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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 5244 matches for " Eva Lindgren "
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Managing Transition with Support: Experiences of Transition from Child and Adolescent Psychiatry to General Adult Psychiatry Narrated by Young Adults and Relatives
Eva Lindgren,Siv S?derberg,Lisa Sk?r
Psychiatry Journal , 2014, DOI: 10.1155/2014/457160
Abstract: Young adults with mental illness who need continuing care when they turn 18 are referred from child and adolescent psychiatry to general adult psychiatry. During this process, young adults are undergoing multiple transitions as they come of age while they transfer to another unit in healthcare. The aim of this study was to explore expectations and experiences of transition from child and adolescent psychiatry to general adult psychiatry as narrated by young adults and relatives. Individual interviews were conducted with three young adults and six relatives and analysed according to grounded theory. The analysis resulted in a core category: managing transition with support, and three categories: being of age but not mature, walking out of security and into uncertainty, and feeling omitted and handling concerns. The young adults’ and relatives' main concerns were that they might be left out and feel uncertainty about the new situation during the transition process. To facilitate the transition process, individual care planning is needed. It is essential that young adults and relatives are participating in the process to be prepared for the changes and achieve a successful transition. Knowledge about the simultaneous processes seems to be an important issue for facilitating transition. 1. Introduction Young adults with mental illness who need continuing care when they turn 18 are referred from child and adolescent psychiatry (CAP) to general adult psychiatry (GenP). During this process, young adults are undergoing multiple transitions as they come of age while they transfer to another unit in healthcare [1]. During the transition from childhood to adulthood, they have to adjust to more independent living [2], incorporate new knowledge, and begin to regard themselves as adults [3]. This transition can be especially critical for young adults with mental illness [4, 5], since they can be less prepared than their peers to take responsibility for themselves [6]. Therefore, there is a need for a holistic view of transition wherein both developmental and situational aspects are taken into account [3, 7]. According to Paul et al. [8], there are differences between transfer and transition. Transfer implies the event of closure of care at CAP and reestablishment of care at GenP, while transition is the process requiring therapeutic intents. Criteria for optimal transition are stated as continuity of care, a period of parallel care or joint working, at least one transition planning meeting, and handover of information. Research showed that transfer is common but
In the shadow of the welfare society ill-health and symptoms, psychological exposure and lifestyle habits among social security recipients: a national survey study
Amir Baigi, Eva-Carin Lindgren, Bengt Starrin, H?kan Bergh
BioPsychoSocial Medicine , 2008, DOI: 10.1186/1751-0759-2-15
Abstract: A simple random sample of 20 100 individuals was selected from a national survey that covered all individuals in the 18–84 year age group in Sweden. A postal survey was thereafter conducted. Multiple logistic regression was employed as a statistical test. Odds ratio (OR) and a 95% confidence interval (CI) was used.Social security recipients were found to have a significantly higher risk in most of the studied variables. Reduced psychological wellbeing measured by means of the GHQ12 was significantly higher in this group compared to the rest of the population (OR 1.41 CI 1.03–1.94) and their lack of trust was greater (OR 1.96, CI 1.45–2.66). They reported more sleep disturbances (OR 2.16, CI 1.58–2.94) and suffered from anxiety (OR 1.74, CI 1.28–2.36). Their dental health was worse (OR 2.44, CI 1.82–3.28) and they had more pain in their hands and legs (OR 1.57, CI 1.16–2.12). Social security recipients were more often humiliated (OR 1.79, CI 1.31–2.44) and exposed to threat (OR 1.69, CI 1.09–2.61). They were less physically active (OR 1.56, CI 1.17–2.08), had a poorer diet (OR 1.95, CI 1.45–2.63) and were more often smokers (OR 3.20, CI 2.37–4.33).The challenge for the welfare state consists of recognising the significance of both structural and lifestyle factors as a means of reducing the health gap.Several recent social epidemiological studies have revealed inequalities in health around the world [1,2]. It has been established that belonging to a lower social stratum is, among other things, associated with poorer health as well as a higher risk of illness and early death from the most common diseases [3,4]. Sweden is a welfare state with a high standard of living, long standing prosperity and a relatively equitable distribution of national resources among the population [5]. One indicator of good health is that today, life expectancy in Sweden is one of the highest in the world [6,7]. The availability of high-tech health care, a high level of education and knowledg
