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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 1272 matches for " Enna Catalina "
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COGNICIóN HACIA LA ENFERMEDAD, BIENESTAR ESPIRITUAL Y CALIDAD DE VIDA EN PACIENTES CON CáNCER EN ESTADO TERMINAL
PAYáN,ENNA CATALINA; VINACCIA,STEFANO; QUICENO,JAPCY MARGARITA;
Acta Colombiana de Psicología , 2011,
Abstract: the aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between cognition about illness and spiritual well being,and quality of life in 50 patients with terminal cancer in the city of medellin, colombia. the study used an exploratory, descriptive, correlational and cross sectional research design. the instruments used were the spirituality index of well-being siwb, the illness cognition questionnaire icq and the mcgill quality of life questionnaire mqol. descriptive results show that the more serious and insidious symptoms are body pain, asthenia and adinamia. regarding the total level of spiritual well-being, positive correlations were found with perceived benefits in the icq and existential well-being of quality of life;and negative correlations with helplessness in the icq and psychological symptoms of quality of life. in conclusion, spirituality and positive cognitions regarding aterminal disease process are mediating variables, buffers and modulators of the quality of life on the physical, psychological, emotional, social, spiritual and economic level.
COGNICIóN HACIA LA ENFERMEDAD, BIENESTAR ESPIRITUAL Y CALIDAD DE VIDA EN PACIENTES CON CáNCER EN ESTADO TERMINAL
Payán, Enna Catalina,Vinaccia, Stefano,Quiceno, Japcy Margarita
Acta Colombiana de Psicología , 2011,
Abstract: The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between cognition about illness and spiritual well being,and quality of life in 50 patients with terminal cancer in the city of Medellin, Colombia. The study used an exploratory, descriptive, correlational and cross sectional research design. The instruments used were the Spirituality Index of Well-Being SIWB, the Illness Cognition Questionnaire ICQ and the McGill Quality of Life Questionnaire MQOL. Descriptive results show that the more serious and insidious symptoms are body pain, asthenia and adinamia. Regarding the total level of spiritual well-being, positive correlations were found with perceived benefits in the ICQ and existential well-being of quality of life;and negative correlations with helplessness in the ICQ and psychological symptoms of quality of life. In conclusion, spirituality and positive cognitions regarding aterminal disease process are mediating variables, buffers and modulators of the quality of life on the physical, psychological, emotional, social, spiritual and economic level.
Barriers and facilitating communication skills for breaking bad news: from the specialists’ practice perspective
Enna Catalina Payán,David Andrés Montoya,John Jairo Vargas,María Clara Vélez
Colombia Médica , 2009,
Abstract: Introduction: Breaking bad news is one of a physician’s most difficult duties. There are several studies related to the patient’s needs, but few reflect on the doctors’ experience.Materials and method: A descriptive, cross-sectional research was carried out to study issues related to the process of delivering bad news which might act as barriers and facilitating skills from the doctor’s point of view. These issues were identified through a self-administered survey.Results: Participant doctors use different strategies to communicate bad news to their patients. Examples of these strategies are: to be familiar with the patients’ medical history, to ensure that there is enough time, to know the patient’s caregivers and/or relatives, to determine the patient’s level of knowledge about his/her condition, to use non-technical words, to give information in small pieces, to assess the patient’s understanding, to devise a joint action plan, among others.Conclusion: The communication barriers that were identified focused on the emotional issues of the communication process, particularly those related to the recognition of own emotions, and the limited training about communication strategies available to doctors. Consequently, there is a need to implement training programs that provide doctors with tools to facilitate the bad news communication process.
