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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 193202 matches for " Fabiana;D′Affonseca "
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A rela??o entre o envolvimento paterno e o desempenho acadêmico dos filhos
Cia, Fabiana;DAffonseca, Sabrina Mazo;Barham, Elizabeth Joan;
Paidéia (Ribeir?o Preto) , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-863X2004000300004
Abstract: the aim of this paper was to study the impact of the quality of the father-child relationship on children's academic performance. a total of 58 fathers and their children (in the fifth and sixth grades) participated in this study. the fathers completed a questionnaire, "quality of family interaction - fathers' perspective" and the children completed a questionnaire "father-child interaction". to investigate how the fathers' involvement affected their children's academic performance, the children were evaluated using the school performance test. the results indicate that, the higher the frequency of father-child communication and the greater the fathers' involvement in the children's school, cultural and leisure activities, the higher the children's academic performance. these results indicate the importance of fathers' involvement, to maximize children's academic performance, and the necessity of educating men with respect to the ways in which they can improve their parental performance.
Habilidades maternas de mulheres vítimas de violência doméstica: uma revis?o da literatura
D'Affonseca, Sabrina Mazo;Williams, Lúcia Cavalcanti de Albuquerque;
Psicologia: Ciência e Profiss?o , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1414-98932011000200004
Abstract: this study reviewed the national and the international literature of domestic violence regarding maternal skills from 2007 to 2010.the following data base were used: bireme, web of science, lilacs and medline. out of the 85 abstracts, 28 were related to the topic of this paper (all international) and they were divided into four categories: (1) prevalence, (2) intervention, (3) the relationship between domestic violence and maternal skills and (4) the impact of marital violence on children. analysis of the studies showed that an expressive number of children witnessed violent conflicts between their parents, and that they were directly or indirectly affected by these conflicts. in studies which sought to evaluate the relationship between domestic violence and maternal skills the results showed the negative impact of exposure to marital violence and the importance of a positive mother-child relationship for the reduction of behavior problems in children, an important variable when considering the intervention with this population. it is noteworthy that all data were collected by self-report measures, therefore it is suggested that future research uses other types of data collection as different sources of information or systematic observational studies.
Efeitos a Longo Prazo de Vitimiza o na Escola
Lúcia Cavalcanti de Albuquerque Williams,Sabrina Mazo D Affonseca,Tatiane Alves Correia,Paloma Pegolo Albuquerque
Gerais : Revista Interinstitucional de Psicologia , 2011,
Abstract: This study aimed at broadening the knowledge about the long term effects of school victimization by means of apilot study investigating the most negative events experienced by university students during the school yearspreceding University. A sample of 81 students (M= 21 years of age, 76% female) answered the Student Alienationand Trauma Scale – Revised. The analysis of the data demonstrated that, in most cases, the person involved in theworst school experience was another student (52%), the experiences occurred between the age of 11 and 14 yearsold (45%) and involved a situation of verbal violence (45.3%). After the experience, 89% of the participants feltnervousness, anger, sadness, loneliness, and remembrance of the occurred event, and 38% of the sample presenteda picture suggesting Post-Traumatic Stress Syndrome. The results must be interpreted with caution, for it is an initialstudy. Alterations in the instrument and new application strategies are suggested.
Rese a de "Il paesaggio e il silenzio" de Turri, E.
Fabiana D `Ascenzo
Investigaciones geográficas , 2005,
Abstract:
Distúrbio de coagula??o em crian?as e adolescentes com traumatismo cranioencefálico moderado e grave
Affonseca, Carolina A.;Carvalho, Luís Fernando A.;Guerra, Sérgio D.;Ferreira, Alexandre R.;Goulart, Eugênio M. A.;
Jornal de Pediatria , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0021-75572007000400014
Abstract: objectives: to describe the epidemiological profile of children and adolescents with moderate to severe traumatic brain injury admitted to an intensive care unit; to describe the frequency of coagulation disorders in these patients; to determine the relationship between coagulopathy and trauma severity; to assess the factors associated with coagulopathy; and to assess the effect of coagulopathy on the mortality of these patients. methods: cross-sectional study with 301 patients aged up to 16 years admitted to an intensive care unit due to moderate to severe traumatic brain injury, carried out over a 5-year period. the coagulation profile was associated with clinical, epidemiological and ct findings. univariate and multivariate analyses were used to check the association between coagulopathy and mortality. results: minimum age was 23 days, and maximum age was 16 years (mean of 7.9 years). about 77% of patients had coagulopathy, whose occurrence was directly associated with the severity of the trauma, but not with the rise in mortality. the factors associated with the presence of coagulopathy were the following: severity of the traumatic brain injury (or = 2.83; 95%ci 1.58-5.07), diagnosis of brain swelling on cranial computed tomography (or = 2.11; 95%ci 1.13-4.07) and occurrence of chest and/or abdominal injury (or = 2.07; 95%ci 1.11-4.00). approximately 35% of patients died. the multivariate analysis showed that the factors associated with an increased risk of death were presence of sodium disorders (or = 5.56; 95%ci 2.90-10.65), hypotension in the intensive care unit (or = 12.58; 95%ci 4.40-35.00) and acute respiratory distress syndrome (or = 13.57; 95%ci 1.51-121.66). conclusion:the development of coagulopathy is a frequent complication in patients with moderate to severe traumatic brain injury. even though it is not closely associated with death in this study, it may be regarded as a marker of injury severity.
