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Changes in the Legislation of Environmental Impact Assessment in Turkey
Emine Su Turan, Esra Deniz Güner
Dogal Afetler ve Cevre Dergisi , 2017, DOI: 10.21324/dacd.286187
Abstract: Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) studies have taken place in developed and developing countries both as legally and practically, while it reached legal status through the 10th article of the Environment Law entered in force in 1983 in our country. After the Ministry of Environment was established, it was carried into practice as legislation on February 07, 1993. The legislation was changed in 23 June 1997 with the aims of solving the problems raised in practice and providing effective and efficient implementation. Later on, within the scope of harmonization works with the European Union (EU) Legislation and in line with the EU EIA Directive, the EIA Regulation was revised again in 2002 and 2003 and entered into force after promulgated in the Official Gazette in 16 December 2003 with the number of 25318. Following the legislation published in 2003, the regulation was rectified in 2008 and 2013 and finally has been revised in 2014 to take its current form as it is today. In this study, the changes in the EIA regulation-that was completely amended total of 7 times in the 23 years period since 1993- are discussed. In addition, the changes in the process of preparing the EIA report under changing and developing conditions in Turkey were examined in detail as of today.
The Impact of Renewable Energy Sources on Global Climate Change
Esra Deniz Güner, Emine Su Turan
Dogal Afetler ve Cevre Dergisi , 2017, DOI: 10.21324/dacd.285523
Abstract: With the industrialization process, humanity has had to face the problem of global climate change through the intensive use of fossil fuels since the 1870s. This problem is seriously affecting all countries of the world regardless of the level of development. Renewable energy or alternative energy sources have been advocated in recent years, which is the most agreed proposition that has become prominent on the conservation of nature. With global warming, climate change, and scarcity of limited natural resources, the forms of energy and production that do not pollute nature have become one of the priority demands of the states especially since the signing of the Kyoto Protocol. In this study, the issue of global climate change and the importance of disseminating the use of renewable energy resources in respect to managing this problem were revealed.
Ten-year- old girl with severe myalgia and muscle cramps
?ükrü Nail Güner,Engin Melek,Esra Bask?n
Turk Pediatri Ar?ivi , 2009,
Abstract: ..
The distrubition of community-acquired gram negative microorganisms isolated from the urine samples of children, and the evaluation of increase in antibiotic resistance between the years 2003-2010
?ükrü Nail Güner,Bahar G?ktürk,Umut Selda Bayrak??,Esra Bask?n
Turk Pediatri Ar?ivi , 2012,
Abstract: Aim: Appropriate antibiotic use for urinary tract infection (UTI) will provide protection against antibiotic resistance and complications including renal parenchimal damage and reflux nephropathy which may occur in the future. This study aimed to show the distrubition of community-acquired gram negative microorganisms in the region of Konya and the change in antibiotic resistance rates in time. Material and Method: Patients between 0 and 17 years of age with a positive urine culture between July 2003 and January 2010 were included in the study. 2544 positive cultures were obtained from a total of 1742 patients. Results: Female patients costituted 57.6 % of the patients who had positive urine culture. Microorganisms isolated from infected female and male patients included E coli (76.1 and 41.9%), Klebsiella spp (13.7 and 24.3%), Proteus spp (6.9 and 28.4%) and the others (3.4 and 5.2%). E.coli, Klebsiella and Proteus species were found to be sensitive to carbapenems, aminoglycosides, quinolones and third generation cephalosporines. High trimetoprim-sulphametoxasol (TMP-SM) resistance in the E.coli and Proteus groups (48.2%-48.5%) and high ampicillin resistance (68.9-88.2%) in the E.coli and Klebsiella groups were remarkable. For all three microorganisms an amikacin sensitivity of 100% was found. When antibiotic sensitivities were compared between the periods of 2003-2006 and 2006-2010, resistance rates of microorganisms against many antibiotics were found to be increased significantly. Conclusions: These data suggested that the microorganisms causing UTI were susceptible to aminoglycosides and third generation cephalosporins. The apparent increase in the resistance rates over a relatively short period was a precarious circumstance. Trimethoprim-sulphamethoxazole and ampicilline should not be the first choice for treatment of UTI because of high resistance rates. (Turk Arch Ped 2012; 47: 107-13)