Five mucosal transcripts of interest in ulcerative colitis identified by quantitative real-time PCR: a prospective study
Anders Eriksson, Carl-Fredrik Flach, Anders Lindgren, Eva Kvifors, Stefan Lange
BMC Gastroenterology , 2008, DOI: 10.1186/1471-230x-8-34
Abstract: Colonic mucosal specimens from rectum and caecum were taken at ambulatory colonoscopy from ulcerative colitis patients (n = 49) with defined inflammatory activity and disease extension, and from controls (n = 67) without inflammatory bowel disease. The five mucosal transcripts aldolase B, elafin, MST-1, simNIPhom and SLC6A14 were analyzed using quantitative real-time PCR.Significant transcript differences in the rectal mucosa for all five transcripts were demonstrated in ulcerative colitis patients compared to controls. The grade of transcript expression was related to the clinical disease activity.The five gene transcripts were changed in patients with ulcerative colitis, and were related to the disease activity. The known biological function of some of the transcripts may contribute to the inflammatory features and indicate a possible role of microbes in ulcerative colitis. The findings may also contribute to our pathophysiological understanding of ulcerative colitis.Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a disorder characterized by chronic mucosal inflammation of the large intestine. It is frequently associated with various extraintestinal manifestations. The inflammation may be limited to the rectum (proctitis), but mucosal lesions often continue more proximally (left-sided UC) or additionally embrace the transverse colon (extensive colitis) or the entire large bowel (pancolitis). The immune and cellular (non-immune) response is dysregulated in both the acute and the chronic phase of UC [1,2]. In Scandinavia, UC has been found to affect individuals of all ages, with an annual incidence of about 15 per 100 000 [3,4] and a prevalence of about 300 per 100 000 inhabitants [5].The pathogenesis and pathophysiology of UC are still under investigation [6]. We can tentatively say that the cause and onset of the disease is polygenic with environmental interaction; that is, there is a genetic predisposition [7-9] in combination with eliciting environmental factors which may precipitat
Recension. Nederl ndska bilderb cker blir svenska: en multimodal vers ttningsanalys / Sara van Meerbergen
Lindgren, Charlotte
Barnboken : Tidskrift f?r Barnlitteraturforskning , 2011,
Abstract: Book review
Climate and Tickborne Encephalitis
Elisabet Lindgren
Ecology and Society , 1998,
Abstract: Climatic changes are projected to alter the abundance, dynamics, and geographical distribution of many vector-borne diseases in human populations. Tick-borne diseases such as Lyme disease and tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) are a growing concern in northern Europe and the United States. The impact of a future climate change on the transmission of tick-borne diseases is not known. To make such assumptions, more empirical data are needed on the relations between short-term fluctuations in contemporary weather and disease incidence. This paper analyzes relations between daily minimum and maximum temperatures, monthly precipitation, and TBE incidence during a 36-yr period in Stockholm County, a high-endemic region for TBE in Sweden. Multiple regression analyses were performed, with temperature variables expressed as number of days per winter or spring - summer - fall season with temperatures above, below, or in the interval between different temperature limits. The limits used for daily minimum temperatures represent bioclimatic thresholds of importance for pathogen transmission. To adjust for the length of the tick's life cycle, each TBE incidence rate was related to meteorological data over two consecutive years. Results reveal that increased incidence of tick-borne encephalitis is related to a combination of two successive years of more days with temperatures permitting prolonged seasonal tick activity and, hence, pathogen transmission (i.e., daily minimum temperatures above 5oC-10oC), and a mild winter preceding the year before the incidence year (i.e., fewer winter days with minimum temperatures below -7oC). Alternative explanations of the results are discussed. Findings of this study suggest that a climate change may extend the seasonal range and intensify the endemicity of tick-borne diseases, in particular, at northern latitudes.
Business Model Innovation Leadership: How Do SME’s Strategically Lead Business Model Innovation?
