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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 489425 matches for " F. M. Kajingulu "
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The Atherogenic Dyslipidemia Ratio Log (Tg)/Hdl-C Was Not Associated with Urinary Albumin Excretion Rate (Uaer) and Increased Cardiovascular Risk in Black Patients with Type 2 Diabetes  [PDF]
M. F. Kajingulu, B. F. Lepira, I. N. F. Mbutiwi, J. R. R. Makulo, E. Bieleli, M. N. Nseka
World Journal of Cardiovascular Diseases (WJCD) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/wjcd.2016.61003
Abstract: Objective: The objective is to assess the relationship of Log (TG)/HDL-c as surrogate estimate of atherogenic dyslipidemia with urinary albumin excretion rate and cardiovascular risk among black patients with type 2 diabetes. Patients and methods: A post-hoc analysis of data from 181 type 2 diabetes patients enrolled in a cross-sectional study of urinary albumin excretion rate seen at a tertiary healthcare. Microalbuminuria and macroalbuminuria were defined as ACR 30 - 299.9 mg/g and ACR ≥ 300 mg/g, respectively. Quartiles of Log (TG)/HDL-c were used as surrogate estimates of atherogenic dyslipidemia. Cardiovascular risk was assessed using WHO chart for estimation of CV risk in low and middle income countries. Comparisons across Log (TG)/HDL-c quartiles were performed using one way ANOVA and Chi square for trend as appropriate. P < 0.05 defined the level of statistical significance. Results: A high prevalence (69%) of atherogenic dyslipidemia (AD) was observed in the present case series of Black Africans with type 2 diabetes. Average total cholesterol levels showed significant (p = 0.010) trends towards lower values across quartiles of Log (TG)/ HDL-c. No significant trends were observed for average UAER and cardiovascular risk across quartiles of Log (TG)/HDL-c. Conclusion: Log (TG)/HDL-c as a surrogate estimate of atherogenic failed to predict cardiovascular risk in the present case series of black patients with type 2 diabetes.
Comparison of the Performance of Three Commonly Used Electrocardiographic Indexes for the Diagnosis of Left Ventricular Hypertrophy in Black Hypertensive Patients with Reduced Kidney Function Managed at a Tertiary Healthcare Hospital: A Post-Hoc Analysis  [PDF]
F. B. Lepira, C. M. B. Mpembe, F. I. N. Mbutiwi, J. R. Makulo, P. K. Kayembe, F. M. Kajingulu, E. V. Kintoki, J. R. M’buyamba-Kabangu
World Journal of Cardiovascular Diseases (WJCD) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/wjcd.2017.74011
Background: Reduced kidney function in blacks is associated with an increased frequency of left ventricular hypertrophy. Given the unavailability of echocardiography in most developing countries, the diagnostic performance of current ECG indexes needs to be evaluated. Objective: To compare the diagnostic performance of 3 commonly used ECG indexes (Sokolow-Lyon, Cornell voltage and Cornell product) in black hypertensive patients. Methods: Electrocardiography and echocardiography estimated left ventricular mass of 155 consecutive hypertensive patients who participated from January 2012 to January 2013 to an echocardiographic cross-sectional study of left ventricular structure was analyzed to compare Cornell voltage and Cornell product indexes with Sokolow-Lyon voltage index as a reference. Reduced kidney function was defined as eGFR < 60 ml/min/1.730.05 m2. ROC curves in relation to LVH diagnosis were used to estimate the sensitivities and specificities of each index. P < 0.05 defined the level of the statistical significance. Results: The sensitivity and specificity were 43% and 85%, 23% and 77% and 26% and 77% for Sokolow-Lyon, Cornell voltage and Cornell product indexes, respectively. However, Sokolow-Lyon index (AUC; 95% CI: 0.64; 0.50 - 0.78) showed better performance than Cornell voltage (0.42; 0.25 - 0.59) and Cornell product (0.43; 0.28 - 0.59). Sokolow-Lyon index cut-point ≥ 37 mm corresponded to the highest Youden index (39.4% of sensitivity and 92.3% of specificity). Conclusion: Although the overall performance of the 3 ECG indexes versus echocardiography was low, Sokolow-Lyon index performed better than the two other indexes in diagnosing LVH.
