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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 4042 matches for " Emotion Regulation "
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Chinese Teachers’ Emotion Regulation Goals and Strategies  [PDF]
Shaoying Gong, Xiaoyun Chai, Ting Duan, Liu Zhong, Yongqing Jiao
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2013.411125

This study aimed to explore Chinese teachers’ emotion regulation goals and strategies used before, in, and after classroom teaching. Thirty-four teachers from elementary, middle and high schools were interviewed with semi-structure questionnaire. Chinese teachers’ goals for regulating emotions included achieving instructional goals, decreasing the negative impact of emotions on student learning, confirming the professional and ethical norms, maintaining teachers’ and students’ mental health, keeping positive emotional images, and nurturing good teacher-student relationships. Teachers used various antecedent-focused and response-focused strategies to control their emotions before, in, and after class. In general, Chinese teachers used response-modulation most frequently, followed by cognitive changes in and after classroom teaching. These findings have implications for productive delivery of education service, teacher training and policy-making.

Relationships between cognitive emotion regulation strategies with depression and anxiety  [PDF]
Majid Pourfaraj Omran
Open Journal of Psychiatry (OJPsych) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/ojpsych.2011.13015
Abstract: In current study firstly, psychometric properties of Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (CERQ) in an Iranian sample were examined. The result of factor analysis, subscales correlations, internal consistency and test-retest coefficients showed good psychometric properties of CERQ in Iran. Secondly, relationships between cognitive emotion regulation strategies with depression and anxiety were studied by multiple regression analysis. The result showed that catastrophizing, self-blame and rumination were related with high level of anxiety and depression and refocusing, positive reappraisal and planning subscales related with low level of anxiety and depression.
Specific Beliefs about Emotions Are Associated with Different Emotion-Regulation Strategies  [PDF]
Roberta Trincas, Elena Bilotta, Francesco Mancini
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2016.713159
Abstract: Despite evidence pointing to the associations of maladaptive emotion regulation strategies (ERS) with psychopathology, little is known about their underlying mechanisms. Coherently with cognitive models, this study tested the hypothesis that specific beliefs about emotions may be associated with difficulties in emotion regulation and the use of different ERS (reappraisal, suppression, acceptance, rumination, avoidant coping, experiential avoidance). Consistently with the role of avoidance in the cognitive model of worry, we sought testing a mediation pattern where negative beliefs about emotions were connected to maladaptive ERS through experiential avoidance. 309 participants filled out an online questionnaire that measured beliefs about emotions, difficulties in emotion-regulation, and the tendency to adopt different ERS. Results showed that negative beliefs and high fear of emotions were associated with the use of specific ERS and avoidance coping. Fear of depressed mood and anxiety was associated with rumination and emotional avoidance, whereas emotion suppression was mainly associated with fear of anger and positive affect. Also, we found that experiential avoidance mediated the association between beliefs about emotion, rumination and emotional avoidance. Results provided evidence about the specific associations between beliefs about emotions and emotion-regulation processes, suggesting that beliefs about emotions may play a role in orienting specific ER styles.
Emotion Regulation, Personality and Social Adjustment in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders  [PDF]
Nathalie Nader-Grosbois, Stéphanie Mazzone
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2014.515182
Abstract: The study examines how emotion regulation and emotion dysregulation in 3 - 12 years old children with autism spectrum disorders (n = 39) are linked with the five factors of personality and their social adjustment. Children were assessed by means of the Differential Scales of Intellectual Efficiency-Revised edition (EDEI-R). The teachers have completed the CARS-T, the Bipolar Rating Scales based on the Five Factor Model (EBMCF) and the French version of Emotion Regulation Checklist (ERC-vf) and a Social Adjustment scale (including items related to Theory of Mind, EASE-ToM, and related to social rules, EASE-Social-Skills). Positive and significant correlations are obtained between emotion regulation scores and verbal developmental age, personality factors of openness, agreeableness, and extraversion. The emotion dysregulation score is negatively and significantly linked with the factor of emotional stability, but positively and significantly linked with extraversion. Moreover, emotion regulation scores are positively and significantly linked with scores in social adjustment. Linear regression by stepwise shows that both extraversion and agreeableness explain 66.5% of the variance of the emotion regulation score; and extraversion, agreeableness and emotional stability explain 68.3% of the variance of the emotion dysregulation score. The openness explains 55.9% of the variance of the EASE-ToM score. Both agreeableness and extraversion explain 61.6% of the variance of the EASE-Social Skills score.
Moderating Effects of Self-Confidence and Sport Self-Efficacyon the Relationship between Competitive Anxietyand Sport Performance  [PDF]
Mohammad Ali Besharat, Samane Pourbohlool
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2011.27116
Abstract: The aim of this study was to examine moderating effects of self-confidence and sport self-efficacy on the relationship between competitive anxiety and sport performance in a sample of Iranian athletes. A total of 246 volunteer athletes (149 males, 97 females) were included in this study. All participants were asked to complete Multidimensional Competitive Anxiety Questionnaire and Sport Self-Efficacy Scale. To measure the athletes’ sport performance, their coaches were asked to complete the Sport Achevement Scale. The results revealed that self-confidence and sport self-efficacy moderated the relationship between competitive anxiety and sport performance. Analysis of the data revealed that moderating effects of self-confidence for the association of cognitive and somatic dimensions of competitive anxiety with sport performance were partial. On the other hand, the moderating effects of sport self-efficacy for the association of cognitive and somatic dimensions of competitive anxiety with sport performance were full.
Emotion Regulation Strategies as a Predictor of Life Satisfaction in University Students  [PDF]
Ahmet Yi?it, Ahmet Rag?p ?zpolat, Mehmet Kandemir
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2014.56062

The goal of this research is to analyze the predictive power level of parent educational background, parent profession and suppression and reappraisal strategies, which are the emotion regulation strategies, on life satisfaction of individuals. Multiple Linear Regression model is used in the study whose research group is made of 422 students from a University, which has a total of 28,000 students, situated in the East of Turkey. Students in the research group are from different grades and demographic features. “Emotion Regulation Scale”, “Satisfaction with Life Scale”, and “Personal Information Form” are used in gathering the data of the research.

