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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 190411 matches for " Enilce Fonseca de Oliveira;Dias "
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Características epidemiológicas e nutricionais de gestantes vivendo com o HIV
Brand?o, Thelma;Silva, Kátia Silveira da;Sally, Enilce Fonseca de Oliveira;Dias, Marcos Augusto;Silva, Cláudia Valéria Cardim da;Fonseca, Vania Matos;
Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-72032011000800004
Abstract: purpose: to describe the epidemiological profile and nutritional status of pregnant women infected with human immunodeficiency virus (hiv) and its effect on the nutritional status of these women during pregnancy. methods: a retrospective cohort study was conducted on 121 pregnant women with hiv infection, single fetus pregnancies, who received prenatal care and delivered at a referral unit for hiv-infected pregnant women during the period from 1997 to 2007. outcomes of the study were the initial and final nutritional status as measured by body mass index, weight gain, anemia (hemoglobin <11 g/dl) and low birth weight. bivariate analysis investigated the association of these outcomes with socio-demographic, clinical-care and dietary characteristics. we estimated the relative risks (rr) with 95% confidence intervals (ci). results: at the beginning of pregnancy, 11.0% of the women were underweight, and in late pregnancy, the prevalence was 29.3%. low educational level, urinary infection and worm infestation were associated with low gestational weight in late pregnancy. the percentage of insufficient weight gain was 47.5%, with well-nourished pregnant women (rr=3.3 95%ci 1.3-8.1) and women with no companion (rr=1.5 95%ci 1.1-2.2) having a higher risk for this outcome. the prevalences of overweight at the beginning and at the end of pregnancy were 26.8 and 29.4, respectively. there was a significant prevalence of anemia (61.0%). conclusions: the high percentage of negative nutritional outcomes identified at this referral service with multidisciplinary care for pregnant women living with hiv reveals the need to establish more effective strategies to deal with the complex context of hiv.
Associa??o entre o estado nutricional pré-gestacional e a predi??o do risco de intercorrências gestacionais
Padilha, Patricia de Carvalho;Saunders, Cláudia;Machado, Raphaela C?rrea Monteiro;Silva, Cristina Lúcia da;Bull, Aline;Sally, Enilce de Oliveira Fonseca;Accioly, Elizabeth;
Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-72032007001000004
Abstract: purpose: to analyze the association between maternal pre-gestational nutritional status and maternal outcomes - hypertensive disorders of pregnancy, gestational diabetes, vitamin a deficiency, and anemia - and the newborn outcome - low birth weight. methods: cross-sectional study, with 433 adult puerperal women (> 20 years old) and their newborns, attending the maternidade escola of universidade federal do rio de janeiro (ufrj). data was collected through interviews and access to their medical records. maternal pre-gestational nutritional status was established through pre-gestational body mass index according to the cut-offs for adult women defined by the world health organization (who), in 1995. the association between gestational outcomes and pre-gestational nutritional status was estimated through odds ratio (or) and a 95% confidence interval (95%ci). results: frequency of pre-gestational weight deviation (low weight, overweight and obesity) was 31.6%. considering the pre-gestational nutritional status, overweight and obese women presented a lower weight gain than eutrophic and low-weight women (p<0.05). women with pre-gestational obesity presented a higher risk of developing hypertensive disordens of pregnancy (or=6.3; 95%ci=1.9-20.5) and those with low pre-gestational weight were more likely to give birth to low birth weigh infants (or=7.1; 95%ci=1.9-27.5). there was no evidence of the association between pre-gestational nutritional status and the development of anemia, vitamin a deficiency and gestational diabetes. the mean weight gain among overweight and obese pregnant women was significantly lower when compared to eutrophic and low-weight pregnant women (p=0.002, p=0.049, p=0.002, p=0.009). conclusions: the high number of women with pre-gestational weight deviation reinforces the importance of a nutritional guidance that favors a good nutritional state and reduces the risks of maternal and newborn adverse outcomes.