Prognostic Signification of Admission Hyperglycemia among Acute Stroke Patients in Intensive Care Units in Kinshasa, the Democratic Republic of the Congo  [PDF]
Josée K. Tshituta, Fran?ois B. Lepira, Fran?ois P. Kajingulu, Jean Robert R. Makulo, Ernest K. Sumaili, Pierre Z. Akilimali, Aliocha N. Nkodila, Freddy M. Mbuyi, Angèle I. Masewu, Stéphane Mutombo, Eric B. Amisi, Jean Pierre M. Ilunga, Wilfrid B. Mbombo, Patrick M. Mukuna, Adolphe M. Kilembe
World Journal of Cardiovascular Diseases (WJCD) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/wjcd.2019.99060
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Although admission hyperglycemia has been reported to be associated with unfavorable outcomes in acute stroke, little is known about this association in sub-Saharan Africa. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to assess the prognostic significance of admission hyperglycemia in the acute phase of stroke in Congolese patients. METHODS: In a multicenter prospective cohort study, consecutive patients with acute stroke were examined in 5 Emergency Rooms or Intensive Care Units of Kinshasa between July 15th, 2017 and March 15th, 2018. The severity of stroke was assessed at admission using the Glasgow Coma Scale. Stress hyperglycemia was defined as random blood glucose levels at admission > 140 mg/dL in patients without known type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The endpoint was 10-day all-cause in-hospital mortality. Survival (time-to-death) curves were built using the Kaplan Meier methods. Cox proportional analysis was used to identify predictors of 10-day all-cause in-hospital mortality. The predictive performance of blood glucose level
Electrochemical Corrosion Behavior of Aluminum in Perchloric Acid  [PDF]
F. M. Mahgoub
Open Journal of Physical Chemistry (OJPC) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojpc.2013.34022

The effects of acetate, citrate, benzoate, tetra-ethylammonium iodide (TEA) and 1,4,8,11 tetra-azacyclo-tetradecane (cyclam) on the corrosion behavior of aluminum in 1 M HClO4 at 40°C were studied by potentiodynamic polarization technique. Acetate, citrate, and benzoate inhibited the corrosion of aluminum and shifted the breakdown potential to positive direction. Cyclam was investigated as a macrocyclic organic inhibitor to the acid corrosion of aluminum. The addition of cyclam to the corroding medium showed a pronounced effect on the anodic but not on the cathodic part of the polarization curve. The addition of TEA to the medium enhanced the corrosion rate and shifted the breakdown potential to more negative value as the concentration increased. The results were discussed on the basis of the adsorption mechanism and the nature of the adsorbed species.

A Critical Analysis of Empiricism  [PDF]
F. M. Anayet Hossain
Open Journal of Philosophy (OJPP) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojpp.2014.43030
Abstract: Empiricism is a philosophical theory which argues that human knowledge is derived entirely from sensory experience. As a branch of epistemology, empiricism disregards the concept of instinctive ideas and focuses entirely on experience and evidence as it relates to sensory perception. Empiricism is a philosophical school holding that knowledge can only be (or is primarily) gained from sensory experience. Accordingly, it rejects any (or much) use of a priori reasoning in the gathering and analysis of knowledge. It rivals rationalism according to which reason is the ultimate source of knowledge. The philosophy of empiricism was first put forth in John Locke’s An Essay Concerning Human Understanding. Locke argued that the only way by which human acquire knowledge is through experience. Locke firmly argued that humans are incapable of formulating or possessing inherent ideas. The aim of this paper is to explain that the traditional empiricist standpoint in the fields of epistemology and then try to show that it is not adequate for explaining some things relevant to these fields. For that the traditional empiricist methods needs to be supplemented by extra-logical principles that are not strictly empirical.
Valence Stabilization of Fe(II) Ions during Extended Gamma Irradiation of Their Aqueous Acidic Solutions Containing Phenol, Acetone, 4-Ethylpyridine or Hydrazine Hydrate  [PDF]
M. F. Barakat, M. M. Abdel Hamid
World Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology (WJNST) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/wjnst.2015.52008
Abstract: Valence stabilization of polyvalent ions in acidic solutions during gamma irradiation is an important issue in nuclear aqueous chemical technology. Radiolysis and self irradiation problems encountered during chemical reprocessing of nuclear fuel or during chemical separation of transuranium elements or fission products are extremely important. Consequently studies on valence stabilization of polyvalent ions in strong gamma irradiation fields are very useful. In our previous publications, the valence stabilization of Fe(II) ions in acidic solutions during continuous gamma irradiation was achieved by using an inorganic compound; such as sodium sulfite, or some organic additives such as aliphatic alcohols, aldehyds or acids prior to irradiation. It was found that the efficiency of valence stabilization depends on the amount and chemical structure of the added compounds. In the present work, valence stabilization of divalent iron during gamma irradiation was studied in presence of some organic additives, belonging to some other classes of organic compounds such as Phenol (aromatic alcohol), Acetone (aliphatic ketone), 4-Aminopyridine (heterocyclic amino compound) and Hydrazine hydrate (aliphatic amino compound) to complement our previous studies. The results showed that valence stabilization of Fe(II) in presence of these compounds depends also on the amount and chemical structure of the additive used. Some interaction mechanisms have been proposed.
