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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 58 matches for " FW Muli "
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In vitro anti-viral activity of aqueous extracts of Kenyan Carissa edulis Prunus africana and Melia azedarach against human cytomegalovirus.
FM Tolo, GM Rukunga, FW Muli, J Ochora, Y Eizuru, CN Muthaura, CW Kimani, GM Mungai, MW Kofi-Tsekpo
African Journal of Health Sciences , 2007,
Abstract: The aqueous extracts of three medicinal plants, Carissa edulis (Forssk.) Vahl (Apocynaceae), Prunus africana (Hook.f.) Kalkm (Rosaceae) and Melia azedarach L. (Meliaceae) have shown significant reduction in the replication of human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) in human embryonic lung (HEL) fibroblasts cells in vitro. Using the plaque inhibition assay for the determination of anti-viral activity, the HEL fibroblast cells cultured in 24 well plates were infected with 1 x 102 PFU 91S HCMV and treated with various concentrations of the extracts. The plaques formed were counted after 7 days incubation at 370C in 5% CO2 and the percent plaques inhibited were calculated against infected untreated control. The effective concentrations inhibiting plaque formation by 50% (EC50) was found between 40 to 80 μg/ml for all the extracts. The cell cytotoxic concentrations (CC50) for each of the three extracts, by the trypan blue exclusion test, gave a safe therapeutic index. These results have demonstrated the potential anti-viral activities of the extracts of the three medicinal plants at non-cytotoxic concentrations. African Journal of Health Sciences Vol. 14 (3-4) 2007: pp. 143-148
The Relationship between Access to Mass Media and HIV/AIDS Related Knowledge, Beliefs and Behaviours in Kenya  [PDF]
Irene Muli, Stephen Lawoko
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2014.57084
Abstract:

Aim: We scrutinized the association between access to mass media and HIV/AIDS related knowledge, beliefs and behaviours in Kenya. Methods: Data on a representative sample of Kenyan women between 15 - 30 years of age (n = 3909) was retrieved from the Kenyan demographic and health survey (DHS 2008) and analyzed using Chi-square tests and binary logistic regression. Results: Media use was common with over 70% of participants using radio at least once a week. Between 3% - 30% of participants had poor to inadequate knowledge/beliefs about HIV/AIDS, with variations depending on demographic and social factors such as age, education, literacy, wealth and residential area. HIV/AIDS knowledge, beliefs and behaviours were associated with exposure to media, even after control for possible co-variation with social and demographic factor. Conclusion: Despite wide exposure to media among young Kenyan women, substantial proportions have poor to inadequate knowledge of the aetiology, risk/protective factors and control measures of HIV/AIDS. Yet, such knowledge was positively associated with media use. Media thus could ideally be used to implement a comprehensive awareness campaign in the general population about the aetiology, risk/protective factors and control measures in HIV/AIDS.

The genetic implications of multiple ovulation and embryo transfer in small dairy herds
FW Nicholas
Genetics Selection Evolution , 1980, DOI: 10.1186/1297-9686-12-1-114c
Abstract:
An alternative for antibiotic se in poultry: probiotics
Edens, FW;
Revista Brasileira de Ciência Avícola , 2003, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-635X2003000200001
Abstract: over the past 50 years, there has been increasing amounts of antibiotics used prophylactically and as growth promoters. today, there is a consumer and governmental outcry to eliminate that practice from poultry and livestock production. evidence has been accumulated to show that there is a link between risk of zoonotic disease and growth promoting antibiotic usage in livestock and poultry. therefore, alternatives to the use of growth promoting antibiotics must be found to promote growth or production at or near the genetic potential of the modern day broiler, turkey, and egg producer. the use of probiotics has many potential benefits and include modified host metabolism, immuno-stimulation, anti-inflammatory reactions, exclusion and killing of pathogens in the intestinal tract, reduced bacterial contamination on processed broiler carcasses, enhanced nutrient absorption and performance, and ultimately decreased human health risk. the development of these factors generally can be ascribed to the ability of most probiotic products to balance and maintain the intestinal microflora in poultry species.
The genetic implications of multiple ovulation and embryo transfer in small dairy herds
Nicholas FW
Genetics Selection Evolution , 1980,
Abstract:
An alternative for antibiotic se in poultry: probiotics
Edens FW
Revista Brasileira de Ciência Avícola , 2003,
Abstract: Over the past 50 years, there has been increasing amounts of antibiotics used prophylactically and as growth promoters. Today, there is a consumer and governmental outcry to eliminate that practice from poultry and livestock production. Evidence has been accumulated to show that there is a link between risk of zoonotic disease and growth promoting antibiotic usage in livestock and poultry. Therefore, alternatives to the use of growth promoting antibiotics must be found to promote growth or production at or near the genetic potential of the modern day broiler, turkey, and egg producer. The use of probiotics has many potential benefits and include modified host metabolism, immuno-stimulation, anti-inflammatory reactions, exclusion and killing of pathogens in the intestinal tract, reduced bacterial contamination on processed broiler carcasses, enhanced nutrient absorption and performance, and ultimately decreased human health risk. The development of these factors generally can be ascribed to the ability of most probiotic products to balance and maintain the intestinal microflora in poultry species.