TüRKO LU DIALECT (KAHRAMANMARA DIALECTS - 1) TüRKO LU A ZI (KAHRAMANMARA A IZLARI - 1)
Mehmet Dursun ERDEM?????,Esra K?R?K,? Sibel üST,??? Güner DA?DELEN
Turkish Studies , 2009,
Abstract: The history of the studies on Anatolian dialects are very recent. Because of the newly studies, there are a lot of zones not studied yet. One of the not did detailed study is Kahramanmara today. Kahramanmara and its districts have choosed and gathered in the Project of Kahramanmara Dialcets. In this article, Türko lu distirict’s dialects of Kahramanmara province are examined. Six villages that are represant the district’s dialect are choosen and the first results on the texts are exhibited. Türkiye Türk esi a zlar üzerine yap lan al malar n tarihi yenidir. Bu sebeple bakir olanlar olduk a oktur. Bugüne kadar üzerine ayr nt l al ma yap lmam b lgelerden biri de Kahramanmara ilidir. Kahramanmara a zlar projesi er evesinde, Kahramanmara ili ve il eleri derlenmi tir. Bu makalede Kahramanmara ilinin Türko lu il esinin a z incelenecektir. l enin a z n temsil eden 6 k y se ilmi ve metinler üzerinden ilk sonu lar ortaya konulmu tur.
Decreased expression of β1- and β2-adrenoceptors in human diabetic atrial appendage
U Deniz Din?er, ?ahika Güner, Aydin Tay, Ebru Ario?lu, Atilay Ta?delen, Sait A?lamaci, Keshore R Bidasee
Cardiovascular Diabetology , 2003, DOI: 10.1186/1475-2840-2-6
Abstract: Right atrial appendages from five diabetic (mean age 65 ± 4.5; 4 female, 1 male) and five nondiabetic patients (mean age 56.2 ± 2.8; 4 male, 1 female) undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting were collected and assayed using reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) for their mRNA content. No patient from these two groups suffered from acute myocardial infarction and/or failure. All diabetic patients received insulin for at least two years and had been diagnosed as diabetics for at least five years.When compared with levels in nondiabetics, steady state levels of mRNA encoding β1-adrenoreceptor decreased by 69.2 ± 7.6 % in diabetic patients while β2-adrenoreceptor mRNA decreased by 32.2 ± 5.5 % (p < 0.001).Our findings show a decreased expression of β1- and β2-adrenoreceptors in human diabetic atrial appendage.During the last two decades, significant efforts have been made by several laboratories for a better understanding of the molecular basis underlying cardiovascular complications in diabetics. As it is well known, these complications are responsible for the increased incidence of morbidity and mortality in this patient group and are brought about by metabolic and biochemical shifts as well as by ultrastructural alterations [1,2]. A substantial body of literature indicated that β-adrenoreceptors (AR)s are involved in altered cardiac contraction and/or velocity in different types and stages of heart disease. At early stages, the heart compensate by increasing its neurohumoral and neuroendocrine system activity. However, at later stages, excessive amounts of catecholamine stimulation could have harmful effects on the already failing myocardium [3]. Changes in expression and function of β-ARs depend on the type and stage of heart failure and also depend on the region of the heart [4].Some of the hallmarks of diabetes induced cardiomyopathy are bradycardia, nonhomogeneity of atrial conduction and prolongation of sinus node recovery times [5]. Our la
Ge i Ekonomileri ve Yeni Kurumsal ktisat’ n Yeniden Yükseli i = Transition Economies and the Re-Emergence of the New Institutional Economics
Esra GüLER
Dogus University Journal , 2012,
Abstract: Transition from the socialist system that is based on central planning to the capitalist system that is based on free market involves, above all, a great and complex institutional transformation. The fact that academic studies examining economies that underwent such a transformation have ignored “institutions” especially at the beginning of this process is a result of a shortcoming in the dominant neoclassical paradigm. This shortcoming is tried to be eliminated through The New Institutional Economics (NIE) approach attempted to eliminate this shortcomings, which started to rise again after the mid-90s and included institutions as the main variable of its analys’s .The aim of this study is to demonstrate that the transition process, which is structurally complex, has gained a much more consistent and satisfying approach with NIE, which is of an interdisciplinary character.
