicated Pyelonephritis  [PDF]
Emad Abu Sitta, Nour Aljariri Alhesan, Babikir Kheiri, Sunil Badami, Farah Elounais, Omar Assassa, Maneesh Gaddam, Carlos Rios-Bedoya
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1104043
Background: Severe acute uncomplicated pyelonephritis is an infection of the kidneys that usually have an ascending route and occur in presumably healthy urinary tract. The most common pathogen involved is E. coli. The Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) has issued an updated guideline in 2010 suggesting IV quinolones to be considered in the initial empiric antimicrobial therapy giving known resistance of less than 10%. However, E. coli resistance to quinolones has been increasing, the recent data of E. coli, causing pyelonephritis, resistance is not known in the Midwest. Local hospital antibiogram for two years showed up to 22% resistance to ciprofloxacin among E. coli isolates. Methods: We conduct a retrospective non-concurrent cohort study in one teaching hospital in the Midwest, females who were admitted with severe acute uncomplicated pyelonephritis in a three years period were included. Patients with urinary tract obstruction, pregnancy, immuno-suppression, males, and indwelling Foley’s catheters were excluded. Data collected include causative pathogens and resistance to antibiotics were collected. Percentages, frequencies, and measures of central tendency and dispersion were calculated to describe the study sample Results: 73 patients were included in the final analysis. E. coli was the most common isolated pathogen (81%), followed by other enteric gram negative. E. coli resistance to ciprofloxacin was 13.5%, 37% to trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, and 5% to ceftriaxone. Conclusion: Ciprofloxacin should be avoided initially in treating severe acute uncomplicated pyelonephritis until culture results and sensitivity is available.
Unusual cause of syncopal episodes  [PDF]
Raymond Farah, Rola Khamisy-Farah, Jamal Awad
Open Journal of Internal Medicine (OJIM) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojim.2012.24030
Abstract: We report a 43-year-old man who had been experiencing recurrent attacks of syncope for several years, and a search for the causes behind these lapses in consciousness was fruitless for many years. The patient was admitted to our department of internal medicine because of the symptoms flushing, hypotension and episodes of syncope. After a careful anamnesis and then a comprehensive investigation, we reached the definitive diagnosis of the infrequent disease “systemic mastocytosis”.
Time-Dependent Nonplanar Dust-Ion-Acoustic Gardner Double Layers  [PDF]
Farah Deeba, A. A. Mamun
Open Journal of Acoustics (OJA) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/oja.2011.13009
Abstract: A theoretical investigation has been made on the nonplanar (cylindrical and spherical) dust-ion-acoustic (DIA) double layers (DLs) in a dusty plasma system, containing inertial ions, Boltzmann electrons, and negatively charged stationary dust. In this investigation, in order to analyze the time dependent nonplanar DIA DLs, we have used the modified Gardner equation, which has been obtained by employing the reductive perturbation method. It has been found that the behaviors of DIA DLs have been significantly modified by the time period and the nonplanar geometry. The nonplanar DIA DLs has been found to be similar with planar DIA DLs only at large time scale and the cylindrical DIA DLs have been found to be smaller than the spherical DLs, but larger than the planar DLs.
The Basic (G'/G)-Expansion Method for the Fourth Order Boussinesq Equation  [PDF]
Hasibun Naher, Farah Aini Abdullah
Applied Mathematics (AM) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/am.2012.310168
Abstract: The (G'/G)-expansion method is simple and powerful mathematical tool for constructing traveling wave solutions of nonlinear evolution equations which arise in engineering sciences, mathematical physics and real time application fields. In this article, we have obtained exact traveling wave solutions of the nonlinear partial differential equation, namely, the fourth order Boussinesq equation involving parameters via the (G'/G)-expansion method. In this method, the general solution of the second order linear ordinary differential equation with constant coefficients is implemented. Further, the solitons and periodic solutions are described through three different families. In addition, some of obtained solutions are described in the figures with the aid of commercial software Maple.