Equa??es de referência para a predi??o da for?a de preens?o manual em brasileiros de meia idade e idosos
Novaes, R?mulo Dias;Miranda, Aline Silva de;Silva, Jaqueline de Oliveira;Tavares, Bruna Vasconcelos Fonseca;Dourado, Victor Zuniga;
Fisioterapia e Pesquisa , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S1809-29502009000300005
Abstract: the aim of the present study was to evaluate normal values of dominant (d) and non-dominant (nd) upper limb handgrip strength (hgs) in asymptomatic middle-aged elderly subjects and to establish reference equations for predicting hgs. fifty-four volunteers (51.9% men) aged >50 years old were enrolled. weight, height, and both arms circumference were measured, being the body mass index calculated. mechanical dynamometry was used to measure d-hgs and nd-hgs. self-reported level of regular physical activity was assessed by baecke questionnaire. d-hgs was higher than nd-hgs for both sexes and in all age groups (p<0.05). significant correlations were found between hgs and age, height, weight, and arm circumferences. the best reference equations were the following: d-hgskgf=39.996 - (0.382 x ageyears)+(0.174 x weightkg)+(13.628 x sexmen=1;women=0) (adjusted r2=0.677); and nd-hgskgf=44.968 - (0.420 x ageyears)+(0.110 x weightkg)+(9.274 x sexmen=1; women=0) (adjusted r2=0.546). the consistent difference found between dominant and non-dominant hgs requires the use of specific normative data for each hand. hence easily-obtained attributes such as age, height, weight, arm circumference and sex can predict hgs expected values for asymptomatic elder adults.
Poliniza??o natural, manual e autopoliniza??o no pegamento de frutos de pinheira (Annona squamosa L.) em Alagoas
Campos, Rousseau da Silva;Lemos, Eurico Eduardo Pinto de;Oliveira, Jaqueline Figueredo de;Fonseca, Fernanda Karina Pereira da;Santiago, Ant?nio Dias;Barros, Pericles Gabriel;
Revista Brasileira de Fruticultura , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-29452004000200020
Abstract: sugar apple (annona squamosa l) is a tropical fruit tree that has been cultivated in alagoas for more than a century. it is one of the most important crop for hundreds of small farmers. one of the main constraints to improve this culture yield is its low pollination rate of their flowers. although morphologicaly perfects, the flowers of sugar apple present the carpels maturation before pollen liberation in the anters preventing self-pollination. this work had the objective to study the effect of the natural, artificial and self-pollination on the number of fixed fruits in sugar apple. it was selected 40 four-year-old trees of local variety "crioula" and flowers of the mean portion of the trees. they were applied the following treatments: natural pollination; self-pollination; hand pollination with 100% pollen using paintbrush; hand pollination with 75 % of pollen and 25 % starch using paintbrush; hand pollination with 50 % of pollen and 50 % starch using paintbrush; hand pollination with 25 % of pollen and 50 % starch using paintbrush; hand pollination with 100 % of pollen using sprayer; hand pollination with 75 % of pollen and 25 % starch using sprayer; hand pollination with 50 % of pollen and 50 % starch using sprayer; hand pollination with 25 % of pollen and 75 % starch using sprayer. the results showed that the hand pollination with paintbrush or sprayer improved by ten fold the number of fixed fruits in natural pollination. the addition of starch to the pollen up to 50% of the mixture produced the same result of pure pollen.
Contamina??o bacteriana e fúngica de canudos de refrigerantes e seus recipientes em lanchonetes de município do interior de S?o Paulo
Soto, Francisco Rafael Martins;Oliveira, Eliana de;Sakaguti, Edson Hideki;Fonseca, Yara Solange Kubo;Dias, Heloisa Gimenes Gil;Lopez, Maria Cláudia;Azevedo, Sérgio Santos de;
Revista de Nutri??o , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S1415-52732009000600010
Abstract: objective: the objective of this study was to evaluate the fungal and bacterial contamination level of drinking straws and their containers of thirty snack bars at the municipality of ibiuna (sp, brazil) and to correlate these data with conditions of hygiene and the processes and methods of disinfection of these establishments. methods: three samples of closed packages, containers and contact surface swabs were collected in each establishment. a questionnaire was administered to identify the straws supplier, hygiene methods, frequency and disinfection. sanitary inspections were also performed in these establishments. microbiological analyses were done using the superficial washing technique and seeding plates to count mesophilic bacteria, mold and yeasts. turbid samples were seeded in culture media for: staphylococcus aureus, bacillus cereus, pseudomonas aeruginosa, enterococcus, total and/or thermotolerant coliforms. results: microorganisms isolated from samples of drinking straws were bacillus cereus 36.6%, enterococcus spp and molds/yeasts 3.3%. swabs of containers revealed 46.6% of bacillus cereus and 13.3% of enterococcus. association analyses of the microbial contamination level of drinking straws and their containers with conditions of hygiene, hygiene processes and disinfection of the establishments did not show statistical significance (p>0.05). conclusion: bacillus cereus was the most prevalent microorganism in closed packages, containers and surface swabs. no statistical association of risk factors for bacterial or fungal contamination was found.
