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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 178118 matches for " Erinaldo Viana de;Cunha "
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Genótipos de capim-elefante sob pastejo no período de seca na Zona da Mata de Pernambuco: fatores relacionados à eficiência de pastejo
Cunha, Márcio Vieira da;Santos, Mércia Virginia Ferreira dos;Lira, Mário de Andrade;Mello, Alexandre Carneiro Le?o de;Freitas, Erinaldo Viana de;Apolinário, Valéria Xavier de Oliveira;
Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-35982007000200004
Abstract: the experiment was carried out to evaluate factors related to the grazing efficiency of five pennisetum sp. genotypes (ce 08 a.d., venezuela, hv-241, elephant b and hexaplóide) during the dry period in the forest zone of pernambuco. genotypes were managed under rotational stocking (44 days of resting and four days of grazing period). it was used a split-plot arrangement in a complete randomized block design (genotypes represented the plots; grazing cycles, the subplots). six replications were used to determine pre-grazing total leaf blade mass and green and senescent leaf blade mass. four replications were used for leaf blade accumulation and grazing efficiency and, for these variables, it was used a complete randomized blocks design. the ce 08 a.d. and elephant b presented greater pre-graze total leaf blade mass, green leaf blade, green leaf blade accumulation, and grazing efficiency, with averages of 1,374 kg dm/ha, 737 kg dm/ha, 654 kg dm/ha/44 days and 80% of the green leaf blade accumulation, respectively. the highest grazing efficiency (100% of the green leaf blade accumulation) occurred at the hv-241 pastures. this high grazing efficiency was associated to the low green leaf blade accumulation (155 kg of ms/ha/44 days). the lowest grazing efficiency was observed for the hexaplóide (59% of the green leaf blade accumulation), possibly due to high losses under grazing (30% of the pre-grazing total leaf blade mass). the green leaf blade mass decreased mostly until the second grazing day, while the losses of total leaf blade were higher in the second and third grazing days. the genotypes ce 08 a.d. and elephant b presented potential to be used under rotational stocking, in the pernambuco forest zone.
Association between the morphological and productive characteristics in the selection of elephant grass clones
Cunha, Márcio Vieira da;Lira, Mario de Andrade;Santos, Mércia Virginia Ferreira dos;Freitas, Erinaldo Viana de;Dubeux Junior, José Carlos Batista;Mello, Alexandre Carneiro Le?o de;Martins, Kalina Gerciane Rodovalho;
Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-35982011000300004
Abstract: the objectives in this work were to study the association between the morphological and productive characteristics in pennisetum sp. clones, and to identify the morphological characteristics responsible for the productivity in pennisetum cp. clones. the canonical correlations were evaluated and the path analysis was made from the simple genotypic correlation matrix between the morphological and productive characteristics of eight pennisetum sp. clones (taiwan a-146 2.37, taiwan a-146 2.27, taiwan-146 2.114, merker méxico mx 6.31, mott, hv-241, elefante b and iri-381). the canonical correlations were significant at 1% probability by the chi-square test. the first pair of canonic factors, with correlation of 0.9999, related the plants with the highest dry matter content to plants with lower leaf area indexes, light perception and leaf angle. the second pair of canonic factors, with correlation of 0.9999, related the plants with the highest dry matter production to the plants with higher basal tiller density, height, and low green leaf number per tiller. the results of the path analysis indicated that the light interception is determinant in dry matter content expression of pennisetum sp. clones, while the basal tiller density and plant height are responsible for dry matter production in these clones.
Características estruturais e morfológicas de genótipos de Pennisetum sp. sob pastejo no período de seca
Cunha, Márcio Vieira da;Santos, Mércia Virginia Ferreira dos;Lira, Mário de Andrade;Mello, Alexandre Carneiro Le?o de;Ferreira, Rinaldo Luiz Caraciolo;Freitas, Erinaldo Viana de;Nunes, José Carlos;
Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-35982007000300004
Abstract: the experiment was carried out to study structural and morphologic characteristics of five pennisetum sp. genotypes (ce 08 a.d., venezuela, hv-241, elephant b and hexaplóide) under grazing during the dry period in pernambuco forest zone. genotypes were managed under rotational stocking (44 days of resting and four days of grazing period). the experimental design was randomized blocks in a split plot arrangement, and four replications. the genotypes represented the plots, and grazing cycles, the subplots. there was variation in the structural and morphologic characteristics of the pennisetum sp. genotypes. the ce 08 a.d. and elephant b presented high density of green leaf blade, low percentage of dead material and high density of remaining basal tillers and new aerial tillers, with averages of 5.0±0.4 kg dm/ha/cm; 33±0.2%; 22±0.2 and 146±0.4 tillers/m2, respectively. the hv-241 presented high participation of dead material in its aerial biomass (55.6±0.3%) due to high tiller mortality (19±0.3 and 114±0.4 basal and aerial dead tillers/m2, respectively). the genotypes ce 08 a.d. and elephant b had been distinguished as promising to be used under grazing in the dry period. the genotype hv-241, elephantgrass hybrid with pearl millet, was more affected by water stress during the dry period of the year.