Barriers and facilitating communication skills for breaking bad news: from the specialists' practice perspective
Payán,Enna Catalina; Montoya,David Andrés; Vargas,John Jairo; Vélez,María Clara; Casta?o,Alfonso; Krikorian,Alicia;
Colombia Médica , 2009,
Abstract: introduction: breaking bad news is one of a physician's most difficult duties. there are several studies related to the patient's needs, but few reflect on the doctors' experience. materials and method: a descriptive, cross-sectional research was carried out to study issues related to the process of delivering bad news which might act as barriers and facilitating skills from the doctor's point of view. these issues were identified through a self-administered survey. results: participant doctors use different strategies to communicate bad news to their patients. examples of these strategies are: to be familiar with the patients' medical history, to ensure that there is enough time, to know the patient's caregivers and/or relatives, to determine the patient's level of knowledge about his/her condition, to use non-technical words, to give information in small pieces, to assess the patient's understanding, to devise a joint action plan, among others. conclusion: the communication barriers that were identified focused on the emotional issues of the communication process, particularly those related to the recognition of own emotions, and the limited training about communication strategies available to doctors. consequently, there is a need to implement training programs that provide doctors with tools to facilitate the bad news communication process.
Epidemiología de la hepatitis B en Chile y esquemas de vacunación en Latinoamérica
ZUNINO M.,ENNA;
Revista chilena de infectología , 2002, DOI: 10.4067/S0716-10182002000300002
Abstract: hepatitis b is an epidemiologic problem worldwide, with high mortality associated with acute and chronic liver damage and cancer. chile has a low prevalence rate (under 2% of the population) but there has been an increase from 1.03% in the year 2000 to 1.52% in 2001. the groups with higher prevalence rates being men that have sex with men, persons living with hiv, health care workers and in previous surveys, children with multiple transfusions. in latin america the impact of hb infection is significant, there is an uneven distribution, with endemic areas of high, intermediate and low prevalence, even in the same country (eq. brazil). the development of hb vaccines is one of the most cost effective and safe strategies of immunization, inducing long lasting immunity (> 10 years). its impact has been great in countries where neonatal vaccination has been implemented and the goals of who/paho and more recently gavi are directed to the universal vaccination of this aye group. to achieve these goals, problems of access and cost must be solved. in latin america the use of the vaccine is in accordance with the epidemiology of the hb infection. some countries like brazil, have vaccination programs while others like peru recommend and support it, but application is voluntary. in others it is restricted to population groups at risk. in our country hb vaccination was initially recommended to health care workers and other groups of risk. later these recommendations were broadened to include students of the health care area and we are now evaluating its application in other groups
Epidemiología de la hepatitis B en Chile y esquemas de vacunación en Latinoamérica HEPATITIS B EPIDEMIOLOGY IN CHILE AND VACCINATION SCHEDULES IN LATIN AMERICA
ENNA ZUNINO M.
Revista chilena de infectología , 2002,
Abstract: Hepatitis B is an epidemiologic problem worldwide, with high mortality associated with acute and chronic liver damage and cancer. Chile has a low prevalence rate (under 2% of the population) but there has been an increase from 1.03% in the year 2000 to 1.52% in 2001. The groups with higher prevalence rates being men that have sex with men, persons living with HIV, health care workers and in previous surveys, children with multiple transfusions. In Latin America the impact of HB infection is significant, there is an uneven distribution, with endemic areas of high, intermediate and low prevalence, even in the same country (eq. Brazil). The development of HB vaccines is one of the most cost effective and safe strategies of immunization, inducing long lasting immunity (> 10 years). Its impact has been great in countries where neonatal vaccination has been implemented and the goals of WHO/PAHO and more recently GAVI are directed to the universal vaccination of this aye group. To achieve these goals, problems of access and cost must be solved. In Latin America the use of the vaccine is in accordance with the epidemiology of the HB infection. Some countries like Brazil, have vaccination programs while others like Peru recommend and support it, but application is voluntary. In others it is restricted to population groups at risk. In our country HB vaccination was initially recommended to health care workers and other groups of risk. Later these recommendations were broadened to include students of the health care area and we are now evaluating its application in other groups
Dr. Luis Jiménez Troncoso
Enna Zunino Martini
Revista chilena de infectología , 2012,
Abstract:
EXAMINATION MANAGEMENT AS A WAY OF ACHIEVING QUALITY ASSURANCE IN ODL INSTITUTIONS: The Case of Zimbabwe Open University
