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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 1657 matches for " Emerson;Zanetti "
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Electing an All-Party, Proportional, Power-Sharing Coalition, a Government of National Unity  [PDF]
Peter Emerson
Open Journal of Political Science (OJPS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojps.2013.32009
Abstract:

There are many instances when a group of people might want to choose a committee, a fixed number of individuals to undertake a particular collective function. At their AGM or annual conference, residents in a community group, shareholders of a limited company, members of a trades union, and those of a political party, may all want to elect an executive: one person to be chair, another secretary, a third treasurer, etc. All these posts require different talents and all the individual office bearers undertake necessary but separate functions for the successful operation of that committee. In like manner, a parliament may choose to elect a government of national unity (GNU). The only voting procedure so far devised by which a given electoratethose concerned at an AGM or members of parliament (MPs)may elect, not only those whom they wish to be in cabinet, but also the ministerial posts in which each of those chosen will then serve, is the matrix vote. This paper describes 1) an experiment held at the Political Studies Association of Ireland (PSAI), undergraduate conference in Dublin on 23rd June 2012 inwhich participants, role playing as members of the Irish parliament, elected a GNU; and 2) the matrix vote methodology, such that others may also employ this voting system. An obvious instance would be for the election of an all-party power-sharing executive in a post-conflict zone.

Democratic Rights: Decision-Making by Law Makers and Law Enforcers  [PDF]
Peter Emerson
Beijing Law Review (BLR) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/blr.2013.42010
Abstract: The court of law is often adversarial; the more usual question, after all, is binary: guilty or not guilty? The parliament which makes the law, however, need not subject complex questions to dichotomous judgements, or a series of dichotomies: indeed, the corresponding debate should consider all relevant options on an equal basis. Accordingly, this article questions the propriety of a majoritarian polity, considers a less adversarial voting procedure, and contemplates a more inclusive political structure, in order then to argue that human rights legislations should be far more specific on the subject of democratic rights. Such a development may depend less upon the politician and more upon the lawyer.
A Democratic China?  [PDF]
Peter Emerson
Open Journal of Political Science (OJPS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojps.2014.43013
Abstract:
Many are the criticisms of those who feel that the one-party state in China is inadequate, and many are the calls, especially from abroad, for reform. But would a democratic Chinaas per a western interpretationbe an improvement? In tackling this question, this paper concentrates on voting procedures: those used in elections and those (which may or may not be the same) used in decision-making. This article first looks at the USSR, Eastern and Central Europe, and then briefly at Africa. Next, it considers what could go wrong if a standard, western, multi-party democracy was to be adopted in China. And finally, it offers a more inclusive polity.
International Peace-Making—Creating Post-Conflict Structures of Government  [PDF]
Peter Emerson
Open Journal of Political Science (OJPS) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojps.2016.62011
Abstract: The means by which ethno-religious conflicts are resolved must themselves be “peace-ful”. So arbitration must be neutral, i.e., international. And discussions must involve not just the combatants but also representatives of those in civil society who are not involved in the conflict. After much shuttle diplomacy perhaps, they must all come together to reach a settlement. In other words, they should talk with each other. If need be, they might also vote, “peace-fully”, not (for-or-)against each other; indeed, most conflicts are binary, so any use of a divisive binary vote is likely to be inappropriate. Instead, they should vote, again with each other, so resort can be made, to an inclusive preferential ballot, and in fact, with such a procedure, an agreement may be more possible. In like manner, the processes by which are chosen, firstly, the above representatives of all of society, and secondly, those who will rule in the initial and subsequent post-conflict administrations, should also be peaceful. Thirdly, the system of governance must allow for the inclusion of all major groupings, and former enemies must come to some sort of arrangement in which power is shared and in which decision-making on all matters of contention involves compromise. Accordingly, this article first reflects on some of the underlying problems in majoritarian structures of governance, for these often exacerbate tensions and, in the worst scenarios, actually provoke conflict. Next, the text considers the principles on which to base a post-conflict society. And finally, it outlines a suitable political structure.
