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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 2997 matches for " European Commission "
All listed articles are free for downloading (OA Articles)
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The European Commission's Three-Step Approach to Media Pluralism - a Conduit for the Protection of Freedom of Expression in the European Union?
Ewa Komorek
Amsterdam Law Forum , 2009,
Abstract: Media pluralism has for decades been subject to scrutiny by the Council of Europe and the European Court of Human Rights. It has always come to their agenda as a prerequisite for the established human right of freedom of expression, which is guarded by Article 10 of the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR). Obviously, without media pluralism, freedom of expression would be non-existent.
SOME REFLECTIONS ON POSSIBLE SCENARIOS FOR EU ENLARGEMENT
Andras Inotai
Romanian Journal of European Affairs (RJEA) , 2002,
Abstract: In the last weeks, several declarations preferring the scenario of the large-group (big-bang) enlargement of the European Union (EU) have been made both by member-countries and the Commission. Although the latest Commission reports, including the enlargement strategy paper, mention the previously unquestionable performance criteria of membership, according to which only adequately prepared countries fulfilling the fundamental accession criteria can join the EU, they emphasize that in the near future not less than ten countries may be able to reach this goal.This position is clearly supported by the fact that, with the exception of Bulgaria and Romania, all candidate countries can close the accession negotiations in the foreseeable future. Moreover, despite the general consternation among present and future members of the EU, the French foreign minister announced the possibility of a twelve-country enlargement. It cannot be excluded that the political decision on the modality of enlargement has already been taken. Thus, supposing this case, it is a justified question whether it still has any sense to consider any potential scenario of enlargement. I am convinced that it is justified for three reasons. First, at present, there is not yet a clear EU position concerning the enlargement. As long as this position is open, all kinds of discussion are not only justified but also welcome. Second, the experts dealing with this topic can hardly abstain themselves from participating in the debate. Professionally and morally, they are (should be) committed to call attention to the potential dangers that, in my view, could seriously damage not only the future position of the candidate countries, but also the future of the EU and of the whole continent. Third, some developments seem to indicate that the discussion about the pattern of enlargement has just reached a turning point. This is the last moment, in which the evolution of such processes can be prevented, since its consequences might condemn Europe to damage limitation, instead of strengthening Europe’s stability and global competitiveness. The basic idea of this paper was generated by knowing and feeling that perhaps, it is not yet too late.
A guide to scientific extension
Grassi G
Forest@ , 2004,
Abstract:
THE FUTURE OF EUROPE CONVENTION: TRAVELLING HOPEFULLY?
Kirsty Hughes
Romanian Journal of European Affairs (RJEA) , 2002,
Abstract: The future of Europe Convention is now three months into its task of finding answers to the challenges and questions of the Laeken declaration. The central issue for the Convention is whether it can find a route through the multitude of questions and create a strong consensus on substantive answers to the three big challenges of democratizing the EU, organizing the politics and policies of the enlarged EU, and developing the EU’s voice in the world. The enlarged EU of 25 or more members has to be able to cope in both democratic and efficiency terms with the increased numbers of member states, and increased diversity in economic and political interests and circumstances. The status quo is not an option or the enlarged EU will rapidly find its decision-making and operational mechanisms seizing up - it will be a stalled and inefficient EU. The politics of the Convention are unfolding slowly and a myriad of political alignments are emerging. But some key differences are emerging already - particularly the traditional battle between intergovernmentalists and integrationists. The relative role and powers of the Council and Commission will be central in determining the nature of the future EU. Fundamental reform of both institutions is vital in both efficiency and democratic terms. One of the big risks is that energy is concentrated on the relative power of the two institutions and not on their effective reform. Proposals for a new, five-year, appointed President of the European Council go in this direction - they will not improve legitimacy and precisely duplicate the characteristics of the current Commission President. The paper identifies 5 scenarios for the future EU to summarize the potential outcomes of different sets of decisions by Convention and IGC: emergent global political power; struggling global power; efficient but weak EU; efficient but unstable EU; technocratic, stalled and inefficient EU.