Variabilidade e herdabilidade de caracteres morfológicos em clones de capim-elefante na Zona da Mata de Pernambuco
Silva, Ant?nio Luiz Cordeiro da;Santos, Mércia Virginia Ferreira dos;Dubeux Júnior, José Carlos Batista;Lira, Mario de Andrade;Ferreira, Rinaldo Luiz Caraciolo;Freitas, Erinaldo Viana de;Cunha, Márcio Vieira da;Silva, Maria da Concei??o;
Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-35982010001000005
Abstract: this research was carried out at to evaluate the variability and heritability of morphologic traits in 54 elephant grass clones (three local controls and 51 from the renace/cnpgl) in the forest zone in pernambuco. it was used a complete randomized block design with additional controls. three cuts were performed on the 60th day of regrowth. there were significant differences for stem diameter, basal and aerial tillers density, width of leaf 3, length of leaf 5, leaf blade percentage, stem percentage, and leaf/stem ratio. clones of renace are similar to the ones traditionally cultivated in the conditions of forest zone in pernambuco regarded to morphological characters. cultivar pioneiro showed early flourishing in the environmental conditions of this study. number of basal and aerial/metter tillers showed good heritability, evidencing little influence of the environment on variability among the clones. considering the variability among renace clones for basal and aerial tillers/m and leaf/stem ratio and the high heritability of these characters, it is possible to obtain genetic gains for these traits in the elephant grass breeding program in the forest zone in pernambuco.
Análise de trilha em caracteres produtivos de Pennisetum sob corte em Itambé, Pernambuco
Silva?, M?nica Alixandrina da;Lira, Mario de Andrade;Santos, Mércia Virgínia Ferreira dos;Dubeux Junior, José Carlos Batista;Cunha, Márcio Vieira da;Freitas, Erinaldo Viana de;
Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-35982008000700007
Abstract: this work aimed to estimate the correlation coefficients, determining the direct and indirect effects (path analysis) of explanatory independent variables on total dry matter production (main dependent variables) of five elephant grass clones in five cuts accomplished at the forest zone of pernambuco. each experimental plot measured 24 m2 with 2 m2 of utile area. there was high correlation between almost all the independent variables and the main variable. the characteristic leaf blade number per tiller, however, explained better the potential of dry matter production and leaf blade dry matter production, acting, respectively, in a direct and indirect way on the explanatory variables.
Propaga??o de genótipos de Pitangueira (Eugenia uniflora L.) pelo método de enxertia de garfagem no topo em fenda cheia
BEZERRA, JO?O EMMANOEL FERNANDES;LEDERMAN, ILDO ELIEZER;FREITAS, ERINALDO VIANA DE;SILVA JúNIOR, JOSUé FRANCISCO DA;
Revista Brasileira de Fruticultura , 2002, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-29452002000100035
Abstract: in a trial carried out at itambé experimental station ? ipa, pernambuco state, brazil, ten surinam cherry genotypes were cleft grafted on nine months old rootstocks in order to evaluate their grafting ability: ipa-1.1; ipa-1.3; ipa-2.2; ipa-3.1; ipa-3.2; ipa-4.3; ipa-7.3; ipa-11.3; ipa- 14.3 and ipa-15.1. genotypes behaved differently in its grafting ability, in which the majority of them has shown good relationship between rootstock x grafts. grafting percentages ranged from 81.5% to 53.5% for the highest uptaking ( ipa-7.3, ipa-2.2, ipa-11.3, ipa-4.3, ipa-3.1, ipa14.3, ipa-15.1 and ipa-3.2, respectively) and 20.0% to 38.5% for the lowest ones (ipa-1.1 and ipa-1.3, respectively).
Propaga o de genótipos de Pitangueira (Eugenia uniflora L.) pelo método de enxertia de garfagem no topo em fenda cheia
BEZERRA JO?O EMMANOEL FERNANDES,LEDERMAN ILDO ELIEZER,FREITAS ERINALDO VIANA DE,SILVA JúNIOR JOSUé FRANCISCO DA
Revista Brasileira de Fruticultura , 2002,
Abstract: O trabalho foi conduzido na Esta o Experimental de Itambé - IPA, em Itambé - PE, com o objetivo de avaliar o pegamento da enxertia pelo processo de garfagem no topo em fenda cheia, em porta-enxertos com nove meses de idade, de dez genótipos de pitangueira usados como copa. O delineamento experimental foi o de blocos ao acaso, com três repeti es e dez tratamentos (IPA-1.1; IPA-1.3; IPA-2.2; IPA-3.1; IPA-3.2; IPA-4.3; IPA-7.3; IPA-11.3; IPA-14.3 e IPA-15.1). Os genótipos comportaram-se diferentemente quanto à capacidade de pegamento de enxertia, sendo IPA-7.3; IPA-2.2; IPA-11.3; IPA-4.3; IPA-3.1; IPA-14.3; IPA-15.1 e IPA-3.2 aqueles que apresentaram a melhor combina o enxerto x porta-enxerto, com valores de pegamento da enxertia variando de 81,5 a 53,5% para o primeiro e último genótipos, respectivamente. Os genótipos IPA-1.1 e IPA-1.3 obtiveram os menores percentuais de pegamento (20,0 e 38,5%, respectivamente).
