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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 589 matches for " Equality and Fraternity "
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The Philosophy-Psychology Linkage  [PDF]
Amos Avny
Open Journal of Philosophy (OJPP) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ojpp.2018.83016
Abstract: The Essay explores two questions about the subject: a. whether exist any linkage between Philosophy and Psychology, and b. what is the nature of this linkage? Actually, the Author answers that such a linkage already exists. In fact, these two disciplines are like two sides of the same coin, they are complementary rather than competitive. For clarifying this argument the Author discusses 3 example cases, examining the whole individual-organization complex. The Essay describes Adam and Eve’s nature and curiosity, qualities that empowered them in their search for knowledge. This behavior also made them the fore-parents of all explorers, pioneers and researchers who followed them. Further, the Author indicates how wrong use of ideological declarations hurts individuals and subdues them. Finally, the Author advocates the introducing of the “Normal Distribution Method” and the “Bell type Curve” as main tools in teaching and studying Social Sciences.
Crises de fraternidade: literatura e etnicidade no Mo?ambique pós-colonial
Cabral, Jo?o de Pina;
Horizontes Antropológicos , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-71832005000200011
Abstract: this essay applies the concept of crises of fraternity to the human conflicts that accompanied the post-colonial moment in mozambique, drawing its inspiration from emmanuel lévinas' philosophical concept of "fraternity". the paper analyses literary materials: two recent novels dealing with the emotional reactions to the civil war of the 1980's; and memorialist records produced around the perplexing story of a white woman who opted for mozambican citizenship in the post-independence period. the notion of "autochtony" is explored by reference to the process of ethnic diversification in the post-colonial moment. the article argues for a complexification of the anthropological notion of "alterity" and rejects the reductionist views of the history of our discipline that have recently become widespread.
Are physicians strikes ever morally justifiable? A call for a return to tradition
Munyaradzi Mawere
Pan African Medical Journal , 2010,
Abstract: Though physicians strike provides an opportunity to generate more knowledge about the process in which legitimacy of an organization can be restored, it meets with a great deal of resistance not only by the public but from within the medical profession. This paper critically examines the legitimacy of strike by medical doctors heretofore referred to as physicians. Though critically reflecting on strikes of physicians in general, the paper makes more emphasis on Africa where physician strikes are rampant. More importantly, the paper argues that strike implies a failure for everyone in the organization (including the strikers themselves), not only the responsible government or authority. This is because when a strike occurs, an organization/fraternity is subjected to questions, scrutiny and slander. It becomes difficult to decouple what is said, decided and done. Traditionally, all medical fraternities the world-over are committed to acting comfortably to external demands- guaranteeing the patients lives and public health. By paying attention to external reactions, the medical fraternity adapts and learns what ought and should be done so that it is never again caught in the same messy. At the same time, the fraternity prepares itself for the future strikes. When the fraternity and those outside consider it is doing up to the external expectations, its lost legitimacy is restored. When legitimacy is restored, external pressure like once disturbed water returns to normal
The atmosphere as an evangelist of community and fraternity
María Verónica Di Caudo
Alteridad : Revista de Educación , 2013,
Abstract: This article highlights the key importance of the evangelical environment itself. Through work with and between youth in parishes, groups and communities, movements, and educational institutions; an atmosphere of testimony, fraternity, faith and good relationships that look at Jesus’ example, dignifies a person towards integral processes of spiritual change. Consequently, the option of building an evangelical environment —supported by community and kerygmatic anthropological dimensions— in the pastoral youth service work, cannot stay unconnected from pedagogical and formative issues.
Shifting the Canon: An Analysis of Achebe’s Women in Things Fall Apart and Anthills of the Savannah  [PDF]
Maina Ouarodima
Advances in Literary Study (ALS) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/als.2018.63009
Abstract: This paper analyses the image of women in Chinua Achebes Things Fall Apart and Anthills of the Savannah to bring into focus on the shifting of the canon through Achebe’s depiction of female characters in the two novels. The study focuses on some of the evil practices against the freedom of women, in the Igbo society, as reflected in Things Fall Apart and then contrasts with the positive image of women as reflected in Anthills of the Savannah. While the citizens, in general, and women, in particular, are ignorant in Things Fall Apart, written in the colonial period; they are, both, educated in Anthills of the Savannah, written in the postcolonial period. As findings, this study foregrounds the dynamism of the Igbo society, which allows Achebe, as a writer, to overcome prejudice and make obvious his quest for a once lost female identity. For instance, In Anthills of the Savannah and through Beatrice, Achebe presents the rise of new Nigerian women who are truly as active as men. Thus, for any meaningful development in
The sixteenth-century altar painting of the Cattaran (Kotor) fraternity of leather-makers
?ivkovi? Valentina
Balcanica , 2009, DOI: 10.2298/balc0940075z
Abstract: The altar painting that the Cattaran Fraternity of Leather-makers commissioned from the Venetian painter Girolamo da Santa Croce in the first half of the sixteenth century contains the images of Sts Bartholomew, George and Antoninus. The presence of the first two saints is looked at from the perspective of a long-established religious tradition, while the reasons for depicting the archbishop Antoninus giving alms to the poor appear to reside in the then prevailing religious policy and the local social situation.
