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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 2473 matches for " Eugenia; "
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Effect of user fee on patient’s welfare and efficiency in a two tier health care market  [PDF]
Eugenia Amporfu
Health (Health) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/health.2010.29164
Abstract: This is a theoretical paper examining the effect of user fee on patients’ welfare and social welfare under three forms of provider reimbursements: full cost, prospective payment and cost sharing. The paper extends Rickman and McGuire (1999) by introducing user fee to the public sector and maintaining the assumption that providers can work in both the private and public health sectors. Contrary to previous studies, this study shows that efficiency is possible under the full cost reimbursement. The paper also shows the conditions under which efficiency is possible under each reimbursement scheme. Patient’s welfare can improve with the introduction of user fee when services in the public and private sector are complementary.
Estimating the effect of early discharge policy on readmission rate. An instrumental variable approach  [PDF]
Eugenia Amporfu
Health (Health) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/health.2010.25075
Abstract: Early discharge policy, common in the developed countries, refers to the reduction of hospital length of stay as a way of reducing the cost of care. The effect of the policy on quality of care has received a lot of attention in the literature. Some of the earlier papers have ignored the endogeneity of length of stay in the readmission equation, an approach that could lead to inconsistent estimation. This study develops a statistical technique for the consistent estimation of the effect of the early discharge policy. An instrument that can be used extensively across different diagnostic groups is provided, hence solving the difficult problem of finding an instrument for length of stay. The exogeneity test in Gorgger (1990), the test for weak instruments in Staiger and Stock (1997) as well as the Hensen (1982) for over identification confirmed respectively that length of stay is endogenous the instrument is strong and the valid.
A theoretical analysis of how user fee on healthcare can waste economic resources  [PDF]
Eugenia Amporfu
Health (Health) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/health.2014.61020
Abstract: The difficulty of assessing funds to directly fund healthcare for the poor makes governments adopt user fee in the health system. Many studies have shown how user fee can cause the poor to under utilize healthcare but not on how it can lead to the waste of resources. The current study is theoretical and it examines the efficiency of regulated user fee and the factors affecting the efficiency. Efficiency focused mainly on the extent to which resources are wasted as a result of regulated user fee. The results show that the asymmetric information between the provider of healthcare and the patient combined with the costliness of investigation by the government as well as the costliness of revenue collection caused three sources of waste: excessive treatment of the rich or the non-poor, investigation and revenue collection. Comparative statics were done to examine the effect of various factors on the level of waste. The study then examined the conditions under with regulated user fee is more efficient than direct financing of healthcare by the government. Some recommendations were made to reduce wastes.
Educational Milieu Formation: Social and Cultural Aspects  [PDF]
Eugenia V. Listvina
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2014.25012
Abstract: This paper presents the interrelationship between the concepts of educational milieu and educational area, characterized by systematic, internal integrity. The attempt is also undertaken to specify the relationship of the educational milieu with the determination of the culture role in the education itself. The author notes the fundamental role of cultural and mental components inscribed in the very structure of the educational milieu in the process of getting education. In the context of educational process elements unification educational milieu contributes to the preservation of the socio-cultural persistent forms developed on the basis of cultural traditions.
The Assessment of Localized Clustering of Photovoltaic Plants in Italy: The Role of Financial Incentives  [PDF]
Annalina Sarra, Eugenia Nissi
Open Journal of Statistics (OJS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojs.2013.36A003
Abstract:

In recent years, the rapid growth of renewable energy sources (photovoltaic, biomass, geothermal, wind and hydroelectricity) constitutes a feasible solution for environmental problems created by the present production-consumption energy model. Photovoltaic (PV) is one of the most promising, renewable energy sources with great potential for development. Over the last decade, the diffusion of photovoltaic installations in Italy has recorded a considerable increase, displaying at the same time substantial regional dissimilarities. In this paper, we sustain the hypothesis that the installation of PV plants is first of all driven by the financial incentives granted. Using data for Italian provinces, derived under two different editions of the Energy Account, which represents the current Italian financing mechanism, we apply a statistical cluster detection method (the spatial elliptic scan statistics) to identify differences in the spatial distribution of PV plants, in terms of most concentration, throughout the Italian territory. The focus is on mapping the clusters and checking their spatial stability over time, when different subsidy schemes have been adopted. The evidence shows that in the latest detected clusters there are many Northern Italian provinces, with adverse climate conditions (low global irradiance level, low annual temperatures), which have rapidly taken advantage of incentives for solar energy installations.