Decomposi??o de serrapilheira em bosque de sabiá na Zona da Mata de Pernambuco
Freire, Joelma de Lira;Dubeux Júnior, José Carlos Batista;Lira, Mario de Andrade;Ferreira, Rinaldo Luiz Caraciolo;Santos, Mércia Virginia Ferreira dos;Freitas, Erinaldo Viana de;
Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-35982010000800006
Abstract: the research aimed to evaluate the decomposition of sabiá (mimosa caesalpiniifolia benth) litter fractions by using the nylon bag technique. the following litter fractions were incubated: senescent leaves, leaves at the beginning of mineralization, and branches with diameter up to 20 mm. incubation was performed during periods of 0, 4, 8, 16, 64, 100, and 256 days in 2006 and 2007. the fractions were distributed in a random block design with five replications. it was evaluated the disappearance of biomass, nitrogen (n), and phosphorus (p), concentrations of nitrogen and phosphorus and the carbon/ nitrogen ratio of litter during the periods of incubation. in general, the negative exponential model explained the disappearance of biomass, nitrogen, and phosphorus, however, there was a variation among years and, in some cases, despite of being significant, the models showed a low correlation between predicted and observed data. biomass disappearance rate was slow because only 30% of leaf biomass was mineralized after 256 days of incubation. net nitrogen mineralization showed large variation among years, and it differed among the studied fractions. nitrogen content of the litter increased, on average, until 32 days (leaves) and until 64 days (branches) of incubation followed by stabilization. the linear plateau model was used to explain that process. in the course of the incubation periods, the carbon/nitrogen ration decreased. despite of the high content of nitrogen, the decomposition of sabiá litter is slow, what might reduce the loss of nutrients in the forest, increasing its sustainability and reducing the possible deleterious effects to the environment.
Deposi??o e composi??o química de serrapilheira em um bosque de sabiá
Freire, Joelma de Lira;Dubeux Júnior, José Carlos Batista;Lira, Mario de Andrade;Ferreira, Rinaldo Luiz Caraciolo;Santos, Mércia Virginia Ferreira dos;Freitas, Erinaldo Viana de;
Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-35982010000800005
Abstract: this research aimed to evaluate the deposition and chemical composition of the components of the existing and deposited litter in a sabiá (mimosa caesalpiniifolia benth) canopy. the experiment was carried out from august 2006 to july 2007. the evaluation of the existing and deposited litter was performed every 28 days using 20 squares with 1m2 randomly allocated and new areas were chosen for each evaluation. the canopy showed plants with an average diameter of 26.8 cm at breast height. monthly deposition of organic matter of leaves and branches during the experimental period was 15,167 kg and 3,373 kg/ha, respectively, and it increased during the highest precipitation period, in a 0.30 relationship with the accumulation, indicating higher accumulation than deposition. leaf proportion was 87% of the total litter, with means of 2.9% of nitrogen and 0.17% of phosphorus. the carbon/nitrogen ratio of leaves was below 30, while carbon/nitrogen ratio of the branches ranged from 30 to 40, proving a better quality for leaves. during the experimental period, deposition of nitrogen through litter was approximately 462 kg/ha and 30 kg/ha for phosphorus. litter deposition is essential for maintenance of soil fertility in a sabiá canopy and it contributes for conservation and sustainability of the canopy.
Caracteriza??o e Sele??o de Clones de Capim-Elefante (Pennisetum purpureum Schum.) na Zona da Mata de Pernambuco
Mello, Alexandre Carneiro Le?o de;Lira, Mário de Andrade;Dubeux Júnior, José Carlos Batista;Santos, Mércia Virgínia Ferreira dos;Freitas, Erinaldo Viana de;
Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia , 2002, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-35982002000100004
Abstract: this work aimed to characterize an elephantgrass collection (pennisetum purpureum schum.) comprising 71 clones and selecting the best ones to be tested later under grazing conditions. it was carried out at cedro experimental station - ipa, located in vitória de santo ant?o, forest zone of pernambuco state. the period of evaluation included both the raining and the dry season. each clone was represented by a non-replicated plot of 10 m2. according to linear correlation analysis, the more productive clones also showed highest plant height and highest growing point height, greatest stem diameter, highest stem/leaf ratio, highest basal and total tiller numbers and greatest leaf lenght. the same characteristics above were also positively correlated with the leaf blade yield, except stem/leaf ratio. there was a high correlation coefficient (r = 0.9517) between dry matter yield and leaf blade yield. the selection of clones to be tested under grazing conditions was based on the materials that showed the highest leaf blade yield. these materials were: mineir?o/ipeaco, hexaplóide, mole de volta grande, king grass, 591-76 or cameroon, ce 5 ad, gigante de pinda, ce 4 ad, elefante da col?mbia and vrukwona
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