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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 873 matches for " FTIR "
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Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopic Characterization of Kaolinite from Assam and Meghalaya, Northeastern India  [PDF]
Bhaskar J. Saikia, Gopalakrishnarao Parthasarathy
Journal of Modern Physics (JMP) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/jmp.2010.14031
Abstract: This study demonstrates the Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopic characterization of natural kaolinite from north-eastern India. The compositional and structural studies were carried out at room temperature by using X-ray fluorescence (XRF), electron microprobe (EPMA) analyses and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopic techniques. The main peaks in the infrared spectra reflected Al-OH, Al-O and Si-O functional groups in the high frequency stretching and low frequency bending modes. Few peaks of infrared spectra inferred to the interference peaks for quartz as associated minerals. The present study demonstrates usefulness of the spectroscopic techniques in determining quality and crystalline nature of kaolinite from the Assam and Meghalaya, northeastern India.
Biosorption of Zn2+ and Ni2+, Cu2+ by Four Kinds of Active Microalgae  [PDF]
Fang Chen, Budan Chen, Guojuan Gan, Lin Zhang, Yan Liang, Sikai Wu
Journal of Materials Science and Chemical Engineering (MSCE) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/msce.2016.411002
Abstract: To investigate the affinity of the terrestrial microalgae to metal ions (Zn2+, Cu2+ and Ni2+) in aqueous solutions, four kinds of living algae (Oscillatoria, Botryococcus, Scenedesmus and Spirulina platensis Geitl, abbreviated as CZ, PTZ, SZ and LXZ) were chosen to biosorption experiment, and the mechanism of algae biosorption to metal ions were explored by fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Results show that four kinds of algae have a good affinity for Cu, Zn, the removal rate could reach more than 95%; while for Ni, compared with CZ, SZ and PTZ, the adsorption rate of LXZ is weak. The results of FTIR and SEM experiments revealed that the function groups such as carboxyl, hydroxyl, amino, sulfonic groups and so on are the main groups which played important role in the procedure of absorbing metal ions from water aqueous. Specific algae have different affinity to different metals which will be great helpful in the field of biosorption.
Growth and Characterization of 8-Hydroxy Quinoline Nitrobenzoate  [PDF]
Jaishree Damodharan
Journal of Minerals and Materials Characterization and Engineering (JMMCE) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/jmmce.2019.72005
Abstract: In this work we report the newly formed crystal structure of 8-Hydroxy quinoline nitro benzoate. The systematic investigation has been carried out on the growth and characterizations with a view of using this organic material in semiconductor devices apart from its various biological applications. Single crystals of 8-Hydroxy Quinoline Nitro Benzoate (8-HQNB) were grown successfully by slow evaporation solution growth technique. The new formation of the crystal with molecular formula C16H14N2O6 is confirmed by single crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. The crystallographic data has been deposited in Cambridge Crystallographic Data Centre [CCDC NO. 1005192]. Fourier Transform Infra Red (FTIR) spectroscopic analysis confirms the functional groups of the newly confirmed crystal. The UV-Vis-NIR studies reveal that there is no remarkable absorption in the visible region which proves its suitability for optical applications.
Study of Changes to the Organic Functional Groups of a High Volatile Bituminous Coal during Organic Acid Treatment Process by FTIR Spectroscopy  [PDF]
B. Manoj, Ponni Narayanan
Journal of Minerals and Materials Characterization and Engineering (JMMCE) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jmmce.2013.12008

A high volatile bituminous coal was subjected to a series of organic acid treatment in steps using citric acid (1 hr and 2 hr) and buffered EDTA with acetic acid (1 to 3 hr) at room temperature. Leaching was performed with acetic acid (2N) also for 1 hr. Citric acid procedure reduced the mineral matter below 1.94%. Calcites and aluminates are completely removed along with substantial quantity of silicates by citric acid leaching. The change in absorption of organic functional groups and mineral matter in coal samples were studied using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). Analysis indicated that oxygen containing species were decreased in the coal structure during acetic acid and citric acid (40%) procedure and buffered EDTA 3 hours leaching. As the period of leaching with buffered EDTA increased from 1 hr to 3 hr, organic functional groups and mineral functional groups decreased its intensity. The results indicated that the described acid treatment procedures with citric acid have measurable effects on the coal structure.

Rheological and Thermal Behavior of High-Density Polyethylene (HDPE) at Different Temperatures  [PDF]
Cynthia D’Avila Carvalho Erbetta, Getúlio F. Manoel, Ana Paula Lelis Rodrigues Oliveira, Maria Elisa Scarpelli Ribeiro e Silva, Roberto Fernando Souza Freitas, Ricardo Geraldo Sousa
Materials Sciences and Applications (MSA) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/msa.2014.513094
Abstract: In the present work, rheological properties of HDPE samples were measured at temperatures of 150°C, 190°C and 230°C. It was shown, by oscillatory tests, at low frequencies, that, for temperatures of 150°C and 190°C, there was a predominance of the viscous behavior over the elastic one. At 230°C, there was a predominance of the elastic contribution, and there was an increase of the molar mass compared with the ones obtained from the tests at 150°C and 190°C. The results obtained from the temperature ramp oscillatory test showed that, up to around 248°C, the viscous behavior prevailed, the opposite being observed at higher temperatures. At 230°C the sample showed significantly lower values of strain when compared with the ones observed at 150°C and 190°C. Oxidative induction time (OIT), melting point and degree of crystallinity were determined by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The DSC results and the rheological measurements showed a completely different behavior for the HDPE samples at 230°C compared with the 150°C and the 190°C ones, suggesting that HDPE, at the temperature of 230°C, underwent thermo-oxidative degradation with the initial predominance of crosslinking.