Digital Road Profile Using Kinematic GPS
Ashraf Farah
Artificial Satellites , 2009, DOI: 10.2478/v10018-009-0023-6
Abstract: A Digital Road Profile (DRP) is a digital representation of road surface topography or terrain in the longitudinal direction. The need for accurate DRP is vital in two stages; before the road construction starts and after the road construction finished where the verification of its geometrical characteristics is essential for engineering safety purposes. Classical surveying techniques are traditionally used for the DRP generation with limitation of high-cost and time-waste. Kinematic DGPS or Real Time Kinematic DGPS positioning can provide accurate enough results for such application. This paper presents an assessment study of using kinematic GPS technique for DRP generation comparing with classical survey in south Egypt. The results shows that, vehicle-GPS system used in combination with post processing kinematic DGPS gave satisfactory accuracy for nearly all points for a distance of nearly 2 km. with max. and min. difference not more than 7.7 cm, a mean value of 0.10 cm and a Root Mean Square RMS value of 4.11 cm.
Analysis of Misunderstanding Caused by Different Interpretations of Speech Act Labels in Tintin and Asterix Comic Series
Farah Attamimi
K@ta : a Biannual Publication on the Study of Language and Literature , 2011,
Abstract: This paper presents analysis of misunderstanding occurred in a conversation which is caused by different interpretation of speech act labels between the speaker and the hearer. Misunderstanding occurred in these comic series causes various emotional effects to the hearer involved in the conversation. The hearer might feel happy, impressed, embarrassed, or even proud of what the speaker conveys through his/ her utterance. It depends on the face wants used and intended between the participants in the conversation. According to Goffman in Brown and Levinson (1987), “face is something that is emotionally invested, and that can be lost, maintained, or enhanced, and must be constantly attended to in interaction” (p. 60). There are two kinds of face wants. The positive purpose is called face saving act, while the negative one is called face threatening act. The data in this paper are taken from Tintin and Asterix comic series. The theories used cover pragmatics area, especially taxonomy of speech act theory (Yule, 1996; Mey, 2001; Leech, 1991) and theory of the notion of face by Erving Goffman (as cited in Yule, 1996; Thomas, 1995). Therefore, this paper will try to convey how the misinterpretation of speech act labels affects the participants in the conversation.
Farah Deeba
Academic Research International , 2012,
Abstract: Over the last two decades, the number of science students in secondary schools has declined significantly in Australia. The decline is likely to have a negative impact on the economic development of Australia in the future since scientific and technological knowledge will bevital for its development. As a result, this issue has raised concern among the stakeholders. Options on how interest in science subjects can be improved among the students are being vetted. Introduction of digital games in the curriculum is seen as major step towards makingscience an interesting subject among the students. It has been argued in this paper that if teachers can find ways to incorporate in the curriculum, it may contribute to increasing Australian students’ interest and participation in science.
Personal Identity and its Boundaries: Philosophical Thought Experiments.
Farah Foucquaert
Philosophica , 2003,
The Professional Medical Journal , 2004,
Abstract: Objective: To study the symptomatology of functional ovariancysts. Study Design: Cross-sectional, observational study. Setting: Outpatient Department of Gynae Unit,Jinnah Hospital, Lahore from June 2003 to December 2003. Material & Methods: All patients attendingGynae outpatient department Jinnah Hospital, Lahore who met the inclusion criteria were selected. Informationregarding age, symptoms like abdominal pain, menstrual cycle pattern, dyspareunia, hirsuitism and obesity weredocumented. Results: During the six months period fifty-seven patients were included in the study, 38 patients(66.66%) of the study population was less than 30 Yrs of age, 26 patients (45.61%) had dysmenorrhoae, 14patients (24.56%) had menorrhagia. No other menstrual irregularities were noted. 11 patients (19.29%)presented with lower abdominal pain. 27 patients (47.36%) had body mass index of greater than 30. Acne wasseen in 20 (35.08%) patients and melasma in 12 (21.05%). Hirsutism was not seen in the study population.Family history of ovarian cysts was reported in 3 patients (5.26%) only. Conclusion: Functional Ovarian Cystsare often asymptomatic and seen in relatively younger age group (less than 30 years). The results of this studyreflected a positive association between functional ovarian cyst and obesity. Although dysmenorrhea was alsoseen in half of the patients of functional ovarian cysts, more studies with larger patients base are required tojudge any association.
All automorphisms of the Calkin algebra are inner
Ilijas Farah
Mathematics , 2007,
Abstract: We prove that it is relatively consistent with the usual axioms of mathematics that all automorphisms of the Calkin algebra are inner. Together with a 2006 Phillips--Weaver construction of an outer automorphism using the Continuum Hypothesis, this gives a complete solution to a 1977 problem of Brown-Douglas-Fillmore. We also give a simpler and self-contained proof of the Phillips--Weaver result.
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