Situations of Domestic Violence against Children and Adolescents in a Northeastern Brazilian Capital  [PDF]
Eliane Santos Cavalcante, Francisco Arnoldo Nunes de Miranda, Lannuzya V. e Oliveira, Glauber W. dos Santos Silva, Gustavo ávila Dias, Romeika C. F. de Sena, Suerda Lillian da Fonseca Lins, Cleonice A. A. Cavalcante, Izaura Luzia Silvério Freire, Jo?o E. da Costa
Open Journal of Nursing (OJN) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2016.69067
Abstract: Objective: To describe the epidemiological profile of children and adolescents who are victims of domestic violence. Method: This is a cross sectional and descriptive study, following a quantitative approach, conducted from September to December 2013, at the SOS CHILD service, in the city of Natal, Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil. The research protocol was approved by CEP/UFRN under CAAE 0166.0.051.000-11. Results: In the analysis of 69 children, the results were presented from three points of view: 1) the victim—female (56.5%), aged one to 11 years old (66.7%) and lived with one of the parents (43.5%); 2) the abuser—female (60.9%) in the 14 - 23 years old and 34 - 43 years old, with the same percentage (24.6%), history of alcohol use and abuse (42.0%), the mother was the one who attacked the most (34.7%); 3) types of violence, among the physical ones, the most frequent were slaps (43.2%) and punches (18.9%); the prevalence, among the psychological violence, were curses (35.4%) and abuse (27.8%); negligence, omission of care (73.5%), deprivation of care for personal appearance (18.4%); among sexual violence: sexual caresses (57.1%) and forced sex (42.9%). Conclusion: Children and adolescents placed in an unfavorable social-economic context, under the care of mothers with a history of use and abuse of alcohol and other drugs, are more vulnerable to intra-domiciliary violence.
Unravelling MADS-box gene family in Eucalyptus spp.: a starting point to an understanding of their developmental role in trees
Dias, Beatriz Fonseca de Oliveira;Sim?es-Araújo, Jean Luiz;Russo, Claudia A.M.;Margis, Rogério;Alves-Ferreira, Márcio;
Genetics and Molecular Biology , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S1415-47572005000400004
Abstract: mads-box genes encode a family of transcription factors which control diverse developmental processes in flowering plants ranging from root to flower and fruit development. members of the mads-box gene family share a highly conserved sequence of approximately 180 nucleotides that encodes a dna-binding domain. we used bioinformatics tools to investigate the information generated by the eucalyptus expressed sequence tag (forests) genome project in order to identify and annotate mads-box genes. the comparative phylogenetic analysis of the eucalyptus mads-box genes with arabidopsis homologues allowed us to group them into one of the well-known subfamilies. trends in gene expression of these putative eucalyptus mads-box genes were investigated by hierarchical clustering analysis. among 24 mads-box genes identified by our analysis, 12 are expressed in vegetative organs. out of these, five are expressed predominately in wood. understanding of the molecular mechanisms performed by mads-box proteins underlying eucalyptus growth, development and stress reactions would provide important insights into tree development and could reveal means by which tree characteristics could be modified for the improvement of industrial properties.