The Will of the People: A Critique of (Simple or Weighted) Majority Voting  [PDF]
Peter Emerson
Open Journal of Political Science (OJPS) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ojps.2017.72025
Abstract: Majority voting is the most ancient, primitive, divisive and inaccurate measure of collective opinion ever invented. Yet many people believe it to be the very foundation of democracy. The consequences are widespread. Firstly, the outcomes of binary referendums are often held to be “the will of the people”. Secondly, in the wake of general elections, the new intake of elected representatives then forms a majority administration, with some of them having all the power while others have none. And thirdly, in numerous plural societies, ethno- religious minorities/majorities feel justified in resorting to violence against that which they perceive to be majority/minority oppression. Accordingly, this article first compares binary voting with other decision-making voting procedures before then discussing what could be the methodology, the implications and the potential consequences of a more accurate non-majoritarian procedure.
Infec??o pulmonar pelo Rhodococcus equi na síndrome da imunodeficiência adquirida: Aspectos na tomografia computadorizada
Marchiori, Edson;Mendon?a, Renato Gon?alves de;Capone, Domenico;Cerqueira, Elza Maria de;Souza Júnior, Arthur Soares;Zanetti, Gláucia;Escuissato, Dante;Gasparetto, Emerson;
Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S1806-37132006000500006
Abstract: objective: to present the computed tomography aspects of rhodococcus equi pneumonia in seven patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. methods: a retrospective study of the computed tomography scans of seven patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome and rhodococcus equi infection. results: the most common findings were consolidation (n = 7), consolidation with cavitation (n = 6), ground glass opacities (n = 6), peribronchial nodules (n = 4) and centrilobular nodules presenting a "tree-in-bud" pattern (n = 3). conclusion: the most common finding in patients with rhodococcus equi pulmonary infection and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome was consolidation with cavitation.
Eletroestimula??o funcional do assoalho pélvico versus terapia com os cones vaginais para o tratamento de incontinência urinária de esfor?o
Santos, Patrícia Fernandes Diniz;Oliveira, Emerson;Zanetti, Miriam Raquel Diniz;Arruda, Raquel Martins;Sartori, Marair Gracio Ferreira;Gir?o, Manoel Jo?o Batista Castello;Castro, Rodrigo Aquino;
Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-72032009000900005
Abstract: purpose: to compare the effects of functional electrostimulation of the pelvic floor and therapy with cones in women with stress urinary incontinence (sui). methods: randomized clinical study for which 45 patients with sui were selected. the effects of functional electrostimulation of the pelvic floor were evaluated in the sui treatment of 24 women, with the use of clinical data (micturition diary, pad test and a questionnaire about quality of life - i-qol). the patients were submitted to two 20' weekly sessions for four consecutive months, under the supervision of a physiotherapist. the electrode used had 10 cm length and 3.5 cm width with a double metallic ring and a cylindrical shape, positioned in the medium third of the vagina. the electric parameters used were: intensity varying from 10 to 100 ma and 50 hz of fixed frequency, with pulse duration of 1 ms. also, we evaluated 21 patients who were submitted to vaginal cone treatment. the cone therapy was done with two 45 minute sessions per week. the cones' weight varied from 20 to 100 gr. results: there was no difference between the outcomes of electrostimulation of the pelvic floor and the vaginal cones for the treatment of sui (p>0.05). after four months, there was a significant improvement in the i-qol index of the patients treated both with electrostimulation (40.3 versus 82.9) or with the cones (47.7 versus 84.1). there was a significant decrease in pad weight in both groups, measured before and after the treatment (28.5 and 32 g versus 2.0 and 3.0 g for the electrostimulation and cone group, respectively). finally, there was a significant decrease in the number of urinary leakage evaluated by the micturition diary in both groups (p<0.0001). conclusions: both electrostimulation and vaginal cones were effective in the treatment of women with sui.
O intelectual modernista como artista: Rubén Darío
Zanetti, Susana;
Tempo Social , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-20702007000100002
Abstract: this article reviews the intellectual career of rubén darío, profiling the artist's position in modernism (1880-1910), the first concrete movement among hispano-american writers, which substantially renewed the literary output in spanish. incorporated into the modern market as a journalist and immigrant, the article follows darío's intellectual life from the archaic cultural context of his native nicaragua to some of the foremost hispano-american (buenos aires) and european (madrid, paris) centres, and considers his demands for aesthetic autonomy and his constant affirmation of the poet's authority to intervene in discussions relating to modern society and culture. here we see the emergence of his commitment to the creation of a latin america founded on new ties of solidarity and union with spain, in the face of the threatening advance of the united states.