Wald-Type Statistics in Heteroscedastic Linear Models
Esra Akdeniz,Michael G. Akritas
Sel?uk Journal of Applied Mathematics , 2006,
Abstract: In this paper we consider the heteroscedastic linear models and consider Wald-type test statistics for the hypothesis of no factor effects and no interactions. Designs with independent data are considered. The statistics based on the original observations appear to be new. They test the usual parametric null hypotheses and provide useful alternatives to the classical F-test especially in the presence of variance heterogeneity. The statistics based on ranks have been proposed in Akritas and Arnold (1994), Akritas, Arnold and Brunner (1997) and in Akritas and Brunner (1997) for the purpose of testing certain nonparametric hypotheses. Simulation programs in MATLAB are developed and the results are presented.
THE EFFECT OF PREVENTIVE CLASSROOM MANAGEMENT TRAINING PROGRAM ON APPROVAL AND DISAPPROVAL BEHAVIORS OF TEACHERS
Nevin Güner
International Journal of Instruction , 2012,
Abstract: In this study, the effect of Preventive Classroom Management Training Program (PCMTP) on approval and disapproval behaviors of teachers working in inclusive classrooms was investigated. The study group consisted of 45 teachers who were working in public schools and had students with special needs in their classrooms. Data were gathered using Teacher Behaviors Observation Form, which was developed by the researcher, and during one lesson which was videotaped in the classrooms of teachers in the experimental group (n=21) who had a training using PCMTP and the control group (n=24). The analysis of the research data revealed that PCMTP did not make significant differences in the approval/disapproval behaviors of the teachers in terms of the post-test results but the maintenance results showed that disapproval behaviors of the teachers were significantly lower.
NOTES ON THE READING, MEANING AND STRUCTURE OF ULAS / LES "GENTLY-GLANCING” AT DīWāN LU āT AT-TURK D V Nü LUG T ’T-TüRK’TE GE EN ULAS / LES “SüZGüN, BAYGIN” KEL MES N N OKUNU U, ANLAMI VE YAPISI üZER NE Dü üNCELER
Galip GüNER
Turkish Studies , 2011,
Abstract: Lexicology of Dīwān Lu āt at-Turk is not only the Old Turkic but only the most important source of all historical and modern Turkic dialects. Although the Kashgar says he didn’t take the words assumed as obsolescent in his era there is a lot of archaic words in the dictionary. In this paper we do an etymological essay of the word ulas / les “gently-glancing” which there isn’t to much work on its reading, meaning and structure. Firstly we touch upon the reading and analysing essays of the word. Then we start out to explain our opinion from the historical and modern texts of Turkic dialects. D vanü Lugati’t-Türk, s z varl bak m ndan sadece Eski Türk enin de il Türk enin tarih ve a da bütün d nemlerinin en temel kaynaklar ndan biridir. Her ne kadar Ka garl eserinde d neminin ok fazla kullan lmayan, eskimi gibi telakki edilen kelimelerini eserine almad n s ylese de D van’da günümüze k tutan pek ok eskicil (arkaik) genin oldu u dikkatlerden ka maz. te bu al mada D van’da ge ip de okunu u, anlam ve yap s üzerinde ok fazla durulmam olan ulas / les “süzgün, bayg n” kelimesi üzerinde bir etimoloji denemesi yap lacakt r. Evvela kelimeyle ilgili okuma ve tahlil denemelerine temas edilecek, ard ndan Türk enin tarih ve a da metinlerinden hareketle g rü lerimiz ortaya konulacakt r.
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