Bone Mineral Density and Body Composition of Adult Premenopausal Women with Three Levels of Physical Activity
Fernando D. Saraví,Fabiana Sayegh
Journal of Osteoporosis , 2013, DOI: 10.1155/2013/953271
Abstract:
Bone Mineral Density and Body Composition of Adult Premenopausal Women with Three Levels of Physical Activity
Fernando D. Saraví,Fabiana Sayegh
Journal of Osteoporosis , 2013, DOI: 10.1155/2013/953271
Abstract: Weight-bearing and resistance physical activities are recommended for osteoporosis prevention, but it is unclear whether an intensity level above current recommendations has a positive effect on adult premenopausal women. Body composition and bone mineral density (BMD) by DXA were compared in three groups of women as follows: Sedentary, Maintenance exercise, and federated Sport Team ( for each group). Physical activity was estimated from the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ). The groups did not differ in age, height, weight, or body mass index. Bone mineral content and non-fat soft tissue mass were higher and fat mass was lower in the Sport Team group than in the other groups. The same was true for BMD of total skeleton, lumbar spine, femoral neck, and total hip. A test for linear trend of body composition and BMD showed significant results when including all three groups. Simple and multiple regression analyses showed significant associations between physical activity level (or alternatively, years of participation in programmed physical activity) and bone mass measures at all sites except for the middle third of radius. It is concluded that a level of physical activity higher than that usually recommended benefits bone health in adult premenopausal women. 1. Introduction Osteoporosis is a major public health problem worldwide [1]. Although there are effective treatments, primary prevention, mostly based on lifestyle changes, remains an essential goal to prevent both osteoporosis and its most serious consequence, namely, fragility fractures. Lifestyle changes include keeping a low alcohol intake, abstaining from smoking, maintaining adequate calcium, vitamin D, and protein intake, and, last but not least, increasing physical activity [2]. Regularly performing weight-bearing and resistance exercises is a major lifestyle measure for osteoporosis prevention [3]. Physical activity may increase peak bone mass in children and adolescents [4]. In postmenopausal women, regular physical activity is useful for improving muscle strength and preventing falls, which is important because most fragility fractures are related to falls [2]. The role of exercise in young adult women has been less explored [5], but current evidence suggests that it has a role in maintaining or even augmenting bone mass [6, 7]. Although the importance of physical activity is clearly emphasized by most guidelines, some of these fail to address what its desirable frequency and duration are [8, 9]. A brochure from the National Institutes of Health states the following:
Habilidades expressivas de um grupo de alunos com paralisia cerebral na atividade de jogo
Sameshima, Fabiana Sayuri;Deliberato, Débora;
Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Fonoaudiologia , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-80342009000200013
Abstract: purpose: to analyze the expressive abilities of a group of nonspeaking students with cerebral palsy during game activities. methods: three male students with cerebral palsy, with ages varying from 13 to 16 years, participated in this study. these students presented severe oral communication disability, without any visual, hearing or cognitive deficits. the students attended a special classroom and used alternative communication resources. an interaction situation among the group during six adapted games was filmed. from the transcriptions of the interaction, it was possible to define eight expressive abilities categories of the group. results: data showed that the group of students used the following categories of expression to communicate: verbal without help/vocal; verbal with help/nonvocal; nonverbal/vocal; nonverbal/nonvocal + nonverbal/vocal; verbal without help/vocal + nonverbal/vocal; nonverbal/vocal + verbal with help/nonvocal; nd nonverbal/nonvocal + verbal with help/nonvocal. the most frequent categories were nonverbal/nonvocal; verbal with help/nonvocal and nonverbal/nonvocal + nonverbal/vocal. conclusions: the games favored the use the different expressive abilities by the group of nonspeaking students with cerebral palsy, as, for example, with the use of representative gestures, facial and corporal expressions, vocalizations, articulate speech, and the use of augmentative and alternative communication board, as well as with the combinations of these abilities. representative gestures and the facial and corporal expressions were the most frequent abilities used by the group, and therefore professionals should be aware of these expressive possibilities.