Diagnostic and Analysis of Human Sperm Characteristics Using Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy  [PDF]
Amir Abramovich, Alexander Shulzinger
Open Journal of Urology (OJU) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/oju.2015.56015
Abstract: A spectroscopic method for human sperm evaluation and characterization using Fourier Transform Infra Red (FTIR) is presented. The high sensitivity of FTIR to changes in chemical structure and arrangement of molecules and proteins makes it a powerful diagnostic tool. Our experimental results show that a simple MIR (400 cm-1?- 4000 cm-1) transmission spectrum of a human sperm is very fast and can be used to determine the level of structure, compare to conventional LAB tests. No sample preparations are required, the semen has to be put on a special ZnSe substrate and inserted into the measurement compartment of the FTIR. Furthermore, this method can distinguish between immature sperm cell to white blood cell which by using a microscope is difficult and re-quires experience.
Extraction of Chemical Constituents of Bitumen Using a Mixed Solvent System  [PDF]
Ezekiel Oluyemi Odebunmi, Abimbola George Olaremu
Open Journal of Applied Sciences (OJAppS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojapps.2015.58047
Abstract: Several solvents had been used to extract the SARA (Saturate, Aromatic, Resin and Asphaltene) constituents of bitumen. The quantification of such extracts also abounds in open literature but in this work an attempt was made to determine the quality of extraction as a feed stock for processing bitumen using a mixed solvent system. A mixture of heptane and toluene was used to compare with the standard method using heptane. The components were analysed for functional groups of compound types presented in them using Fourier Transform Infrared Spectrophotometry technique (FTIR). The quality of bitumen component extract was not significantly affected by the method of extraction as recommended by the ASTM. The components are mixture of different class of hydrocarbons such as saturated and unsaturated hydrocarbons which conformed to what had earlier been reported by other researchers.
Frequency Dependence of Atomic Diffusivity and Electrical Properties of Gum Arabic/Graphite Composite  [PDF]
Bilquis Ibrahim Adham, Hatim Mohamed El-Khair, Mohamed Ahmed Siddig
Journal of Materials Science and Chemical Engineering (MSCE) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/msce.2015.39004
Abstract: In this study, Gum Arabic (GA)/Graphite (Gr) composite material was prepared using solid state reaction method. The FTIR peaks obtained were referred to the binding of Gr with the active groups in GA, such as NH2, COOH, CHO, CNC (alkyl amine) and C=CH (aromatic monosubstitution). Atomic diffusivity of Gr in GA was calculated using simple model and was found to varied randomly. This randomness might be due to the attachment of Gr with different active groups of GA. The addition of Gr results in improvement of the conductivity of GA to a far extend as it reaches the semiconductor range. The random variation in conductivities of the samples can be attributed to the effect of high frequency range, where the effect of phonon-electron is dominant. The samples subjected to the impedance spectroscopy (IS) for second and third time were acquired different diffusivities as well as conductivities. Such variations might indicate that IS was a processing technique similar to thermal treatment since it boosted the Gr atomic diffusion.
Spectroscopic Characterization and Quantitative Estimation of Natural Weathering of Silicates in Sediments of Dikrong River, India  [PDF]
Bhaskar J. Saikia, Satya R. Goswami, Roshmi Borthakur, Indu B. Roy, Rashmi R. Borah
Journal of Modern Physics (JMP) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jmp.2015.611164
Abstract: The sediments samples were collected from the Dikrong River at various sites to assess the weathering nature and mineral characterization. The Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) and X-ray fluorescence (XRF) spectroscopic techniques have been used to characterization of minerals in the sediment samples. The plagioclase index of alteration (PIA), chemical index of alteration (CIA) and index of compositional variation (ICV) are investigated for evaluating the weathering nature in the sediment. The obtained results show the presence of quartz, feldspar in different structure and kaolinite as major minerals. Carbonates and organic carbon are found as minor minerals. The correlations of SiO2 with major elements are authenticated the presence of bulk quartz grains and primary depositional environment. The presence of metamorphosed pyrophanite (MnTiO3) in the adjoined areas is reported. The presence of infrared absorption peaks in between 1611 - 1622 cm?1 in this study is indicative to the weathered metamorphic origin of the silicate minerals. The index of compositional variation indicates the presence of less clay minerals and more rock forming minerals such as plagioclase and alkali-feldspar. The obtained results exhibit the area belongs to the intermediate silicate weathering.
IR Spectroscopic Study of Silicon Nitride Films Grown at a Low Substrate Temperature Using Very High Frequency Plasma-Enhanced Chemical Vapor Deposition  [PDF]
Shin-ichi Kobayashi
World Journal of Condensed Matter Physics (WJCMP) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/wjcmp.2016.64027
Abstract: Hydrogenated amorphous silicon nitride (a-SiNx:H) films have been grown from a SiH4–N2 gas mixture through very high frequency (VHF) plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PECVD) at 50. The films are dense and transparent in the visible region. The peak frequency of the Si–N stretching mode in the IR absorption spectrum increases with increasing N–H bond density, which is similar to the behavior of a-SiNx:H films grown from SiH4–NH3 gas. During storage in a dry air atmosphere, the Si–O absorption increases. A large shift in the peak frequency of the Si–N stretching mode in the initial stage of oxidation, which is higher than the shift expected from the increase in the N–H bond density, is mainly caused by the change in the sum of electronegativity of nearest neighbors around the Si–N bond due to the increase in the Si–O bond density.
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