Die konsep van gelykheid in die lig van die Suid-Afrikaanse Grondwet (1996) en die Skrif
N. Vorster
In die Skriflig , 2003, DOI: 10.4102/ids.v37i2.467
Abstract: Equality in the light of the 1996 South African Constitution and Scripture In the debate on the role of women in the church the principle of equality (especially gender equality) is of particular importance. Churches and theologians are confronted by a twofold question, that is: Does Scripture support gender inequality as a consequence of the patriarchal context in which it originated? Are churches that prevent women from serving in the offices not guilty of gender discrimination? Before these questions can be answered theologians should clarify the concept of equality. The aim of this article is to compare the biblical concept of equality with the ethical content with which the Constitutional Court imbues the South African constitutional value of equality. The central theoretical argument of this article is that there is a fundamental difference in content between the biblical concept of equality and the South African constitutional value of equality. The main differences in content between the two concepts of equality will be highligted by way of comparison. After the comparison of these concepts, a few observations will be made which are relevant for the debate on the role of women in the church.
Die beperkings van regstellende gelykheid
F Venter
Potchefstroom Electronic Law Journal/Potchefstroomse Elektroniese Regsblad , 2004,
Abstract: THE LIMITATIONS OF RESTITUTIONARY EQUALITYThis is a compact review and analysis of the state of equality law in South Africa . Specific reference is made to what has been called "remedial" or "restitutionary" equality. From the analysis it appears that current equality law shows certain imbalances that are difficult to reconcile with the provisions of the Constitution. To point out shortcomings in equality law which is well intended to resolve the burning problems of inequality, can easily be misunderstood in the contemporary circumstances as a reactionary resistance against a necessary process of a justifiable drive for equality. Such is certainly not the purpose of this review. The intention is however to argue the position that striving for equality must be a balanced process in order to ensure that the boundaries of equality themselves are not transgressed, since that would contradict the very essence of equality.In the first section the constitutional provisions on equality are briefly described. It is noted that the Constitution does not establish "a right to equality", but that it consistently deals with equality as a value. The wording of section 9 does however justify a term such as "the equality right."Next the approach of the judiciary to equality, in which the analytical steps of interpretation that were developed by the Constitutional Court are set out, is reviewed with special mention of the role that has been allocated to the value of human dignity in the interpretation and application of equality rights.In the third section an answer is sought to the question what "equality" means. As opposed to the choice of equality jurisprudence in the USA for a formal notion of equality, the South African courts operate with the concept of substantive equality. It is in this context that mention is made of "remedial or restitutionary equality". Equality is given a meaning which implies action. This is supported partly by the wording of sections 1 and 9(2) of the Constitution, but not by the formulation of sections 7(1), 9(1), 36(1) or 39(1). The only constitutional provision which imparts meaning directly to the notion of equality, is section 9(2), providing that "equality includes the full and equal enjoyment of all rights and freedoms." This gives meaning to equality as a value, to the equality rights and to equality as a description in the Constitution of the nature of the society that is being striven for. The complexity and multi-faceted nature of equality does not allow for a simplistic approach to its meaning. The boundary between equality and
Gender (sic) Equality (sic)
Martin Sewell
Opticon1826 , 2008, DOI: 10.5334/opt.040813
Abstract: This article is a response to both a Letter to the Editor by Dr Ambily Banerjee (Banerjee, 2007) and the recent UCL Gender Equality Event. Dr Banerjee claimed to be ‘astounded’ to find a ‘glass ceiling’ (sic) within her own discipline, Anatomy. She concludes her letter with, ‘I have never believed motherhood is a valid excuse for not realising one’s potential’. Both points are wrongheaded, and are the result of bogus feminist thinking. Firstly, men and women are different; and secondly, we have evolved ‘as if’ reproduction is the sole goal for which human beings were ‘designed’ and everything else is a means to that end. Feminism not only harms men, but harms women like Dr Banerjee, too (Quest, 1994; Sommers, 1995). Indeed, women are less happy today than they were in the 1970s and ‘the changes brought about through the women’s movement may have decreased women’s happiness’ (Stevenson and Wolfers, 2007).
Mind the Gap: UCL Gender Equality Event, UCL Institute of Child Health, London, 18 March 2008
Rachael Dobson
Opticon1826 , 2008, DOI: 10.5334/opt.040812
Abstract: The Gender Equality Event hosted by UCL invited us to spend a day reflecting on the current status of women in academia: the obstacles that women still face in academia, changes that have taken effect over the past decades, and the initiatives that will shape the future.
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