Fatal evolution of systemic lupus erythematosus associated with Crohn's disease
CHEBLI, Júlio M. Fonseca;GABURRI, Pedro Duarte;SOUZA, Aécio Flávio Meirelles de;DIAS, Kátia Valéria Bastos;CIMINO, Karla Oliveira;CARVALHO-FILHO, Roberto José de;LUCCA, Fernando de Azevedo;
Arquivos de Gastroenterologia , 2000, DOI: 10.1590/S0004-28032000000400007
Abstract: the authors describe the case of a young brazilian woman who was treated of ileocolonic crohn's disease sparing rectum, as confirmed by colonoscopy and histopathological examination. after a 4-year course of sulfasalazine treatment, she presented with skin facial lesions in vespertilio, fever, arthralgias and high titers of anti-ana and le cells. a sulfasalazine-induced lupus syndrome was diagnosed, because after sulfasalazine withdrawal and a short course of prednisone, the clinical symptoms disappeared and the laboratory tests returned to normal. mesalazine 3 g/day was started and the patient remained well for the next 3 years, when she was again admitted with fever, weakness, arthralgias, diplopy, strabismus and hypoaesthesia in both hands and feet, microhematuria, haematic casts, hypocomplementemia and high titers of autoimmune antibodies. a diagnosis of associated systemic lupus erythematosus was made. although a pulsotherapy with methylprednisolone was started, no improvement was noticed. a cyclophosphamide trial was tried and again no positive results occurred. the patient evolved to severe clinical manifestations of general vasculitis affecting the central and peripheral nervous system and lungs, having a fatal evolution after 2 weeks. although uncommon, the association of both disease may occur, and the authors call attention to this possibility, making a brief review of literature.
Consumo e digest?es totais e parciais em novilhos F1 Limousin x Nelore alimentados com dietas contendo cinco níveis de concentrado
Dias, Helder Luis Chaves;Valadares Filho, Sebasti?o de Campos;Coelho da Silva, José Fernando;Paulino, Mário Fonseca;Cecon, Paulo Roberto;Le?o, Maria Ignês;Oliveira, Rodrigo Vidal de;
Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia , 2000, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-35982000000200031
Abstract: abstract - a trial was conducted to evaluate the effects of five dietary concentrate levels on the intake and total and partial apparent digestibility of dry matter (dm), organic matter (om), crude protein (cp), ether extract (ee), total carbohydrates (cho), neutral detergent fiber (ndf), and non structural carbohydrates (nsc). five rumen, abomasum and ileum fistulated f1 limousin x nellore bulls were full fed diets containing 25.0, 37.5, 50.0, 62.5, and 75.0% of concentrate and allotted to a 5 x 5 latin square design. the chromic oxide was used as an external marker to determine the total and partial digestibility. the addition of crescent concentrate amounts to the diet resulted in linear increases in the dm, om, nce, cp, ee, and tdn and reductions in ndf intake. the total apparent digestibility of dm, om, cp, ee, cho, and nsc linearly increased with the increment of the dietary concentrate levels. the cp apparent digestibility in the small intestine linearly increased as function of the concentrate addition in the diets. the concentrate levels in the diet did not influence the rumen and post-rumen ndf apparent digestibility. the dietary ndf levels reduction resulted on linear increases of ndt and dm total apparent digestibility.
Pesquisa-interven??o, cartografia e estágio supervisionado na forma??o de professores
Dias, Rosimeri de Oliveira;
Fractal : Revista de Psicologia , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1984-02922011000200004
Abstract: the aim of this study is to give visibility to the construction of a conceptual cartography, in which it is possible to analyse the movement of the supervised training program as a teachers' formation politics, as well as to make evident the contributions of the intervention-research and cartography for the teachers' formation area. for this purpose, a conceptual and methodological construction are presented in the discussion by means of the cartography and the intervention-research; the analysis of the log books, both from the teacher as the students, and the notes created during the school semester. within this context of analysis, the inventive formation is discussed by means of existence aesthetics constitution and the political problem of supervised training during teacher's formation, taking this problem under a micropolitical dimension. it can be concluded that these are tools for facing the complexity of the school, taking it as the constitution of a territory in movement, that struggles to be a factory and user of a living knowledge.
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