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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 11188 matches for " Fabio Nascimento; "
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Extreme Effects of Season on the Foraging Activities and Colony Productivity of a Stingless Bee (Melipona asilvai Moure, 1971) in Northeast Brazil
Daniela Lima do Nascimento,Fabio Santos Nascimento
Psyche , 2012, DOI: 10.1155/2012/267361
Abstract: This study reports the influence of season on foraging activities and internal colonial parameters of Melipona asilvai in an Atlantic forest area of northeast Brazil. We used video cameras connected to a PC to monitor all departures and returns of foragers and the types of materials they carried. Foraging activities decreased almost 90% from dry to rainy seasons, but temperature and humidity were not the main factors influencing departures. Observed honey storage and an extreme cutback in activities during the rainy period suggest a seasonal diapause in this species. 1. Introduction Foraging activities in social insects are influenced by unpredictable environmental variables in terms of timing and location of food [1]. According to Biesmeijer and de Vries [2], there are two main features which govern foraging activities of bees: (1) internal factors, such as individual memory and threshold response to react to the foraging stimuli, and (2) external factors, such as environmental and colony conditions which determine the level of exposure to stimuli associated with the decision [3–8]. Colonies of honeybees and stingless bees can allocate more foragers to collect nectar and pollen in response to the amount of food in storage and availability of resources in the field [7, 9–12]. Stingless bee colonies consist of several hundred to tens of thousands of individuals, and information exchange among the workers is a key feature to colony foraging efficiency and indirectly to colony growth and reproductive success [13]. The influence of weather on foraging activities has been studied in several eusocial bee species [14–25]. These studies report that weather conditions, light intensity, humidity, food availability, competition, colony state, and physiological conditions of individuals are important factors that influence the foraging activities of Melipona species. In this study we report an extreme effect on foraging activity and colony production in response to environmental variables for colonies of Melipona asilvai. For this purpose, we used a novel observational approach in order to monitor all daily departures and entrances of foraging bees. 2. Material and Methods 2.1. Study Site The experiments were performed at the Campus of Universidade Federal de Sergipe (UFS), S?o Cristóv?o (10°55′S, 37°03′W, altitude 2?m). The study area is characterized as a subhumid area of Atlantic Rain Forest or “Zona da Mata.” According to Amancio [26], two distinct seasons are found in this region: a rainy season happening from April to August (pluviosity between 1.100?mm and
Foraging patterns in a nocturnal swarm-founding wasp, Apoica flavissima van der Vecht (Hymenoptera: Vespidae)
Nascimento, Fabio S.;Tannure-Nascimento, Ivelize C.;
Neotropical Entomology , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S1519-566X2005000200005
Abstract: foraging behaviour has a remarkable significance to colonies of social insects since it is directly related to the supply of food, water, and pulp. social wasps of the genus apoica lepeletier are primarily nocturnal, but studies concerning the general aspects related to this habit are still scarce. this study showed that the rates of foraging flights were higher during the full moon and last quarter moon phases. frequencies of arrival and departure were correlated with time and temperature at night. the results suggest that the moonlight is an important component to general activities in this genus.
A Variational Approach for Numerically Solving the Two-Component Radial Dirac Equation for One-Particle Systems  [PDF]
Antonio L. A. Fonseca, Daniel L. Nascimento, Fabio F. Monteiro, Marco A. Amato
Journal of Modern Physics (JMP) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/jmp.2012.34048
Abstract: In this paper we propose a numerical approach to solve the relativistic Dirac equation suitable for computational calculations of one-electron systems. A variational procedure is carried out similar to the well-known Hylleraas computational method. An application of the method to hydrogen isoelectronic atoms is presented, showing its consistency and high accuracy, relative to the exact analytical eigenvalues.
Brain and Law: An EEG Study of How We Decide or Not to Implement a Law  [PDF]
Armando Freitas da Rocha, Eduardo Massad, Fabio Theoto Rocha, Marcelo Nascimento Burattini
Journal of Behavioral and Brain Science (JBBS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jbbs.2014.412054
Abstract: Brazil has introduced a referendum regarding the prohibition of firearm commerce and propaganda arguments have invoked socially and personally driven issues in the promotion of voting in favor of and against firearm control, respectively. Here, we used different techniques to study the brain activity associated with a voter’s perception of the truthfulness of these arguments and their influence on voting decisions. Low-resolution tomography was used to identify the possible different sets of neurons activated in the analysis of the different types of propaganda. Linear correlation was used to calculate the amount information H(ei) provided to different electrodes about how these sets of neurons enroll themselves to carry out this cognitive analysis. The results clearly showed that vote decision was not influenced by arguments that were introduced by propaganda, which was typically driven by specific social or self-interest motives. However, different neural circuits were identified in the analysis of each type of propaganda argument, independently of the declared vote (for or against the control) intention.
Linear optical setups for active and passive quantum error correction in polarization encoded qubits
Jose Claudio do Nascimento,Fabio Alencar Mendonca,Rubens Viana Ramos
Physics , 2006,
Abstract: In this work, we present active and passive linear optical setups for error correction in quantum communication systems that employ polarization of single-photon and mesoscopic coherent states. Applications in quantum communication systems are described.