Valence Stabilization of Polyvalent Uranium Ions in Presence of Some Organic Additives during Extended Gamma Irradiation of Their Aqueous Acidic Solutions  [PDF]
M. F. Barakat, M. M. Abdelhamid
World Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology (WJNST) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/wjnst.2015.53016
Abstract: In gamma irradiated aqueous acidic uranium solutions, tetravalent uranium ions are easily oxidized while U(VI) ions remain unchanged. In general, valence change of polyvalent metallic ions during chemical reprocessing of spent nuclear fuel solutions can lead to undesirable effects under the influence of the existing gamma radiations. Consequently, studies on valence stabilization of Uranium ions during chemical treatment in strong gamma irradiation fields seem to be highly interesting. It has been reported before that some organic compounds proved to be effective in stabilizing the valence of Fe(II) ions during extended gamma irradiation of their acidic solutions. In the present work, valence stabilization of Uranium ions in acidic solutions in presence of different classes of organic compounds has been studied. The results showed that in case of U(IV), methanol or formic acid are capable of providing about 80% protection while ethanol or acetaldehyde can provide about 70% protection. Propanol has the least protective effect i.e. about 54%. On using U(VI) instead of U(IV) in the irradiated solutions, the uranium ions were reduced and the formed U(IV) was protected as follows: formic acid or methanol can provide 69% or 63% protection respectively while ethanol, acetaldehyde or propanol can provide 50%, 35% and 24% respectively. In any case, protection exists as long as the organic additives were not completely consumed.
Fixed Point Theorems of Hegedus Contraction Mapping in Some Types of Distance Spaces  [PDF]
M. A. Ahmed, F. M. Zeyada, G. F. Hassan
International Journal of Modern Nonlinear Theory and Application (IJMNTA) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ijmnta.2012.13013
Abstract: In the present paper, we prove some fixed point theorems of Hegedus contraction in some types of distance spaces, dislocated metric space, left dislocated metric space, right dislocated metric space and dislocated quasi-metric metric space which are generalized metrics spaces where self-distances are not necessarily zero.
Competency Improvement Needs of Farmers in Soil Erosion Prevention and Control for Enhancing Crop Production: Case Study of Kogi State, Nigeria  [PDF]
F. M. Onu, Abu Mohammed
Agricultural Sciences (AS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/as.2014.511103
Abstract: This study investigated the competency improvement needs of farmers in soil erosion prevention and control for enhancing crop production in Kogi state of Nigeria and was carried out between January and June, 2014. The study adopted descriptive survey research design and was guided by two research questions. The study found out that farmers needed improvement on 37 cultural practices as follows: 10 competencies in mulching, 12 in cover cropping, 8 in strip cropping, 7 in contour farming and 45 mechanical field practice as follows: 10 competencies in contour bonding, 11 in terracing, 12 in channeling and 11 in tunneling for success in soil erosion prevention and control. The study recommended the organization of rural based programmes for the training of farmers in the practice identified to enhance their competencies in soil erosion prevention and control for increased crop production.
Discovering Monthly Fuzzy Patterns  [PDF]
M. Shenify, F. A. Mazarbhuiya
International Journal of Intelligence Science (IJIS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ijis.2015.51004
Abstract: Discovering patterns that are fuzzy in nature from temporal datasets is an interesting data mining problems. One of such patterns is monthly fuzzy pattern where the patterns exist in a certain fuzzy time interval of every month. It involves finding frequent sets and then association rules that holds in certain fuzzy time intervals, viz. beginning of every months or middle of every months, etc. In most of the earlier works, the fuzziness was user-specified. However, in some applications, users may not have enough prior knowledge about the datasets under consideration and may miss some fuzziness associated with the problem. It may be the case that the user is unable to specify the same due to limitation of natural language. In this article, we propose a method of finding patterns that holds in certain fuzzy time intervals of every month where fuzziness is generated by the method itself. The efficacy of the method is demonstrated with experimental results.
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