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Object: To Provide a basis for the
government optimizing the allocation of health resources. Methods: The overall
fairness was analyzed by Theil index and Gini
coefficient. The main causes of unfairness were estimated by the decomposability
of Thiel index. Results: Health resources owned by the “One-hour Economic
Circle” were 1.5 - 2 times than that of the “Two wings”. Theil index
and Gini coefficient of five health resources from small to large were sickbed,
doctor, health worker, nurse, and medical equipment. Differences within region in
the contribution rate of the total Theil index were greater than the difference
between region and the tendency to expand. Conclusions: The total amount of the
health resources in Chongqing is insufficient. The configuration of doctor is
more equitable than nurse, while the medical equipment’ fairness is worst.
Differences within region mainly cause the unfairness.