Ictiofauna do rio do quebra (antonina, pr, brasil): ocupa??o espacial e hábito alimentar
Oliveira Foga?a,Fabio Nascimento; Rocha Aranha,José Marcelo; Pereira Esper,Maria De Lourdes;
Interciencia , 2003,
Abstract: the present paper studied the feeding strategy and patterns of spatial occupation in quebra stream fish assemblage. the samples were taken using traditional methods (fishing-nets and sieves) and complemented with underwater observations through snorkeling. twenty five species belonging to nine families were identified. fifteen species were observed during the underwater observations and nine were registered only by sampling. the diet of fifteen species was determined by the analysis of their stomach contents. five trophic guilds were determined. six microhabitats were defined and the patterns of spatial occupation were determined for each one. in general there was a great overlap both in the diet and spatial occupation. the guild "insectivorous with predominance of terrestrial insects" showed a clear segregation in the pattern of spatial occupation.
Topical betamethasone and hyaluronidase in the treatment of phimosis in boys: a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial
Nascimento, Fabio J.;Pereira, Rodrigo F.;Silva II, Jarques L.;Tavares, Alessandro;Pompeo, Antonio C. L.;
International braz j urol , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1677-55382011000300004
Abstract: purpose: to compare the efficacy of three different formulations containing betamethasone valerate versus placebo in the topical treatment of phimosis. as a secondary goal, we compared the outcomes after 30 and 60 days of treatment. materials and methods: two hundred twenty boys aged 3 to 10 years old with clinical diagnosis of phimosis were enrolled. patients were randomized to one of the following groups: group 1: betamethasone valerate 0.2% plus hyaluronidase; group 2: betamethasone valerate 0.2%; group 3: betamethasone valerate 0.1% or group 4: placebo. parents were instructed to apply the formula twice a day for 60 days and follow-up evaluations were scheduled at 30, 60 and 240 days after the first consultation. success was defined as complete and easy foreskin retraction. results: one hundred ninety-five patients were included at our final analysis. group 1 (n = 54), 2 (n = 51) and 3 (n = 52) had similar success and improvement rates, all treatment groups had higher success rates than placebo(n = 38). after 60 days of treatment, total and partial response rates for groups 1, 2 and 3 were 54.8% and 40.1%, respectively, while placebo had a success rate of 29%. success and improvement rates were significantly better in 60 days when compared to 30 days. conclusions: betamethasone valerate 0.1%, 0.2% and 0.2% in combination with hyaluronidase had equally higher results than placebo in the treatment of phimosis in boys from three to ten years-old. patients initially with partial or no response can reach complete response after 60 days of treatment.
A new species of Callicebus Thomas, 1903 (Primates, Pitheciidae) from the states of Mato Grosso and Pará, Brazil
Gualda-Barros, Juliana;Nascimento, Fabio Oliveira do;Amaral, Marilia Kerr do;
Papéis Avulsos de Zoologia (S?o Paulo) , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S0031-10492012002300001
Abstract: a new species of titi monkey, genus callicebus thomas, 1903, is described based on four individuals, one from a small tributary of the left bank of rio teles pires, northern state of mato grosso, and three others from largo do souza, rio iriri, pará, brazil. the new species belongs to the callicebus moloch species group, and the main diagnostic characteristics of the new species are the whitish forehead, sideburns and beard coloration, which are contiguous, forming a frame around the blackish face; overall body pelage coloration is pale grayish-brown agouti; hands, feet and tip of the tail whitish; belly and inner sides of fore and hind limbs uniformly orange. the pattern of pelage coloration and qualitative and quantitative skull morphology are described and compared to the other species of the callicebus moloch group. species of the callicebus moloch group show great similarity in skull morphology and morphometrics, making the external morphological characters, specially the chromatic fields, the most reliable diagnostic trait to identify the species.
Selective alkylation at the N1 position of thymine and uracil in the Mitsunobu system Alquila o seletiva na posi o N1 de timina e uracil em sistema de Mitsunobu
Fabio D. P. Soares,Edmilson C. de Siqueira,Sandra A. do Nascimento,Bogdan Doboszewski
Orbital : the Electronic Journal of Chemistry , 2010,
Universidade e compromisso social: o impacto cultural, econ mico e social promovido pela Faculdade Municipal de Palho a
Carolina Silva,Fabio Henrique Pereira,Joici Lilian Rodrigues,Mariah Terezinha Nascimento Pereira
Revista Gest?o Universitária na América Latina : Revista GUAL , 2012,
Abstract: This article aims to identify the social, economic and culture development of the City College Palho a causes in the city. To support the theme was held to review the literature based on classical and contemporary authors contemplating the theme university administration. Documentary research was developed based on internal documents of the FMP. We used the method of literature research, exploratory and descriptive and qualitative analysis. It was concluded that the impact of social, economic and culture development of City College of Palho a is notorious, and vocation based on the characteristics of the institution that acts directly on community projects with extension, and a model of entrepreneurial management with a focus on meeting the needs of the municipality, develops its projects in undergraduate and graduate focusing on the development site. The FMP is part of the city of Palho a.
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