Serving 'Europe' Political Orientations of Senior Commission Officials
Liesbet Hooghe
European Integration Online Papers , 1997,
Abstract: Most European integration theories have perceived the Commission as a unitary actor with a pro-integration agenda.Yet, empirical studies have shown that Commission actors harbor contending views about European governance. These findings raise a theoretical problem for European integration models, and an analytical puzzle for elite studies. European integration theories claiming an independent impact of the Commission on European decision making, need to disaggregate Commission motivations, which is the central purpose of this article. Consistent with recent elite studies, I employ an institutionalist lens to analyze how rules may impact orientations, but I refine the lens to assess institutional socialization and choice in multi-layered institutional settings. I formulate six hypotheses about the interplay between three settings relevant to top Commission officials: Commission, multi-level governance, European public space. Analytically, Commission officials appear reasoned individuals capable of selecting incentives rather than passive subjects of socialization. Evidence comes from 130 interviews and 80 questionnaires, collected in 1995/6 from A1-2 officials, analyzed through interpretative and quantitative analysis. I find that Commission officials constitute a special microcosm of the European public space: less nationalist than most citizens, but divided on the mix of intergovernmental and supranational architectural principles; center-left of the average political actor, but disagreeing on the desirable mix of market and state, opportunity and equity.
Serving 'Europe' Political Orientations of Senior Commission Officials
Liesbet Hooghe
European Integration Online Papers , 1997,
Abstract: Most European integration theories have perceived the Commission as a unitary actor with a pro-integration agenda.Yet, empirical studies have shown that Commission actors harbor contending views about European governance. These findings raise a theoretical problem for European integration models, and an analytical puzzle for elite studies. European integration theories claiming an independent impact of the Commission on European decision making, need to disaggregate Commission motivations, which is the central purpose of this article. Consistent with recent elite studies, I employ an institutionalist lens to analyze how rules may impact orientations, but I refine the lens to assess institutional socialization and choice in multi-layered institutional settings. I formulate six hypotheses about the interplay between three settings relevant to top Commission officials: Commission, multi-level governance, European public space. Analytically, Commission officials appear reasoned individuals capable of selecting incentives rather than passive subjects of socialization. Evidence comes from 130 interviews and 80 questionnaires, collected in 1995/6 from A1-2 officials, analyzed through interpretative and quantitative analysis. I find that Commission officials constitute a special microcosm of the European public space: less nationalist than most citizens, but divided on the mix of intergovernmental and supranational architectural principles; center-left of the average political actor, but disagreeing on the desirable mix of market and state, opportunity and equity.
La asistencia europea a colombia: una contribución virtual a un plan virtual de paz?.
Joaquín Roy.
Colombia Internacional , 2001,
Abstract: This article presents a detailed analysis of current European assistance to Colombia, indicating the differences between European and American perceptions of the causes of the problems that plague the country as reflected in their respective views of Plan Colombia. The European perspective s illustrated by presenting the critical positions taken by various entities regarding Plan Colombia's excessive military focus, including the European Commission, the European Parliament, Spain and other European states. The author examines the contrasting view that stresses a broader range of needs and problems in Colombia to which the European Union's aid should respond, the difficulties met in this approach, and the philosophic basis of the European contribution to Colombia.
THE ROLE OF STATE AIDS IN THE CURRENT FINANCIAL AND ECONOMIC CRISIS
Sava Anca-Stefania,Zugravu Bogdan-Gabriel
Annals of the University of Oradea : Economic Science , 2009,
Abstract: This paper focuses on state aid’s role in the current financial and economic crisis, in order to help all the economic sectors to get back on their feet. The negative effects of the sub-prime mortgage lending affected not only the US, but also the Europea
The Marie Curie programme at the Institute of Archaeology 2004-2008
Thilo Rehren
Archaeology International , 2008, DOI: 10.5334/ai.1106
Abstract: The Marie Curie Early Stage Training (MEST) projects, run by the European Commission, offer training opportunities to young scientists from EU member states and sometimes also from non-European countries. The Institute of Archaeology hosted one such project between 2004 and 2008, which is described here by its Principal Investigator.
The European Union, Financial Crises and the Regulation of Hedge Funds: A Policy Cul-de-Sac or Policy Window?
David John Lutton
Journal of Contemporary European Research , 2008,
Abstract: A series of financial crises involving hedge funds has created a general perception that action needs to be taken. A number of key member states and political actors favour tighter regulation. Traditional bureaucratic theory suggests that the European Commission would seek to maximise this ‘policy window’, and yet there remains no single unified European Union (EU) regulatory framework specifically targeting hedge funds. The nature of the regulatory regime, which has generally demanded a ‘light touch’ approach, means there are strict limits the EU’s ability to act. From an EU perspective, hedge fund regulation appears to be a policy cul-de-sac. However, the relationship between hedge funds and financial crisis is complex and less straightforward than is often portrayed. Hedge fund regulation cannot, however, be considered in isolation but should be viewed in the context of a wider programme to integrate European financial services markets. Viewed from this perspective, EU regulation is in fact changing the landscape of the hedge fund industry through a process of negative integration.
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