Onias MAFA,Enna Sukutai GUDHLANGA
The Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education , 2012,
Abstract: An examination is an important component of any institution that educates people. It is a form of assessment used to measure the students’ understanding of the concepts and principles they would have learnt. Zimbabwe Open University, an Open and Distance Learning institution has been setting its own examinations for the academic programmes offered. Through examinations, ZOU students are encouraged to take an active role in analysing and questioning the things they would have learnt. This paper discusses the examinations management at ZOU with a special focus on the setting, administering, marking right up to the publication of results. It will also discuss the challenges that ZOU is facing in conducting examinations. It will finally emerge with some valuable practical suggestions on how ZOU can improve on its examination management and thereby achieve quality assurance in all its programmes. The investigation adopted the qualitative methodology and a case study design to generate data to address the questions which guided the study. The purposively sampled sample was drawn from ZOU’s National Centre, Bulawayo and Matabeleland North Regions. The sample consisted of manager -examinations, manager- quality control, chairpersons of departments from different faculties, programme leaders, programme coordinators, regional quality coordinators, regional administrators, and students who were in their second year of study. Face-to-face interviews were used to generate data from manager -examinations, manager- quality control, regional quality coordinators and regional administrators. Data from chairpersons of departments from different faculties, programme leaders, programme coordinators, second year students were generated through focus group discussions. Major findings were the management of examinations at ZOU enhances quality assurance, cited activities which contributed to quality assurance included setting of examination items for the item banks, tight security in the transporting of examination items to and from the regions, residential marking, active invigilation. Participants were aware of activities that compromised quality assurance such as uncommitted invigilators, incomplete examination, lack of clarity on instructions, lack of security and non-confidentiality of examination items, timetable alterations. Some of the challenges that were mentioned by participants were unrealistic deadlines set by academic registry regarding marking, delays in dispatching of Personal Identification Numbers to newly admitted students, welfare of invigilators during in
Géographie et politiques de l’aide d’urgence au Bangladesh ; les désastres engendrés par le typhon Sidr, le 16 novembre 2007
Mouhssine Enna?mi,Marianne Viot
EchoGéo , 2008,
Abstract: Le typhon Sidr a frappé le Sud du Bangladesh le 16 novembre 2007 (4 000 victimes, 8 millions de déplacés et sans abris). La réputation controversée de ce pays mal connu lui a valu l’attention de l’opinion internationale. Le Bangladesh a une longue expérience en matière de catastrophes naturelles, et est doté d’un large réseau d’organisations de solidarité. La prévention de l’aléa et la gestion de l’aide d’urgence ont permis de limiter les pertes humaines. Grace à cette bonne coordination, la phase de reconstruction a été amorcée rapidement. La situation demeure difficile et le pays n’est pas encore sorti du marasme économique et social qui le caractérise. Sidr typhoon struck the Southern districts in Bangladesh on November 16, 2007 (4000 victims, 8 millions of displaced people / homeless). The discussed reputation of this country supports the attention of the international opinion to him. Thanks to its experience about natural hazards and to a broad humanitarian organizations network, the prevention of the catastrophe and the management of emergency aid made it possible to limit the human lives losses. A good relief aid management offered the opportunity of quickly switching from an emergency to a development stage.Still, the situation remains complex and the country has not overcome the economic and social depression which characterizes it.
Shona People's Concept of Beauty and its Relevance to their Literary Appreciation
Godwin Makaudze,Enna Sukutai Gudhlanga
International Journal of Asian Social Science , 2012,
Abstract: Literary appreciation, just like literary production, is both cultural and environmental. A critic usually appreciates a work of art depending on how he or she was socialised. For a work of art to be considered beautiful, it is cultural. Hence, what can be beautiful in one culture may be viewed as ugly in another. In Shona people’s cosmology, it is clear what for example, a beautiful woman or a beautiful tree is. It is this concept of beauty, which is even exploited by the Shona in their appreciation of works of art. What the people view as a beautiful or good work of art is quite the same as what they regard as a beautiful woman or a beautiful tree. This paper seeks to show that Shona literary appreciation is both inspired and informed by the people’s social concept of beauty. This social-literary beauty interface will be explored using examples and extracts from Shona folktales, proverbs, prose and poetry.
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