Study on the Relationship between Postgraduate Student’s Emotion Regulation and Commit Suicide Attitude  [PDF]
Tingting Luo, Lin Lu, Xintian Zhu
Creative Education (CE) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2015.611122
Abstract: Aim: The high degree of group commit suicide phenomenon had been a social concern. The purpose of this paper was to try to understand how emotion regulation affected suicide attitude in graduate students. Method: 406 postgraduates in three universities of Chongqing were tested with Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (ERQ) and Suicide Attitude Questionnaire (QSA). Results: On the emotion regulation side, there were significant gender differences in revealing, and significant grade differences in rumination. When encountered with negative emotion, avoidance and suppression happened much more frequently than rumination and revealing. The latter two happened more frequently when postgraduates encountered positive emotions. On the suicidal attitude side, there were significant grade and professional differences in attitudes towards the suicide victims’ families and significant grade differences in euthanasia attitudes. Correlation analysis and regression analysis showed that suppressing negative emotion and avoiding positive emotion were important variables to affect graduate suicide attitude. Conclusion: Inappropriate emotional regulation might be an important reason for the postgraduates who approved of suicide.
Examining the Relationship of Optimism and Emotion Regulation Strategies with General Health among Students of University of Sistan and Baluchestan  [PDF]
Hossein Jenaabadi, Mohamad Ali Ahani, Faramarz Sabaghi
Health (Health) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/health.2015.77102
Abstract: Background and Objective: Individuals apply various emotion regulation strategies, some of which are adaptive and others are maladaptive affecting people’s general health. Moreover, individual life-orientation including favorable expectancies about future (optimism) is associated with health-related behaviors. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the relationship of optimism and emotion regulation strategies with general health of university students. Materials and Methods: This was a correlational study. In this regard, 182 students of University of Sistan and Baluchestan (70 males and 112 females) were chosen. The statistical population of the present study consisted of all undergraduate students of the university of Sistan and Baluchestan in the second semester of the 2009-2010 academic year. Considering the nature of the current study, the correlational method was applied. Based on Krejcie and Morgan’s table, a sample of 200 subjects was selected from students majored at different fields including human sciences, basic sciences and technical-engineering through applying multi-stage random sampling method. Eighteen incomplete questionnaire forms were excluded. Finally, data obtained from 182 subjects (112 females, 70 males) were analyzed. The mean age was 21.1 year-old and standard deviation of the sample was 2.06. Samplings were assessed using the Revised Life-Orientation Test (LOT-R), Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (ERQ) and General Health-28 Questionnaire (GHQ-28). Data were analyzed using the Pearson correlation coefficient and regression analysis. Results: Findings showed that there was a significant positive relationship between optimism and general health (r = 0.22, p < 0.01). Among all research variables, i.e. optimism and emotion regulation strategies (cognitive reappraisal and expressive suppression), only optimism was able to predict 0.06 percent of variance of general health (p < 0.001). Conclusion: Optimists have higher general health and consistent with other findings, optimism is associated with higher levels of applying coping strategies and lower levels of avoidance.
Are Profiles of Adaptive and Maladaptive Anger Regulation Differently Related to Adjustment in Early Adolescence?  [PDF]
Nantje Otterpohl, Malte Schwinger, Elke Wild
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2015.67085
Abstract: Adaptive and maladaptive emotion regulation (ER) strategies have been found to be important prerequisites of children’s social competence and psychosocial adjustment. However, only a few studies have been conducted to examine their interactional impact on children’s psychosocial adjustment. We collected multiple informant questionnaire data from N = 608 adolescents (10 - 14 years) and their parents in order to examine the prevalence of adolescents’ anger regulation profiles by means of latent profile analysis (LPA) as a sophisticated person-centered method. Overall, LPA identified four corresponding anger regulation profiles for adolescents (self-report) and parents (other-report). Furthermore, the different anger regulation profiles were found to be divergently related to internalizing and externalizing problems and prosocial behavior. Our findings support the assumption that specific kinds of psychopathology might be characterized by a different interplay of adaptive and maladaptive ER strategies. Possible reasons and practical implications are discussed.
A Theoretic Review of Emotion Regulation  [PDF]
Hong Chen
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2016.42020
Abstract: Emotion regulation has become a hot research topic in psychological research in recent years; this study reviewed the research on emotion regulation strategies in the last ten years, and the previous research focused on introducing a new concept of regulation strategy-reception strategy, and to explore the similarities and differences between the emotional response and the neural mechanism of cognitive assessment and the expression of inhibitory strategies. It was found that cognitive assessment could reduce the emotional experience, reduce the activation of the physiological response and sympathetic nervous system, and decrease the level of activation of the amygdala; while the inhibition of expression was able to reduce emotional behavior, but the physiological response and sympathetic nervous system activation was enhanced, and the level of activation of the amygdala did not decrease; at the same time, it was a kind of emotion regulation strategy between cognitive reappraisal and expression inhibition, the regulation effect of the emotion was better than that of the expression inhibition, but less than the cognitive reappraisal, in the neural mechanism, the three common brain areas.
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