Assessing Cleaner Energy Alternatives for Bus Transit in Rio de Janeiro: A Life Cycle Inventory Analysis  [PDF]
Márcio de Almeida D’Agosto, Cintia Machado de Oliveira, Fabiana do Couto Assump??o, Ana Carolina Peixoto Deveza
Journal of Environmental Protection (JEP) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jep.2015.611107
Abstract: From 2003 to 2009 in Brazilian municipalities of over 60,000 inhabitants, buses accounted for more than 25% of urban trips. This trend is not expected to change in the medium term. Worldwide, buses rely on petroleum diesel as fuel. In Brazil, alternative fuels such as biodiesel, natural gas and ethanol are available and the choice among them should depend on the assessment of the entire life cycle of such fuels. This paper uses a Life Cycle Inventory, which is essential to the implementation of a Life Cycle Assessment, to assess six energy alternatives: petroleum diesel, biodiesel, petroleum diesel with 5% of biodiesel, compressed natural gas, additivated hydrous ethanol and dual-fuel system composed by petroleum diesel with 5% of biodiesel and compressed natural gas. In saving total energy consumption, pure petroleum diesel or mixed with 5% biodiesel and dual-fuel systems stand out, in that order. If renewable energy use and net carbon dioxide emissions reduction are the goals, ethanol and biodiesel should be given preference. The addition of 5% of biodiesel in petroleum diesel increases the share of renewable energy in the supply chain of petroleum diesel by 47.5% with an increase of 0.58% in total energy consumption and a reduction of 3.8% in net CO2 emissions during the life cycle. In the case of biodiesel, the addition of 5% of biodiesel in petroleum diesel increases the share of renewable energy in the supply chain by 51.15% with an increase of 0.03% in the total energy consumption and a decrease of 7% in net CO2 emissions in the life cycle. The use of 5% of biodiesel in petroleum diesel does not significantly affect the use of renewable energy (+0.69%) or total energy consumption (+0.04%) in ethanol supply chain, which already shows a great use of renewable energy input. However, a decrease of 9.29% in the net CO2 emissions in the supply chain occurs, which reaches 5.28% in the life cycle.
Clinical and surgical data of affected members of a classic CFEOM 1 family
Adriano Magli, Teresa de Berardinis, Fabiana D'Esposito, Vincenzo Gagliardi
BMC Ophthalmology , 2003, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2415-3-6
Abstract: Ten members of a fifteen-member, three-generation Italian family affected by classic CFEOM participated in this study. Each affected family member underwent ophthalmologic (corrected visual acuity, pupillary function, anterior segment and fundus examination), orthoptic (cover test, cover-uncover test, prism alternate cover test), and preoperative examinations. Eight of the ten affected members had surgery and underwent postoperative examinations. Surgical procedures are listed.All affected members were born with varying degrees of bilateral ptosis and ophthalmoplegia with both eyes fixed in a hypotropic position (classic CFEOM). The affected members clinical data prior to surgery, surgery procedures and postoperative outcomes are presented. On 14 operated eyes to correct ptosis there was an improvement in 12 eyes. In addition, the head position improved in all patients.Surgery is effective at improving ptosis in the majority of patients with classic CFEOM. However, the surgical approach should be individualized to each patient, as inherited CFEOM exhibits variable expressivity and the clinical features may differ markedly between affected individuals, even within the same family.Congenital fibrosis of the extraocular muscles (CFEOM) refers to a group of congenital eye movement disorders that are characterized by non-progressive restrictive ophthalmoplegia. An early description of CFEOM was given by Baumgarten in 1840[1] and Heuck is credited with the first report of a familial occurrence in 1879[2]. Affected individuals are born with their eyes fixed in an abnormal position, are unable to move them normally, and often develop a compensatory chin-up position to see. CFEOM is often associated with ptosis and depending on the subtype, can affect one or both eyes. Table 1 lists the general clinical features of CFEOM as classified by the Authors. Individuals with classic CFEOM are born with ptosis and their eyes in a hypotropic position which they are unable to elevate a
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