Women navigating on Internet. Weaving in the age of the Web Donne in viaggio nella Rete. Tessiture al tempo di Internet
Federica Zanetti
Ricerche di Pedagogia e Didattica , 2011,
Abstract: The space offered by Internet as a place for developing new possibilities of exchange, of participation and of revindication may appear to have been “conquered” or “stolen” by women seeking to make a break with the tenets that continuously reconfirm gender stereotypes and to deconstruct those erotic-pornographic images in which the body of the woman is increasingly instrumentalised. It is an attempt to present an alternative to the distorted vision of sexuality involving forms of violence and exploitation which are increasingly found in the social space in Internet. If on one hand we cannot ignore the tendency to re-propose and reconfirm stereotypes linked to gender, that reinforce a dominant male culture, on the other, Internet can be recognized as a multi-perspective space made up of representations and auto-representations expressing a wide variety of points of view, in which culture and gender identity are constructed and transformed: a tool of female empowerment. Internet is also made up of female voices which live and tell. Women who navigate write, learn, create and maintain relationships. In fact, it is these women “navigators”, weavers of the Web, who are experimenting with new forms of nomadism, of research, of respect for their own culture and their own identity. The space offered by Internet as a place for developing new possibilities of exchange, of participation and of revindication may appear to have been “conquered” or “stolen” by women seeking to make a break with the tenets that continuously reconfirm gender stereotypes and to deconstruct those erotic-pornographic images in which the body of the woman is increasingly instrumentalised. It is an attempt to present an alternative to the distorted vision of sexuality involving forms of violence and exploitation which are increasingly found in the social space in Internet. If on one hand we cannot ignore the tendency to re-propose and reconfirm stereotypes linked to gender, that reinforce a dominant male culture, on the other, Internet can be recognized as a multi-perspective space made up of representations and auto-representations expressing a wide variety of points of view, in which culture and gender identity are constructed and transformed: a tool of female empowerment. Internet is also made up of female voices which live and tell. Women who navigate write, learn, create and maintain relationships. In fact, it is these women “navigators”, weavers of the Web, who are experimenting with new forms of nomadism, of research, of respect for their own culture and their own identity.
La Manufacture d’Armes de Saint-étienne : un patrimoine militaire saisi par l’économie créative
Thomas Zanetti
In Situ : Revue de Patrimoines , 2011, DOI: 10.4000/insitu.206
Abstract: Cet article prend pour objet d’analyse un projet de renouvellement urbain d’un espace hérité de l’activité industrielle et militaire : la Manufacture d’Armes de Saint-étienne. L’histoire et les caractéristiques patrimoniales de ce site, à la fois dans leurs dimensions matérielles et immatérielles, sont mobilisées dans un projet urbain hautement stratégique, et donc soumis à de multiples enjeux : la Cité du Design de Saint-étienne. Cet équipement s’insère quant à lui dans un cadre plus large de concurrence métropolitaine et de course à l’attractivité des territoires. En effet, dans une ville marquée par le traumatisme issu du déclin de l’industrie, l’existence d’un patrimoine militaire est con ue comme une opportunité de spécifier localement la mise en uvre des bonnes pratiques urbaines en circulation dans les villes européennes. Les responsables de la Cité ont donc choisi un haut lieu de l’histoire industrielle et militaire locale pour accueillir le futur symbole de la modernité stéphanoise, dans le but de tirer de cette inscription patrimoniale une plus-value historique nécessaire à la réussite du projet dans un contexte de marketing urbain. Toutefois, le processus de patrimonialisation de la Manufacture d’Armes a donné naissance à un profond conflit opposant des associations locales de protection du patrimoine aux responsables de l’urbanisme. Il importe alors de questionner l’entreprise de valorisation du patrimoine militaire en analysant quels sont les héritages mémoriels associés à l’action publique urbaine contemporaine, voire instrumentés par sa stratégie de développement territorial. This article is an analysis of a project of urban renewal concerning a space inherited from industrial and military activity: the arms factory of Saint-étienne. The history and the heritage characteristics of the site, in both its tangible and intangible dimensions, have been mobilized in a highly strategic urban project, the City of the Design, at the meeting point of many issues. This new design centre may be understood in a wider framework of metropolitan competition and the competition for the attractiveness of territories. Indeed, in a city marked by the traumatism stemming from the decline of the industry, the existence of a military heritage is seen as an opportunity to specify locally the implementation of the good urban practices in circulation in European cities. The persons in charge of the City thus chose a remarkable place of the local industrial and military history to welcome the future symbol of the local modernity, with the aim of benefittin
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