Obstetric Fistula: A Hidden Public Health Problem In Sub-Saharan Africa
FW Kalembo
Arts and Social Sciences Journal , 2012,
Abstract: Obstetric fistula (OF) continues to devastate the lives of women in sub-Saharan Africa. Many women with the condition are suffering in silence. They are unaware of the available treatment options or unaware of where to get treatment. Yet, the condition is treatable and preventable. Recently, many countries and nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) in the region embarked on interventions to address the impact of the condition, however, much emphasis is put to identifying and treating the existing cases with less emphasis put to public health interventions that can help to prevent and eventually eradicate the condition in sub-Saharan Africa. Therefore, the purpose of this review is to explore the impact of obstetric fistula in the region and to propose effective public health interventions that can help to prevent the condition with a long-term goal of eradicating the condition.
Flexible Antworten - offene Fragen: Zu den F rderstrategien der Rockefeller-Stiftung für die deutsche Hirnforschung im Nationalsozialismus
Stahnisch FW
Journal für Neurologie, Neurochirurgie und Psychiatrie , 2011,
Abstract: Es ist nahezu unm glich, die Wiederherstellung wissenschaftlicher Gemeinschaftsanstrengungen und Gro forschungsprojekte im Deutschland der Zwischenkriegsjahre ohne die weitgreifende finanzielle Unterstützung der Rockefeller-Stiftung (RF) nachzuvollziehen. Diese amerikanische Stiftung f rderte nicht nur einschl gige medizinische Fakult tsinstitute und au eruniversit re Hirnforschungseinrichtungen, sondern entwickelte sich w hrend der Weimarer Zeit zu einer der einflussreichsten Institutionen, die sich dem Wiederaufbau der Kaiser- Wilhelm-Gesellschaft (KWG) und ihrer angeschlossenen Institute verpflichtet fühlte. Ohne ihre deutliche Unterstützung w re der schnelle Wiederanschluss der deutschen Hirnforschung an die Weltspitze in den turbulenten Jahren finanzieller und sozialer Krisen kaum m glich gewesen. Als Ergebnis, bzw. gesteuert durch die Aktivit ten ihres Pariser Europabüros, sowie des Einflusses des Gründungspr sidenten der Notgemeinschaft der Deutschen Wissenschaft (DFG) und Vizepr sidenten der KWG, F. Schmidt- Ott (1860 1956), wie auch durch die Aktivit ten des RF-Agenten A. Gregg (1890 1957) konnten wichtige transatlantische Beziehungen wiederhergestellt werden. Diese trugen in den folgenden Dekaden mit dazu bei, den Austausch von Forschern, Know-how und Studierenden zwischen Deutschland und sterreich auf der einen Seite sowie den Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika und Kanada auf der anderen wieder aufleben zu lassen. Bis heute sind jedoch viele Fragen unbeantwortet geblieben, die die Aufnahme und Funktion des wieder erstarkten Wissenschaftsaustauschs in den Neurowissenschaften in der Zwischenkriegsperiode betreffen. Besonderes Augenmerk erfahren im vorliegenden Beitrag die neu geschaffenen Ausbildungsm glichkeiten in übersee, die internen Entscheidungsprozesse der RF wie die Entwicklung einer weitgehenden Akzeptanz unter biomedizinischen Wissenschaftlern bezüglich eugenischer und rassenanthropologischer Ideologien in Nazi-Deutschland. Diese Untersuchung geht auf Archivarbeiten im Rockefeller Archive Center (RAC), im Archiv der Max-Planck-Gesellschaft (MPG) und auf biographische Materialien zu relevanten deutschen Hirnforschern der Zeit zurück.
Reconciling Cadastral Records in a Dual Land Registration System in Ghana
C Fosu, FW Derby
Journal of Science and Technology (Ghana) , 2008,
Abstract: Soon after gaining independence, the Ghana government adopted a deed registration system for recording land ownership. A legislative instrument supported this decision. The deficiencies of the deed registration system resulted in innumerable cases of land ownership disputes. Juxtaposed with the official registration system is the customary land tenure system, which authorized custodians of the stool lands to allocate parcels through the customary process. Because the customary system did not mandate documentary evidence of the transaction, the allocation process created situations where the same parcel of land was allocated to multiple owners. The weaknesses in the two systems engendered lucrative, illegal and unrecorded land market activities. With increasing population and associated competing interests in available land, it became imperative for the government to review the existing legislation for recording and maintaining records of land parcel ownership. A new legislation was promulgated, based on a land title registration system. While efforts are being made to improve the customary land allocation process, the new legislation seeks to remove the deficiencies in the deed registration system. The introduction of the title registration system has resulted in a duality of the record keeping process. Efforts are currently under way to remove the inconsistencies in the deed records and to reconcile them with those that have been obtained through the title registration system. This paper reviews the cadastral surveying activities and the processes for recording land titles in Ghana in view of existing laws. Experiences in developing procedures for reconciling the records from the two systems are also discussed.
'n Toekomstige Perspektief op Grondwetlike Stabiliteit
FW de Klerk
Potchefstroom Electronic Law Journal/Potchefstroomse Elektroniese Regsblad , 2010,
Abstract: This article is the Afrikaans teks of Former State President F W de Klerk's lecture in a series bearing his name last year in October. Some of the other lectures in the series were published in PER (2004(2), 2005(1), 2009(2). We are proud to publish Mr de Klerk's presentation in this issue as an oratio in which he stated that "the Constitution is the indispensable basis of our national unity and our best and abiding hope for continued freedom, prosperity and stability," but simultaneously felt constrained to identify seven threats to which the Constitution was exposed.
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