Notas sobre las relaciones sociales y la organización administrativa del espacio en la campa?a mendocina en los inicios del proceso revolucionario (1810-1814)
Molina,Eugenia;
Mundo agrario , 2008,
Abstract: the present work analyze certain facts on the social relationships that give the census at the end of 1810 and the beginning of 1814 en mendoza articulated with the administrative reforms that pretended to control de population on a raising of civic urgencies context. its belief that even with the "photographic" defects of a synchronic look its interesting to start this analysis, as it gives an approaching to the reality that the local elite on a re-composition process had to face to re-unite resources and achieve a disciplinement that assured the governability during the independence tournabout.
Una doble argumentación en favor de la definición utópica de América: "El presagio de América" de Alfonso Reyes
HOUVENAGHEL,EUGENIA;
Acta literaria , 2002, DOI: 10.4067/S0717-68482002002700002
Abstract: in this article, we focus on alfonso reyes' essay "el presagio de américa", paying special attention to the standpoint of the mexican essayist in the historical debate about the discovery of america. we will conclude from the results of our rhetorical analysis that reyes defends the utopian identity of the new world. schematically, his argumentation can be reduced to two rhetoric systems (transitivity and reciprocity) as perelman describes them. nevertheless, several textual strategies hide the rigidity and firm orientation of reyes' reasoning
Entre la palabra escrita y la palabra hablada: la dimensión auditiva en Historia de un siglo, de Alfonso Reyes
Houvenaghel,Eugenia;
Estudios filológicos , 2002, DOI: 10.4067/S0071-17132002003700015
Abstract: in times of classical rhetoric, the written word was seen as a deposit of sound, a place where sound is preserved until it is restored to its original form. in this context, the following analysis focuses on the auditory dimension in the collection of educational essays historia de un siglo, of alfonso reyes. first, we analyse and describe the auditory characteristics of this corpus. secondly, we find that the function of these auditory characteristics is to arouse the interest of the reader for his educational essays and to present the historical matter in the most vivid way possible.
Sociabilidad y redes político-intelectuales: Algunos casos entre 1800 y 1852
Molina,Eugenia;
Cuadernos del CILHA , 2011,
Abstract: the aim of this paper is to address same modifications of the social relations in context of revolutionary process and the later construction of the provincial states, because produced a political development within the community links, wich modified certain values, popular conceptions and collective behaviors. we deal with a number of associative practices and forms of sociability in order to observe your roll in the conformation of the political and intellectual networks. we affirm that the networks conferred material and symbolical resources at your members four a prominent action on the public and political sphere.
Parent-child relationships in Italian families: connectedness and autonomy in the transition to adulthood
Scabini, Eugenia;
Psicologia: Teoria e Pesquisa , 2000, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-37722000000100004
Abstract: this contribution focuses on the changes in parent-child relationships during the transition to adulthood, that implies a modification of the balance of connectedness and autonomy. the principal aim was twofold: 1) to verify how relational support and style of decision making - respectively markers of family connectedness and autonomy - change from adolescence to young adulthood; 2) to compare the perceptions of parents and children through a measure of agreement. the sample was composed of 259 italian families with a child between 17 and 25 years of age. participants filled out a self report questionnaire including the parent-adolescent support scale and the style of decision making scale. results highlighted that children perceived a significant increase in relational support and in autonomy from late adolescence to young adulthood. furthermore, agreement between parents and children increased by aging. therefore, near the transition to adulthood, parents and young adults are closer to each other than during late adolescence.
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