Peter Lindgren
International Journal of Business and Management , 2012, DOI: 10.5539/ijbm.v7n14p53
Abstract: When SME′s practice business model (BM) innovation (BMI), leading strategically BMs through the innovation process can be the difference between success and failure to a BM. Business Model Innovation Leadership (BMIL) is however extremely complex to carry out especially to small and medium size enterprises (SME). There are so many opportunities, pitfalls and strategies to consider while “the business” has to be operated simultaneously. The paper provides a study of BMIL in practise in SME′s and show different ways of how they handle BMIL and BMIL strategies. The SME′s were examined through a framework model called the BMIL strategy canvas. The research approach was action research carried out from 2008 - 2012. Intense study of 35 US and EU SME′s and 97 of their different BM′s form the empirical background. The findings represent learning and characteristic of BMIL with a strong reference to state of the art theory in BM and BMI. The research reveals that SME′s focus on very classic BMI approaches and BMIL strategies. SME′s focus in most cases on reactive “outside in and reactive “inside in” BMIL strategies. SME′s are primarily focusing on meeting needs and demands of an inside out “predefined” set of user and/or customer groups. SME′s are reacting to a specific customer or market demand but the BMIL strategies do often not put them in a better or more central strategic position in their market and industry – and in the BMI process. The research shows some common approaches about SME′s BMI and BMIL strategy - Specifically, 1) Most SME′s do not formulate explicitly a BMIL strategy – they are doing BMI rather blindly 2) Very few SME′s are structured about their BMIL strategy and BMIL strategy process 3) SME′s focus in their BMIL on very few and often the same building blocks of the BM - especially the building blocks value proposition, target customer and value chain [Internal] – often regardless of the actual specific BMIL task, market demand and context of BMI 4) SME′s often leaves big BM potential behind because they cannot see the potential and are often not able to capitalised upon these 5) SME′s is generally in lack of BMIL skills.
Sociology as a Science
Antoni Lindgren
International Journal of Asian Social Science , 2012,
Abstract: In the time of Enlightenment the idea of science was to promote the Good society. There was yet not perceived to be a contradiction in science between at the same time being objective and progressive. A century ago, though philosophers and scientist discovered the problem language poses for science: there is a difference between the world and the words. The response from the scientist was paradoxically to defend objectivity. Thus when sociology was established as a science around the year 1900 it became inherently contradictory, i.e., at the same time being objective and geared at social reforms. (cf. Lindgren 2011) In this article is attempted an outline of a possible solution to this problem in terms of hermeneutics and phenomenology. The conclusion is: by taking understanding as the point of departure sociology can be progressive: promoting the good society and still be a science.
Sociology as the Philosophy of the Future
Antoni Lindgren
Asian Social Science , 2012, DOI: 10.5539/ass.v8n8p45
Abstract: In the beginning of sociology it was a philosophy for promoting the Good society. Sociology was what we in Feuerbach’s terms may call a “philosophy of the future”. The German enlightenment is crucial if one wants to go beyond: create an alternative to today’s sociology. Kant’s notion of experience bridges the abyss created by the empiricists and rationalists by placing knowledge in man. Sociology is very much a heritage of the French Enlightenment, Auguste Comte (1798-1857) and Emile Durkhein (1858-1917). They thought of themselves as positivists, i.e., as doing something “objective”. At the same time as heirs of the ideas of Enlightenment they wanted sociology to be used in order to improve society, to create a Good society. Comte had a view of this whole – society - in terms of Man. Lost in Durkheim is this idea of man developing in and through society, reflecting a change in the social context, in the development of the capitalist society. After the death of Durkheim in 1917 sociology holds a marginal position in the French society but then in the late 1940’s it rises again and in this new sociology American sociology was dominating, becoming an applied science. Today sociology continues this empiricist tradition. It is claimed that society has become something out-of-control. Instead we should follow its French and German roots. Understanding society as a reflection of ourselves, of man is what we need in order to create a Good society for everyone, this also should be the first principle of sociology as the philosophy of the future.
science and socioloogy
antoni lindgren
Asian Social Science , 2011, DOI: 10.5539/ass.v7n6p110
Abstract: Inherent in sociology there is a contradiction between sociology as a science and sociology as a representation of the modern society. In this article this contradiction is traced from the origin of sociology. In this origin there also is a solution to this contradiction to be rediscovered.
On the penalized obstacle problem in the unit half ball
Erik Lindgren
Electronic Journal of Differential Equations , 2010,
Abstract: We study the penalized obstacle problem in the unit half ball, i.e. an approximation of the obstacle problem in the unit half ball. The main result states that when the approximation parameter is small enough and when certain level sets are sufficiently close to the hyperplane ${x_1=0}$, then these level sets are uniformly $C^1$ regular graphs. As a by-product, we also recover some regularity of the free boundary for the limiting problem, i.e., for the obstacle problem.
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